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visited his court. The late Canon Cureton's book

on the subject, dealing with the Syrian documents CONTENT 8,-N° 264.

referring to the establishment of Christianity in NOTES :-Moses Chorenensis, 41-Suffolk Parish Registers,

Edessa (London, 1864), is most valuable, and 42-The New English Dictionary'-Yorkshire Witchcraft, 43-Executions-N. Breton-Parallel Passages in Byron | Careton maintains that the forged letters were and Ugo Foscolo-D. Lysons-The Lion as an Emblem, 44 - The Union with Ireland - Early Journalists - L'Imprimerie Nationale - Golden Sunday - Rev. O. Herle

good faith of Eusebius is not involved, though The Broad Church in the Seventeenth Century, 45– Abolibamah " Liars should have good memories"-A

writer are,
Frequently “Killed " General, 46.
QUBRIES :-Indra - Novels of Lady C. Bury - Michael
Angelo-Pobbies, 46-Agricultural Riots, 1830_" Collick
Bowls" - Monogram - Daiker H. B.'s Caricatures-Sir
John Falstaff-Carmichael-Architectural Foliage-Hugh,

rity before I found out, from further inquiry, that Bishop of Lincoln-Spanish Armada--Restoring Engrav great scholars hold the reverse opinion. I am ing-" Days and moments quickly flying"Spencer Perceval-Folk-lore, 47 - Warin-Rabelais-Sienna-A Rare Booklet-Curtal FriarTudor-Pontius Pilate's Horse, 48 -Epaulets-"'Twas when the seas were roaring"---Robin to identify it with “Ur of the Chaldees.” In the son-Cat's Brains-Stewart, 49. REPLIES :-*Write you," 49-Laxton, 51-Alleged Change

fourth century A.D. the illustrious St. Ephræus of Climate-Archäology-Portraits of D. Jerrold-Charles Phillips, 52- Ambrose Philips - Works of T. Taylor• Black Eyes '-Wordsworth - Beaumont and FletcherCuraçoa-Curious Misnomers, 53-Framework in a Grave -Egerton-John Sheehan, 54-Dab-To Whet-J. Chamberlayne - Wroth, 55 - R. Holmes - John Wesley-Old

the language of that saint's noble hymns. So, Christmas Day-Battle of the Boyne, 56-Men of Marsham -Hoxton Statute Law-"But and ben"-Three Great Subjects, 57-Sir T. J. Platt-Sharpe's ‘Calendar of Wills'

Archbishop Trench for introducing to English --Shelp-Ashstead, 58-Authors Wanted. 59.

notice the admirable Christian mediæval Latin XOTES ON BOOKS: The Strife of Love in a Dream

Taswell-Langmead's English Constitutional History' poet Adam of St. Victor, in France, Archbishop Masson's De Quincey's Collected Works'-Burton's I

Trench bad much the same pious and scholarly troduction to Dynamics '-Calleja's 'Theory of Physics.' Notices to Correspondents.

affection for Adam of St. Victor that the late and profoundly regretted Dr. Church, Dean of St.

Paul's, entertained for the greatest of all Christian Potes.

poets, namely Dante-and I call Dante the greatest

without wishing to follow the bad fashion of MOSES CHORENENSIS OF ARMENIA, thereby implying that I fail to recognize Milton's This great Armenian writer deserves notice, and literary eminence, inexpressibly inferior as his the more so as his name is little known in the philosophy and also his gift of pure imagination West. In an earlier note I bave, I think, men and intellectual presentation are to those same tioned the London edition of his book : “Mosis qualities in Dante. Chorenensis Historiæ Armeniacæ Libri III......Lon- It cannot be too strongly dwelt upon that Moses dini, Ex Officina Caroli Ackers Typographi, apud Chorenensis is, first of all, a sound and trustJoannem Whistonum Bibliopolum. MDCCCXXXVI." worthy writer; and secondly, that he, being the I have also come across some further references to earlier writer, and an honest one, confirms Eusehim in the notes to a sheet or two of The Church bius, and not vice versa. “Moses Chorenensis, History of Eusebius,' in the new series of English the celebrated historian of the fifth century, who translations of the Nicene and post-Nicene fathers, studied a long time in Edessa, is an independent edited by Dr. Henry Wace, Principal of King's witness." The alleged correspondence is probably College, London, and Dr. Philip Schaff, of the a “pious” forgery; but Eusebius wrote in good Union Theological Seminary, New York, to be faith. Who can with critical decency blame him, issued simultaneously in England by Messrs. in a century like ours, when, with all our boasted Parker & Co., Oxford.

