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palace with the legend of “The Fish and the

I'd shake it in this quarrel. Ring."


Cornwall. What do you mean ? my villain ! Temple.

The question “What do you mean ?” might be

assigned to Regan more appropriately than to the SHAKSPEARIANA.

servant; but I doubt not it belongs to Cornwall, 'All's WELL THAT ENDS WELL,'IV. ii. 38:

and should be restored to him.

W. WATKISS LLOYD. Diana. I see that men make rope's in such a scarre That we 'll forsake ourselves. Give me that ring. SonNet LXXVII., 1. 10.So the Cambridge editors, following accurately the Conamit to these waste blacks, and thou shalt finde. two earliest folios. I am satisfied to correct thus: Here, where our author is speaking of tables, 1. e., I see that men make hopes for such a lure

of a table-book given by him to W. H., modern That we 'll forsake ourselves.-Give me that ring.

editors, acting on Theobald's suggestion, read That is :

blanks, one spelling in Shakespeare's day having I see men flatter themselves that we are to be en- been blancks. Never, however, accepting an ticed from our duty by promises as fictitious as the fal. emendation unless it be necessary or carry conconer's lure of a stuffed bird :-I must have a material viction with it, I set about inquiring whether these pledge; give me that ring."

“tables” might not have sometimes been made of This is quite in the spirit of a like negotiation in slate, or of some black composition. That they Troilus and Cressida,' V. ii. 58 :

were at times of ivory we know, and possibly they Diomed. But will you then?

may bave been of paper. My friend W. G. BosCressida. In faith I will, la ; never trust me else.

well-Stone directed my attention to Douce's 'IllusDiomed. Give me some token for the surety of it.

trations of Shakespeare, 1839, p. 454, a book I 'KING LEAR,' I. iv. 130.

had most forgetfully overlooked :-
Mark it, nuncle :

“They were sometimes made of slate in the form of a Have more than thou showest,

small portable book with leaves and clasps. Such a one Speak less than thou knowest,

is fortunately engraved in Gesner's treatise De Rerum Lend less than thou owest,

Fossilium Figuris,' &c., Tigur., 1565, 12mo., which is not Ride more than thou goest,

to be found in the folio collection of his worke...... The Learn more than thou trowest,

learned author thus describes it: 'Pugillaris è laminis Set less than thou throwest;

saxi nigri fissilis, cum stylo ex eodem.'
Leave thy drink and thy whore,
And keep in-a-door,

The engraving, copied in Douce, dispels any doubt
And thou sbalt have more

that might be entertained. Hence I trust that Than two tens to a score.

Shakespeare's blacks will in future be restored. In This string of maxims is evidently intended to be case I be told that slate is not black, I would add a prudential code throughout, which, as uniformly these two remarks :-first, that Gesner speaks of edited, it is not. To make it so requires the cor

“ laminis saxi nigri fissilis "; secondly, that names rection of interchanging the words less and more in of colours were then loosely used, and, indeed, are the second couplet, as having been accidentally now, or were when I was a schoolbog, for“ a black transposed at press. Then we read consistently :- slate pencil” was a common expression amongst Lend more than thou owest,

BR. NICHOLSON. Ride less than thou goest. “Rather a lender than a borrower be,” says the 403).-I may be pardoned for adducing a passage

"TIMON OF ATHENS,' I. i. 289 (7th S. x. 303, worldly-wise Polonius. "Keep thy pen from the in Aristotle's Politics,' i. 10, as illustrating the lender's books" comes in among other warnings of use of the word breed as applied to “usury;" He Edgar against debauchery and waste (III. iv, 100), is speaking of usury, as not being according to and to have "horse to ride” is associated with nature, and he adds, o Sé tókos yiyveral vópioua weapon to wear

and superfluity of apparel as voulouatos, i. e., money bred out of money, an incident of luxury. It will be observed that this correction establishes


Hyde Park Mansions, N.W. a regular alternation of more and less in successive lines which is characteristic,


BEFORE MEAT (7th S. x. 401).-MR. CECIL DEEDES Regan, How now, you dog!

