History of English Thought in the Eighteenth Century, Volumen2

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G. P. Putnam's sons, 1876
 

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Value of his theory 55 Relation to Hutcheson
54
Francis Hutcheson
56
Hutcheson and Shaftesbury
57
Hutchesons psychology
58
The moral sense
59
Its function
60
His double standard
61
His utilitarianism
62
Problem suggested 64 Reid 47 49 5 5i 53 54 55 56 57 57 59 59 60 61 61 02 V Hartley and Adam Smith 65 Association and sympathy
63
His belief in necessity
64
His optimism
65
His psychology
66
The rule of life
67
The association theory
68
Its value
69
Adam Smith
70
His theology
71
Sympathy
72
The moral sense
74
The man within the breast
75
The standard of virtue
76
Its value
77
Tendencies of the preceding writers
78
Relation to the utilitarians
79
85
81
Prejudice
82
01 i on the VI The Utilitarians Locke Good and happiness Foundation of utilitarianism Innate ideas in morality Reality of virtue
83
Various codes of law The law of God Lockes vacillation ties moral theory on the ontologists 80 81 81 82 S3 S3
84
Constitutionmaking
85
Balance of powers
86
The British Constitution
87
S7 SBCTIOM PAGE 94 Humes crude psychology
88
Value of his criticism
89
His confused position
90
Experience the foundation
91
Hume and Butler
92
Natural and artificial virtues
94
Meaning of the distinction
97
Hume and modern theories 103 The utilitarian standard
102
Practical weakness of Hume
104
The moral calculus
105
Lowering of the standard
106
Need of sociology
107
Necessary postulate
108
Laxity of Humes view 11o Reaction from theological view
109
Moral sanctions
111
Altruistic sentiments
112
Conflict with selfish school
113
Theological utilitarianism
114
Waterlands morality
115
His definition of virtue
116
Its convenience
117
Gay on morality
118
Abraham Tucker
119
Tuckers Light of Nature
120
The Vision
121
Tuckers philosophical posi tion
122
His religious opinions
123
His mundane soul
124
His meaning
125
The selfish theory
126
Association
127
The case of Regulus
128
Equality of happiness
129
Tuckers optimism
130
Paleys morality
131
Paley on the moral sense
132
His definition of virtue
133
The criterion
134
Paley a typical moralist
135
Paley and Bentham
136
Benthams influence
137
His value as a moralist
138
His philosophical weakness
139
Transition to a later period
140
The tacit consent
141
Influence on late thinkers
143
Toleration in 1688
144
Connection with his theology
145
The moral argument
146
Practical conclusions
147
Limits of doctrine
148
Church and State
149
Possibility of a seoaration
150
Tindals Rights of the Chris tian Church
151
The Bangorian Contro versy 27 Benjamin Hoadly
152
His political writings
153
29
155
His Dedication to Pope Clement XL I56 31 The Bangorian controversy
156
Hoadlys own statement
157
Tendency of his views 59
160
Laws replies
162
38
163
Sherlocks replies
164
Dwindling of the controversy
165
WarburtonsAlliance theory
166
The Walpole Era 42 Character of the period
167
Walpole and Bolingbroke
168
Source of his weakness
169
His style and rhetoric
170
The social compact and balance of power theories
173
Backstairs politics
174
Corruption
175
Bolingbrokes Panacea
176
The country party
178
Bolingbroke and his time
179
His empiricism
180
Hume on national character
182
Hume on parties
184
Indifferentism
185
The French Influence 60 Montesquieu and Rousseau
186
Montesquieus true merit
187
Burke on Montesquieu 1S8 63 Rousseaus political theory
190
His metaphysical spirit
192
The conflict 193
193
6 English tendencies
194
The Fermentation 67 Browns Estimate
195
Failure of his prophecies
197
Growing discontent
199
Letters of Junius
200
Absence of general views
201
Burkes Vindication of Na tural Society
223
Hatred of metaphysics
225
Origin of rights
226
