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delivereth him out of them, and gives inward piece and following extract from 'The Wanderings of a War comfort to the soul for well-doing, and sorrow and trouble Artist,' Irving Montague, London, 1889. He for evil-doing; to all which, as their manner is, they

states:gave public absent, and to that of the light in the soul, they gave a double assent, and seemed much affected “I am certainly under the impression that, terrible as with the doctrine of truth; and also the benefit of the they no doubt were, in many cases the Bulgarian and holy Scripture was largely opened to them.”

Turkish atrocities were much over-estimated; and that J. J. LATTING.

more than once Englishmen high in office, who, in the New York, U.S.

best of faith, described themselves as eye-witnesses to those

horrors, were really the victims of delusion. I speak of PUNCA IN EGYPT.—The History' by the late near the banks of the Save by those who took that route

the gibbeted warnings to be seen at intervals in fields J. Payne Collier and the illustrations by George on their way to the

front. Nothing could be more grim Cruiksbank have long been familiar to all readers, than those sights at a little distance. However, when on for N. & Q.' has had many references to the his closer inspection they were discovered to be nothing tory of Panch and Judy. An Egyptian Punch more terrible than scarecrows, which are made considerand Judy may, however, be new to many readers, bly more like the human form divine than those in this

country, they lost their terrorg."-P. 359. through the following extract from a portly volume of archaeological and agricultural interest, 'Egypt

I may add from my own experience that even after the War,' by Villiers Stuart of Dromana, English-made scarecrows may for a while

impose M.P., London, John Murray, 1883, pp. 315, upon a beholder, for when walking through my 316 :

own parish some years ago I stopped, under the

belief that I saw a man standing in a field, perhaps “On landing at one of the sugar factories, we found that there was a fair going on under an avenue of fifty yards off, and could not for some seconds contamarisks close by. The dealers sat under the trees with vince myself that it was not a living being. Had their wares before them, fruit and vegetables in one I been driving quickly by I should have gone quarter, cotton and calicoes in another, native woollen away in that first belief, and have continued to stuffs, robes, sugs, cloth, &c., in a third, there was also hold it unquestionably against all gainsayers. But were al fresco coffee-stalls and a booth, within which I should have been mistaken ! the sounds of very noisy music could be heard, the drum

W. E. BUCKLEY, predominating. We entered, and were much amused on finding that it was an Arab Punch and Judy show; but

SHAKSPEARE. - It may be interesting to many Punch wore a turban and Judy a yashmak. The former of the readers of ‘N. & Q.' to know that a Shakeperpetrated a series of enormities, and ended by tearing spear took part in the battle of Waterloo. Accordof Judy's veil during a family squabble; after this ba ing to The Waterloo Roll-Call,' by Charles Daltov, became a perfect desperado, and on the Mamour (chief F.R.G.S. (Clowes & Son, London, 1890), “Arthur and blue frock coat, arriving, attended by a retinue of Shakespear, a son of John Shakespear, by Mary cawasses, armed with sticks, he knocked that redoubt. Drummond," was a captain of the 10th (or the able personage head over heels, amid the vociferous ap- Prince of Wales's own Royal Regiment of Light plause of the assembled fellabeen. Punch Pasba's Dragoons) Hussars, one of the three regiments of popularity was now at its height, and much sympathy the 6th, or Major-General Sir Hussey Vivian's, was felt for him when his career terminated by his

being Cavalry Brigade. Capt. Shakespear was placed on hanged on the pole of a shadoof. It was the line bety half-pay in October, 1818, and died in 1845.

He of the Factory, who was with me, and said, 'I suppose left issue.

HENRY GERALD HOPE. they have borrowed this from Europe.' Borrowed it 6, Freegrove Road, N. from Europe !'he exclaimed. “Why it was performed in the East before Europe was thought of." So, then, New YEAR'S CUSTOMS IN THE ISLE OF Man. old Punch is, after all, but a degenerate version of an

- The following, which appeared under this headEgyptian play.

