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"There are two main ways whereby Satan prevails over poor creatures; sometimes he allures, and at other times he terrifies them. There are the lusts of the flesh, and the love of the world and of honour. These engines have a kind of enticing quality, and if they fail, he bends up terrors and maketh them afraid. Now, as an antidote against all these, our Lord holds forth the words which we have used; and because many are ready to find out strange ways to save themselves, their means, and their life, he propones it very sharply, Whosoever denieth me before men, him will I deny,' &c. Now this is the most ticklish point in all divinity, and the rock on which many beat out their brains. Satan waylays people, and enticeth them to deny Jesus Christ; and alas that his influence is so great in the time wherein we live.
"Some think if it were Jesus Christ, and if it were a fundamental point they were called to confess, they would stand for it with life and estate; but it is thought that Christians now stand upon some things that are but fancies and nice scrupulosities, and if there be any thing in them, it is but a small matter. And shall a man venture his life and all upon a small thing? Well, if they be none of Christ's small things, let them go: but if they be one of his truths, will ye call that a small thing? His small things are very great things. It might be proved to you, that there never was a controversy since the beginning of the world, even touching the most momentous truths, that was not accounted a small thing, while it was an occasion of trial; and that the thing which is now become an occasion of trial to many, is no less than the free exercise of the kingly office of Jesus Christ, in the discipline and government of his house. But some of you will say, This is but a matter of discipline and government, and why need we make so great ado about this? For silencing such objections let us use this comparison. A gardener is appointed to keep his master's garden, and after a while he casts down the rails and hedges about the same. His master challenges him for doing so ; the other answers, I have not meddled with your fruit trees, your flowers, nor your herbs; I have only cast down the fences, and that is but a small thing. You possibly reckon it so, says his master, but in doing that small thing, you open a gap for the beasts to come in and spoil all. Our blessed Lord Jesus was of another mind, when he said, The faithful servant is faithful in a little, and if it be a small thing, the servant that is faithful in it doth thereby testify his love to his master, as much as in a greater matter. Take another similitude. A tenant, in his master's absence, doth, upon the entreaty of his neighbour tenant, give him a butt or a half a ridge of ground; and when, at his master's return, he is challenged for suffering the other to change his march
stone, he answers, it is but a small thing, Sir, and ye have ground enough besides. Would his master accept that answer of his hand? Satan always shapes a trial, and puts it to such a frame as he can draw to a small point, and set it, as ye use to say, in aciem novaculi, like a razor's edge;' so that many think there is little between the two; and yet the one side is a denying of Christ, and the other a confessing him. It may be, you that are the people think the ministers too peremptory in these days, and that we might go on some length, that ye and we might abide together; it seems, say you, that we care little for you, when we will not yield somewhat. The Lord knows whether or not we have love to you, and that we could do any thing in our power for your welfare; but we dare not exceed our instructions.-But perhaps you will say, 'May not ministers be silent? What need have they to endanger their ministry, their family, and every thing else, by speaking things that they had better forbear? Can they not hold themselves satisfied with preaching faith and repentance?' In so far my friends you say well. Faith and repentance are very comprehensive duties; and I confess I never delighted to hear a man, the most of whose preaching is what they call, on the public, and meddling with state matters. But there are times and seasons wherein a man's silence may bring a curse upon his head. As suppose there is a besieged city, and a watchman with a guard set at the west port, with a commission to sound the trumpet whenever he seeth any danger; according as it is in Nehemiah iv. and in the third and thirty-third chapter of Ezekiel. Well, he seeth the enemy coming on; but instead of holding by his instructions, he marches all his force to the east port, which is the far stronger, and where there is no imminent danger. There he stands, where there is none to oppose him, and in the meantime the station he was placed in is deserted, and the enemy comes in as a flood. Just so it is with the man who will preach only against popery, and meddle with no other controversies; and it may be, if popery come along, as indeed we have reason to believe it will be the next trial, then he will preach you good moral doctrine. Now, can the man who believes so, be accounted faithful? Or can he look for a glad sight of Jesus Christ on his death-bed ?"
