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Names of Places.

Compass Bearings. Miles. Spurn light-vessel to Flambro'-head ..NI E Flamborough-head to Filey-brig.. .NNW 1 W

8} Scarborough..

NNW 1 W 14} N. cheek of Robin Hood's Bay ..N by W I W .25 N.cheek of Robin Hood's bay to Whitby NNW

4} Huntly Foot to Hartlepool

NW by N .10 Sunderland

.N by W 1 W ...25 Tynemouth

NW Hartlepool to Sunderland.

N 1 W

..15 Tynemouth

NE

.20}

.31

LEADING LIGHTS ON THE NORTH AND WEST

COASTS OF SCOTLAND,

From Kinnaird Head to Corsewall Point.
NAME OF LIGHT.

PLACE.

DESCRIPTION. KINNAIRD HEAD On stone tower

.1 fixed Covesea Skerries .On Craig Head

.1 revol. 1 min. Tarbet Ness On the Ness

.1 intermitting Noss Head On the head

.1 rev. min. PENTLAND SKEKRY..On the Great Skerry

.2 fixed DUNNET HEAD.. On northernmost point Scotland 1 Little Holburn . On the head

.1 flash. 10 sec. CAPE WRATH ....On the Cape

.1 rev, 2 min. ORKNEY AND SHETLAND ISLANDS. Auskerry

. Lighthouse building. START POINT. .On E. point of Sanda Island....1 fixed N. RONALDSHA .On N. Point...

.1 flash. 10 sec. SUMBURGH HEAD ..On the south point of Zetland..1 fixed Bressay

.On E. side entrance to Lerwick 1 rev. 1 min. Whalsey Skerry On Bound Skerry

...1 1 min. NORTH UNST On north part of Island .1 fixed

HEBRIDES ISLANDS. BUTT OF LEWIS ...On the point

1 fixed MONACH ISLES .On Shillay Isle

.1 flash. 10 sec. Glass Island .N.E. point of island

.1 fixed Ush Enishi .On east side of S. Uist

.1 BARRA HEAD ..On Bernera Island..

.1 intermitting

SKERRYVORE

.On the rock..
Ardnamurchan ..On the point
RHYNNS OF ISLAY ..On Oversay Island .
MULL OF CANTYRE..On south-west headland
Sanda Island

..On the Ship Rock
Pladda ..

.On the island of Arran CORSEWALL, ... On the point

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2 min.

.1 rev.

9

ST. GEORGE'S AND BRISTOL CHANNELS,

From the Mull of Galloway to Trevose Head.
NAME OF LIGHT.

PLACE.

DESCRIPTION. MULL OF GALLOWAY On south point...

.1 intermitting Solway Light Vessel ....In Robin Rigg Channel

1 fixed ST. BEE'S HEAD ....On the head

1 Walney Island.. . On the south point

1 rev. 1 min.

1 fixed MORECAMBE BAY 1. v. In the Bay

1 rev. BAHAMA BANK lt. ves. Sonth-east part of the bank. 2 fixed POINT OF AYR South-west of the point

1 rev. 2 min. CALF OF MAN On 2 stone towers

2 2 min. Crosby ..... Near the point

1 fixed Formby Light Vessel. ... Elbow Crosby & Queen's channels 1 Crosby do. ....North-east elbow of Burbo bank 1 BLACK ROCK .....On the rock....

1 rev. 1 min. LIVERPOOL N.W. lt. v. Off entrance to Victoria channel 1 1 min. Air Point... On the point

1 fixed GREAT ORME HEAD On the head

1 LYNAS On the point

1 intermitting SKERRIES On the rock.

1 fixed 8OUTH STACK ROCK On the rock..

1 rev. 2 min. BARDSEY On the island

1 fixed CARDIGAN BAY lt. ves. Between S. Bishop & Bardsey is. 1 rev. 30 s. S. BISHOP ROCK .... On the rock...

1 SMALLS On the rock..

1 fixed St. Ann's Point On the point

2 Caldy On south part of island

1 HELWICK Light Vessel West end of sand

1 rev. 1 min. Mumbles

On tower adjoining the Fort 1 fixed SCARWEATHER lt. ves. Off west end of sand.

1 rev. 20 s. Nash Point ... .On the point

2 fixed ONE FATHOM BANK

Near west end of Bank
Light Vessel
Flatholm
..On the island

1 fixed English & Welsh Grounds

Light Vessel ...On south side Bristol channel.. 1 min. LUNDY ISLAND ..On the island

1 2 min.

1 fixed below TREVOSE HEAD ...On the north-western part 2 fixed

20 s.

1 rev.

{ 1 fixed, aft

1 rev.

SOUTH AND EAST COASTS OF IRELAND,

From Fastnet to Lough Foyle. FASTNET

On the summit of the rock 1 rev. 2 min. KINSALE

.On south point of old head 1 fixed ... On east side of harbour

1 Queenstown .On Roche point.

1 rev, upper 1 fixed, lower

NAME OF LIGHT.

PLACE.

DESCRIPTION. BALLYCOTTON ...... On the outer island

1 flash. 10 s. MINEHEAD ..On south side of head

1 intermit. 1 m. WATERFORD Hook Tower East side of entrance

1 fixed Dunmore Pier head West side of entrance

red. SALTEES Light Vessel Off Coningbeg rock

2 TUSKAR ..On the rock..

1 rev. red & br. BLACKWATER BANK

Light Vessel On north-east part of bank 1 fixed ARKLOW Light Vessel..On south end of bank ...... 1 revol. } min. WICKLOW Light Ves. .. In 12 fms. Wicklow head bears

NW by WW, 8 miles.... 1 fixed, red
Wicklow
On the head

1 fixed KISH Light Vessel North of Kish Bank

1 revol. 1 min. Bailey

On S.E. point of Howth Penins. 1 fixed
ROCKABILL
On the rock...