crucibles of scientific testing, the authorsbip of The correspondence said to have passed between the 'Letters of Junius' is still not exactly a closed Abgarus, Prince of Edessa, and our Saviour has question, when neither the Platonic, the Aristolong been assumed to have been a forgery. But telian, nor the Shakespearian canons are finally there is still a slight possibility of its genuinenese. settled, and when one claimant and one forged There were several Kings of Edessa called Abgarus letter have absorbed the time and talents of some from B.C. 99 to A.D. 207. The one said to have of the acutest intellects among British experts ? been contemporaneous with Christ was surnamed It is, perhaps, only an unfortunate coincidence Abgar Ucomo, or the Black. Gutschmid makes that the supposed bearer of the epistle of Abgarus him the fifteenth king. In the latter part of the to Christ should have been named Ananias, though, second century there was a Christian King Abgar of course, the name suggests a cheap sarcasm. of Edessa, and the Syrian Gnostic Bardesanes But it is worth noting that the Byzantine historian Cedrenus (cf. Mr. Wright's“ Abgar,” in 'Dict. of upon the first ostablishment of these records, two years Christian Biog.') says that one Ananias was the subsequently to tho performance of the marriago cere

mony."-Vol. ii. p. 227. artist who obtained a representation of Christ on

Dunwich. a sudarium when He was going to Calvary. The miraculous sudarium was said to have been carried Mr. Suckling mentions only one register in his back to and preserved at Edessa. Of course, the lengthy account of this ancient town. In speaking various sudaria, otherwise called vernacles, and of the new chapel of St. James, he says, “The associated with the legend of St. Veronica, are so parish register commences in 1672, and was brought well known that it is not necessary to say any from the old church of All Saints.” If we rememthing, except that Veronica is not a corruption of ber that the inroads of the sea had virtually rethe hybrid vera icon, but of the classic Greek duced the town to the state it is now in before the Pepevíkn, through the Macedonian variant Bepe astical records is not to be wondered at.

fifteenth century, the scantiness of the ecclesi. νίκη.

Bat The various vernacles or sudaria must be placed, there must have been many old wills and deeds without any irreverence, on the same level as the preserved in the churches that were washed away, “Black Virgins ” of popular devotion, which M. and, unless they shared the same fate, a list of Da Caumont and others have recognized as speci- tions some of the town records (pp. 260, 243, 455),

them would be very valuable. Mr. Suckling menmens of degenerate Byzantine Christian art, namely, as not so much survivals as analogues of of which I shall have something to say later on. the lower paganism ; the fact being, as M. Renan

Easton Bavent. St. Nicholas, has justly said, that in Christianity, as in every No mention of the records. creed, there is a false religion, a lower creed of the Frostenden. All Saints.—"The Parish Registers of vulgar, as well as a clearer and nobler holding of Frostenden commence in 1538. The books contain no the same.

M. de Maistre put the fact well—and curious records.”– Vol. ii. p. 322. he spoke as a strenuous Catholic-when, in his for the parish

is dated 1539. It is, however, only a

Henstead. St. Mary.-" The earliest register book "Soirées de Saint-Pétersbourg,' he defends “super- transcript of the original record."-P. 380. stition" as the outpost of divine faith; not faith Heveningham. St. Margaret.-"Baptismal registera itself, or even essential to it, but (if I may borrow a commence in 1550."-P. 399. phrase from the mediæval logicians) an “insepar

Holton. St. Peter.--" Parish registers commence D

1539." able accident" of faith. The alleged miraculously obtained picture of Christ on the sudarium is also register book, which was recopied from the old book by

Huntingfield. St. Mary.-" The first entry in he mentioned by Evagrius, 'H. E.,' iv. 27. A refer- order of tho Church wardens by George Bootb, rector, ence to M. Du Caumont's 'Abécédaire,' and other bears the date of 1539.”—P. 421. writings on ecclesiastical art and art traditions, will

Leiston. St. Margaret.-—". The parish registers com

mence in 1538."- Vol. ii. p. 451. supply the further fact that the Black Virgins,

Shaddingfield. St. John the Baptist.—"Registers and other icons and images in wood or stone, are commence in 1538.”—Vol. i. p. 76. certainly not Italian or Roman inventions, but of Shipmeadow. St. Bartholomew, Byzantine origin. Conyers Middleton, and Trivier No records mentioned. in our time, touch on these subjects, but in a

Weston. St. Peter.—“The registers commence in sceptical, or at least a controversial spirit, which 1709."-Vol. i. p. 100. would, of course, be out of place in N. & Q.' Flixton. S. Élmham.-"The parish register begins Lucian mentions pagan statues, popularly believed in 1547. Transcribed by the Rev. Jonas Luker about on occasion to sweat, move, and utter oracles the year 1590."-Vol. i. p. 205. (Lacian, 'Opp., ed. Variorum, Amstelod., 1687, Mutford. - The Registers preserved in the Church

Barnaby. St. Jobn, consolidated with the rectoryo f tom. ü., De Syriâ Deâ,' 659-60).

commence in the year 1701, but the older parochial H. DE B. H. records are united with those at Mutford, and bear the

date of 1554,"— Vol. i. p. 236. SUFFOLK PARISH REGISTERS.

