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13th century adopted afterwards aisles appearance apse arches architects architecture arrangement basilica beautiful belong building built called carried cathedral central century certainly chapel choir Christian church circular commenced completed considerable considered construction covered decoration difficulty dimensions dome doubt earlier east edifices effect elegant English erected Europe examples exist extent externally façade France French front German give Gothic Gothic art height important instance interesting internally introduced Italian Italy known later least less light means middle mode nave nearly never original ornament painted perfect perhaps period pillars pleasing pointed possess present principal probably proportion province remains remarkable richness Roman roof round Scale seems seen shown shows side specimen spire square stone style towers transepts true vault walls western whole woodcut
Página 591 - Gennans showed no tendency to adopt window tracery, in the sense in which it was afterwards understood, nor to divide their windows into compartments by mullions. I do not even know of an instance in any church of the windows being so grouped together as to suggest such an expedient. All their older windows, on the contrary, are simple round-headed openings, with the jambs more or less ornamented by nook-shafts and other such expedients. At the end of the 12th and beginning of the 13th century they...
Página 813 - It is evident," says Fergusson in his history of architecture, " that all the architectural features in the building were subordinate in the eyes of the builders to the mosaic decorations, which cover every part of the interior, and are in fact the glory and the pride of the edifice, and alone entitle it to rank among the finest of mediaeval churches.
Página 536 - Pavia, which took its present foim either at the end of the llth or beginning of the 12th century, is one of the most interesting of this age, and presents in itself all the features of a perfect round-arched Gothic church. Indeed there is hardly any feature worth mentioning which was invented after this date except the pointed arch (which was a very doubtful improvement) and window tracery, which the Italians never cordially adopted or understood.
Página 539 - The apse, with its gallery, the transepts, and, above all, the dome that almost invariably surmounts their intersection with the choir, constitute a group which always has a pleasing effect, and very often is highly artistic and beautiful.
Página 462 - LIBRARY FROM THE BEQUEST OF CHARLES SUMNER CLASS OF 1830 Senator from Massachusetts FOR BOOKS RELATING TO POLITICS AND FINE ARTS...
Página 580 - The arrangement with three apses possesses the architectural propriety of terminating nobly the interior to which it is applied. As the worshipper advances up the nave, the three apses open gradually upon him, and form a noble and appropriate climax without the effect being destroyed by something less magnificent beyond. But their most pleasing...
Página 796 - The two arcades which constitute the base are, from their extent and the beauty of their details, as fine as anything of their class executed during the Middle Ages. There is also a just and pleasing proportion between the simple solidity of the lower, and the airy — perhaps slightly fantastic— lightness of the upper of these arcades.
Página 674 - ... elsewhere in the following centuries. The change from the square to the octagon, and from the perpendicular part to the sloping sides of the spire, are managed with the most perfect art; and were not the effect it produces destroyed by the elaborate richness of the other spire, it would be considered one of the most beautiful of its class. The new or northern spire was erected by Jean Texier, between the years 1507 and 1514.
Página 895 - ... century. They display all the rude magnificence of the Norman period, used in this instance not experimentally, as was too often the case in England, but as a well-understood style, whose features were fully perfected. So far from striving after novelty, the Scotch architects were looking backwards, and culling the beauties of a longestablished style.
Página 665 - All these, of course, would be adopted in the new cathedral ; and without making drawings, guided only by general directions as to the plan and dimensions, the masons might proceed with the work, and introducing all the new improvements as it progressed, they would inevitably produce a better result than any that preceded it, without any especial skill on the part either of the Master Mason or his employer.