Select Practical Writings of Richard Baxter, with a Life of the Author. By Leonard Bacon, Pastor of the First Church, New Haven. 2 vols.
Lectures on the General Principles of Moral Government as they are exhibited in the first three chapters of Genesis. By John M. Duncan, Pastor of the Associate Reformed Congregation of Baltimore. pp. 376.
Baptism in its Modes and Subjects considered, and the arguments of Mr. Ewing and Dr. Wardlaw refuted. By Alexander Carson, Minister of the Gospel, Edinburgh. Together with a Review of Dr. Dwight on Baptism. By F. L. Cox, LL. D. of London. New York. pp. 395.
Lectures on Revivals of Religion. By William B. Sprague, D. D. Pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church, in Albany, with an Introductory Essay, by Leonard Woods, D. D. Also an Appendix consisting of Letters from the Rev. Drs. Alexander, Wayland, Dana, Miller, Hyde, Hawes, M’Dowell, Porter, Payson, Proudfit, Neill, Milledoller, Davis, Lord, Humphrey, Day, Green, Waddel, Griffin, and Rev. C. P. M'Ilvaine. pp. 452. [A review of this book may be expected in the next number.
A Letter to the Rev. Joel Hawes, D. D. on Dr. Taylor's Theological Views. From "Views in Theology." No. X. for May, 1832. pp. 49. New York.
Evidence of the Truth of the Christian Religion, derived from the literal fulfilment of prophecy, particularly as illustrated by the history of the Jews, and by the discoveries of recent travellers. By Rev. Alexander Keith. From the 6th Edinburgh edition. pp. 284. 12mo. New York.
A Plea for the Catholic Doctrine of the Trinity. By Robert W. Landis. pp. 227. Philadelphia.
Lectures and Sermons. By Henry C. Knight. A Priest in the Protestant Episcopal Church. 2 vols. Boston.
The New Testament, with a commentary, consisting of short lectures for the daily use of families. Part I. containing the Gospels of Matthew and Mark. By Rev. Charles Girdlestone. Oxford.
A Doctrinal Guide for the Convert and anxious Inquirer. By a Clergyman. Philadelphia.
Lectures upon the Prayer of Faith; read before the Theological Students at Auburn, N. Y. and published at their request. By James Richards, D. D. pp. 38. New York.
Calvini Opera. Halle.
Ernst, de Doctrina Johannis Baptistæ e N. T. libris adumbrata. Frankfort. Spruce Street Lectures. No. 5. On the Nature of the Atonement. By Rev. Charles Hodge, of Princeton. No. 6. On Ecclesiastical Polity. By Rev. Dr. Miller, of Princeton. No. 7. On Regeneration. By Rev. Dr. Martin, of Chanceford, Pa. Philadelphia.
Geist aus Luther's Schriften. Darmstadt.
Rosenkranz, Encyklopadie der theolog. Wissenschaften. Halle.
The Triangle. A series of numbers upon Theological points, enforced from various pulpits in the city of New York. By Investigator, [the late Rev. Mr. Whelpley.] pp. 396. New York.
Dr. George Campbell's Lectures on Systematic Theology and Pulpit Eloquence, with Fenelon's Dialogues on Eloquence. Edited by Professor Ripley, of the Newton Theological Institution. Boston.
BIBLICAL AND PHILOLOGICAL.
A Concise View of the Succession of Sacred Literature; in a chronological arrangement of authors and their works. By J. B. B. Clarke. Vol. ii. London. A Grammar of the Hebrew Language. By Edward Hincks, D. D. London. Rudiments of the Hebrew Language, with and without points. By James Noble, Author of an Arabic Vocabulary. London.
