History of English Thought in the Eighteenth Century, Volumen2

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G. P. Putnam's sons, 1876
 

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His utilitarianism
10
Eternal and immutable laws 12 Prices Review 13 The intellect and the ei tions
13
Result of his teaching
14
Shaftesbury and Mande ville 15 Origin of new schools
15
Commonsense school
16
Questions at issue
17
Shaftesburys school 15 15
18
Mandevilles school
19
Shaftesbury
20
His Whiggism
21
S IS SECTION PACE 22 His culture
23
Enquiry concerning Virtue
25
His theology
27
A future state
28
The moral sense
29
The moral criterion
30
Harmony
31
Shaftesburys influence
32
Mandeville
33
Corruption of man
34
Meaning of his doctrine
35
Virtue and asceticism
36
Virtue fictitious
38
Mandevilles view of nature
39
Mandeville and Shaftesbury
40
Replies
41
W Laws Reply to Mande ville
42
Berkeleys Minute Philo sopher
43
Brown on the Characteristics
44
The Common Sense School 47 Butler and Shaftesbury
46
The supremacy of the con science
49
Concessions to selfish theory His vicious circle Selflove and the passions Butlers protest 54 Value of his theory
50
Relation to Hutcheson Francis Hutcheson Hutcheson and Shaftesbury Hutchesons psychology
54
The moral sense Its function His double standard His utilitarianism 63 Problem suggested 64 Reid 50 5I 52 S3 56 57
57
59
59
V2 47 49 5 5i S3 54 55 56 57 57 59 59 60 61
60
Association and sympathy
63
His belief in necessity
64
His optimism
65
His psychology
66
The rule of life
67
The association theory
68
Its value
69
His theology
71
Sympathy
72
The moral sense
74
The man within the breast
75
The standard of virtue
76
Its value
77
Tendencies of the preceding writers
78
Relation to the utilitarians
79
Locke
80
Good and happiness
81
Foundation of utilitarianism Si 87 Innate ideas in morality
82
Reality of virtue
83
The law of God
84
Lockes vacillation
85
Humes moral theory
86
Attack on the ontologists
87
SBCTIOM fAC E 94 Humes crude psychology
88
Value of his criticism
89
Experience the foundation
91
Hume and Butler
92
Natural and artificial virtues
94
Hume and modern theories
95
The utilitarian standard
96
Practical weakness of Hume
97
The moral calculus
98
Lowering of the standard
99
Necessary postulate
100
Reaction from theological view
102
Moral sanctions
103
Conflict with selfish school
104
Theological utilitarianism
105
Waterlands morality
106
His definition of virtue
107
Its convenience
108
Gay on morality
109
Tuckers Light of Nature ill 121 TheVision
111
Tuckers philosophical posi tion
112
His religious opinions
113
His mundane soul
115
His meaning
116
Association
117
The case of Regulus
118
Equality of happiness
120
Paleys morality
121
His definition of virtue
122
The criterion
123
Paley a typical moralist
124
Paley and Bentham
125
Benthams influence
126
His philosophical weakness
127
75
128
science
130
Confused and superficial opinions
131
Divine right extinct
132
The social compact
133
14S
149
The Bangorian Contro versy 27 Benjamin Hoadly
152
His political writings 29 Really attacks Divine right 30 His Dedication to Pope Clement XI
156
Confusion of ideas
162
Hoadlys evasion
163
Sherlocks replies
164
Dwindling of the controversy
165
Warburtons Alliance theory
166
The Walpole Era 42 Character of the period
167
Walpole and Bolingbroke
168
Source of his weakness
169
His style and rhetoric
170
The social compact and balance of power theories
173
Backstairs politics
174
Corruption
175
Bolingbrokes Panacea
176
The country party
178
Bolingbroke and his time
179
His empiricism
180
Hume on national character
182
Hume on parties
184
Indifferentism
185
The French Influence
186
Montesquieu and Rousseau 1S6 61 Montesquieus true merit
187
Burke on Montesquieu
188
Rousseaus political theory
190
His metaphysical spirit
192
The conflict
193
English tendencies
194
The Fermentation 67 Browns Estimate
195
Failure of his prophecies
197
Growing discontent
199
Letters of Junius
200
Absence of general views
201
Democratic tendency
202
Parties under George III
203
Protestantism old and new 433
248
POLITICAL ECONOMY
283
The Mercantile Theory
289
11
296
40
319
Equilibrium and stagnation
331
SECTION PAGE 20 Hugh Blair
346
His inanity
347
The Poets 22 Significance of poetry
348
Popes poetry
349
25 The Essay on Man
350
Didactic tendencies
351
His inconsistency
352
Popes Homer
353
Classical canons 354
354
Poetic invention
355
Machinery
356
Theological analogy 357
357
Pope and Spenser
358
Thomson
360
Young and Pope
361
Akenside
364
Decay of Popes school
365
General Literature 42 New literary forms
366
Moral tendencies
367
Aversion to Deism
369
Aversion to enthusiasm
370
Swift and Johnson
371
Swifts misanthropy
372
His pessimism
373
Johnson and Voltaire
374
3S5
386
388
388
39S
399
404
405
408
409
410
411
415
415
Johnson on cant 375
417
Wesleys teachers 68 William Law 69 Law and the Gibbons 70 Law at Kings Clifie 71 Laws followers 72 Laws Serious Call 73 Lawandcontemporary...
418
Meaning of his statements 99 Wesleys eloquence 100 Its limits 101 Origin of Wesleyanism 102 The Methodists 103 Whitefield 104 Fletcher of Made...
421
42S
429
thought
434
The Literary Reaction 113 General conditions of thought
435
115
437
Sentimentalism Morbid social conditions Herveys Meditations
438
Vicious style Henry Brooke
439
Richardson Steme His followers General tendency of senti mentalists 436 437 438 43S 439
440
SUCTION PAGE 123 Vagueness of teaching
443
Growth of romanticism
444
Horace Walpole
445
Percys Reliques
446
Naturalism
447
Social meaning
448
English theory
449
Revolt against classicism
450
Pope and Wordsworth
451
Cowper
452
His view of nature
453
Burns 454
454
His revolutionary tendencies
456
III
461

