« AnteriorContinuar »
Treason, viz. col. Wilmot, to the Tower; col. Ashburuhsm, to the Gateliou.se; and col. Pollard, to tiie King's-Bench."
Iu the ufteruooii of this day the two houses had another conference, in which the curl of Bristol proposed to the commons, "That a total disbanding of the armies should be made, if they wrre provided for it at present; and the lords would he ready to give them all possible assistance for perfecting that great work: that if the commons would make out an estimate of what would he wanting for it, the peers would join with them most readily: for, until such time that a total disbanding and disarming be revolved on und declared, it was much to be doubted that there would be greater difficulty in raising money and getting credit: and therefore it "as desired to employ all tbeir joint endeavours for a total disbanding of the armies. If there be not a possibility presently to disband all the 5 regiments, it was held (it to be proposed to the Scots, that they, at the same time, at least, retire fi om the Tecs homeward, and ship iheir field ordnance at Newcastle; and that the English likewise cause their ordnance to retire with the Train of Artillery." In consequence of which, tiie commons went upon ways and means to effect this necessary work, and to raise money for payment of the armies; and a committee was appointed for that purj-ose.
State of the Debt dim to the English and Srnts Annie*.] June 17. Sir John Hothnm, memher for Beverley, reported the State and Substance of" the then National Debt, on the Army's Account, to be as follows: "The Parliament undertook to pay the Army and Garrisons upon 10th Nov. last, which, to.2Pth June,is 8 inon. and 7 days ^".418,050
There was owing to the Scots, besides this, 220,000/. for which Security must be given them."
After the reading of this Account of the Public Debt, the house of commons ordered, "That all the Alerchaiit-advcuturcrs in town should have notice to attend tl • committee for raising money, in order to borrow so much of them as would serve the present occasions, at 10 percent, interest." Another conference was also desired with the lords, and a free debate concerning the disbanding of the armies.
ylrf of Tannage and Poundage passed by Che Commons.] The Bill ' F'or granting to the king a Subsidy of Tonnage and Poundage, and other sums payable upon merchandize imported or exported,' was read a third time, passed, and ordered to the lords.
Pro/ mat lor a Poll-Tax to pay the Armies.] June 18. Sir John ilotham made another Report, from the committee for advancing Money, " That the proposition for making Spanish money current was wholly rejected. Likewise, that it was proposed from the committee, that every £. t, Duke should pay .... 100 o English \ Marquis 80 0
or <Earl 60 O
Irish I Viscount 50 0
V Baron 40 6
Baronets, and Knights of the Bath . 30 0
Esquires 10 0
Gentlemen that have 100/. per ann. . 5 0
Every Bishop 60 0
Every Dean 40 O
Canon Resident ....... 20 0
Archdeacons 15 Q
Chancellors and Commissaries . . 15 0 Prebendary /,10 O
Every Parson, whose Living is 100/.
per annum 5 0
Lord Mayor of London ..... 40 0
Aldermen 80 0
Aldermen's Depui its 15 0
Common Councilmcn 5 0
Master and Wardens of tlie twelve
Companies 10 0
Every one of the Livery thereof . . 5 0 Master and Wardens of the other Companies, and such as have fined for Master or Warden .... 50 Every one of their Livery .... 2 10 Every Freeman of the twelve Companies 10
Every Freeman of the other Companies, except Porters and Watermen 0 10 Evcrv Merchant Stranger, being a
Knight 40 0
Every Merchant Stranger, at Sea . . 1© u
at Lund . 5 0
English Merchants at Land, not free 5 0
Factors 2 0
Handicrafts-men, Strangers, per pole 0 2 If House-keepers ....... 04
Serjeants at Law 20 0
King's Serjeants 25 0
Kinj;, Queen, and Prince's Council . 20 0 Doctors of Law and Physic . . . . 1Q 0
If Papists 20 0
Every Man of 100/ 5 0
Every Man of 50/. per annum ... 20 Every one that can dispend 20/. per
annum 0 5
All other Persons above sixteen, such as receive Alms only excepted, to pay 6<i. per Head. Recusants, double in all."
This Poll-Tax was agreed to by several Resolutions of the house, with some alterations and additions too tedious to mention; because they run through alt orders and decrees of men, from the highest almost to the lowest, not omitting widows, who were each to pay a third part rated upon her husband's degrep.
