WATER TYPE-SIMPLE MOLECULE, U}.
Positive Group.-Hydrates of the metals proper, 543—Anhydrous
oxides, 545—The sulphides, &c., of the metals proper, 546—Exer.
aise-Basic derivatives of ammonia constructed on the water type,
547 - Exercises - Phosphoniums, arsoniums, stiboniums, 552 —
Exercise-The bodies termed alcohols defined, 553_-The bodies
termed ethers defined, 554 — Preparation of alcohols of the first
class, 557–Substitution of the typical hydrogen in the alcohols by
other radicals, 565–Substitution of the oxygen in the alcohols by
sulphur, &c., 566-Action of oxygen on the alcohols, 568-Action
of potash on the alcohols, 569—-Åction of sulphuric acid, 570—
Action of some acids and salts, 571—Preparation of the first class
of ethers, 573–Substitution of sulphur for the oxygen in ethers, 576
- Substitution of chlorine for the hydrogen in ethers, 578—Exer.
cises-Preparation of the alcohols of the second class, 580-
properties, 582—Substitution of other bodies for their typical hydro-
gen, 583–Substitution of sulphur for their oxygen, 584- Prepara-
tion of the first group of the third class of alcohol radicals, 586—
Replacement of their typical hydrogen, 588— Action of sulphuric
acid upon the alcohols, 591–Action of ammonia upon the alcohols,
693–Preparation of the alcohols of the second group, 594-Action
of oxidizing agents upon the
g agents upon them. 596-Fourth class of alcohols. 597
-Fifth class of alcohols, 5984 Exercises.
Negative Group.-Basicity of acids, 600_Mineral acids, 611--General
properties of the monobasic organic acids, 612—Formation of the
monobasic organic acids of the first class, 616—Replacement of
their typical hydrogen, 632—Preparation and properties of the acid
anhydrides, 642—Replacement of the oxygen in the acids proper
and the anhydrides by sulphur, &c., 648—Method of Heintz for the
separation of the fatty acids, 652-Liebig's method, 655—Determina-
tion of the melting point of fusible organic bodies, 661-Properties
of the organic acids of the second class, 663–Properties of the
organic acids of the third class, 677—Properties of the organic acids
of the fourth class, 682— Replacement of the hydrogen in the acids
by other radicals, 684–Oxidation of these acids, 692—The changes
they undergo by distillation, 693—Properties of the fifth class of
acids, 696–Properties of the sixth class of acids, 699. APPENDIX C.
-Peroxides of acetyl, &c., 705. Definition of an oxygen salt, 706
-Sulphur salts, 708—Salts of the monobasic inorganic acids-
Exercises-Salts of the monobasicorga ic acids, 709–Exercise-De-
finition of compound ethers, 710-General properties of compound
ethers, 711–Their preparation, 714—Exerciso--Monamidic acids,
716-Formation of secondary monamidi: acids, 718—Exercise
Formation of tertiary monamidic acids, 7-3-Exercise.
Pages 284 to 336
DOUBLE MOLECULE, #:10,
Positive Group.-Hydrates of the metals proper, 727—Metals proper,