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Similarly these vessels may only ship sufficient fuel to enable them to reach the nearest port of their country. They may, however, fill up their bunkers built to carry fuel, when in neutral countries which have adopted this method of determining the amount of fuel to be supplied.
If, in accordance with the law of the neutral power, the ships are not supplied with coal within twenty-four hours of their arrival, the permissible duration of their stay is extended by twentyfour hours.
ARTICLE 20. Belligerent warships which have shipped fuel in a port belonging to a neutral power may not within the succeeding three months replenish their supply in a port of the same power.
A prize may only be brought into neutral port on account of unseaworthiness, stress of weather, or want of fuel or provisions.
It must leave as soon as the circumstances which justified its entry are at an end. If it does not, the neutral power must order it to leave at once; should it fail to obey, the neutral power must employ the means at its disposal to release it with its officers and crew and to intern the prize crew.
A neutral power must, similarly, release a prize brought into one of its ports under circumstances other than those referred to in Article 21.
ARTICLE 23. [A neutral power may allow prices to enter its ports and roadsteads, whether under convoy or not, when they are brought there to be sequestered pending the decision of a prize court. It may have the prize taken to another of its ports.
If the prize is convoyed by a warship, the prize crew may go on board the convoying ship.
If the prize is not under convoy, the prize crew are left at liberty.*]
* This article is excluded from the convention so far as the United States is concerned.
ARTICLE 24. If, notwithstanding the notification of the neutral power, a belligerent ship of war does not leave a port where it is not entitled to remain, the neutral power is entitled to take such measures as it considers necessary to render the ship incapable of taking the sea during the war, and the commanding officer of the ship must facilitate the execution of such measures.
When a belligerent ship is detained by a neutral power, the officers and crew are likewise detained.
The officers and crew thus detained may be left in the ship or kept either on another vessel or on land, and may be subjected to the measures of restriction which it may appear necessary to impose upon them. A sufficient number of men for looking after the vessel must, however, be always left on board.
The officers may be left at liberty on giving their word not to quit the neutral territory without permission.
A neutral power is bound to exercise such surveillance as the means at its disposal allow to prevent any violation of the provisions of the above articles occurring in its ports or roadsteads or in its waters.
The exercise by a neutral power of the rights laid down in the present convention can under no circumstances be considered as an unfriendly act by either of the belligerents who have accepted the articles relating thereto.
ARTICLE 27. The contracting powers shall communicate to each other in due course all laws, proclamations and other enactments regulating in their respective countries the status of belligerent warships in their ports and waters, by means of a communication addressed to the Government of the Netherlands, and forwarded immediately by that government to the other contracting powers.
The provisions of the present convention do not apply except to the contracting powers, and then only all the belligerents are parties to the convention.
The present convention shall be ratified as soon as possible. The ratifications shall be deposited at The Hague.
DOCUMENTS AND PAPERS CARRIED BY VESSELS OF THE
Evidence of nationality:
Permanent register for vessels engaged in foreign trade.
(Granted by collectors to vessels of their districts.) Temporary register for vessels engaged in foreign trade.
(Granted by collectors to vessels not of their districts.)
(Granted as above.) Temporary enrollment for vessels engaged in coasting trade.
(Granted as above.) (See Forms (Catalogue No. 1271), p.
27, Customs Regulations.) Permanent license for vessels engaged in coasting trade or
fisheries. (Granted as above.) Temporary license for vessels engaged in coasting trade or
fisheries. (Granted as above.) Licenses to yachts.
Commissions to licensed yachts for cruising abroad. Other papers that may be used as evidence of nationality:
Shipping articles. (See Customs Regulations, p. 86.)
Crew list. (See Customs Regulations, pp. 73, 85.) Evidence of nationality of foreign-built vessels owned by citizens
of the United States entitled to carry the flag and to legal
protection, but not documented vessels of the United States: Certificate of ownership, and also as to the validity and filing
of the bill of sale. (Issued by the collector of port or
United States consul.) Other papers carried:
Permit for fishing vessel to touch or trade at a foreign place.
(See Customs Regulations, p. 91.) Passenger list.
Manifest of cargo, foreign or coasting. (See Customs Regu
lations, pp. 69, 85, 89, 93.)
Clearance. (See Customs Regulations, pp. 85, 89, 90.)
Bill of health. Commercial intercourse with the guano islands under the jurisdiction of the United States is a part of the coasting trade. Vessels engaged in this guano trade are not required to produce clearances or certified manifests.
The net tonnage of a vessel, besides being shown upon her certificate of registry, etc., is marked upon the face of the beam under the forward side of the main hatch of sea-going vessels.