ESTE.

ing in the Manchester Courier of January 6, 1890,

deserves a less ephemeral existence in ‘N. & Q.': SERVIAN SCARECROWS.—Some years ago there “On New Year's Day in the Isle of Man an old custom was a bitter controversy whether certain English is still partially observed called the Quaaltagh. In travellers of the highest character were, or were almost every district throughout the island a party of not, mistaken in their accounts of what they had young men go from house to house singing a rhyme in seen on the banks of the river Save while steaming the Manx language, which translated is as follows :down it. It is not for me, or for others who

Again we assemble, a merry New Year

To wish to each one of the family here, were not on the spot, to decide such a question. Whether man, woman, or girl, or 'boy, But if an alternative be put before mo, is it more That long life and happiness all may enjoy. satisfactory to think that two travellers might be May they of potatoes and herrings have plenty, mistaken or that unheard-of cruelty was practised

With butter and cheese, and each other dainty, by an ally! For the credit of human nature I

And may their sleep never, by night or by day,

Disturbed be by even the tooth of a flea, should incline to the former, and I therefore wel- Until at the Quaaltagh again wo appear, come any testimony which tends to render it the To wish you, as now, all a Happy New Year. more probable of the two. Hence I append the When these lines are repeated at the door the whole party are invited into the house to partake of the best quos ponit ipse Quadraginta Sex, primus, ac postremus, the family can afford. On these occasions a person of exiguam duntaxat sus particulam obtinueruot. annus dark complexion always enters first, as a light-haired videlicet primus, Decembrem mensem; quantus a die male or female is deemed unlucky to be a first foot, or septime excurrit, in diem trigesimum primum. Annus

Quaaltagh,' on New Year's morning. The actors in vero postremus, Januarium, ac Februarii dies octotho Quaaltagh do not assume fantastic habiliments, like decim. Medii vero, inter primum & ultimum, anni; the mummers of England or the Guiscards of Scotland, pleni sunt, & completi, quadraginta quatuor. Id supnor do they, like the performers of the ancient mysteries, putatio facile evincet, ducentibus nobis calculum ab anno appear ever to bave been attended by minstrels playing 1542. cujus septimo Decembris Stuarta nata est; usq' on different kinds of musical instruments. It was for- ad annum 1587. cujus 18. Februarii est extincta. Vixit merly considered a most grievous affair were the person igitur, ad summam exactam perducendo Chronologiam who first swept a floor on New Year's morning to brush ejus, Annos consummatos, Quadraginta quatuor, Mensesthe dust to the door, instead of beginning at the door que duos, & dies Undecim.' and sweeping the dust to the bearth, as the good fortune

J. YOUNG. of the family individually would thereby be considered to be swept from the house for that year. On New EDMOND HOYLE. (See 76 S. vii. 481.)— The Year's Eve, in many of the upland cottages, it is still following Hoyle notes may interest your readers : customary for the housewife, after raking the fire for the night, and before stepping into bed, to spread the in Dublin, entered Trinity College, Dublin, as :

Richard, son of John Hoyle, gentleman, born of finding on it, next morning, the print of a foot. Pensioner November 13, 1696, aged fifteen next Should the toe of this print point towards the door, birthday. then, it is believed, a member of the family will die in John Hoyle, son of Francis Hoyle, merchant, the course of that year; but should the toe point in the born in county of Dublin, entered Trinity College contrary direction, then it is as firmly believed that the family will be augmented within that period."

as a Fellow Commoner July 16, 1698, aged sixJ. B. S.

teen next birthday. Manchester.

Anne, daughter of John and Martha Hoyle, was

buried at St. Michenes August 16, 1697. THE THREE KINGS OF COLOGNE.—The ‘Bristol

Y. S. M. Guide,' by Joseph Mathews, published by J. Mathews, 29, Bath Street, Bristol, 1825, p. 149, the Somerset and Gloucestersbire MS. collections

ABRAHAM RUDHALL, BELL-FOUNDER.-Among states that

(mostly relating to the manor of Kingsweston, the “ Foster's Chapel, dedicated to the three Kings of chief property of the Southwell family in England), had been mayor in 1481, and is situated in Steep Street, being the miscellaneous papers of Sir Robert St. Michael's, the rector of which parish is paid by the Southwell and his son, the Right Hon. Edw. chamberlain of Bristol, for reading prayers, and a Southwell, Secretary of State for Ireland, conmonthly sermon to be preached in this chapel." tained in two volumes, folio, russia, gilt edges,

H. DE B. H. which were offered for sale at eighteen guineas by Lazy LAWRENCE.— For some time I had my was the following large broadside, prioted at Ox