(I wonder whether he is a son or grandson of one 1st Servant. If you did wear a beard upon your chin,

of my pupils as a prefect at Winchester) says that I'd shake it in this quarrel. What do you mean?

in the grace after meat sung at the election dinner Cornwall. My villain !

occurred the petitions “Face reginam salvam, 1st Servant. Nay then come on and take the chance of Domine ; pacem in diebus nostris." "Fac

regem anger.

[They fight. salvum Domine" it was in my day. It was sung There need be no hesitation in correcting here the by the whole force of the chapel choir ; and the distribution of the text :

melody is a most delicious one, especially in the


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words which follow those cited," .Et exaudi finger thrust under his wig, has been often ennos in die quocunque invocamus te!" Some por- graved. Prefixed to a volume of his "Sermons,' tions of the grace sufficiently show that it could published in 1788, in my library, is another pornot have been used elsewhere, save perhaps at trait of him “Engraved by Heath from a Picture New College. Every note of the music lives in painted by Hopkins. Bryan's 'Dictionary of my ear, at the end of more than sixty years, as Painters' makes no mention of Hopkins. clearly as when I heard it last.

Does the graveyard yet exist; or has it been T. ADOLPAUS TROLLOPE. improved off the face of the earth, like many more Budleigh Salterton.

in London have been, in order to be rendered

available for the abodes of the living ? MACBETH': “WEIRD SISTERS” (7th S. X.

John PICKFORD, M.A. 403). – Whatever may have been Holinshed's Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. opinion, I think that Shakspeare meant his three witches to be of the common sort. The question

CHELLE.-The latest example given in the of one of them should be remembered :

New Eog. Dict.' is 1240. Is it the same word Say! would'st thou rather bear it from our mouths

which occurs four centuries later in the case of Or from our masters'?

Adney v. Vernon and Others (36 Car. II., C.B.Rot. This argues that they were the servants of the 825)? The words are udam pensilem eream

SARUM. devils, as witches of the common sort are sup- Anglice a Brass Chell.posed to be. Their knowledge of futurity was THE PENNY Post,-An earlier reference to the derived from the spirits to whom they bad sold penny post than that at 'N. & Q.,' 3rd Ş. ii. 68, themselves. Spirits of all kinds are generally re- occurs in Heraclitus Ridens, of December 27, presented as capable of prognostication.



63, Chancery Lane,

OLD JOKES IN New DRESS. (See 7th S. viii., THE GRAVE OF LAURENCE STERNE.-Though &c.)In Albany Fonblanque's Life,' by his son, there are many notices of the life and writings of I find that Lord Manners is substituted for Lord the English Rabelais, as he has been called, in, Redesdale, to whom W. C. Plunket said, “In terspersed through the several series of ' N., & Q.,' England the wind raises the kite, but in Ireland and mention is made of the fate of his body after the kite raises the wind." “Kite” is slang for death, yet very little, if anytbing, is said of the an accommodation bill.

W. J. F. place of his burial, St. George's burial-ground in Dublin. the Bayswater Road. Sterne died in 1768. Percy Fitzgerald, in his 'Life of Sterne,' published in

Sir William DAWES (1671-1724), ARCH-1864, more than a hundred years after the death BISHOP OF YORK. - As an interesting addition to of Sterne, and a quarter of a century ago, gives the account

of bim appearing in ‘Dict. Nat. Biog.,' the following mournful description of the grave of vol. xiv, p. 215, it may be well to record the existParson Yorick.

ence of a certificate by Thomas Richardson, curate “We can readily find our way to it now, for it of Bocking, co. Essex, that Sir William Dawes was is notorious among the neglected graveyards of baptized Oct, 10, 1671 (Rawlinson MS., C 983,

DANIEL HIPWELL. London, and is useful as a sort of huge pit for the fol. 130, Bodl. Lib.). rubbish of the ruinous houses that hem it in

