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has endeavored to point out all the usual errors of pronunciation. A judicious use of these Cautions can not fail to be of great service. The arrangement adopted is such that the pupil is in each instance directed to a general principle, while the page is not disfigured by marks referring to the Cautions.

The exercises scattered through the volume, under the title Vocal Gymnastics, merit the attention of the teacher.

CONTENTS

7
14

91. The Good Samaritan,

138 | 154. Questions and Answers,

92. Speak Gently,

139 155. Crossing the Desert,

93. Chinese Manners,

149 156. What is Life ?..

94. Turtle-Dove and Toad, 142 | 157. Scene,-

95. Future Life of the Good, 144 | 158. No,

96. The Better Land,

145 159. An Unexpected Guest,

97. White-Washing,

146 | 160. The Windy Night,

98. A Cottage Picture,

147

161. An Indian Prayer,

99. Aquatic Birds,

148 162. The Bible,

100. Ditto, continued,.

150 163. The Mocking-Bird,.

101. Vocal Gymnastics,

151 164. The Mocking-Bird's Song. -

102. Spare the Birds, ..

152 | 165. Vocal Gymnastics,

103. King Solomon's Blacksmith, · 153 166. The Gentle Boy,

104. Burial of Moore,..

155 167. Little at First,

105. Make the Best of it,:

156 168. The Cannibal-Fish,.

106. All is for the Best,

..159 169. Song for all Seasons,

107. Significant Anecdotes,

160

170. Melon-Seeds,

108. The Rival Bubbles,

162 171. Death of a Child,

109. Vocal Gymnastics,

163 172. A Village Lawsuit,

110. John Steady,-

164 173. The Brave Man,-

111. Casabianca,

168

174. Trout-Fishing,

112. The Grizzly-Bear,.

169 175. The Seasons,

113. Vocal Gymnastics

171 176. Temple Market,..

114. The Two Wind-mills,

172 177. Vocal Gymnastics,

115. A Long Time Ago,

173

178. The Old Mill, ..

116. Bring Flowers,

176

179. Winter and Spring,

117. Washington in Retirement, 177 | 180. The Legend,

118. Vocal Gymnastics,

178 181. Uncle Dick,

119. The Sea-Bird,.

179 182 The Leap for Life,

120. The Three Sisters,

181 183. Vocal Gymnastics,

121. Hiawatha,.

184 184. The Duel,

122. Human Industry,

185 185. Stork and Ruby,..

123. The Coral -Grove,

187 | 186. Breaking a Colt. .

124. The Discovery,

188 187. The Moonlight March,

125. Vocal Gymnastics,

189 188. Two Scenes. — No. 1,

126 Gems of Poetry,

190 189. Two Scenes. — No. 2,..

127. Selections,

192 190. Mazeppa's Ride,

128. The Leaf,

194 191. Night in Sweden,.

129, Pleasure and Pain,.

195

192. Vocal Gymnastics,

130. The Gypsies,

198 | 193. Song of the Bell,.

131. A Dog's Vengeance,

199 194. The Prairie-Dog,.

132. Vocal Gymnastics..

201 195. Upward —Onward,

133. Hiawatha's Deer Hunt,

202 196. Acres of Turtle-Eggs,

134. Daniel Boone,

203 197. The Indian Tribes,.

135. May,

206 | 198. Gen. Marion's Dinner,

136. God Invisible to Man,

206 | 199. Marmion and Douglas,.

137. April,

207 200. Little Edward,.

138. Bridge of Monkeys,

208 201. The Household Clock,.

139. Same, continued,

210 | 202. The Locusts,..

140. Look Aloft,

212 | 203. The Song of Steam,

141. Christmas,

213 204. Sweeping out the Atlantic,

142. Little Match-Girl,

215 205. A Fight with Wind-mills,

143. Observation,...

217 | 206. Early to Bed,

144. Vocal Gymnastics,

219 207. Joan of Arc. — Part 1,

145 Robin's Come,

220 208. Joan of Arc. Part 2,

146. Iutegrity of Washington,. 221 | 209. Sunset,.

147. The Bat,

223 | 210. The Voice of the Wind,

148. Vocal Gymnastics.

224 211. The Return of Peace,

149. Intelligent Potato,

225 212. The Blind Boy,.

150. Live to do Good,..

228 213. Fire in a Forest,

151. The Horse, ..

229 214. Rhine-Song,

152. Vocal Gymnastics,

231 215. Attack on Charleston,

153. Arab and Robber, ..

232 216. Amusements of Animals,.

CAUTIONS

IN REGARD TO

ARTICULATION AND PRONUNCIATION.

INTRODUCTORY REMARKS.— The object of these CAUTIONS is to correct certain prevalent faults of articulation, pronunciation, and accent. The pupil should be made thoroughly acquainted with the list, and, when requisite, the Cautions may be further explained and illustrated by the teacher. In all cases in which a pupil in class commits one of these faults he should be made to refer to the appropriate CAUTION. Thus: · Teacher. John, it is your turn to read. Begin.-John (stands up and begins to read]. “The hoss is a noble animal. He—" Teacher. Stop! what is a noble animal, do you say ?—John. The hoss, sir. It is so in the book. Teacher. Spell horse, John.—John (spells). H-0-r-s-e, hoss.Teacher. You commit a great fault in pronouncing that word --John. What fault, if you please, sir ? - Teacher. I wish you to discover it yourself. Turn to Caution 9, and repeat it.John (turning to page 10, reads]. “Do not suppress the sound of r, &c.”- Teacher. Well, is there an r in horse ?—John. Yes, sir. H-o-r-8-e.— Teacher. And do you now know what your fault was ?—John. I suppose, sir, I did not sound the r.Teacher. That was the case. You said "hoss," not (very slowly and distinctly] horse. Now try again.—John [reads). “The horse, &c., &c."-Teacher. That is better.

Numerous Lessons will be found in this Fifth Reader, under the title of “ VOCAL GYMNASTICS," consisting of sentences constructed expressly with reference to these Cautions. See Lesson xxiv, page 52 In the aggregate, they form a thorough and systematic body of practical exercises, designed, 1st. To call the attention of the learner to the errors he is most likely to commit, and, 2ndly. To enable him, by repetition and careful attention to one point at a time, to correct bad habits and establish good habits. These “VOCAL GYMNASTICS” are earnestly commended to the notice of the teacher.

1 The vowels, a, e, i, and o, in unaccented syllables should have their proper sound, and not the sound of u. Thus, sys-tem, not sys-tum , ap-prove, not up-prove.

This fault most frequently occurs in the following syllables and terminations:

a. Terminations in al, an, ant, acy, able, ar, ard, ance, ancy, a-tive, in which a should have the obscure sound of a in at. Thus, fa'-tal, not fa'-tul; hu'. man, not hu'-mun; ad'a-mant, not ad'u-munt; par-tic'u-lar, not pur-tic'u-lur; standard, not stand’urd; ar'ro-gant, not ar’ro-gunt, &c. It will require much practice and a nice ear ic acquire a correct and unexaggerated articulation in such cases.

b. Terminations in ed, el, et, en, ent, ence, ency, est, ety, in which e should have the obscure sound of e in met. Thus pru'dent, not pru'dunt; so-bri'e-ty, not so-bri’u-ty; pi'e-ty, not pi-ut-ty ; children, not chil-drin.

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