Thomas Thorpe, of London, bookseller, in 1834, doubts as to whether this phrase were due to ford by Leonard Lutfield, 1715 : alliteration--as I thought the more likely-or whether it took its rise from some county Law- Peals, cast since 1684,* by Abr. Rudball, of the City of

A Catalogue of Peals of Belle, and of Bells in and for rence noted for his laziness. However, a similar, Gloucester, Bell Founder, with the names of Beneand probably prior, saying in Breton's 'Olde Mad factors. † cappes new Galli-mawiry,' 1602, decides the ques. From it we learn (inter alia) that for London tion in favour of alliteration. On signature D we Rudball cast for St. Bride's, Fleet Street, ten have :

bells ;I St. Dunstan’s-in-the-East, eight ; and St. And lazy Lobkin, like an idle lowte, Was made no better then a washing blocke.

Sepulchre's, three.

And in some MS. memoranda of a journey, by BR. NICHOLSON.

the said Edward Southwell, from Kingsweston, Mary, QUEEN OF Scots.—There was recently Gloucester, to Wenlock, Salop, October, 1715, some discussion in the columns of N. & Q.'touch contained, with various diaries and notes of other ing the date of Queen Mary's deatb. To those journals by the same, 1684–1716, in another folio readers who were interested in the subject the fol. volume, half-russia, offered for sale at two guineas lowing quotation may be acceptable. The extract also in 1834 by Thorpe, is noted the following:is taken from small work, 'Mariæ Stuartæ, Viventis, ac Morientis, Acta,' by J. Bisselus, Solis- hands, a foundry which had been in active operation for "Glocester: at night bad Mr. Rudholl, the bell the Bracelet de Turquoise,' by A. Theuriet (Paris, founder. A foundation ringer is one that rings at sight : 1890). The first passage is p. 86, where a young not many of them. He has prick'd a ream of changes, married lady and a gentleman, who did not know the bobs and common hunt. *71. per cwt, his metal. Tinglase necessary to make sharp trebles. He casts to half each other previously, find themselves alone in a s note, which is mended by the hammer. He takes the public conveyance, and the lady's reflections are :notes of them all by a blow pipe."

* When the Gloucester foundry came into A. R.'s baci, 1725 :

more than three hundred years previously, and was held " Anni Octogesimi Septimi Diem, rex posuit, Sextum by his descendants down to 1830, when it was fused into Idus Februarii; Julianis e Fastis, Octavum Februarii

. the foundry at Whitechapel. qui tamen, e Gregorianis numeratus ; erat, & est hodie, † Among whom is “Browne Willis, Esq., a great Februarii decimus-octavus : seu, Duodecimus, ante Benefactor to Church and Bells." Kalendas Martias. Cæterum ex Ápnis Vitæ Stuartææ, | In 1710, and two more in 1718.

"Décidément le voisin avait le tour d'esprit original et Probably at this interview the copy of the very puisqu'il aimait a fleureter, elle ne voyait pas d'inconscarce broadside above mentioned was given by vénients à lui donner gaiement la réplique.” Rudball to Southwell, it having been printed the In the course of the same evening it is said of the same year.

W. İ. R. V. same lady that

88 tendresse expansive [towards her husband] était To REXEGE.

doublée par......et peut-être aussi par un secret remords “The reporters seem to have made a desperate stumble d'avoir Aeureté plus que de raison avec le voyageur du over a word used by Mr. Parnell in bis speech at the coupé” (p. 94). meeting of the Irish party on Monday. The member for In the first example the word was used of a gentleman; Cork spoke of the late Isaac Butt as having formerly in the second, of a lady. It occurs again p. 213, and

reneged' bim. The Times spells the word correctly: is again used of a lady. I have asked a French were an unwelcome little stranger. The Telegraph has friend about this verb, and he declares it to be quite * renaiged'; the Standard renagued'; the Daily News new to him. *renaigred'; and the Post'reneagued.'

