German Professions, 1800-1950

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Geoffrey Cocks, Konrad H. Jarausch
Oxford University Press, 1990 M05 10 - 352 páginas
The role of the middle class in national development has always been of interest to historians concerned with the "peculiarities" of German history. Recently, the professional sector of the German middle class has come under historical scrutiny as part of a re-examination of those features of German society common to Western industrializing nations. This work provides comprehensive coverage of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Germany from the point of view of this new field. The contributors discuss the formation and development of such diverse professions as law, medicine, teaching, engineering, social work, and psychology, as well as the special cases of the bureaucracy and the military. They examine such questions as the role of the state in the creation and regulation of professions, the social and political role of various professional groups during the turbulent Weimar and Nazi periods, and the remarkable and troubling institutional continuity of certain professions through the Third Reich and into the postwar republics.

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Página 120 - Community Within a Community: The Professions," American Sociological Review 22 (April, 1957...
Página 129 - Other terms which might be utilized to differentiate these two groups by their vocational activities are : people who address their activities to things and people who address their activities to persons ; those who work with their hands...
Página 165 - The culture of professionalism tBledstein's referent for the academy) emancipated the active ego of a sovereign person as he performed organized activities within comprehensive spaces. The culture of professionalism incarnated the radical idea of the independent democrat. a liberated person seeking to free the power of nature within every worldly sphere. a self,governing individual exercising his trained judgment in an open society . . . tThis) professional person strove to achieve a level of autonomous...
Página 43 - WH Bruford, The German Tradition of Self-Cultivation: "Bildung" from Humboldt to Thomas Mann (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975), and my review of this book in Central European History 11,1 (March 1978): 107-113.
Página 323 - ... braces of steel. The history of the Goring Institute also offers insight into the dynamics of German society as a whole under National Socialism, which is a phenomenon that has often and necessarily been ignored in the historical literature out of concern for the broad, characteristic extremes comprised of Nazi victimizers and their victims. This was a social environment in which "the overwhelming majority of... citizens... were ready to complain but willing to comply..., maintaining a clear...
Página 142 - The Contradictions of Professionalism: Scientists, Trade Unionism and the First World War...
Página 285 - Gisela Bock, Zwangssterilisation im Nationalsozialismus. Studien zur Rassenpolitik und Frauenpolitik, Opladen 1986; Rita Thalmann, Frausein im Dritten Reich, Frankfurt/M., Berlin 1987; Claudia Koonz, Mütter im Vaterland.
Página 285 - Germany, in: Konrad H. Jarausch (Ed.), The Transformation of Higher Learning 1860-1930. Stuttgart 1983, 293-344; Konrad H. Jarausch, Higher Education and Social Change, in: ebd. 9-36. 224) Analyse der Artikulation von nationaler Identität anhand von Literaturgeschichte bei Peter Uwe Hohendahl, Bürgerliche Literaturgeschichte und nationale Identität, in: Kocka (Hrsg.), Bürgertum (wie Anm. 193...
Página 326 - Martin van Creveld, Fighting Power: German and US Army Performance, 19391945 (Westport, Conn., 1982), pp. 132-36. 40. D. Russell Davis, German Applied Psychology, BIOS Trip No. 2084 (London, no date), pp. 5-6. 41. Georg Lilienthal, Der "Lebensborn e. V.
Página 32 - ... it seems as if all peasants and craftsmen might be elevated into artists; that is, men who love their labour for its own sake, improve it by their own plastic genius and inventive skill, and thereby cultivate their intellect, ennoble their character, and exalt and refine their pleasures. And so humanity would be ennobled by the very things which now, though beautiful in themselves, so often serve to degrade it.

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