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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 10, 1891.

ferred, for more careful preservation, to the interior

of the sacred edifice. In the old, old days—my days CONTENT 8,-No 263.

-St. Dunstan upreared on its venerable campanile NOTES :-Dame Rebecca Berry, 21—Shakspeariana, 24-The Grave of Laurence Sterne-Chelle--The Penny Post-Old

a cupola-long since removed, when modernchurchJokes in New Dress-Sir W. Dawes—" Popular Theology'

warden Gothic substituted a bastard battlemented - Cacico, 25.

parapet for the ancient square-topped tower.* QUERIES :-Conduct - Richard Turner - Biographical -- But what I particularly wish to call attention to Wakefield Grammar School-'Abou Ben Adhem--Muni- | is the connexion-not very indirect--of the lady tated Trees – Amber - Shenley="Misericord” in St. of the tradition with an interesting episode of our Mary's, Lancaster-Illustrations by C. H. Bennett-Lord domestic history; and this relation has so far as I Byron - Duncan Family, 27-Leech - Richard Savage - know-never yet been noticed in print. Somersetshire Churches" To pay the debt of nature" * Dream of Gerontius'-Letter of Spencer Perceval-Mrs.

It will have been observed that the dame was Nisbett-Grayson-Sibbern Family Portraits-Chiropodist twice married, and, according, I believe, to strict -The Vicar of Wakefield,' 28-Authors Wanted, 29.

heraldic custom, the name of her first husband—as REPLIES :-The English Race and Poetry, 29--Priest in being the superior in rank—is assumed in addition

Pronunciation of Viking-Shire Horses-Jacob Tonson, 32 to that of her second spouse. -River Dee-"Clothes made out of wax"-Chapman's Who was the “Berry” who preceded “ Thomas * All Fools' –Mistakes in Books of Reference Unfastening Elton, of Stratford Bow, Gent.," in thea ffections - Meric Casaubon-Napoleon-Charles Kean-The Study of “ Dame Rebecca ” ? of Dante-American Mobby-Flash-Cards, 35—Measom

I extract here, literatim et verbatim, from some Large Family-Addison's Wife-"Nineted Boys"-Freke

Fishery Terms, 36 – Girl pronounced Gurl-Gibson-Sir notes made by me (and only retained in MS.) John Burgoyne-Irish See of Enachdune, 37-Kilter many years ago. Collection of Autographs-Dumb Borsholder, 38.

At the end of the seventeenth century an extenNOTES ON BOOKS :-Bradley's Stratmann's - Middle Eng: sive community of Britain's "old sea-dogs"

lish Dictionary -Sharpe's Calendar of Wills in the Court inhabited the parish of St. Dunstan's, Stepney, of Husting' – Dod's Peerage.'

comprising, as that extensive parish then did, Notices to Correspondents.

Limehouse, Poplar, and Blackwall on the extreme

east and south, the whole of Bow (including part of Potes.

the hamlet of Stratford) on the north-east, and the

hamlet of Bethnal (or Bednall) Green on the DAME REBECCA BERRY.

north. A corresponding colony on the southern (See 7th S. X. 289, 451).

side of the great metropolitan river balanced the I feel personally grateful to MR. JOHN T. Page northern, and Deptford and Greenwich, Bermondsey for reviving in your columns the old legend of and Rotherhithe, swarmed with the retired veterans “The Fish and the Ring," and to dear old of the Dutch and French naval wars. A dweller 'N. & Q.' for permitting the resuscitation,

at remote Blackwall (for which locality consult I think that I may perhaps claim to be entitled your De Foe’s ‘History of the Plague Year,' and to say something on this "violet of a legend,” which,

when found make a note of it"), in Stepney although it cannot be said to "blow among the parish, was the redoubtable Admiral Sir John chops and steaks,"* flourishes exceedingly amidst Berry. This “old salt” had sturdily fought the the grey old moss-covered tombstones of the East- Dutch in many a tough encounter in the “

narrow End cemetery pertaining to the church which is seas," and in 1682 proudly trod his deck as—what consecrate to the memory of the archbishop who we should now term-post-captain. In that year had the temerity to “take the devil by the nose."

