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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 3, 1891.
for the morality of the lower classes. The Police Offices
are filled with persons wbo have been taken there for CONTENT 8.-No 262.
disturbing the peace, but the principal part are taken up NOTES :- New Year's Day, Glasgow, 1830-Common Errors for fighting and making disturbances in the Taverns.
in English, 1-Thomas Chalkley, 2-Punch in Egypt On going past one of the principal hotels I heard Servian Scarecrows-Shakspeare-New Year's Customs, 3 the sound as if persons were quarrelling, and in a -Three Kings of Cologne-Lazy Lawrence-Mary, Queen few moments the police was called. of Scots-E. Hoyle-A. Rudball, 4-To Renege Parallel
Some of the
gentlemen made their escape, two were taken, and one Passages-Fleureter-G. Downing, 5-Holy Mirror,' 6. QUERIES:-The First Duke of Marlborough-Bow Street
was left dead-druok on the floor; two arm-chairs were Runners-Rule of the Footpath-National Flag of Scot-| broken to atoms, and one gentleman was much bruised. land-Gambrianus - Norton Institution - Yule Doos - | As I was looking on this scene a young man seized me Combe Farm - The Princess' - Capt. Caroline Scott- by the arm and begged for God's sake that I would con* Abécédaire,' 6-Genealogy--Shelp-Attendants on Jas. I.
vey him home, "for,” says he, “I am notoriously - Naval Action - Rominagrobis - Eton School Lists
drunk." On turning to see who this was, I found it to be Lynx-eyed-Mercers' Company-Rectors of Ribchester, 7 -Thomas Southworth-Fortescue-Jacobite Wine Glasses an old Class Fellow (MacNee): he had gone to dinner -Grenville Family-Mersh Plots, 8.
at the above hotel with a party of gentlemen, and REPLIES :-Empress Maud, 8-Maistre's Voyage autour after dinner they commenced drinking bumpers, until de ma Chambre'-John Peel, 9-The Poet of Bannock
the whole of them had lost their senses. I had great burn, 10—John Wesley-C. Cheyne, Viscount Newhaven
difficulty in getting my gentleman home, for he was in a -John Sheehan, 11 - Mummy - Windsor ChairsThe Bride of Lammermoor'-Date of Old Watch-Hungary
Hungary | ngiting mood, and struck at several persong. bit Water-" Truckle Cheese "--The Old Clock of St. Dun one poor woman a severe blow, wben she cried for the stan's, 12-Alleged Change of Climate in Iceland, 13 police, but luckily we got off without being seen. On the Royal Poets-Richard of Cornwall, 14-The Dromedary
way he told me of numerous persons with whom he was The Manor of Wyng-Church at Greenstead-"No Penny
acquainted, their histories, families, their secrets, his no Paternoster"-D. Elginbrod's Epitaph-Leather and
own; gave me his opinion of the medical men of GlasAtheism, 15-Episcopal Confirmations-Baron Huddleston -Lancers-Swedish Folk-lore-Sutton Warwick, 16-Palla
gow; his day's pleasure had cost him three pounds, and vicini and Cromwell-G. Sand's Provincialisms-Berkshire he went home with empty pockets. He informed me Incumbents-Rainbow Folk-lore-Bishop of Sodor and that he had been in the police office twice this week, and
-Words in Worcestershire Wills, 17–St. Mildred's had each time paid a fine. After seeing him safe home, Church - Heraldic -“Every bullet," &c.-Henri II.
I now returned from Garnett Hill, where I had conFreemason's Charge-"Shepster Time." 18.
veyed him, down once more into the Tron Gate, and by NOTES ON BOOKS:-Bullen's Davison's Poetical Rhapsody'Trotter's Warren Hastings '-Anderson's Cata
this time it was 2 o'clock, and yet the streets were as logue of Early Belfast Printed Books'-Defoe's ' Account busy as ever, and the disturbances also. I was now of the Pirate Gow.'
weary, and so returned home and went to bed.
