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INDEX TO SUBJECTS AND AUTHORS.

35.

Ascospore formation in aspergillus,

125.
Abbe's illuminating apparatus, 25. -- - penicillium, 125.
Aberration, spherical and chromatic, -- saccharomyces, 121, 203.
23.

Ascus formation in schizosaccharo.
Aberson, 216

myces, 211..
Acetic acid bacteria, 333, 117, 319, Aspergilleæ, 170, 274.
326.

Aspergillus, 274, 116, 125, 186.
Achromatic objectives, 24.

- fumigatus, 277.
Aderhold, 203, 258.

- glaucus, 274, 116, 273.
Aëration of beer wort, 6.

- niger, 277.
Aërobic organisms, 5, 296, 342. - oryzæ, 277.
Agar-agar, 81.

- repens, 116, 272, 274.
Agaricineæ, 305.

Asporogenous varieties of saccharo-
Air analyses, 143, 150.

mycetes, 136, 236.
- - Hansen's, 150.

Aubry, 355.
Albumen, 82.

Aujeszky's method of staining
Alcanna tincture, 92.

spores, 9.
Algæ fungi, 171.

Autoclave, 52.
Amici, 26.

Auto-fermentation, 219.
Amthor, 295.

Auxiliary apparatus for microscopy,
Amylobacter, 344.
Amylomyces Rouxii, 181.
Anaërobic organisms, 5, 98, 325, 344.
Analysis, the biological, of soil, 143,

155.
- - - of air, 143, 150.

Bacilli, 332, 316, 324, 325.
--- of water, 143, 145.

Bacillus acidificans longissimus, 342.
-- - of yeast, 133, 14.

- acidi lactici, 342, 267, 326.
Anixiopsis stercoraria, 272.

- amylobacter, 343.
Antiseptics, action of, on yeast, 223. 1- butyricus, 344.
Aperture, angular, 26.

- caucasicus, 267.
- numerical, 26.

| – lupuliperda, 344.
Apparatus, 17.

- oxalaticus, 316.
- for counting, 32

- piluliformans, 344.
– for artificial illumination in – subtilis, 344, 100, 267.
microscopy, 34.

- viscosus I., II. and III., 341, 342,
– for spore cultivation, 64.

- – vini, 342.
- for sterilisation, 51.

Bacteria, 332, 312, 315.
Appert, 4.

- application of, in the alcoholic
Apple syrup, 79.

fermentation industries, 328.
Arrack manufacture, 185, 260, 301. – acetic acid forming, 6, 136, 333.
Artificial illumination, 34.

- butyric acid forming, 343, 326,
Ascogonium, 279.

328, 329.
Ascomycetes, 186.

1 - cells, structure and shape of, 312.
Bacteria, lactic acid forming, 342, 5, | Bottles for storing reagents and
10, 168, 326, 328, 329

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immersion liquids, 35.
- mode of increase of, 316.

Botrytis cinerea, 286.
- preservation of, 117.

- vulgaris, 286.
- slime forming, 341.

Bottom fermentation, 220.
- staining, 90.

- yeast, 135, 220.
- suppression of, in yeast growths, - -- difference between, and top
99.

yeast, 220.
- systematics of, 329.

| Boullanger, 211.
- variation of, 319.

Bourquelot, 281.
- which cause diseases in fermen- Bread, 86, 280.
tation industries, 324.

Brefeld, 10, 99, 100, 278, 279, 280,
Bacteriaceae, 332, 330.

305, 345.
Bacterium aceti, 336, 150, 223, 319, Brewery yeast, preservation of, 118.
326, 333, 334.

- - purification of, according to
- - Beijerinck, 340.

Pasteur, 6.
- acetigenum, 340.

Brown, A. J., 216, 333, 334, 345.
- acetosum, 319.

- H, T., 163, 325.
- industrium, 340.

| Brownian molecular movement, 188,
- Kützingianum, 338, 319, 324, 333, i 313.
334.