a great misfortune befell Capt. Berry. He was I diffidently assert my right to be heard on the ordered, as commodore, to command the squadron ground-the graveyard ground-that I have been escorting James, Duke of York, the king's brother, personally familiar with Dame Rebecca (Elton) from London to Leith. I believe Capt. Berry Berry's peculiar monument for five decades and á at that date had not yet attained the actual rank, lustre, I know it well when it was

a mural but I think that he was conceded the brevet-rapk ornament on the “outside of the east wall of of admiral. He hoisted his flag in the April of St. Dunstan's Church," as Mr. Page accurately 16827 on board of the Gloucester, “first rate," informs your readers. I remember perfectly when, and there, as flag captain, he received that last under the inspiration of a demagogic, but reverent * I think the cupola was directly superimposed upon church warden of Stepney,t the memorial was trans- the tower. To the best of my memory St. Dunstan's,

Stepney, never had a bartisan like so many of the Eastern The Poet Laureate—'Will Wimble’s Lyrical Mono- Counties' churches. For bartisan see, sub tit.' Bartisan,' logue,' stanza 19.

some notes of mine appearing many years ago in ‘N. & Q.' | The late William Newton, a popular local official to which I cannot now recall the reference. and prominent trades union leader-an unsuccessful † See Pepys's ' Diary '--Pepys to Howes under date candidate for representation of the then borough of the May 8, 1682, Lord Braybrooke's ed. (Colburn, 1849), Tower Hamlets in the House of Commons.

pp. 314, 15, et seg., dated from Edinburgh.

Lord High Admiral of England, who afterwards missioners of His Majesty's Navy.* “He was became King James II,* On Friday, May 5, buried in Stepney Church - where there is a monuhowever, the Gloucester, being near the mouth ment to his memory. The date of his death is of the Humber, ran ashore on a Yorkshire shoal given on this as February 14, 1691-that is 1691/2; certain sands known as “The Lemon and Oar"- but it appears by an Admiralty Minute of March and the flagship and the other convoying vessels 22, 1689/90, that he was then already dead.”+ The soon became total wrecks. The dake-the heir honourable retirement of this veteran was spent in apparent, or perhaps I ought to say presump the extreme south-eastern corner of the parish of tive-was saved with some difficulty. The accident St. Dunstan's, Stepney—that riparian resort erst gave rise to much controversial-pamphleteering- famous for its feasts of whitebait-Blackwall. His acrimony. A court-martial was held, but the widow, as we have seen, married again a gentlecommodore-who had been knighted some years man of Chaucer's “Stratford atte Bowe"-a village before for professional services rendered off the lying about twelve furlongs, as the crow flies, north coast of Tangiers—was acquitted of all blame. The of the locality of her husband's death. It is an press (journalistic), at the command of the Court unimportant detail that my version of the metrical party, warmly eulogized the royal High Admiral's epitaph differs in some slight respects from that readiness of resource in the emergency-his Royal contributed by Mr. PAGE. I was under the impresHighness's fortitude and self-devotion to the sion that I had, as he has, copied directly from the officers and crews not only of the flagship, but of stone. I find, however, on reference to my com. the other vessels of the convoying squadron. The mopplace, book of two score years ago, that I was country (the Wbig) party, on the other hand, indebted to the obsolete Mirror (vol. for 1833, retorted by roundly accusing James of selfishness, p. 162) for my rendering ; however, the differand even of personal pusillanimity. Well, the ences between the two versions are only literal, responsible commander was the first husband of not at all textual. I may here mention that the the subject of the “Fish and the Ring" mural lines are printed in the late Mr. Tegg's (the pubmemorial. Sir John survived during the reign of lisher's) exquisite volume-too little known-enbis royal Admiral, and saw his illustrious com- | titled 'An Hour's Reading,' but I cannot give the mander ignominiously abdicate the throne, and a page. Dutch prince (a prince of the nation the stout old. It at first sight appears rather singular that Sir sailor bad so often engaged in maritime conflict) Richard Steele, in his well-known paper on Stepney substituted in his place. Admiral Sir John Berry Churchyard, which appeared in the classical survived this deplorable episode for nearly ten Spectator, No. 518 (Friday, October 24, 1712). years, and during the latter period of his eventful should omit all reference to the “Fish and the life enjoyed the lucrative repose of a bench in the Ring" monument; but then so he does all allusion maritime service of the Crown as one of the Com- to another relic jealously prized by the Stepney

church wardens, and built in the wall of St. * Is there not a story extant of King William IV., Dunstan's porch-& stone said to have been when Duke of Clarence, announcing that when he became

imported from the ruins of Cartbage. I The fact is king he would be his own Lord High Admiral, and of a