Kirkley. St. Peter.-" The earliest register bears the

date of 1701. There is an entry in this register book, (Continued from 7th S. x. 502.)

copied from an ecclesiastical visitation record of the Chediston. St. Mary.--" Earliest register 1653."- year 1663, which, describing the ruinous state of the Suckling's 'History of Suffolk,' vol. ii. p. 195.

cburcb, say8 : The ornaments and books are wanting."" Cookley. St. Michael. -—" Earliest register 1538."- -Vol. i. p. 268. P. 203.

Corton. St. Bartholomew,—“The parish registers Cratfield,

commence in 1651." Mr. Suckling mentions a chest which contains

Fritton. St. Edmund's. the parish records,” but says nothing respecting Mr. Suckling supplies notes from the parish the records themselves.

registers, but does not state the period they cover. Darsbam. All Saints.-—" Earliest baptismal entry in Gorleston. St, Andrew's.-" The registers of Gorlesthe parish registers occurs in 1539; but it is very re- ton commence in 1705, though there was not many years markable that a marriage is recorded as having taken since a register book commencing in 1674."-Vol. i. place in entry which must have been made p. 380.

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Ganton. St. Peter.-" The parish registers commence it is quoted in King James's 'Reules and Cauteles, in 1759."— Vol. ii. p. 8.

published in that year in the · Essays of a Prentice Benacre. St. Michael.—“The registers commenee in (Montgomerie's Poems,' by Irving. p. xiv). 1727."-Vol. ii.

Bumbler (D. only mod.). Ante 1584. Polwart, 'Flyting' In the following instances Mr. Suckling makes no (Montgomerie's ' Poems by Irving, p. 109) : mention of the parish records :

To crabe thee, Bumbler, by thy mind.

Burn, kb. 3, b, “ skin and birn." 1648, Scotish PasFordley.

quils,' iii. 55: Halesworth.

Let skin and birne, when they are gone, Henbam.

Like Jason's fleece hing on the throne. Shipmeadow.

Cager, one who cages (not in D.). 1889, Browning, Ilketshall. St. Andrew's.

• Asolando,' p. 37: St. James, S. Elmbam,

Boy Cupid's exemplary catcher and cager. St. Micbael. S. Elmbam.

Calentured, seen as in & calenture (not in D.). 1820, Mutford. St. Andrew's.

Wordsworth,' To Enterprise' ('Works,' iv, 185, edit. Rushmere, St. Michael's.

1837): HENRY R. PLOMER. Hath fed on pageants floating through the air 61, Cornwall Road, Bayswater,

Or calentured in depth of limpid floods. (To be continued.)

Calthumpian (?). 1886, Greely, •Three Years of Arctic Service,' i. p. 177: “A concert from a well

organized calthumpian band, in which the tinware of THE NEW ENGLISH DICTIONARY': ADDENDA the expedition played an important part." AND CORRIGENDA,

Can, v. 2 (2). According to D.; "auxiliary of the

past tense=the modern did." In Douglas, bowever, (See 7th S. v. 504; vi. 38, 347; vii. 12; viii. 4, 114; it often appears to be an auxiliary of the present tense ix. 224; x. 3, 183.)

=does, do, e. 9.,' Æn.,' viii. ; Prol., 18; ii. 51, 54; vii. Brathit (not in D.). C'ërc. 1505, Douglas, ' King Hart,' | 119, 175. ' Æn,'x, v. 61; vii. 42. I st. 27 :

Capitale, canopy (not in D. in this sense). Douglas, His buirtlie bainer brathit up on hicht,

Æn.,' ii, xi. 7. Break, v. 20, absol. of a stag, to open the ground Caresome (only one instance in D.). 1586 (?), 'Elegie' with his feet. '1486, Bk. of St. Albans,' E, vii. a.: in Maitland, Poems,' 1786, p. 247: When brekyth he ? quod the man : What is that to say? Or gif I micht her cairgum pairt seclude. With his feete he opyinys the erth, then he gooth a way. Carybald (not in D.). 1505, Dunbar, 'T. M. W.,' 94:

Brede, sb., piece of an animal cut up, portion of raw Quhen kissis me that 'carybald, then kyndillis all my mest (not in D, in this sense). 1486, ' Bk. of St. Albans,' E. iii. a.:

1536, Lyndsay, ' Answer to the King's Flyting,' st. 8: Wben ye haue slayn the boore and will do him right,

Howbeit the caribaldis cry the corenoch. Ye shall undo hym unflayne, when he shall be dight Ante 1584, Polwart, ' Third Flyting,'1. 3 (Montgomery, Xxx bredys and ii of hym ye sball make,

by Irving, p. 122) : F.ü, b.:

Yon caribald, yone cative execrabill. Yit my chylde of the boore for to speke moore

Catholicly=universally (earliest in D., 1631). 1606, When he shall be undoon I tell you be foore

Birnie 'Blame of Kirk Burial,' p. 29 (ed. 1833), “Such Xxxii bredes ye sball of bym make.

a house of prayer that should be Catholicklie patent to Bremish, adj. (not in D.). Ciro, 1600, Sir R. Aytoun, all people of the world." * Poems,' p. 58 (Roger's edition):

Cessile, adj. (not in D.). A. Hume, Day Estival,' Proclaim'd through all his bremish bounds. 1.85: Brent, adj. (“ 2. of the forehead: a: lofty, straight

So silent is the cessile air. up," D.). But the word is not used, in this sense, of Chafe, v. 8, to spoil, by heating, &c. (latest in D., 1485). the forehead only. Ante 1586, ‘Ane Welcume to Eild,' 1513, Douglas, ' Æn.,' i. iv. 37: " Than was the quheit, Maitland Poems, 1786, p. 193 :

with' fluidis chaffit and wet" ("corruptum undis," My bak that sumtime brent bes bene

Now cruikis lyk ane camok tre.

Clamantly (not in D.). 1890, J. Stalker (in Expositor, 1591,' Rob Stene's Dream,' p. 22 (edition 1836): p. 250), “Plenty of work amantly calling for new As veschell fragill and unstable

workers." Toist beir and their, now slak now brent, Clamp, v. 2, to patch (Scotch). The quotation from Lyk that inconstant element.

'Symmie and his Bruder, is dated “ ante 1800.” As this Brook, Bruik, v., besmear with black (in D, only as poem is in the Bannatyne MS., its date is "ante 1568.” “Brooked, adj.," in Burns and later). Dunbar, Freir 1606, Birnie, ‘ Blame of Kirk Burial,' dedication, " They of Tungland,' 51 :

have dared clamp the sincere twist of God's truth with As blak smyth brukit was his pellat.

the torne clouts of their brain-sicke superstitions." Douglas, . Pal. Hon.,' i. st. 58 :

R. D. Wilson. Pulland my hair, with blek my face they bruik, Bwirtlie=Bairdly, Burly? (Acc. to D.: "Buirdly" is

YORKSHIRE WITCHCRAFT.-The following story, probably a modern perversion of the earlier Scotch *buirly," goodly, stout,“ burly.") Circ. 1505, Douglas, as told by the heroine, a native of the West Riding, * King Hart,' i, st. 28 :

is, I think, too good to be lost:His buirtlie bainer bratbit up on bicht.

“I was roästin' a goose for t'feäst afore t'fire, Bulge, sb., 4, ship’s bottom (earliest in D., 1622). an' while I was tonnin' t' spit, an' baästin' t' bod, Douglas, ' Æn.,' x. 4, end : With stelit stevynnis and bowand bulge of tre.

I los' all t' use i' me 'ands and feat, an' stook fast Bumble, sb., 1. Montgomerie's Flyting' is here to me chair, an' could neither ton or baäst ťbod, quoted with the date 1597. It was written ante 1584, as an' so it wor all bont as black as a coäl. Me oud

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man jus' then came in oot at gardin, an' said, 'A PARALLEL PASSAGES ÍN BYRON

AND UGO Hannah, lass, what art a doin' off for to let t' Foscolo. - I once quoted to the late Dean goose bon ?' So I said, ' A John, I'm sure oud Stanley the following stanza from Childe Harold, Bessy Taylor hes bewitched me.' So John says, referring to the church of Santa Croce in Florence, "I'll tell thee what we mun do, Hannah; we mun as applicable to Westminster Abbey, though Thucystoäre her oot; an' if it be Bessy Taylor as 'as dides tells us that åvdpwv yàpéripavwv não done it, thou 'll see in t' marnin' by t' look on 'er ya tápos :'ands.' So that night John got a coäf heart an' In Santa Croce's holy precincts lie some straw, an' he made all twinders an' doärs Ashes which make it holier, dust which is up to kep 'em air tight, an' stuck t' heart full o' Even in itself an immortality, pins, an' said to me, . Now we'll bon t'witch oot;

