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Dublin....... First and Third Thursday in each month,
Thursday, held alternately at each place. * Hull .... Second and Fourth Tuesday in each month. * Leith Second and Fourth Tuesday and Third Saturday
in each month. *Liverpool .. Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday in
each week. * London The Examination in Navigation commences
every Monday, and the Examination in Seamanship takes place as soon as the Navigation
Examination is finished. *Newcastle ..First day in each month, not being Sunday. * Plymouth.... First and Third Wednesday in each month. *North Shields .. Eleventh and Twenty-sixth days of October,
November, December, January, February,
days of June, July, August, and September. * South Shields. Sixteenth of every month, not being Sunday. * Sunderland .. Sixth and Twenty-first days of October, Novem
ber, December, January, February, March, April, and May, and on the Twenty-first days
of June, July, August, and September. 5. Applicants for examination must give their names to the Superintendent of the Mercantile Marine Office, at tho place where they intend to be examined, on or before the day of examination, and must conform to any regulations in this respect which may be laid down by the Local Marine Board. At Sunderland, forms must be taken out only on the two days preceding the day of examination, between the hours of 10 A. M. and 1 P.M., and 2.30 and 4 P.M.
6. (s. 134.] Testimonials of character, and of sobriety, experience, ability, and good conduct on board ship, will be required of all applicants, and without producing them no person
will be examined. As such testimonials may have to be forwarded to the office of the Registrar-General of Seamen in London, for verification, before any Certificates can be granted, it is desirable that candidates should lodge them as early as possible. Testimonials of servitude on board Foreign Vessels before being received by the Examiners, are to be
confirmed either by the endorsement of the Consul of the Country to which the ship belongs, or by some other recognised oificial authority of that Country, or by the testimony of some credible person on the spot having personal knowledge of the facts required to be established. Upon application to the Superintendent of the Mercantile Marine Office, candidates will be supplied with a form, which they will be required to fill
up and lodge with their testimonials in the hands of the Examiners.
7. The Examinations will commence early in the forenoon on the days before-mentioned, and be continued from day to day until all the candidates whose names appear upon the Mercantile Marine Office list on the day of examination are examined.
8. (s. 131.] The qualifications required for the several ranks undermentioned, are as follows. N. B.- Where the Local Marine Board are in every respect satisfied with the testimonials of a candidate, service in the Coasting Trade may be allowed to count as service in order to qualify him for examination for a Certificate of Competency for Foreign-going Ships as a Mate; and two years' service as a Mate in the Coasting Trade may be allowed to count as service for a Master's Certificate, provided the candidate's name has been entered as Mate on the Coasting Articles, and provided he has already passed an examination.
QUALIFICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY FOR FOREIGN-GOING SHIPS.
(a.) A SECOND MATE must be seventeen years of
age and must have been four years at sea.
IN NAVIGATION.—He must write a legible hand, and understand the five first rules in arithmetic and the use of logarithms. He must be able to work a day's work complete, including the bearings and distance of the port he is bound to, by Mercator's method; to correct the sun's declination for longitude, and find his latitude by meridian altitude of the sun; and work such other easy problems of a like nature as may be put to him. He must understand the use of the sextant, and be able to observe with it, and read off the arc.
IN SEAMANSHIP.—He must give satisfactory answers as to the rigging and unrigging of ships, stowing of holds, &c.; must understand the measurement of the log-line, glass, and lead-line; be conversant with the rule of the road as regards both steamers and sailing vessels, and the lights and fog signals carried by them.
(6.) An ONLY MATE must be nineteen years of age, and have been five years at sea.
IN NAVIGATION.—In addition to the qualification required for a Second Mate, an Only Mate must be able to observe and calculate the amplitude of the sun, and deduce the variation of the compass therefrom, and be able to find the longitude by chronometer by the usual methods. He must know how to lay off the place of the ship on the chart, both by bearings of known objects, and by latitude and longitude. He must be able to determine the error of a sextant and adjust it; and find the time of high water from the known time at full and change.