“Dick Steele's " article only professes to deal with courtier responding, “ Then your Royal Highness will be the only Lord High Admiral that has beld the office since

two quaint epitaphs out of many, and its scope the reign of King James II.; and what did he get by it? does not pretend to comprise the innumerable Why, he lost his throne !”.

monumental inscriptions and other curious features + There is an unimportant discrepancy about this

to be found in this most interesting cemetery.ş date. Pepys (see previous note) says “about five in the morning of Friday last," which would be May 5; but Luttrell (Brief Relation,' &c., i. pp. 184, 185), an

* See his life by Prof. J, K. Laughton, ' Dictionary authority usually to be depended upon, says the 6th

of National Biography,' vol, iv. p. 398, vouching Camp(which would be Saturday), at five in the morning.

bell's Lives of the Admirals,' and Charnock's • Naval Evelyn does not assist us much. The accomplished

Biography.'

ponbid. See, however, Luttrell, vol. ii. p. 15, under diarist, under dato May 25, 1682 (Thursday), only inci. dentally alludes to the catastrophe in the words, " The

date Wednesday, Feb. 12, 1689/90, where Sir John is Duke and Duchess of York (Mary of Modena) were just

spoken of as then lately dead." now come to London after his escape and shipwreck as

I Quoting from memory, this slab, let into the south he went by sea to Scotland" (Evelyn's' Diary,' by Bray,

wall of the church porch, bore the inscription (suggestive edition Colburn, 1850, vol. ij. p. 166). His Royal High

| alike of Delenda esi Carthago and Tempus edax rerum):ness appears to have escorted his consort home from the

or Cartbage great I was a stone; North.

O mortals, read with pity ; I But Sir John was somewhat taken down in social

Time rendeth all; he spareth none, prestige, if not in professional rank. From command of

Man, mortal, town, nor city! the first-rate ship of war Gloucester he was reduced to My failing memory may do injustice to the quatrain, hoisting his flag in the third-rate Henrietta, a mere which, however, I remember, I always regarded as frigate (Luttrell, vol. i. p. 197). He was, however, pro- wretched doggerel. moted to be Vice-Admiral of the Fleet (red) a few years S My pen would run away with me should I attempt, later on (Ibid., p. 463).

even briefly, to recapitulate some of the interesting

The only two mortuary perpetuations he (Sir Richard Ingoldsby Legends ; but I have failed to discover Steele) professes to deal with are (1) a doggerel set it in that amusing collection. of lines upon one Thomas Sapper, and (2) doggerel As to the arms; the “charge " displayed on the fqually poor, and by no means unique, for in the oval-sbaped convex shield is a device not (inchurchyard of St. Anne's, Limehouse, and of the frequently to be met with. It appears in the cemetery of Hackney, tbe same verses are, with coat of the family of Ventris of Cambridgeshire. insignificant variations, repeated. :

It is to be found in the municipal “ bearings” of Here lies the body of Daniel Saul, I

| the City of Glasgow. It pertains to the "house" Of Spittlefields, weaver, and that's all.* of the lady's second husband, “ Thomas Elton of Variants of the "Fish and the Ring" legend

Stratford, Bow, Gent." With one more observaare to be found in the folk-lore literature of all

tion, which I trust may prove interesting, upon peoples and ages. I have not access at this

this “charge" I will endeavour to bring this inormoment to the books of the Apocrypha of the Old

dinately long paper to a conclusion. Testament, but I fancy there is some simulacrum

Almost exactly a measured mile to the north-west of the fable to be found there. It is clearly traced

of the site of the dame's monument, at the junction in the myth of Polycrates: was not his so-called of the Bethnal Green with the Cambridge Heath " jewel" a ring or annulet? See Lempriere's