Want of philosophical basis
227
Prescription
228
The higher meaning
230
PACK
237
24O
242
245
245
247
249
250
250
254
254
256
256
Burkes writings 231
273
The American question 236
276
Burkes policy 115 Expediency 116 The French Revolution 117 Impression on Burke 118 His vehemence 119 His insight 120 An armed doctrine 12...
280
His utilitarianism 129 Perfectibility of man 130 Price 131 Absolute rights 132 American politics 133 The Federalist
282
CHAPTER XI
283
Political economy and science
284
Early economical systems
285
Source of errors
286
The Mercantile Theory 5 Origin of the balance of trade theory
289
Mistaken analogy
290
Charles Davenants writ ings
292
Davenant on the East India Trade
293
to England and the Colonies
294
Sir Dudley North
296
The fundamental fallacy
298
How exposed
299
Humes economical theories
300
His influence upon Adam Smith
301
Tom Paine 135 The Rights of Man 136 Paine and Burke
302
Tuckers prophecy
303
Sir James Steuart
304
The problems involved 21 The French economists 22 Discrimination of social func tions
305
Theory of value
309
Confusions introduced 25 The economist dogma 26 Commerce unproductive 27 Rent and profit 28 Results of French school IV Adam Smith
315
Smiths reputation 30 His originality 31 Political economy made prac tical 32 Moral side of the Wealth of Nations 33 Compared with Theory of Mor...
316
332
332
14
333
CHARACTERISTICS I Introductory i Literature and philosophy
335
Rationalist theology 8 Colourless teaching 9 Prudential morality
336
Significance of preaching
337
Clarkes sermons 33S Their frigidity
339
The love of truth
340
Sherlocks common sense
341
His eloquence
343
Attcrbury and the High Church
344
His style
345
section PAGE 20 Hugh Blair
346
His inanity
347
THE POETs 22 Significance of poetry
348
_24 Popes poetry
349
Paines genuine force 138 Godwins Political Justice 139 Sources of his opinions
350
His hatred of prescription 141 Denial of innate principles 142 The victory of tmth 143 Godwins moral philosophy 144 General rules 145 Necessity
351
227 His inconsistency
352
Popes Homer
353
Correctness
354
_3 Poetic invention
355
Machinery
356
Theological analogy
357
Pope and Spenser
358
_36 Thomson
360
_37 Love of nature
361
_38 Youngs Night Thoughts
362
_39 Young and Pope
363
Akenside
364
_41 Decay of Popes school
365
GENERAL LITERATURE _42 New literary forms
366
Moral tendencies
367
_44 Aversion to Deism
369
46
370
Swift and Johnson
371
_28 Swifts misanthropy
372
_49 His pessimism
373
Johnson and Voltaire
374
Johnson on cant
375
The essayists and moralists
376
Henry Fielding
377
English novels
378
_59 Conceivable modes of change
381
The origin of political evil 147 Subversive tendencies 148 Mary Wollstonecraft 149 Reason and perfectibility
383
Bishop Wilson
384
Isaac Watts
385
Philip Doddridge
386
Doddridges Rise and Pro gress c
388
Wesleys teachers
389
Law and the Gibbons
390
Law at Kings Cliffe
393
Laws Serious Call
394
Law and contemporary divines
395
Application of his principles
396
His asceticism
398
His portraits of character
399
Various instances 4OO 78 His logical thoroughness
401
Laws Replies to Mandeville and Tindal
402
The difficulties of his position
403
Laws Short Method
404
Reason and the heart
405
Magnetism
407
Vanity of reason 4O7 85 Resulting system
408
John Wesley
409
His vigour 4IO 88 His superstitions 4 II
414
Wesleys logical position
415
Wesleys difficulties
416
Enthusiasm
417
Theory of conversion
418
Wesley on original sin
419
Meaning of his statements
421
1oo Its limits
422
IoI Origin of Wesleyanism
423
Io2 The Methodists
424
Whitefield
425
Io4 Fletcher of Madeley
426
IoS Toplady
427
The Evangelicals
428
THE LITERARY REACTION
435
INDEx
443
The millennium 151 Malthus 152 Summary 273 276 276 27S 279_
450
Berkeleys Minute Philo
461

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