Now, why did M. Theuriet use this verb ? Had "Of course renege' is a legitimate Shaksperian word he met with it in some old French writer; or did of Latin derivation, meaning to deny, disown, or renounce. See Antony and Cleopatra,' Act I. scene i. :

he make it up for himself out of the frequently His captain's heart

used “conter fleurette=to say soft nothings”? It Which in the scuffles of great fights hath burst is not likely that he should have concocted it out

The buckles on his breast reneges all temper. of flirter (borrowed from our to flirt, and now very The reporter in the Morning Post may, however, defend common in French), though he himself uses this his orthography on the ground that Charles Knight's in the same book (p. 176), and flirtation* someShakespeare' bas · reneagued.'”—G, A. S., in Sunday where else, for the i'in flirter is, I believe, always Times for Dec, 7, 1890.

L. L. K.

pronounced in France as a y in myrte, and not like

our i in to flirt. But whatever led him to use the PARALLEL PASSAGES IN BUCKINGHAM AND word, I sincerely hope it will take, for there is no CowPER.—The appended passages occur in two notion of deceit or fraud in it, as Prof. Skeat tells very different classes of composition. One is from us that there is in our flirt; far from that, it exa comedy written by the profligate George Villiers, presses all that is pretty and innocent in flirtaDuke of Buckingham; the other forms the third tion. Besides, the French word flirter is not perse of the pious Cowper's well-known bymo, pretty, and in this respect also fleureter (which is, beginning,

moreover, of purely home growth) has a great God moves in a mysterious way.

advantage over it. The physician in Buckingham's comedy says :- In conclusion, as all etymologists seem to be

"All these threatping storms, which, like impregnate agreed that there is no grammatical connexion clouds, hover o'er our heads, will......melt into fruitful between fleureter and to flirt, which is looked upon showers of blessings on the people.”—“The Rehearsal,' as purely English, and as I myself cannot discover Act II. sc. i.

any reason for supposing that there is any such Cowper has :

connexion-seeing that the older meanings of to Ye fearful saints, fresh courage take ;

Airt (often written flurt) cannot have been derived The clouds ye so much dread

from fleureter— I will say nothing upon that point. Are big with mercy, and shall break

But the question does arise, whether the present In blessings on your head.

meaning of to flirt, which does not, at most, seem J. F. MANSERGA.

to be more than two or three centuries old and has Liverpool.

no great resemblance to the older meanings of THE FRENCH VERB “FLEURETER"=TO FLIRT.

the word, may not have been derived, at least in --This verb is found in Cotgrave=to skip from part, from the very similar verb fleureter, which flower to flower, as bees do ; but in Godefroy it is seems to have been used in the sense of talking given not only this sense, but also that of " conter frivolously and lightly so far back as the fifteenth fleurette, dire des balivernes ” (Commines,' 1443- century;

F. CHANCE.

Sydenham Hill. 1509), which is very much what our to flirt means, though in the examples quoted fleureter does not

GEORGE DOWNING, COMEDIAN.--He was the seem to be used of soft talk between the sexes. author of " Temple of Taste, or a Dish of all Sorts, But in modern French I never saw the word till the other day, when I met with it three times in * The French sometimes say un flirt"= flirtation,

ence.

consisting of Prologues, Epilogues, Songs, Epitaphs, such as would be used on merchant vessels, before Epigrams, &c. (never Printed before), with a New the Union ?

WILLIAM SEYMOUR. Farce, called Newmarket; or, The Humours of the Turf.” Halifax, Printed for the Author, 1763,

GAMBRIANUS.—Who was Gambrianus ? From 12mo. The second edition of his ' Newmarket,' a the context it reads as if it meant the god of beer. comedy, in two acts and in prose, was published at Twice lately I have seen the name alluded to, and Coventry in 1774, 12mo. DANIEL HIPWELL. can find nothing to explain it in any book of refer34, Myddelton Square, Clerkenwell.

A. P. H. HOLY MIRROR.'—'Holy Mirror; or, the Gospel NORTON INSTITUTION.—Please allow me to ask according to Jerome Xavier, S.J., Mr. Rogers has if any reader can inform me who and what was the an article on this subject in the Asiatic Quarterly founder of the Norton (M'Naughton ?) Institution, Review for July. Compare article on Publius when he lived, and when he died. I believe bé Lentulus in Robert Taylor's ' Diegesis,' p. 359 of was Scotch, was a bachelor, and lived in the last the sixth edition, published by Truelove.

century, either in London or at St. Vine's, Scot

J. J. Fahie. land. In what part of Scotland is St. Vine's; Shiraz, Persia.

and where is this institution ? BEAULIEU.