The Biblical Cabinet, or Hermeneutical, Exegetical and Philological Library. Edited by Rev. C. H. Terrot, late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. [Designed to embrace a series of translations of the best German Theologians.] Vol. I. containing Ernesti's Principles of Biblical Interpretation. Edinburgh. A new Greek and English Lexicon, principally on the plan of the Greek and German Lexicon of Schneider. By James Donnegan, M. D. First American, from the second London edition, revised and enlarged. By R. B. Patton. pp. 1413. Boston.
HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL.
An Authentic History of the Missions under the care of the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church. By Nathan Bangs, D. D. New York. pp. 258.
Matter, Histoire Universelle de l'Eglise Chretienne. 3 vols.
Luther and the Lutheran Reformation. By Rev. John Scott. [The design of this work is to present in two volumes the substance of the information contained in Milner's Church History and in its Supplements, in a popular form, excluding the mass of documents and minute examination of controversies.] London.
Planck, Geschichte der protestantische Theologie. Gottingen.
Schlegel, Kirchen- und Reformations-Geschichte von Norddeutschland und der Hannoverschen Staaten. Hanover.
Sacred History of the World from the Creation to the Deluge, philosophically considered. By Sharon Turner. Reprinted from the English edition in Harper's Family Library No. 32. New York.
The Life of David, King of Israel. Written for the American Sunday School Union. pp. 275. 12mo.
Origin and History of Missions, compiled and arranged from authentic documents, by Rev. Thomas Smith, London, and Rev. Mr Choules, Newport, R. I. Nos. 1 and 2.
Biography of Pious Persons, abridged for youth. By Mrs. Sigourney. The Life and Pontificate of Gregory the seventh. By Sir Roger Greisley. London.
Church History through all ages, designed especially for young persons, families and schools. By Thomas Timpson. pp. 527. 12mo. London.
SERMONS AND ADDRESSES.
The Scripture Doctrine of Regeneration defended. A Sermon by the Rev. John De Witt, D. D. New York.
Sermon on the ordination of Rev. William G. Schauffler, as a missionary to the Jews, preached at Park street Church, Boston, November 14, 1831. By Moses Stuart. Second edit. Andover.
Address on the truth, dignity, power and beauty of the principles of peace, and of the unchristian character and influence of war and the warrior. Delivered in the Centre Church at New Haven, May 6, 1832, at the request of the Connecticut Peace Society. By Thomas S. Grimké, of Charleston, S. C. Hartford.
The Soul of Man. A sermon preached at the Tabernacle Church, Salem, Mass. April 22, 1832. By Leonard Withington, Pastor of the First Church in Newbury.
The Faith of the Pilgrims. A sermon delivered at Plymouth, on the 22d December, 1831. By John Codman, D. D.
A Discourse delivered before the Massachusetts Society for the Suppression of Intemperance, May 23, 1832. By William Sullivan.
The Prospect of the Heathen without the Gospel. A sermon by Rev. Dr. Tyler. Portland.
Missionary Museum, or an account of Missionary Enterprizes, in a conversation between a mother and her children. First Series. India and Africa. 2 vols. 12mo. New Haven.
Practical Musings for courteous readers, both laical and clerical. By Homo. New York. pp. 172. [Principally republished from the New York Observer.] Sullo spirito anti-papale che produsse la Riforma, e sulla segreta influenza ch' escercito nella letteratura d' Europa, e specialmente d' Italia, come risulta de molli suoi classici, massime de Dante, Petrarca, Boccaccio, Disquisizioni. By Gabriel Rossetti, Professor of Italian Literature in the Royal College, Lon
The consistency of the whole scheme of Revelation with itself, and with human reason. By Dr. Shuttleworth. (Vol. ii. of Rivington's Theological Library.) London.
Journal of the proceedings of the forty-eighth Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the state of Pennsylvania, and an Episcopal Charge on the VOL. IV. No. III.—3 L