Bill against Pluralities and Son-residence.'] A bill against Pluralities and Non-Residence was, this day, read the third time in the commons; and, being passed, was carried up to the lords for their assent. By this act it was provided, "That whosoever had two livings, should, before the 21st of Sept. next, resign one of tlietn : and that if any clergy-man should be absent, at one time, 60 days from his living, he should, ipso facto, forfeit it."
June 21. The lords passed the bill for granting Tonnage and Poundage to the king, and received the other concerning Pluralities and NonResidents. At tlie same time Mr. Hampden, who carried it, desired the lords to be as speedy as their conveniency would allow of in passing the three bills formerly sent up, viz. concerning the Star-Chamber, High Commission, and disarming of Recusants.
Foreign JjCtiers ordered to be stopped and examined Ay the Lords.'] June 22. A message came up from the commons to (be lords to this ef
feet " That this house finding every day new discoveries, of secret councils and meetings of Jesuits and others, and of several plots and designs to disturb the peace of this kingdom and of Scotland; and that this house was persuaded it was fomented by our enemies abroad, w ho have correspondencies with such as are here amongst us: they therefore desired their lordships to take such a course as they should think fit, that all these suspected persons might be staid and examined; and all letters, of that week, inward and outward, seized upon, and brought to their lordships for their perusal." This request was wholly complied with by the lords.
The Speaker's Speech lo the King at presenting the Mill of Tonnage and PounJuec] June 2'1, p. m. This afternoon the tin,; cane to the house of peers, and, being seated on the throne, the commons wore sent for; whose Speaker, on the presenting ulic hill for Tounage and Poundage, made a speech to the king; which being answered from the throne, and the hill, being passed, his majesty withdrew. The Speaker's speech was as follows:
"Most Grnrious and Dread Sovereign; That policy, which weighs the prerogative of the king and property of the subject in die same scales, increases the plenty of the crown and contentment of the people: the even poising of this bram enables both; the one being ordained tor the preservation of the other. This principle is so riveted into the hearts of your subjects, by the nets of their ancestors and traditions of their forefathers, that it hath created a belief in them, that their wills are bound to a due allegiance; and their fortunes and estates, as well as their duty and subjection, must bend to the commands of that sovereign power, with which God hath invested your sacred majesty. Compulsory obedieucc, advanced by the transcendent power of prerogative, is too weak to support the right of government: it is the affections and estates of your people, tied with the threads of obedience by the rules of law, that fastens safety and prosperity lo the crown. The experiment of elder limes, in the reigns of the most valiant, puissant princes, hath concluded this t)ie sovereign preservative against tlie diseases of distraction and confusion ; and makes it manifest to the world, that the honour and glory of this throne is to command tlie hearts of freemen. This admitted, the permission of the least diminution, or any eclipsed interposition between the honour and plenty of toe crown, contracts a scorn upon the nation. Several parliaments, in former times, have stamp I the character of a free gift upou the fore front of this Aid j.still offered by the people as a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the crown, for the safe conduct of your merchants, and provision of the navy; to strengthen your undoubted dominion over the seas, which hath protected your allies, aud is a terror to your cnemies.-rO.ur hopes were long since to hare settled this, for the measure nnd the time:
and with this to have presented to your sacred majesty the Iriumptiant palm of tranquillity in all yourkingdoms: but, as a ship Hosting upon a rough sea, we have been cast upon the rocks offcaraiid dangers, and tossed on the bilious of distraction and distrust of church and commonwealth; where we yet remain, hopeless ever to pass through that narrow channel vihich leads to the haven of peace, unless we be speedily steered on by the hand of your sacred wisdom, care, and providence. In the midst of all these troubles, and the several opinions which have been amongst us, no division had power to distract any one of us from the care and duty we owe to your sacred person. And, to that end, am I now sent by the commons of England, to present this as a mark only, whereby your sacred majesty mav view the inward duties of our hearts; until tiinr- and opportunity will give leave tor a further expression of our duties and affections. The acceptation of this gift will glad the hearts of your people, and your approbation (by the royal assent to this bill, Being the largest for the measure which w as ever given) will join wings to our desires atnd hopes; which shall never return withoulAhat •live leaf which mny declare that the . waters arc abated, and that your sucred lnajesry mav have full assurance uf the faith and loyalty of your subjects."