34, Myddelton Square, Clerkenwell. closely all round. Weeds, rioting in their impurity, “POPULAR THEOLOGY."-Some quarter of a conyawning graves, headstones staggering over, dirt, tury ago the phrase “popular theology” became neglect, and a squalid looking dead-house, all soiled very common on the lips of young university men. and grimed, with a belfry and a bell. This is now It was used for the purpose of designating certain the condition of the graveyard where Laurence bistorical religious convictions which the speakers Sterne is supposed to lie."--Vol. ii. p. 404.

had repudiated. I was surprised some little time Alas poor Yorick! Mr. Fitzgerald gives a copy ago to come upon the following passage in The of the inscription on a headstone erected long after Family Memoirs of the Rev. William Stukeley his death by two Freemasons, though Sterne was (Surtees Soc.), vol. i. p. 86. The date of the letter not a brother of the order. Has this memorial in which it occurs is 1754: "The philosophers of also departed ? His friend Garrick wrote an Greece were much too wise to enter intirely into epitaph upon him which was not inscribed :

the popular theology."

ANON. Shall Pride a heap of sculptured marble raise, Some worthless, unmourned, titled fool to praise ;

Cacico.-The 'New Eng. Dict.' does not give And shall we not by one poor gravestone learn this form. It occurs in a work on 'Carolina,' by Where Genius, Wit, and Humour sleep with Sterne ? T. A., 1682,"reguli or cacicoes.” The same work

A fine portrait of Sterne, painted by Sir mentions the "manacy or ." and the Joshua Reynolds, representing him with his fore- “ wild walnut or Hiquery tree.” SARUM.

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torian, was living at Arundel House, Fulham, in Queries.

1819. Can any one give me the exact period of We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest, to affix their bis residence here? Please reply direct.

Chas. Jas. FÈRET. names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them direct,

49, Edith Road, West Kensington, W.

WAKEFIELD GRAMMAR SCHOOL.—I am attemptConduct.—This word in the now leading sense ing to write a history of this school in commemoraof “ behaviour of such a kind," "manière de se tion of its three hundredth anniversary, which will comporter," appears to be modern. It is unknown fall on November 19, 1891 ; but I find myself very to Jobpson, Todd, and Richardson. I have, how much at a logs for information about most of its ever, a quotation from Lady M. W. Montagu about masters. The following is a list of them up to 1716. I should like to find it earlier. Conduite

1800:in French was used in this sense by Corneille ante 1650, but is not in Cotgrave, 1611. The ordinary

1. Rev. Edward Mawde, November, 1591-1598.

2. Rev.John Beaumont (Emm., Camb.), October, 1600 seventeenth to eighteenth century sense of con- April, 1607. duct was managing power, generalship, skill, tact. 3. Rev. Jeremy Gibson, June, 1607-July, 1607. The antithesis of courage and conduct occurs hun- 4. Rev. Robert Saunders (King'e, Camb.), July, 1607dreds of times in biographies and characters. An October, 1607. instance of “virtue and conduct" from Swift is

5. Rev. Philip Isack (Emm., Camb.), January, 1607/8

May, 1623. mistakenly explained by Johnson. The verb to

6. Rev. Robert Doughty, May, 1623-February, 1662/3. conduct oneself is also absent from Johnson, Todd, 7. Rov. Samuel Garvy (Emm, Camb.), July, 1663– and Richardson, and we have no quotation before October, 1665. 1815; but it must surely be earlier! Se conduire

8. Rev. Jeremiah Boulton (Magd., Camb.), December,

1665-April, 1672. was used by Corneille in 'Cinna,' 1639; and the

9. Rev. John Baskervile (Emm., Camb.), May, 1672– intrang. to conduct, meaning “to behave," occurs May, 1681. in 1677, and has always been in use in New Eng- 10. Rev. Edward Clarke, August, 1681-June, 1693. land. Its genesis is difficult to account for, unless

11. Rev. Edmund Farrer (št. John's, Camb.), July, as a shortening of "conduct oneself” (like behave 1693-April, 1703.

12. Rev. Thomas Clarke (Jesus, Camb.), April, 1703for “behave oneself”); but where are the seven

1720. teenth century instances of "conduct oneself” to

13. Rev. Benjamin Wilson (Trin., Camb.), 1720-1751. be found which have been totally missed by John- 14. Rev. John Clarke (Trin., Camb.), April, 1751– son, Todd, Richardson, and our readers ? It was 1758. apparently not used by Milton, Pope, or Cowper,