1 flash. br.&red Haulbowline Rock On the rock.

2 fixed Greenore Point On the point

1 revol. 45 sec. Dundrum Bay. On St. John's point

1 intermit. red SOUTH ROCK On the rock...

1 revol. } min. COPELAND

.On small Copeland island. 1 fixed
MAIDENS
.On the rocks

2
RATHLIN
.. On the island

1 intermitting

1 fixed Inishowen On the head..

2 fixed

WEST COAST OF IRELAND,

From Innistrahul to Crookhaven. INNISTRAHUL .On north-east part of island.... 1 revol. 23 min. Lough Swilley. On Fannet point..

1 fixed TORY ISLAND On north-west point of island. 1 ARANMORE ISLAND ..On the island

1 flash. 20 sec. RATHLIN-O-BIRNE On the island

1 fixed DONEGAL BAY On St. John's point

1 fixed Sligo Bay On Black rock...

1 EAGLE ROCK .3 miles from Erris head

2 BLACK ROCK On the rocks

1 revol. } min. Clew Bay..

On north point of Clare Island 1 fixed
Ivishgort
On the island

1 fixed
SLYNE HEAD
On the head..

1 revol. 2 min.

1 fixed Eeragh Island. On west point.

1 revol. Inisheir ...On the island

1 fixed LOOPHEAD

..500 yds. from extremity of head 1 Tiraght Island

Lighthouse building.
Valentia
..On Cromwell's Fort

1 fixed
SKELLIGS
On the highest rock

2 Calf Rock

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99

Lighthouse building.
Bantry Bay
E. entrance to Bearhaven

1 fixed Crookhaven

.On Rock island point.... 1 br, or red

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96

ST. GEORGE'S CHANNEL, &c.
MAGNETIC BEARINGS AND DISTANCES.
Names of Places.

Compass Bearings. Miles. From Scilly, northernmost point of, to the Seven Stones

.ES

74 Lundy Island light

.ENE IN

95 Milford Haven..

NE

111 Smalls Light

,NE } N

.108 Carnsore Point..

.NNE E .133 Cork harbour, entrance .N 1 W

132 Kinsale Old Head

.N by W 1 W....130 Cape Clear light

.NNW 1 W. . 150 Cape Cornwall to Lundy Island NE by E 1 E. 73 Milford Haven..

.NE Z N

96 Smalls Light.

.NNEE
Waterford harbour, Hook point N 1E.

. 130 Cork harbour, entrance .N by W i W....139 Kinsale Old Head

NNW.

.138 Cape Clear light

NW by N ..166 Lundy Island to St. Ann's lights. .NIW

35 Caldy Island...

NNE

26 Lundy Island light to Morte Point....ESE À E....... 16 St. Ann's Point, Milford Haven, to Waterford harbour, Hook Point....NW 1 W

71 Cork harbour

NW by W 1 W..116 Kinsale Old Head

NW by W W.,125 Smalls Light

.NW by W. 183 Smalls Light to St. David's Head ....E by N

18 Tuskar Light

.NW

35 Hook Point of Waterford .NW IN

53 St. David's Head to South Stack Light NE 1 N

87 Bardsey Island,

NE I E

54 South Stack light to Skerries light .NE by E 1 E.... 73 Tuskar

.SW by W

85 Smalls light.

.SW 1W. .102 Bardsey Island light

SW by S

34 Holyhead to Kish light vessel. WNW

47 Skerries light to the Coal Rock ES

21 Coal Rock to Lynas Point light SE by E.

9 Lynas Point light to Great Orme’s head SE IS

15 Great Orme's head to Liverpool N. W. light vessel..

20 N.W. light vessel to Queen's Channel bell beacon.

East

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EN.

PENNAN

Names of Places.

Compass Bearings. Miles Tuskar Rock to Bardsey Island

61 Smalls Light

.S by E

35 The Saltees

Wis..

18
South Stack light..

NE by E!E. 86
Calf of Man lights ..

.NE I E

.121 Hook Point of Waterford to Ballycotton

ed unde Point

WIN

43 Ballycotton Point to Poor Head WIN

638 Poor Head Point to Cork Harbour. NW by W

31 Old Head of Kinsale

W by S Old Head of Kinsale to Cape Clear

38 Cape Clear to Mizen Head

.NW W

111 Smalls Light

ESE E.

147

st seen

17

.. W by N

THE COMMERCIAL CODE OF SIGNALS FOR THE

USE OF ALL NATIONS.

E OF 6 TL

The object of this article is to give as much information concerning this Code of Signals as will enable the candidate to pass this part of his examination creditably.

The Flags necessary for the Code are—1 pennant, alternate red and white (Code pennant); 4 other pennants; 1 swallowtail, or burgee; and 13 square flags; 19 flags in all.

1. Learn these flags thoroughly. The following, with the aid of the coloured plate, will soon enable the candidate to know them.

B is the Burgee.

Clear (or White) Pennant.
D Dark (or Blue)
F Fiery (or Red)

BUE uppe EOGR

Sig

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H
J
K
L
M
N

Must be learnt by heart.

FAL

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