Road, at the south-eastern corner of the former, Classical Dictionary' (ed. Black and Armstrong,

nearly opposite St. Jobn's Church, is a popular 1838, p. 940, col. 1). I have an impression

tavern, a well-known starting-place and terminus that it (the legend) may be met with in The

for omnibuses, called by the sign of “The Salmon Arabian Nights' Entertainmente,' or at all events

and Ball.” This establishment is now a flaring gin some of the numerous compilations of Oriental

palace, and for many years bas borne no pictorial yarn-spinning. Perhaps its analogue may be traced

indication of its title; but when I was a boy it somewhere in tbe 'Decameron' or in the 'Eighty

displayed diagonally on a bend, to use heraldic Merry Tales.' I had thought that the ballad of terminology, a golden fish apparently nibbling at a • The Cruel Knight : or. Fortunate Farmer's golden spbere. “The point o'tbis observation,” as Daughter,' was enshrined in Percy's 'Reliques’; |

the astute Jack Bunsby remarks,“ lies in the applibut I cannot find it there. “Similarly," as Joe

cation on it.” It must be remembered that formerly Gargery would say, I had a notion that the late

the site of this tavern was comprised in the exten. Rev. R. J. Barbam had adopted it for one of his

sive territory of the parish of St. Dunstan, Stepney. It (the public-bouse) stood on the old Roman road,

or just off it—the ancient highway to Stratford-leinteresting in an antiquarian point of view— features of this historical graveyard. There, to this day to be seen, is

Bow; the modern thoroughfare runs some half a a "Lovers' Walk," a splendid avenue of elm trees leading |

mile south of it. “ The Salmon and Ball ” was a sort diagonally south-east from the chancel door, a little of half-way house between the north-eastern gato portal from which the “ ha

appy couple" emerged after of the great city and Mr. Elton's residence, which, their official visit to the vestry (they had-separately of lit must also be noted. was in the parish of St. course-entered by the western ingress, the "stone of Cartbage” porch), with the bells clanging a congratu

Dunstan, Stebon-hethe, just within its eastern latory peal over their consecrated heads. Interiorly | boundary. I think it very likely that the tavern there is to be beheld that wonderful architectural con sign was originally the fish and andulet of that trivance a hagioscope, vulgo a squint," a kind of diagonal gentleman's arms-a device carved in low relief in tube tbrough which, it is asserted, the bigh priest of the Temple could inspect the propriety of the performances

stone and probably long exposed to atmospheric of the subordinate ministrants at the altar. I think

action, which in course of time would wear away its there are but three of these “squiots” remaining in accurate heraldic definition, the ring assuming a existing ecclesiastical edifices in Britain. I have noted spherical appearance, accounting for the uneducated one ; another is in the prisoners' church,” the chapel

coming to regard it as a salmon with a ball in of St. Peter ad Vincula in the Tower of London; the

immediate contact with the mouth of the fish. I third is in some church in Northamptonshire the dedication and locality of wbich have escaped my memory. For

think this a more plausible derivation than the a secular illustration of the use of the “equint"(the tube

| theory that ascribes it to "the well-known ball of through which the lady of the bouse, from her "with the silk mercers in former times added to the sign of drawing room,” could observe the "goings on” of the the salmon."* It may be—but this perhaps is " to guests above the salt, and the serving men and maids

consider too curiously,” as Hamlet has it—that the below it) I can refer any inquirer to the historical edifice Penshurst Place, Kent, the ancient seat of the

inn was a part of the property of the Elton family, Sidneys, wbero, leadiog from the great ball, a perfect

and that the sign of “The Salmon and Ball " was specimen of the hagioscope may be inspected.

the vulgar appellation for “ The Elton Arms." Be * It would seem that tbe Spectator was at this time in this as it may, I submit that I have adduced some a lugubrious frame of mind. “It bad just killed its best. known hero. The paper immediately preceding that P

plausible inferences for connecting the existing gin' in which Sir Richard Steele prints his "medications among the tombs" is devoted to describing the death * Larwood and Hotten's 'His tory of Tavern Sigos, and funeral of Sir Roger de Coverley.

pp. 231, 483.

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