15. Rev. Christopher Atkinson, June 1758-January,

1795. and I think it can hardly have been missed by our

16. Rev. Thomas Rogers (Magd., Camb.), February, systematic readers of Addison's Spectator. But 1795–1814. perhaps some correspondent of ‘N. & Q..can belp No. 6 is mentioned in the preface to Hoole's 'An us. Surely some eighteenth-century heroines must Easie Entrance to the Latin Tongue'; Nos. 8 to 13 have conducted themselves with propriety! and did not their rival beaux conduct themselves with pupils—Dr. Bentley, Dr. Radcliffe, Archbishop

are named in biographies of their distinguished proper spirit ?


Potter, Joseph Bingham, and others; the life of Oxford.

No. 14 has been written by Dr. Zouch under the RICHARD TURNER.—The Gentleman's Magazine title The Good Schoolmaster Exemplified,' &c.; records the death, on February 6, 1733, of the and there are references to many of them in local above, and adds : "Formerly a Turkey mercbant, registers. But some readers of N. & Q.' may be reckon'd worth upwards of 100,0001. (and therefore able and willing to supply further particulars. I nicknamed Plumb Turner), the bulk of which he shall be very deeply grateful for any information settled on Sir Edward Turner, of Bicester, in Ox-sent direct to me or contributed in these valuable fordshire, Bart." What relation was this Richard columns.

MATTHEW E. PEACOCK. to Sir Edward !


Wakefield Grammar School. Bedford.

'ABOU BEN ADHEM.'. This poem of Leigh BIOGRAPHICAL.-Can any of your readers kindly Hunt's is said to be founded on an incident regive me (or refer me to) any information touching corded in D'Herbelot’s ‘Bibliothèque Orientale. the following? Herzman,

Herzman, a Russian agitator, As I have no means of referring to this work living at Park House, Fulham, about 1850; John would some contributor kindly obtain the passage Tarnworth, Privy Councillor temp. Elizabeth, died and have it printed in Replies”?

Myoga. 1599; the Clay broke family, living at Fulham in Tokyo, Japan. the time of Elizabeth; the Sherbourn family, living at Falham in the fifteenth century; and Sir MUNICIPAL RECORDS.-On behalf of the Hull William Withers, living 1708. Hallam, the bis- Literary Club, I am most anxious to compile a list

of towns where the municipal records have been father, Sir Adam Francis, or of her earlier husbands, printed, and for any help in this matter I shall John Aubrey and Sir Alan Buxhull. feel grateful.

WILLIAM ANDREWS. I have vainly consulted numerous authorities 1 Dock Street, Hull.

on this crux. Can any one kindly help me to

discover how either of these Shenleys came into PRESIDENTS OF THE NORTH Parts.-- Where possession of the Countess Maud, and from which can a list of these be found? When was the office of the two churches the image of St. Katherine instituted ? Was it by Henry VIII.? When was was removed by the earl ? HERMENTRUDE. it abolished ?

M. H. P.

"MISERICORD" IN ST. MARY'S, LANCASTER.DECAPITATED TREES : SCOTCH FIRS PLANTED In my collection of the subjects of these carious in ENGLAND BY JACOBITES.—It is said that trees carvings I have a list of those at Lancaster, said to were beheaded in many places in England, in bave come from Cockersand Abbey, and should be memory of Charles I. and of the Duke of Mon obliged for an explanation of one. It is number mouth. At Moor Park, near Rickmansworth, three on the north side, commencing west-seven trees still standing are said to have been so treated figures, male and female. Two on the sinister aro in memory of the Duke of Monmouth. Are other kneeling at an altar (?). They are a man and instances known? At Miss Whitmore Jones's woman ; the man has on a hooded capo, the woman beautiful old house, Chastleton, near Moreton in in front of him wears a wimple. The man has Marsh, are Scotch firs known to have been planted tight-fitting sleeves and a close-fitting robe. A by Henry Jones the Jacobite, in honour of the large square pocket shows at each side of it. Next Young Pretender. Are other examples of this comes the altar. Then comes a group of three practice known? ALBERT HARTSHORNE. figures, two seated and one behind them; the last