Yule Doos.
Queries.

“In the north of England the common people still We must request correspondents desiring information make a sort of little images at Christmas, which they on family matters of only private interest, to affix their call Yule Doos—this in modern language would be names and addresses to their queries, in order that the Christmas gods—a custom no doubt derived from their answers may be addressed to them direct.

pagan ancestors: in them it is no idolatry, as they attach

no meaning to it whatever, and only do it because it TaE FIRST DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH.—It is cer. always has been done.” tain that the Duke of Marlborough returned to Thus wrote Caroline Fry in 'The Listener' (vol. i. England soon after the taking of Kinsale in 1690, p. 62, seventh edition) in 1836. Are these Yule and it is asserted that he stayed in London only a Doos, Doughs, or Dows (see Branch, vol. i. p. 526), very short time, and went back to Ireland for the still made in the form of “little images"; and, if winter. 1. Is there proof—and if there is, what so, where ?

H. G. GRIFFINHOOFE. is it, and where is it to be found-that he ever did

34, St. Petersburg Place, W. go back to Ireland ? 2. If he did return to Ire

COMBE FARM.-Can any of your readers give me Land, what did be do there, and where did be command ? I shall feel extremely obliged for any heath? I understand it is known by the name of

any information about Combe Farm, Dear Blackinformation on the subject.

C. C. W.

Queen Anne's House, from a tradition that Queen [Mr. Leslie Stephen, in the Dictionary of National Anne occupied it at one time. I am also told that Biography,' simply says, “ Marlborough was sent back to a great writer lived there. I shall be glad to koow Ireland, where he held a command during the winter.”) if there is any foundation for

these traditions ; also Bow STREET RUNNERS : DETECTIVES.--Can any how and when Combe Farm came into the posone inform me at what date and through what session of the Angersteins. cause the Bow Street runner became obsolete?

WILLIAM TAYLOR. Also, does any one know when the term detective

46, Shooter's Hill Road, Blackheath. came into common use?

TRAMPOLETTI.

TENNYSON : THE PRINCESS.'-Can any one exRULE OF THE FOOTPATH.–From Boswell's 'Life plain for me the reference in the lines,of Johnson,' vol. i. p. 87 (fifth edition), it appears

Lands in which at the altar the poor bride that the rule for foot-passengers in London a bun

Gives her barsh groom for bridal-gift a scourge. dred years ago was “keep to the right," and the I am told that this was a custom in Russia in the rule has been observed to the present day, though seventeenth century, but can find no first-hand there is no police regulation to that effect. Can notice of it. The lines occur in v. 367, 368. any reader of ‘N. & Q.' give a reference to any

P. M. W. recorded authority on the subject in Dr. Johnson's

Capt. CAROLINE SCOTT.-Scottish Notes and time ?

FOOT-PASSENGER.

Queries accuses Capt. Caroline Scott of cruelty (A similar question was asked 3rd S. ix. 296, and re- after Culloden. Who was this officer with a mains unanswered. It extracted much information as feminine name? HENRY F. PONSONBY. to the practice in various countries, the justification of the custom, and mnemonic verses, which is embodied in N. & Q.,' and needs not be repeated.]

A BÉCÉDAIRE.'- I have an updated book, pub

lished in Paris, entitled 'Abécédaire des Petits NATIONAL FLAG OF SCOTLAND.—Can you in- Gourmands,' by Madame Dufrenoy, with twentyform me wbat was the national flag of Scotland, six illustrations after designs by MM. Devilly and Leloi,“ peintres à la Manufacture Royale de Hawtrey know nothing of them. The rolls were Porcelaine (Sèvres).” The designs are extremely strips of parchment three or four inches wide. Any pretty ; but they are spoilt by being lithographed information about them would be thankfully in an offensively smudgy manner. Have other received by me.

W. STERRY. editions of this book ever appeared in which justice 4, Barton Street, Westminster, S.W. has been done to the designs; and has the book

LYNX-EYED.ever been described in ‘N. & Qo' or elsewhere?

:- What is the origin of this phrase ? ANDREW W. TUER.