Though there were nothing save the past, and this,

The particle of those sublimities but when she comes to t doär, thou mus’n't on

Which have relapsed to chaos :-here repose while it wor bonnin', oud Bessy came to ti doar, The starry Galileo with his woes; an' rattled at it, an' begged on John to let 'er in, Here Machiavelli's earth returned to whence it rose. an' t more she shouted an' screamed, t harder

Canto iv, stanza liv. t' heart bonned. Next marnin' all t skin wor There is the same idea in Ugo Foscolo's fine poem bont off'n Bessy's 'ands, an' then we knew it wor' 'I Sepolcri,' describing the effect which the sight 'er 'at 'ad bewitched me; but we hed stoäved her of the tombs of great men must have on the mind oot, so she could niver do ought to me again.” of the beholder, amongst whom his own remains

W. M. E. FOWLER. now repose. Only a few lines can be cited from EXECUTIONS AT KINGSTON-ON-THAMES.—The

Ma più beata che in un tempio accolto following a sad record, if true. It is drawn

Serbi l'Itale glorie, uniche forse. from the European Magazine for the year 1785:

Da che lo mal vietate Alpi e l'alterna “Very near thirty years ago a remarkable execution

Onnipotenza delle umane sorti bappened no further off than Kingston upon Thames,

Armi e sostanze t'invadeano, ed are in Surrey. One Gregory was hanged for horse-stealing,

E patria, e, tranne la memoria, tutto: and at the same time no less than eleven of his own song

Che, ove speme di gloria agli animosi were hung by his side on the same gallowe, for repeated

Intelletti rifolga e all' Italia, crimes of the same nature; and, what is yet more sin.

Quindi trarrem gli auspici. V. 30–38. gular, one Coleman, with his five sons, were hung on the Ugo Foscolo died in 1827, and was buried in same gallows the same moment, in all eighteen in Chiswick churchyard. In 1871 his remains were number." Some of your readers may be in a position to exhumed and reinterred in the church of Santa

Croce, know if the foregoing statement is correct.


Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. II.* N. BRETON : ENGLISH PREPOSITIONS AND DANIEL Lysons, M.D., D.C.L.- This eminent Latin Nouns. - In a note on p. 87 in my reprint physician, then practising at Gloucester, married of 1886 of the first edition of Scot's 'Witchcraft,' on Dec. 6, 1768, Mary, daughter of Richard 1584, I have shown that Scot placed the word Filios Rogers, Esq., of Dowdeswell, co. Gloucester (Par. in the objective because it came after the English Reg. of Kensington, co. Middlesex). Dr. Lysons verb doo interpret. I gave other examples from died at Bath, March 20, 1800 (Gent. Mag., 1800, him, as also an example of the ablative after vol. Ixx. part i. p. 392). DANIEL HIPWELL. the English preposition in, as “ in Circulo Salo. 34, Myddelton Square, Clerkenwell. monis." Nash, as I then said, did the same. I now give the fifty-sixth stanza of Breton's ' Amoris THE LION AS AN EMBLEM.-In vol. vii. pt. i. Lacrimæ,' where the metre seems to determine p. 117 of the Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute whether the writer shall follow this rule or leave it of Archæology, the writer speaks of “two lions alone. I copy from the second or 1597 edition :- sejant rampant, emblematical of the Corpus Christi." The schollers come with Lacrimis Amoris,

Christ is figured under the cross, the lamb, the As though their hearts were hopelesse of reliefe, fish, and the lion. I have not before seen it The souldiers come with Tonitrus Clamoris

stated that this figure of the lion is an emblem of To make the beavens acquainted with their griefe ; the Holy Sacrament, and in this particular position

The noble peores in Civitatis portis
In hearts engraven come with Dolor mortis.

of “sejant rampant." Fairholt, in his ' Dictionary It is, however, Tonitru in the “Sidneiana” re- nifies magnanimity, but he does not explain sejant,

of Terms in Art,' p. 271, says that rampant sigprint of the 1591 edition, which thus gives us which might signify rest. Are there any other three in the ablative after "with" or "in,” though in the last line we have " with Dolor” in order examples known which might justify this állusion that the line may scan.


to the Sacrament? The pedestals of fonts are

sometimes decorated with lions : e. g., the stem [* For I. gee 7th S. x. 321.]

of the font at Theberton is supported by figures

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