mentioned is a man, he has his left hand on the SUPERSTITION ABOUT AMBER. - What is the head of the sinister figure, & gypeere at his girdle. origin of the superstition that amber is a concre- Next comes a female figure standing by herself ; tion of birds' tears ? Moore ('Lalla Rookh') on her head a wimple, and her dress buttoned says:

up the front with large buttons ; her hands are Around thee shall glisten the loveliest amber crossed in front of her, the arms hanging down. That ever the sorrowing sea-bird hath wept. The last two figures are a man and woman, the

SYDNEY SCROPE. latter wears wimple and gorget; the man with Tompkinsville, New York.

his right hand clasps her left, as represented in SHENLEY.—There are two (if not more) places rite is the idea, but should be glad of suggestions.

brasses to man and wife. I think the marriage of this name, one in Buckinghamshire, the other in

T. A. M. Hertfordshire. I wish to ascertain with certainty

Inner Temple. in which of these two Shenleys stood the famous image of St. Katherine which Jobs, Earl of Salis- ILLUSTRATIONS BY C. H. BENNETT.-Can you bury (1396-1400), suffered to remain in his bake- tell me the names of any works illustrated by the house, as recorded by Walsingham, when he late C. H. Bennett? I should like to procure all destroyed the rest. In the 'Archæologia,' vol. xx., his shadow pictures. In 'Fun for All, July, 1880 this is said to be Shenley in Buckinghamshire; and (Ward, Lock & Co.), there were several. I should the Countess Maud, widow of this earl, bequeathed like to know if more are to be had; also if any 40s. "to the fabric of the parish church of St. other pictures, such as the Origin of Species,' Botolph of Shanle,” which must be in Bucking- dedicated by natural selection to Charles Darwin hamsbire, since the parish church there is dedicated (Illustrated Times, I think I saw them), can be to St. Botolpb, and that of Shepley in Hertfordshire bought.

R. W. I. LEICESTER to St. Mary. But the will of Maud's first husband, Gawler, South Australia, John Aubrey, is distinctly dated at Shenley in Hertfordshire.

LORD BYRON.- Who was the editor of the Walsingham speaks of the images edition of Byron's Life and Works,' in seventeen in question as having been set up by John Aubrey volumes, published by Murray in 1834 and 1835 ? and Sir Alan Buxbull, or some predecessor of The letter "E.” is appended to each of the editor's Mand. The estate therefore must have come to the earl through her; yet there is no mention of either notes. His advertisement, prefixed to the last

volume, is dated May 15, 1833. R. R. DEES. Shenley in her father's will or inquisition as

Wallsend. having been his property. An attempt to trace the descent by inquisitions produces no further Duncan Family.—Can any correspondent of information, save to show that the Hertfordshire 'N. & Q.' give me particulars regarding the Shenley was held by Earl John and afterwards by ancestry of an Oliver Duncan, who came from his (and Maud's) son Earl Thomas. Neither estate Dundee, and settled in Straban, Ireland, about the seems ever to have been the property of Maud's year 1780 ?


DESCENDANTS OF Rev. J. L. LEECH.-Can any Mrs. Nisbett.—The original representative of of your readers tell me whether any of the descen- the character of Julia in The Hunchback' was dants of the Rev. John Langton Leech and his Miss Fanny Kemble, and that of Mariana in The wife Aun Leech are still living? He was Rector Wife,' another play of Sheridan Knowles, was Miss of Askham, where he was buried in 1832.

Ellen Tree, who spoke the Epilogue, which was Mrs. ALFRED FLETCHER. written by Charles Lamb. But both parts were · Allerton, Liverpool.

taken by Mrs. Nisbett a short time after their first RICHARD Savage.--I should feel much obliged the dates between which Mrs. Nisbett acted the

representation. I should be very glad to learn if you or any of your readers can inform me of any books in which there is reliable informa- parts respectively of Julia and Mariana. tion about Richard Savage, besides his ' Life' by to Lamb's authorship of the little jeu d'esprit

Some doubts have been expressed with regard Dr. Johnson, Boswell, and Elwin's 'Pope.'

