An Effort Based Approach to Consonant Lenition

Portada
Psychology Press, 2001 - 303 páginas
The first serious typological survey of the lenition process in modern phonological literature.
 

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Índice

Introduction
3
Overview of the Survey 2 Previous Approaches
4
Summary and Alternative Approaches
5
EffortBased Contexts 1 ApertureConditioned Lenition
16
Speech Rate and Register
22
An EffortBased Approach to Lenition 4 Structure of the Dissertation
26
Articulatory Effort
29
The Neuromuscular Basis of Effort
30
Florentine Italian
193
Data
194
xy 10
199
18
202
Effort Values
207
Analysis
208
29
211
31
212

A Biomechanical Approach to Effort 3 Precision
41
Effort Minimization and Voicing Lenition
43
Summary
46
Representational Issues
47
Smolenskys Challenge to the Standard Model 2 A Definition of Contrastiveness 3 Faithfulness
49
Aspiration in English
59
Vowel Duration
61
the Contrastiveness Theorem
65
Categorical Effects with Continuous Representations
67
Lenition or Fortition with Indeterminate URs 9 Summary
74
Spirantization and Stridency Documenting the Generalization
77
An EffortBased Explanation
85
Formal Capture of the Phonetic Explanation
89
Lenition of Affricates
90
Analysis of Assibilation
91
Summary and Discussion
92
Alternative Approaches
133
Tümpisa Shoshone Data
175
Analysis of Spirantization and Flapping
178
Analysis of Devoicing
183
vii
186
Analysis of Laryngeal Elision Summary i
190
41
214
43
215
47
216
53
218
Conclusion
221
Conclusion Stabilization of Lenition Patterns
223
Tigrinya Spirantization 2 Selection of Phonetic Variants
226
Effort under Canonical Conditions
228
Remaining Questions
230
Survey of Lenition Patterns
231
Notes
245
References
259
57
265
59
283
65
291
98
293
193
294
228
295
71
296
91
298
259
299
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Sobre el autor (2001)

Robert Kirchner earned his PHD from UCLA and is currently Assistant Professor of Linguistics at the University of Alberta.

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