Buchner, E., 7, 213, 217.
- megatherium, 316.

- H., 98, 321.
- oxydans, 340, 319.

Budding cells, 191.
Pasteurianum, 337, 150, 319, 324, Butyric acid bacteria, 343, 325, 326.

333, 334.
- termo, 341.
- vermiforme, 341, 261.
-- xylinum, 340.
Bail, 249.

Cagniard Latour, 2, 347.
Bainier, 124, 172.

Cane sugar. See Saccharose.
de Bary, 274, 275.

Carbol-fuchsine, 92, 88.
Basidia, 274.

Carlsberg vessel, 56, 73.
Bau, 220, 301.

'- bottom yeast, No. 1, 252, 201, 215,
de Bavay, 229.

217, 220, 221, 230, 234, 240, 241,
Beck, 226.

244, 245, 326.
Beer, sterilisation of, 80.

- - - No. 2, 252, 215, 217, 220.
Beer wort, sterilisation of, 71.

221, 227, 230, 235, 242,
- - aëration of, 77.

326.
- - with addition of tartaric acid, Casagrandi, 188, 189, 211.

Cell contents, 187.
- sterilisation of, in Carlsberg - - chemical constituents of, 211.
vessels, 73.

1- nucleus, 89.
- - - - in Freudenreich flasks, - - staining of the, of yeast, 89.
72.

1 -- shape, 190, 312.
- - - - in Pasteur flasks, 72. 1- wall, 189.
Behrens, 185, 275, 281, 288, 289. Cells, resting, 201.
Beijerinck, 214, 236, 264, 270, 340. Chalara mycoderma, 301.
Bêlohoubek, 296.

Chambers, moist, 68.
Bench surfaces, preparation of, 18. -- -- stand for, 70.
Bendixen, 163.

-- investigations in, 92.
Bergh, 163.

Chamberland flasks, 59.
Berkefeld's filter, 81.

Chamberland's autoclave, 52.
Berlese, 295.

- filter, 81.
Biernacki, 223, 243,

Chamotte blocks, 123.
Blaxall, 321.

Chaptal, 5.
Blunt, 99.

Chemical factors, influence of, on
Bokorny, 224.

yeast, 222.
Böttcher's moist chamber, 69, 92, 107. Chemotaxis, 315.

78.

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Chlamydospores, 172.

Dubourg, 183, 214, 327.
Cilia. "See Flagella.

Duclaux, 213, 275, 352.
Circulation of yeast in nature, 246. Dusch, 4.
Cladosporium, 116, 283.

herbarum, 283, 311.
Cladothrix, 316.
Clostridium, 316, 332.
- butyricum, 343.

Earthenware cubes, 123.
Coccaceæ, 330.

Edelfäule, 288.
Cocci, 267, 315, 325.

Effront, 223, 243.
Cohn, 277, 289, 329, 341.

Ehrenberg, 2, 99, 313.
Coleothrix methystes, 327.

Elion, 123, 163.
Colonies, formation of yeast, on solid Emmerling, 176, 267.
culture media, 202.

Endomyces decipiens, 263.
Colour for object marker, 109. Endospores. See Spores.
Columella, 174.

Energy of multiplication, 193, 231.
Competitive relations, 229.

Engel, 122.
Condenser, 25.

Erlenmeyer's flask, 62.
Conidia, 17.

Errera, 211.
Coremium, 278.

Esaulow, 345.
Counting chamber, 32, 127.

Eumycetes, 170, 171.
- methods, 126.

Eurotium, 274.
Cover glasses, 29.
- - gauge for, 34.
-- - removal of grease from, 87.
- - squared, 30, 110.
Crenothrix, 316.

“ Faultiness" of rum, 327.
Crimean wine, 265.

Fermentation, influence of air and
Culture agar-agar, 81.

temperature on, 214.
- gelatine, 81.

- bouquet, 218.
- media, 71.

