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P is the Peter.
» Spot (White.)
must be remembered.
W 2. To know to what class the signal made belongs. This depends upon the number of flags in the signal, and what kind of flag the top one is.
The Code Pennant is the answering Pennant. The Red Ensign, with the Code Pennant under it, means that the ship hoisting it wishes to communicate with you by means of the “ Commercial Code of Signals.” ONE FLAG SIGNALS :- Pennant C means
6 Yes.” D
« No.” Two FLAG SIGNALS :- The Burgee on top
“ Attention signals.” A Pennant on top
" Compass signals." A Square Flag on top
“ Urgent, distress, or danger
THREE FLAG SIGNALS :-Are “general signals.”
“Geographical signals." The C, D, or F, or one-coloured pennants
“National vocabulary." The G, or two-coloured pennant
" Names of men-of-war." A Square Flag on top
“Names of merchant ships." 3. Having learnt the flags, and being able to distinguish the class of the hoist, it is next required that the candidate should be able to find, in the Signal Book, the meaning of the particular signal made.
To do this readily, the system on which the Signal Book is made must be understood. The following Extract shews that all Two LETTER signals come first; THREE LETTER signals next; and FOUR LETTER signals last; and that all are arranged alphabetically.
EXTRACTED FROM THE SIGNAL BOOK, TO SUIT
BD What ship is that?
the bearing (from the person signalling) pointed
out by compass signal. BQ Calls the attention of the fifth ship, on the bearing
pointed out. BS Calls the attention of the shore signal station. BV Calls the attention of the vessel leaving the
anchorage. CF N by E DA ESE FBS GL NWW CV EIN
DNSES FM SW GR NNW
HB | Want immediate assistance.
letters. CDH Fleet consists of CDT | Admiral. CGT There is a cessation of hostilities for the present at DHK Who is captain of ship signalled ? DPS Will you dine with me? WTH H WTK J WVC T WVG W WVLI. (Full stop.) And mark after initials.
GQLC Black Prince, iron screw, BFRW Blyth.
armoured, 41. BFSC Tyne.
GQRK | Castor, drill ship, 22. BFSG Newcastle. GRCL Defence, iron scr. ar. 22. BFSH Sunderland. GSBN Hector, iron scr. ar. 20., BFSK Hartlepool lts. GSPN Minotaur, iron scr. ar. 22. BFSN Whitby.
GVFB Trincomalee, drill ship, 16. BGWM Mediterranean GVLR Warrior, iron scr. ar. 32. CBLK Cre
HBMK Verena, of Sunderland. CBLV Da
HBPJ William Clowes, of CDQP Mon
S. Shields. CDQR Mor
HGTF Coral Queen, of W. HartCFJK Ris
lepool. CFKR Sal
HVCJ Chevy Chase, of Newcastle
B Escample. What class of signals does belong to, and what does it mean?
Two flag signals, with B (burgee) uppermost, are "attention signals," and in the Extract BV means—“Calls the attention of the vessel leaving the anchorage.”
F is a pennant; and Two flag signals, with a Example. M
pennant uppermost, are “Compass signals ;"
and FM in the Extract means, “S.W.” L
L is a square flag; and therefore the signal Ecample. is—"Urgent, danger, or distress"; and
** Anchor instantly."
All Three flag signals are general, and this Ecample. P
means, “ Where are you bound ?”
Four flag signals, with B (burgee) upper
most, are “ Geographical signals;" and BFSH means
" Sunderland.” H C Four flags, with the C, D, or F pennants
D uppermost, are Example.
« Vocabulary signals ;" Q and CDQR means “ mor”, a part of
R a word. Suppose you wished to signal your name, say H. Salmon. Turn up the Alphabetical Table; (in the Extract beginning with WTH, and ending with CFKR); look for H, and the signal letters are WTH; hoist them and keep them up until