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sioned officer sent on board the vessel detained shall be sent as soon as possible to the Central Office and at the same time to the Government whose flag the detained vessel was flying.
If the authority entrusted with the enquiry decides that the detention and diversion of the vessel or the measures imposed upon her were irregular, he shall fix the amount of the compensation due. If the capturing officer, or the authorities to whom he is subject, do not accept the decision or contest the amount of the compensation awarded, the dispute shall be submitted to a court of arbitration consisting of one arbitrator appointed by the Government whose flag the vessel was flying, one appointed by the Government of the capturing officer, and an umpire chosen by the two arbitrators thus appointed. The two arbitrators shall be chosen, as far as possible, from among the diplomatic, consular or judicial officers of the High Contracting Parties. These appointments must be made with the least possible delay, and natives in the pay of the High Contracting Parties shall in no case be appointed. Any compensation awarded shall be paid to the person concerned within six months at most from the date of the award.
The decision shall be communicated to the Central Office and to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations.
The High Contracting Parties who exercise authority over territories within the prohibited areas and zone specified in Article 6 agree to take, so far as each may be concerned, the measures required for the enforcement of the present Convention, and in particular for the prosecution and repression of offences against the provisions contained therein.
They shall communicate these measures to the Central Office and to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, and shall inform them of the competent authorities referred to in the preceding Articles.
The High Contracting Parties will use their best endeavours to secure the accession to the pr nt Convention of other States Members of the League of Nations.
This accession shall be notified through the diplomatic channel to the Government of the French Republic, and by it to all the signatory or adhering States. The accession will come into force from the date of such notification to the French Government.
The High Contracting Parties agree that if any dispute whatever should arise between them relating to the application of the present Convention which cannot be settled by negotiation, this dispute shall be submitted to an arbitral tribunal in conformity with the provisions of the Covenant of the League of Nations.
All the provisions of former general international Conventions, relating to the matters dealt with in the present Convention, shall be considered as abrogated in so far as they are binding between the Powers which are Parties to the present Convention.
The present Convention shall be ratified as soon as possible.
Each Power will address its ratification to the French Government, who will inform all the other signatory Powers.
The ratifications will remain deposited in the archives of the French Government.
The present Convention shall come into force for each Signatory Power from the date of the deposit of its ratification, and from that moment that Power will be bound in respect of other Powers which have already deposited their ratifications.
On the coming into force of the present Convention, the French Government will transmit a certified copy to the Powers which under the Treaties of Peace have undertaken to accept and observe it, and are in consequence placed in the same position as the Contracting Parties. The names of these Powers will be notified to the States which accede.
In faith whereof the above-named Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Convention.
Done at Paris, the tenth day of September, one thousand nine hundred and nineteen, in a single copy which will remain aeposited in the archives of the Government of the French Republic, and of which authentic copies will be sent to each of the Signatory Powers.
(L. S.) FRANK L. Polk.
L. S.) HENRY WHITE.
* Some of the signatures were affixed at Paris and some at Saint-Germain-en-laye.
29479—S. Doc. 348, 67-481
(L. S.) G. F. PEARCE.
At the moment of signing the Convention of even date relating to the trade in arms and ammunition, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries declare in the name of their respective Governments that they would regard it as contrary to the intention of the High Contracting Parties and to the spirit of this Convention that, pending the coming into force of the Convention, a Contracting Party should adopt any measure which is contrary to its provisions.
Done at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, in a single copy, the tenth day of September, one thousand nine hundred and nineteen.
Some of the signatures were affixed at Paris and some at Saint-Germain-en-Laye.