He King's Ansircr.] The King's Answer was as follows: /
"I do very willingly accept of your offer made at this time, as a testimony of your love and that dutiful affection* you owe me; and 1 no way doubt but that Von will perform what you have intimated unto me, in perfecting the other bills when you have leisure, likewise, in passing this bill, you cannot but see a great testimony of the trust and confidence I have in your affections; as, since this parliament begun I have omitted no occasion, whereby I may shew such affection to iny people, as I desire my people should shew to me; and not only so, but likewise in eschewing all occasions of dispute, in seeking to remove jealousies; and for this particular bill, you cannot but know that I do freely and frankly give over that right, which my predecessors have esteemed their own, though I confess disputed, yet so as it was never yielded by any one of iheiu: therefore, you must understand this as a mark of my confidence in you, thus to put myself w holly upon the love and affections of my people for my subsistence; and therefore, 1 hope, in the perfecting this you have begun, you will goon the more chenrfully. And as for those rumours, which have bred suspicions concerning the Army, though I have heard some loose discourses touching it, which I never understood otherwise than as having relation to the Scots Army, nr preventing of insurrections; yet they w ere so slight of themselves, that they vanished, by their own lightness, within few days after they were born. Wherefore, having shewed you my clearness
in this, I wilt leave you with this assurance, that I never had other design, but to win tec affections of my people by the justice of ray government."
Ten Propositions of the Commons relating to the Slate of the Kingdom.] June 23. A paper of Instructions, given by the earl of Montrose, the lord Nupier, and the lairds of Kcir and Blackball, having been read in the house of commons, that body enme to several Resolutions concerning the Security of Scotland. A committee of seven were appointed to withdraw immediately into tlie court of wards, to prepare heads for a conference with the lords about that, and other business of the nation.
Junc'-M. The heads for a conference being read in the house by Mr. Pym, and agreed to, a message was sent up to the lords by sir .fohn Hotham, to desire one immediately. The report ot this conference was made in the upper house, that day, by the bishop of Lincoln, to this purpose: " Mr. Pym told their lordships, that he was commanded by the house of commons to present unto them their continued care and endeavour for the good of the kingdom; that as their affections were united with them to one great end, to serve God, the king, and the commonwealth, so their counsels might jointly co-operate thereunto: that there was but one end, and one foundation of all these affections aud counsels, howbeit they spread themselves into many and several branches; for they were all so united and wcaved with the duties which we owe to our God, our king, and our common-wealth, that we cannot duly and truly serve God, but thereby we serve our king; nor serve God and our king as we ought, without our service to the commonwealth: but, as a way to this common and general end, he was to make unto their lordships several Propositions. Because they had lately found out very malignant and pestiferous designs, set on foot, or plotted, to trouble the peace of the kingdom; the which, though they were prevented, yet were still pursued; which was the reason the house of commons did present unto their lordships these Propositions, in ten several heads, which have their branches and subdivisions made under them:
"Concerning Disbanding of the Armies'.
I. "This in the first front, because it was first to be done and make way for oil the rest; and this had t several branches. l.The house of commons desired the 5 regiments to be disbanded, according to a former order agreed upon by both houses. "2. The commissioners for the Scots to be desired to withdraw somo of their troops from the Teesc. 8. That their lordships would join w ith the house of commons in an humble motion to his majesty, to declare the 5 regiments to be disbanded, and the rest of the army as soon as money can be provided; and for the punishment of those who shall refuse to dishand, if any such there be. 4. That the lord general should be intreated forthwith to repair to the army, on the SOthinst. at the farthest; at which time the money would be there. And that the lord Newport, ruastor of the ordnance, be also there, to take care of that and all other things ■under his charge."
II. "That his majesty would be pleased to allow a convenient time, before his journey into Scotland, that the army might be first disbanded; and that some of the important af faits, now depending in parliament, may be dispatched before his majesty's journey. This Proposition he backed with these 4 reasons: 1. The safety of his majesty's person. 2. The removing of the jealousy of his good subjects. 3. The cutting oft' the hopes of those who are ill-affected, and have any design of disturbing the peace of the kingdom, by means of the army. 4. The great advantage in his majesty's own affairs, and contentment of his people, if, before his going, the royal assent might pass to divers bills, concerning the reformation of the church and state, (of which some are already sent up, others in preparation) with the bill intended for the further grant of Tonnage and Poundage, ami other customs: and that some time .might be employed to regulate the king's estate and revenue; to free them of unnecessary burdens, and to employ them for the good of the commonwealth. All these, he said, required his presence in parliament."