H. S. C. M. G.

"Satan in Search of a Wife.' In a list of works

published by Moxon which is prefixed to my copy SOMERSETSHIRE CHURCHES. –T. Warton states of the first edition of The Hunchback' this little of the churches in Somersetshire :

work is expressly stated to be by “the Author of “They are both very lofty and light. Most of the Elia.'”

W. F. PRIDEAUX. churches in Somersetsbire, which are remarkably elegant, Jaipur, Rajputana. are in the style of the Florid Gothic. The reason is this: Somersetshire, in the civil wars between York and Lan- Grayson.—Is tbere any village of this name in caster, was strongly and entirely attached to the Lan- Yorkshire, or anywhere in England, besides the castrian party. In reward for this service, Henry VII., village of Greysouthen in Cumberland, which I

Observations on the “Fairy Queen" of Spenser,' Lond., understand is sometimes called Grayson ? 1762, vol. ii. p. 193.

E. E. Is there any earlier authority for, or other SIBBERN FAMILY PORTRAITS. — The ancient corroboration of, this statement ?

family of Sibbern, now settled at Værno Kloster,

ED. MARSHALL. near Moss, in Norway, with a view to completing “TO PAY THE DEBT OF NATURE.”—In what Eng- genealogical researches into the history of their lish writer does this well-known phrase first appear? family, are desirous to ascertain what portraits I bave found it in Quarles's 'Emblems,' book ii. exist of two members of the family who settled in 13:

England. The first is Caius Cibber, a sculptor, The slender debt to nature 's quickly paid,

who died in London in 1700, whose portrait is beDischarg'd, perchance, with greater ease than made. lieved to have been painted by A. Baunerman.

It would seem as if in the sixteenth century the The other is his son, the author and actor, Colley phrase had not become crystallized. Lodge, in his Cibber, who died in 1757, and of whom many Euphues Golden Legacie,' 1592, has (p. 29, pictures are extant. The family is now represented Hazlitt's edition) :

by Major Sibbern, and by his uncle, Excellency "At last Rosader.....rowsed himself and throw the Sibbern, who was ambassador at Washington and Norman against the ground, falling uppon his chest with in several European capitals. FRANCIS BOND. 80 willing a weight, that the Norman yelded nature her The College, Hull. due, and Rosader the victorie." F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY.

CHIROPODIST.- I should be greatly obliged if 'DREAM OF GERONTIUS.' — Cardinal Newman you could inform me if there is any modern work dedicates this work to J. J. Gordon, “Cujus the chiropodist and the anatomy and diseases of

in English or French treating upon the science of anima in refrigerium." What does this signify?

the foot.

R. M. NOEL. W. T. R. [Refrigerium, see Psalm lxv. v. 12, “eduxisti in refri. *THE VICAR OF WAKEFIELD.'—The perusal, in gerium," and elsewhere in the Vulgate=solatium, quies. the English Illustrated Magazine for October last, See Ducange.]

of Mr. Austin Dobson's interesting article on LETTER OF SPENCER PERCEVAL.-I have in my illustrated editions of Goldsmith's Vicar of possession a letter of Spencer Perceval, dated Wakefield ' again brought into my mind wbat has January 14, 1805, to Lord Redesdale, then often struck me, viz., the unfortunate title which Chancellor of Ireland, in which he says,

has been given to that work. Is it actually known, “ You will find him a man of sterling worth as a man of and capable of proof, that the author himself gave business as well as a gentleman. °I don't think the the name by which it bas always been known ! Mr. House of Commons holds a man who would under the Dobson, in the first of his illustrative notes, to be circumstances suit the situation so well."

found at the end of his own edition, very truly Could any reader throw light on this letter ? I says: "Wakefield, in Yorkshire, plays but a small am anxious, if possible, to ascertain who the part in the story to which it lends its name," but person in question might be. SYDNEY SCROPE. gives no further information on the subject. As

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