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Página 187 - ... from his loins), a man capable of placing in review, after having brought together, from the east, the west, the north, and the south, from the coarseness of the rudest barbarism to the most refined and subtle civilization, all the schemes of government which had ever prevailed amongst mankind...
Página 85 - Tis not contrary to reason to prefer the destruction of the whole world to the scratching of my finger.
Página 86 - Reason is, and ought only to be, the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other office than to serve and obey them.
Página 188 - I authorize and give up my right of governing myself, to this man, or to this assembly of men, on this condition, that thou give up thy right to him, and authorize all his actions in like manner.
Página 135 - The state of Nature has a law of Nature to govern it, which obliges everyone, and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions...
Página 147 - I take to be a voluntary society of men, joining themselves together of their own accord, in order to the public worshipping of God, in such a manner as they judge acceptable to him, and effectual to the salvation of their souls.
Página 297 - I shall therefore venture to acknowledge, that, not only as a man, but as a British subject, I pray for the flourishing commerce of Germany, Spain, Italy, and even France itself. I am at least certain that Great Britain, and all those nations, would flourish more, did their sovereigns and ministers adopt such enlarged and benevolent sentiments towards each other.
Página 224 - I may assume, that the awful Author of our Being is the Author of our place in the order of existence; and that having disposed and marshalled us by a divine tactic, not according to our will, but according to His...
Página 246 - The nature of man is intricate; the objects of society are of the greatest possible complexity ; and therefore no simple disposition or direction of power can be suitable either to man's nature, or to the quality of his affairs.

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