Dr. Johnson evidently held the opinion that it is The Leadenhall Press, E.C.

derived from the "spotted beast remarkable for

speed and sharp sight," and quotes Pope as an GENEALOGY.–Could any reader of ‘N. & Q.' illustration, who says :give either the genealogy of, or any information What modes of sight betwixt each wide extreme, aboat, Thomas Tod, who lived in the county of The mole's dim curtain and the lynx's beam. Edinburgh or Haddingtonshire, and who, in about Many older authorities for the lynx's sbarpness of the year 1695, married Janet Stuart ?

sight could be produced. Mr. Francis A. Knight,

E. MURRAY TOD. in his most charming book 'By Leafy Ways,' says 22, Clarence Square, Cheltenham.

that this is SHELP.—Can any one tell me the meaning of at all, but to Lynceus, the Argonaut, the hero of the

a misconception. The word does not refer to the beast this word! I do not find it in any of my word- Calydonian Hunt, whose power of finding treasure in books. In 'Lex Londinensis,' 1680, there are the bowels of the earth first brought the word into minute directions, issued in 1630, for regulating existence.” the fishery of the river Thames.

It would be interesting to have the true derivation Trinckes were small boats, used in netting, and ascertained. The false one, whichever it be, is a a limited number of them were allowed to be curious example of folk-etymology. ANON. moored in the stream, and only at certain places. “At Woolwich shelp two; at Dagnam [Dagenham]

MERCERS AS A COMPANY.-In the Athenæum shelp six"; and so on.

review of Mr. A. E. Gibbs's Corporation Records Can shelp.” be a misprint for shelf? Hardly of St. Albans' it is observed :possible, I think; for the word occurs four times “All crafts within the borough were classed under in the same form,

J. Dixon. four companies, each with a warden-the mercers, the

innholders, the victuallers, and the shoemakers. But of ATTENDANTS ON KING JAMES I.-What manner these the last two disappeared in time, with the result of guards did duty in the palaces of James I. ? that the mercers included, inter alios, vintners, apotheWere they geomen, gentlemen pensioners, gentle holders were tanners, musicians, ropers, and smiths.”

caries, coopers, glaziers, &c., while among the innmen-at-arms, or what?

F. B. Addiscombe.

I should be glad to know if this division of traders

into companies was as plainly marked elsewhere. NavAL ACTION IN SEVENTEENTH CENTURY.- In the earliest Launceston parish register (1559Where can I find particulars of the action between 1670) there are entries concerning "Mr. John H.M.S. Rainbow and John Ward the pirate in Badcock, Mercer,” and “Mr. Robt. Pearse, mercer," the time of James I. ?

ORCHID.

the prefix being very uncommon, and elsewhere

applied to a trader only, I think, in the case of ROMINAGROBIS.—Sir Horace Walpole writes to Mr. George Knill, vintner.” Of other traders, Sir Horace Mann, in 1763, “ The King of Prussia, John Cadbury, blacksmith; John Abbot, "shopwho has one life more than Rominagrobis the keeper"; William Cornish, ionbolder; Robert monarch of the cats had, lights upon all his legs.” Jenkin, “malster” (sic); Henry Harnes, weaver ; What is the allusion ? ŠERBERT MAXWELL. Benjamin Burgess, brasier ; Sampson Goatch,

glover ; Christopher Thomson, innholder; John OLD ETON SCHOOL Lists.-I am in search of Ball, “marchiant” (sic); John Pears, "smyth”; certain old MS. lists or rolls of Eton boys of the Jobń Kingdon, cutler; and William Barnerd, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, once in the shoemaker, all appear without the “ Mr.” Did possession of Stephen Apthorp, assistant master. that prefix customarily designate such superior Down to some time between the years 1837 and tradesmen as mercers ? ALFRED F. ROBBINS. 1847 these rolls were in the possession of the Rev. Edward Jones, Rector of Milton Keynes, Bucks. PRE-REFORMATION RECTORS OF RIBCHESTER, Mr. Jones's son has informed me that some time co. LANCASTER.-Information is sought as to any between these two dates his father went to Eton details concerning the early rectors of Ribchester. to dine, and took the rolls with him, and presented The list, as given by Baines (new edition) and them, he believes, either to the provost or head Whitaker (fourth edition), as well as in the Hismaster. The rolls cannot be found at Eton, and tory of Ribchester' (published in 1890), is neither the representatives of Provost Hodgson and Dr. complete nor accurate. Mr. C. T. Boothman, of

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