(L. S.) FRANK L. POLK. (L.S.) HENRY WHITE. (LS.) TASKER H. Bliss. (L. S.) HYMANS. (L. S.) J. VAN DEN HEUVEL. (L.S.) E. VANDERVELDE. (L. S.) ISMAIL MONTES. (L.S.) ARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR. (L.S.) (L. S.) MILNER. (L. S.) Geo. N. BARNES. (L. S.) A. E, KEMP. (L. S.) G. F. PEARCE. (LS.) MILNER. (L.S.) THOMAS MACKENZIE. (L.S.) SINHA OF RAIPUR. (LS.) J. R. LOUTSENGTSIANG. (L. S.) CHENTING THOMAS WANG. (L.S.) ANTONIO S. DE BUSTAMENTE. (L. S.) E. DORN Y DE ALSUA. (L.S.) G. CLEMENCEAU. (L. S.) S. PICHON. (L. S.) L. L. Klotz. (L.S.) ANDRÉ TARDIEU. (L. S.) JULES CAMBON. (L.S.) N. Politis. (L. S.) A. ROMANOS. (L. S.) M. RUSTEM HAIDAR. (LS.) ABDUL Hadi AOUNI. (L. S.) Tom. TITTONI, (L. S.) VITTORIO SCIALOJA. (L. S.) MAGGIORINO FERRARIS. L. S.) GUGLIELMO MARCONI. (L. S.) S. CHINDA. (L. S.) K. MATSUI. (L. S.) H. IJUIN. (L. S.) SALVADOR CHAMORRO. (L.S.) ANTONIO BURGOS. (L. S.) 1. J. PADEREWSKI. (L.S.) Roman DMOWSKI, (L. S.) AFFONSO COSTA. (L. S.) AUGUSTO SOARES. (L. S.) N. Misu. (LS.) ALEX VAIDA VOEVOD. (L. S.) (LS.) (L.S.) Dr. YVAN ZOLGER. (L. S.) CHAROON. (L.S.) TRAIDOS PRABANDHU. (L. S.) D. KAREL KRAMAŘ. (L. S.) Dr. EDUARD BENEŠ.
CONVENTION FOR THE REGULATION OF AERIÁL NAVIGATION.
Signed at Paris October 13, 1919; in force for ratifying states on
July 11, 1922, the 40th day after the signing of the procès-verbal of deposit of ratifications.1
(League of Nations, Treaty Series, XI, p. 173.)
Chapter I. General principles.
Chapter 111-Continued. 1. Sovereignty over air space
11. Certificates for aircraft in inabove national territory.
ternational navigation. 2. Freedom of innocent passage. 12. Certificates and licenses for 3. Prohibited areas.
personnel. 4. Aircraft to land after being 13. Validity of certificates and above a prohibited area.
licenses; recognition. Chapter II. Nationality of aircraft.
14. License for wireless appara5. Nationality of contractant reg.
tus; when carried. uisite.
Chapter IV. Admission to air nariga6. State register evidences na- tion above foreign territory. tionality.
15. Right to cross States by fixed 7. Complete ownership by na
routes; landing obligatory if tionals requisite.
required. 8. No dual registration.
16. Right to reserve domestic 9. Exchange of registration in
17. States not exercising this right 10. Marks in international naviga
may apply it respecting tion.
those that do. Chapter III. Certificates of airworthi- 18. Exemption from seizure durness and competency.
ing passage. 1 While the convention is dated October 13, 1919, the signature of the convention, by its terms, was left open until April 12, 1920, and this time was subsequently prolonged until June 1. 1920.
Between October 13, 1919, and June 1, 1920. the convention was signed on the part of the United States, the British Empire, France, Italy. Japan, Belgium, Boliria, Brazil. China, Cuba, Ecuador, Greece, Guatemala, Panama, Poland, Portugal, Rumania, the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, anni Slovenes, Siam. Czchoslovakia, and Uruguay.
The convention has been ratified by the British Empire, France, Japan, Belgium, Bolivia, Greece, l'ortugal, the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and Siam, and their instruments of ratification were deposited with the Government of the French Republic on June 1, 1922.
The convention provides that it will come into force for each signatory power in respect of other powers which have ratified it 40 days from the date of the deposit of its ratification; so that the treaty went into effect, with respect to the countries which deposited their ratificaions as above, on July 11, 1922. It is also in effect with respect to Nicaragua, Peru, Liberia, and Persia, which have given their acher ence to it.
The convention was signed on the part of the United States on May 31, 1920, by Ambassador Wallace, under full powers issued to him by President Wilson. In signing the convention Mr. Wallace made the following declaration on bebalf of the Gor ernment of the United States :
" The United States especially reserves, with regard to Article 3, the right to permit its private aircraft to fly over areas over which private aireraft of other contracting states may be forbidden to fly by the laws of the United States any provision of said Article 3 to the contrary notwithstanding,
* The United States reserves complete freedom of action as to customs matters and does not consider itself bound by the provisions of Annex H or any articles of the Convention affecting the enforcement of its customs laws.
" The United States reserves the right to enter into special treaties, conventions, and agreements regarding acrial navigation with the Dominion of Canada, and/or any country in the Western Hemisphere if such Dominion and/or country be not a party to this Convention."