- energy of, 217.
- - solid, 81.

organisms, systematics of, 173.
-- of anaërobic organisms, 98.

phenomena, 212.
- vessels, 54.

products, 218.
– yeast, distinction of, from wild theory of E. Fischer, 213.
yeast, 205.

- of Liebig, 2.
Cup fungi, 286.

- - of Nägeli, 7.
Cupboard, Hansen's sterile, 21. - – of Pasteur, 7.

-- of Traube, 7.
Fermenting cellar journal, 139.
-- power, 217.

-- vessels, controlling contents of,
Delbrück, 15, 232, 243, 357.

137.
Dematium, 116, 186, 305.

Ferments of the yeast cell, 212.
- pullulans, 305.

Film formation, 5, 115, 125, 195.
Development, investigation of, 92. - cultures of yeast, 125.
Dextrose solutions, 80, 265.

Filter, Berkefeld's, 81.
Dilution methods, 101.

- Chamberland's, 81.
Diplococcus I. and II., 331.

- hot water, 83.
Discomycetes, 170, 285.

Fischer, Alfr., 314.
Disease bacteria, 324.

- E., 7, 213, 221, 301.
- yeasts. See Wild yeast.

Fission fungi, 312.
Distillery yeast, 253.

Fitz, 101.
Dothidea ribesia, 311.

Fixation of bacteria and yeast cells,
Downes, 99.

90, 88.
Drop culture, Lindner's, 138. Flagella, 313.
Drying, influence of, on yeast, 224, - staining of, 91.
227.

Flasks, 62.

IIIIIII

Forti, 297, 301.

Hansen, E. Chr.-Continued.
Fractionated culture, 111.

Method of transmitting yeast, 119.
Fränkel, 98.

- of spore cultivation, 121.
Freudenreich, 59, 267, 303.

- - for the analysis of yeast, 134.
- flasks, 59.

Tartaric acid method for the
Frew, 229.

analysis of yeast, 135.
Frohberg yeast, 215, 220, 231.

Stability test of beer in cask, 140.
Fruit syrups, 79.

Water analysis for brewery pur-
- syrup gelatine, 84.

poses, 145.
Fumago, 285.

Air analyses, 150.
Fungi imperfecti, 289, 170.

Results of his air analyses, 154.
The pure culture system, 9, 156.
-- in bottom fermentation

breweries, 156.

-- in top fermentation brew-
Gauge for cover glasses, 34.

eries, 163.
Gayon, 183, 327.

- in the manufacture of wine,
Gelatine, 81.

164.
Gelatinous formation of cell wall, 189, -- in the manufacture of
312.

spirits and pressed yeast,
Gemmæ, 172.

168.
Generatio æquivoca, 3, 4.

On the mucor species, 172, 174, 175.
Gérard, 281, 288.

- - yeast cell nucleus, 187.
Germination of saccharomyces -- net-work formation of yeast,
spores, 203.

189.
Giesenhagen, 85.

- shape of the yeast cell, 91.
Giltay, 216.

- multiplication of yeast, 193.
Ginger beer, 261, 341.

film-formation of yeast, 195.
Glass slip cultures after Brefeld, 100. mycelium-formation of
-- slips, 29.

yeast, 200.
-- hollow, 68.

-- formation of yeast colonies
Gram's method of staining bacteria,

on solid culture media,
90.

202
Granules, 188.

spore formation of yeast,
Granulobacter, 332, 344.

203.
- saccharobutyricum, 344.

- difference between the
Grape juice from raisins, 80.

spores of culture yeast
- - concentrated, 80.

and of wild yeasts, 205.
- sugar. See dextrose.

- germination of the spores
Greg, 271.

of yeast, 206.
Grönlund, 259, 260, 296.

- temperature curves of spore
Gymnoasceæ, 170, 186.

formation, 209.
Gypsum blocks, 64.

