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THE

1

HISTORY

OF THE

WORKS of the LEARNED,

FOR THE

Year One Thousand Seven Hundred

and Thirty-eight:

CONTAINING

IMPARTIAL Accounts and ACCURATE

ABSTRACTS of the most valuable
Books published in Great-Britain,
and Foreign Parts.

INTERSPERS’D WITH

DISSERTATIONs on several curious and enter-

taining Subjects, Critical Reflections, and
Memoirs of the most eminent Writers in
all Branches of polite Literature.

V O L. II.

LONDON:
Printed for JacOB ROBINSON, under the Inner

Temple Gate in Fleet-Street. MDCCXXXIX.

Sexton

12- 27.52 ZRIC

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ARTICLE I. Travels or Observations relating to several Parts

of Barbary and the Levant. By THOMAS SHAW, D.D. Fellow of Queen’s-College in Oxford, and F. R.S. Oxford: Printed at the Theatre, 1738, Folio.

I

N this Volume, as the Doctor tells the
King in his Dedication, are described the
Situation, Policy, and Customs of various

Nations. It is presented to the Reader, as an Efray towards restoring the ancient Geography, and placing in a proper Light the natural History of those Countries, where the Writer has travelled. In pursuance of which Design, the Geographical and Physical Observations are not blended and mixed cogecher, as they chanced to fall in his Way; but are ranged under distinct Heads, without repeating at every Turn, and upon every Occasion, the Time,

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Place,

Place, or Manner, wherein they were made. In putting together the Physical and Miscellaneous Observations, he has endeavoured to use all the Brevity and Method which the Subject would allow; avoiding also, as much as possible, the Repetition of what has been already taken notice of by former Authors.Several Dissertations are occasionally interspersed throughout the Work ; and a Collection of valuable Papers succeeds the Observations: These the Doctor supposes will not be disagreeable to any ; since they are all of them either so many Branches themselves of the natural History of the Scenes of these Travels, or else serve to illustrate fome Part or other of his Account of them.-- Much the same may be faid in Behalf of the Variety of marginal Notes and Quotations that occur throughout the Performance; they confirm the Truth of, or reflect a considerable Light on, the Matters here treated of. The Names of Places and Tribes are all of them wrote according to our English Pronunciation, and the Force of our own Alphabet. The Arabic Names also, as often as they could be obtained, are inserted in their proper Characters. - Great.Care has been taken as to the Correctness of cvery Part of this Work; each Sheet of it having been inspected by diverse learned Gentlemen of the Author's Acquaintance ; so that few if any Errors of Consequence are to be found in it. - The Cuts which embellish it are in Number twenty-eight ; whereof twelve are Geographical Plans; the rest exhibit the Icons of Plants, other natural Productions mentioned in the Book,

k, Monuments of Antiquity, African Coins, &c.

This may fuffice for a general Idea of this long expected Undertaking; the Fruit of many Dangers and Difficulties the Author underwent, and was exposed to, in furnishing the Materials of it: These are set forth in the following Paragraphs, extracted from his Preface; which he would have us regard as the Diary-Part of his Travels.

extracted

In the several maritime Towns of Barbary and the Levant, where the British Factories are established, he was entertained, as he informs us, with extraordinary Marks of Generosity and Friendship; having the Use not only of their Houses, but their Horses also, their Janisaries and Servants.

On this Account he pays his Acknowledgments to many worthy Gentlemen, by Name, not of the English only, but also of the French and Dutch Nations.

In the Inland Towns and Villages of Barbary, there is, for the most part, a House fet apart for the Reception of Strangers, with a proper Officer to attend it. Here Persons are lodged and entertained, one Night, in the best Manner the Place will afford, at the Expence of the Community. Except at these, and the Places above-mentioned, our Author met with no Kkanns or Houses of En. tertainment throughout the whole Course of his Journeyings. For him and his Companions to have furnished themselves with Tents, would have been, as he says, both cumbersome and expensive; besides the Suspicion it might have raised in the Arabs, that they were Persons of Rank and Fortune, and consequently too rich and tempting a Booty to be suffered to escape. If therefore in the Course of their travelling they did not fall in with the Hovels of the Kabyles or the Encampments of the Arabs, they had nothing to protect them from the Inclemency either of the Heat of the Day, or the Cold of the Night, unless they met with some accidental Grove of Trees, the Shelve of a Rock, or sometimes, by good Fortune, a Grotto. At these Times, which indeed did seldom happen, their Horses were the greatest Sufferers; and as they were always their first Care, they gathered for them Stubble, Grass, Boughs of Trees, and such like

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