The police leave their particular stations at 12 o'clock
and form themselves into bands of from 12 to 20, and Notes.
patrol the streets, and several of these parties have a
lamp-lighter with them to light such lights as may bo NEW YEAR'S DAY IN GLASGOW, 1830.
put out. The whiskey shops and cellars kept open the The following description, together with other whole night, and the quantity of wbiskey drunk must be rough entries after the fashion of a diary, was immense ; almost every shop I passed this morning was
full of persons getting bottles filled to go a first-footing. written in one of the books in which he kept his
12. m.-Went down the town, and how different is notes of lectures, by my father, a Yorkshireman,
the scene which is now exhibited from that twelve hours who was at that time a student of medicine in the previous, Tho Tron Gate and principal streets are now University of Glasgow :
crowded with ladies and gentlemen, and this crowded January 1st, 1830.-The last year has just expired and
state continued the whole day; but as the night ad.
vanced the old scene was once more exhibited, and the the present consequently commenced, which is pro. claimed by the shouts of the populace. The streets
streets were filled with drunken parties, singing, halloresound with their cries, for it is customary for the
ing, fighting, &c. The streets began to clear this morninhabitants of this city as soon as the hour strikes to
ing (2nd January, A.M.]. rush into the streets and hail the new year, and then
W. C. B. they go and call upon their friends. Tbe drunk and the sober, the grave and the gay, all seem to hail the moment with apparent delight.
COMMON ERRORS OF ENGLISH. At one o'clock (A.M.] I took a stroll thro' the town to The errors to which I desire to call attention are see the proceedings. The streets are crowded with men;
those committed by people who ought to know I see none or few respectable females, but of the lower class of females there are many, and some of them not
better-by journalists in the best London newstoo sober. The streets resound with the shouts of the papers and periodicals, by authors of reputation in Bacchanalians who are now issuing from the Taverns, their books, by statesmen in political speeches and and no sooner does one party commence than it is taken writings, and by educated persons in conversation. up by another, 80 that it appears like one continued
atinued | The following is a list of a few :
The sound, and that sound is anything but human, I passed
“Whether or no," in such phrases as “The right a party of gentlemen who were seizing every female they met and making them drink with them, and they claim honourable gentleman should tell us whether or no as a right a kiss from each. The number of children he abides by his declarations." "No" should, of that were in the streets this morning astonished me, course, be not; " or not,” however, is redundant and they, like their parents, in a great many instances
“I should have liked to have," in phrases such were tipey. I eaw one of these small parties who had got a bottle of whiskey and were taking it by word of mouth, as “I should have liked to have witnessed the and the whole of them were intoxicated; this saya little effect upon the gentleman's auditors when," &c.
This onght to be “I should like to have witnessed.” THOMAS CHALKLEY.-In Leslie Stephen's ‘DicThe speaker's liking is present; it is the witness- tionary of National Biography' is an account of ing that is past.
this distinguished minister of the Friends' Society. I almost think." Surely this is nonsense, for It is there stated that “there is no record of his if a man does not think a thing he knows nothing visit to an Indian tribe in his ‘Diary.'” But in about it.
his 'Journal,' pablished in 1754, second edition, “Three alternatives.” Should not this be “a vol. i. p. 49 (which is the only one to which I have course and two alternatives" ?
access), there is the following account of bis visit “Qualify” used instead of describe. A common to the Conestoga tribe in Pennsylvania (1706):newspaper error, and a literal translation from the “When I was travelling in those parts, I had a conFrench.
cern on my mind to visit the Indians living near Sus"I don't think,” in phrases such as “I shall not quebanna, at Conestogee, and I laid it before the Eldere. go to London this season, I don't think.” Ladies of Nottingham meeting, with which they expressed their
| unity, and promoted my visiting them. We got an inare very fond of this construction, and are seldomterpreter, and thirteen or fourteen of us travelled through pleased to be told that they say the opposite of about fifty miles, carrying our provisions with us, and what they mean, the second negative destroying on the journey, sat down by a river, and spread our food the first.