- action of yeasts on sugars,

212.
-- action of oxygen on yeast,

215.
Haas, 219.

- yeast types, 220.
Hæmatimeter, 32, 130.

-- transformation experiments
Hansen, E. Chr.-

with top yeast and bottom
Investigations in general, 6, 9, 353.

yeast, 221.
First pure culture method, 10, 101. - the influence of temperature
Second pure culture method, 12, on yeast cells, 224.
106.

- vitality of yeast, 227.
Saccharose method for the pre disease yeasts, 228.

servation of various micro - competitive relations between
organisms, 114.

yeasts; mixed fermentations,
Method of preservation on cotton

229.
wool and on filter paper, 117. / --- the variation of yeast, 233.

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Hansen, E. Chr.-Continued. Investigation of growth, methods of,
On the circulation of yeast in 92.
nature, 246.

Involution forms, 322.
Description of yeast species, 249. Iodine-potassium iodide solution, 92.
On Anixiopsis stercoraria, 272. Iodine tincture, 92.
Description of Torula species, 290. Irmisch, 246.
On Saccharomyces apiculatus, 295.
- Mycoderma, 296.

J.
- Monilia candida, 298.
- Oidium lactis, 303.

Janczewski, 283.
the acetic acid bacteria, 319, Janssens, 89, 188.
326, 333.

Jensen, 164
- Sarcina, 327.

Johannisberg II., 258, 237, 238.
Hansen flasks, 61.

Jörgensen, Alfr., 30, 120, 135, 150,
- Kühle pure culture apparatus, 158.

163, 164, 168, 223, 236, 243, 246,
Hansen's sterile cupboard, 21.

253, 264, 296, 304, 327.
Hantsch's solution, 87, 92.

- flasks, 61, 120.
Hay bacillus, 100, 267, 344.

Journal, fermenting cellar, 139.
Hayduck, 193, 223, 242.

- lager cellar, 144.
Hayduck's asparagine solution, 215.
Hayem and Nachet's hæmatimeter,

32, 130.
Heating apparatus for the micro-

Katz, 281.
scope, 45.
Heating, effect of, on yeast, 224.

Kayser, 168, 211.
Heidenhain's method of staining

Kefir, 266.

Kissling, 288.
cell nucleus, 89.

Klebs, 272.
Heinzelmann, 223, 243.
Henneberg, 333, 334, 335, 339, 340.

- fractionated culture, 111.

Klein's method of staining spores, 91.
Heron, 119.
Hesse, 98.

Klönne and Müller's object marker,

33, 108.
Higher fungi, 170, 186.

Kny, 225.
Hoffmann, 310.
Holder for sterilised water, 67.

Koch, R., 11, 98, 103.
Holm, J. Chr., 105, 109, 134, 147, 149,

Koch's burner, 50.
223, 264, 271, 355.

- plate culture, 11, 103.
Holm's water analyses, 149, 337.

- streak inoculation method, 103.
Holzner, 9.

Koehler, 264.
Hormodendron cladosporioides, 285,

Koji, 277.

Kokosinski, 164.
312.
Hot-water filter, 83.

Korff, 215.
Hotter, 164, 258.

Kramer, 325, 326, 343.

Kruis, 200, 218.
Hueppe, 84.
v. Huth, 328.

Kruse, 106.
Hydrofluoric acid method, 223.

Kühle, 158, 221.

Kukla, 243, 296.
Hyphomycetes, 289.

Kupfer, 328.
Küster, 188.
Kützing, 2, 5, 192, 333.

1.

Immersion, 25.
- liquids, bottles for, 35.
Imperfect fungi, 289.

Laboratory, situation of, 17.
Inoculation methods, 93.

Laborde, 289.
- method, streak, after Koch, 103. Lactase, 213.
Intergrowth, 287, 303.

Lactic acid, application of, in spirit
Invertase, 301.

manufacture, 168, 328.
Invertin, 2, 301.

- - bacteria, 342, 326.

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