IN SEAMANSHIP.-In addition to what is required by a Second Mate, he must know how to moor and unmoor, and to keep a clear anchor; to carry out an anchor; to stow a hold; and to make the requisite entries in the ship's log. He will also be questioned as to his knowledge of the use and management of the mortar and rocket lines in the case of the stranding of a vessel, as explained in the Official Log-Book. (c.) A FIRST MATE must be nineteen years
age, have served five years at sea, of which one year must have been as either Second or Only Mate, or as both.*
IN NAVIGATION.—In addition to the qualification required for an Only Mate, he must be able to observe azimuths and compute the variation ; to compare chronometers and keep their rates, and find the longitude by them from an observation of the sun; to work the latitude by single altitude of the sun off the meridian; and be able to use and adjust the sextant by the sun.
IN SEAMANSHIP.-In addition to the qualification required for an Only Mate, a more extensive knowledge of seamanship will be required, as to shifting large spars and sails, managing a ship in stormy weather, taking in and making sail, shifting yards and masts, &c., and getting cargo in and out, and especially heavy spars and weights, anchors, &c.; casting ship on a lee shore; and securing the mast in the event of accident to the bowsprit.
* Service in a superior capacity is in all cases to be equivalent to service in an inferior capacity.
(d.) A MASTER must be twenty-one years
and have been six years at sea, of which one year must have been as First or Only Mate, and one year as Second Mate, or two years as First and Only Mate.*
In addition to the qualification for a First Mate, he must be able to find the latitude by a star, &c. He will be asked questions as to the nature of the attraction of the ship's iron upon
compass, and as to the method of determining it. He will be examined in so much of the laws of the tides as is necessary to enable him to shape a course, and to compare his soundings with the depths marked on the charts; as to his competency to construct rafts; and as to his resources for the preservation of the ship's crew in the event of wreck. He must possess a knowledge of what he is required to do by law, as to entry and discharge, and the management of his crew, and as to penalties and entries to be made in the official log. He will be questioned as to his knowledge of invoices, charterparty, Lloyd's agent, and as to the nature of bottomry, and he must be acquainted with the leading lights of the channel he has been accustomed to navigate, or which he is going to use.
In cases where an applicant for a Certificate as Master Ordinary has only served in a fore and aft rigged vessel, and is ignorant of the management of a square rigged vessel, he may obtain a Certificate on which the words "fore and aft rigged vessel,” will be written. This Certificate does not entitle him to command a square rigged ship. This is not, however, to apply to Mates, who being younger men, are expected for the future to learn their business completely. QUALIFICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY FOR HOME-TRADE PASSENGER SHIPS.
(a.) A MATE must write a legible hand, and understand the first four rules of arithmetic. He must know and understand the rule of the road, and describe and show that he understands the Admiralty Regulations as to Lights. He must be able to take a bearing by compass, and prick off the ship’s course on the chart. He must know the marks in the lead line, and be able to work and heave the log.
16.) A MASTER must have served one year as a Mate in the Foreign or Home Trade. In addition to the qualifications required for a Mate, he must show that he is capable of navigating a ship along any coast, for which purpose he will be required
* See note, page 11.
to draw upon a chart produced by the Examiner, the courses and distances he would run along shore from headland to headland, and to give in writing the courses and distances corrected for variation, and the bearings of the head-lands and lights, and when the courses should be altered, either to clear any dangers or adapt it to the coast. He must understand how to make his soundings according to the state of the tide. He will also be questioned as to his knowledge of the use and management of the mortar and rocket lines in the case of the stranding of a vessel, as explained in the Official Log Book.
A first class Pilot may be examined for a Master's Certificate of Competency for Home-trade Passenger Ships, notwithstanding that he may not have served in the capacity of Mate.
All candidates for Masters' and Mates' Certificates of Competency shall also be examined as to their knowledge of the
Commercial Code of Signals for the use of all Nations.”
GENERAL RULES AS TO EXAMINATIONS
9. The candidates will be allowed to work out the various problems according to the method and the tables they have been accustomed to use, and will be allowed five hours to perform the work, at the expiration of which, if they have not finished, they will be declared to have failed, unless the Local Marine Board see fit to extend the time.
FEES TO BE PAID BY APPLICANTS FOR EXAMINATION.
10. (s. 133.] The fee for examination must be paid to the Superintendent of the Mercantile Marine Office. If a candidate fail in his examination, half the fee he has paid will be returned to him, on his producing a document which will be given him by the Examiner. The fees are as follow :
For Foreign-going Ships.
.£1 0 0
0 10 0 If not,
1 0 0 Master, whether Extra or Ordinary,
2 0 0 Master, if previously in possession of a Certi
cate “ For fore and aft rigged vessels, 1 0 0