on the grass, and refreshed ourselves and horses; and “That statement is the most upsatisfactory of
then went on cheerfully, and with good will, and much
love to the poor Indians; and when we came, they reany I ever beard from that bench," a favourite
ceived us kindly, treating us civilly in their way. We of Commons phrase ; and the Daily News treated about having a meeting with them in a religious advertisement that it has “the largest circulation way; upon which they called a Council, in which they of any paper in the world," err in the use of the were very grave, and spoke one after another without
hinc onto any heat or jarring; (and some of the most esteemed of
their women do sometimes speak in their Councils.) I The Daily News might have the largest circulation
| asked my interpreter why they suffered or permitted the of the newspapers, but could not have it of one women to speak in their Councils—bis answer was, 'that only.
some women were wiser than some men.' Our inter• Those sort of things" instead of that sort. preter told me that they had not done anything for “Either side,” in phrases such as “On either
many years without the Council of an intent grave
woman, who I observe, spoke much in their Council, for side of the road were tall trees,” should be both
I was permitted to be present at it, and I asked wbat it sides.
was the woman said ? He told me that sbe was an Em"Quite impossible.” The quite is used for em-press, and they gave much heed to what she said among phasis, but it is a false use. There cannot be de them; and that she then said to them, 'She looked upon grees of impossibility. It is surprising to find this
our coming to be more than natural, because we did not
come to buy, nor sell, nor yet gain ; but came in love pbrase in the works of the late Mark Pattison.
and respect for them, and desired their well-doing, both * "I never remember.” A favourite with states here and hereafter; and furtber that our meeting among men, who are fond of declaring, “I never remem-them, might be very beneficial to their young people, ber a session of Parliament which began 80 and related a dream she bad three days before, and inauspiciously." The "never" is used to qualify
terpreted it, viz.: That she was in London, and that
London was the finest place she ever saw; (it was like the orator's remembrance, which is not his mean.
to Philadelphia, but was much bigger,) and went across ing. Let the equivalent of “I never remember," six streets, and in the seventh she saw William Penn viz., “I always forget," be substituted, and then preaching to the people, which was a great multitude; note what the orator says.
and both sbe and William Penn rejoiced to see one “There is no doubt but that," &c. “But " is
another; and after meeting she went to him, and he
told her that in a little time he would come over and not wanted, though generally used.
preach to them also, of wbich she was very glad. And " Laborious” for industrious and "That goes now, she said, her dream was fulfilled, for one of his without saying " are very vile translations from the friends was come to preach to them and she advised French, and much liked by newspaper writers. them to hear us, and entertain us kindly; and accord
ingly they did. Here were two nations of them, the “From whence,” where " whence" alone is re
Senecas and the Sbawnese. We held first & meeting
with the Senecas, with which tbey were much affected; “No single operation had failed to," &c. and they called the other nation, (viz.: Sbawnese) and “Single" in such phrases is no more to the pur interpreted to them what we had spoken in their meetpose than “double."
ing, and the poor Indians, (particularly some of their Reduplication of “do” in such pbrases as “Iyoung men, and women,) were under a solid exercise
and concern; and we had also a meeting with the other never do do that.” One “do" is, of course,
nation, and they were all very kind to us, and desired enough.
more such opportunities; the which I hope divine pro"Folks," where the final s is not wanted to make vidence will order them, if they are worthy thereof; the: the word plural.
Gospel of Jesus Christ was preached freely to them, and
faith in Christ who was put to death at Jerusalem by the Other contributors may be able to add to the
unbelieving Jews, and that this same Jesus came to save above, and an interesting collection of errors thus people from their sins by his grace and light in the Soul, be got together.
TAORNFIELD, shows to man his eins, and convinceth him therof, and