"Concerning his Majesty's Council and Ministers of State.
III. "That his majesty may be humbly petitioned to remove such evil counsellors, ag<iinst whom there maybe any just exceptions; and for the committing of his ow n business and the atrairs of the kingdom to such counsellors and olbcers as the parliament may have cause to confide in s because all the ill effects we feel arc produced by these ill counsels, in all the 3 fundamentals before spoken of. 1. In mat*ter of religion. 2. In the king's private estate. 3. In the good of the whole kingdom: all these 3, he said, were decayed; but those of another kind and allay had much prospered, of late, amongst us; as matters of Monopolies, of Projects, and new Inventions.—Here he told your lordships a tale of a gardiner, who being demanded, why the weeds grew so fast and the flowers so thin in his ground-plot? answered, the weeds were the true children, but the flowers were but so many slips and bastards. So, said he, it is written, 'That kings shall be our nursing fathers, and queens our nursing mothers:' hut we have found here, of late, by reason of evil counsellors, no nurses but hirelings of the publick state. These, therefore, are especially to be removed, for the reducing the kingdom to a better condition and posture. Howhcit, this request is by the house of commons recommended but in general, for this present, without pointing out or designing of particulars, in hopes the king will
find thcra out of himself; otherwise it *ill cause the house of commons to reduce, tliis petition to names of particulars.—Tlierefore they desired your lordships to commend it to his majesty, That he would put the offices of the kingdom and his own into such hands, as his maj. and the parliament may confide in."
"Concerning the Queen's Majesty in scvcrcl Branches.
IV. "That his majesty w ould be gracious!; pleased, by ad> ice of his parliament, to persuade the queen to take some of the nubility and others in trust into her service, in such places as are now in her disposal; because >hc has shewed herself ready to do any thing lor the common good of the kingdom. Of (hi kind are, 1 That no Jesuit be entertained in her majesty's service, nor any Priest, natirc of his majesty's dominions. The reason of this is, that the Jesuits are banished out of si: other courts of Catholic princes; and it B against our laws that .nntivc Priests should be here. 2. That the college of Capuchins, s: Denmark-house, may he dissolved, and tlie persons sent out of the kingdom. The reason of which are, 1. Their being here is a scandal to religion and a danger to our peace. S. Pa affection to the state, manifested in a letter dated May 6th, in which many scandals art cast upon the parliament and the goud stik jects, under the name of furitans, or disaffcetti and injurious to the queen's person ; and tbei* upon the cardinal excited to some deuo against England. Next the letter of Frani Philips, wherein, by way of reproach on rh parliament, ho writes, ' That the Protestaw* taken by both houses, is like the Scots co* nam, but something worse.' And that (ti*ts informations had been given of grent quantita of gold transported by these priests. 11*44 branch concerning the queen, was upon da special occasion of his majesty's absence, tta your lordships would join with the hoiw commons to advise the king, that some of t nobility and others of quality, with a petent guard, might be appointed to atte«d the queen ; for the security of her royal pt^» against all designs of the Papists, and otfcs ill-affected to the peace of tlie kingdom. I reasons given for this branch, were, 1. T cure her from Popish attempts. 2. Bj watchfulness of those, worthy persons, Pre* and Jesuits may be kept from court. He p», tested, that therein he intended nothing 4 disrespect: he said it was a blessed ihioi3 be kept from temptation; and, to be nii I these flies, would gain the queen the Me the people in the king's absence."
"Concerning the Prince and the rest rfij
of the rest of his majesty's
may be taken chiirlren."
"On Papists coming to Court.
VI. " 1. It is humbly desired that your lordships would join with them in a petition, that his majesty would be sparing in licensing Papists to come to court. 2. That if they do come, without licence, they may be punished severely, and the laws be put in execution against them. 3. That if" nny English woman, that is a Papist, be about the court, she may not reside there. 4. That no pension be given to any living beyond seas, which is of dangerous consequence. 5. That English ladies, Papists, be removed from court; and the king moved for his assent, that the persons of the most active Papists be restrained, as shall be necessary for the safety of the kingdom, be they lords or others."
"Concerning the Nuncios.
VTl. "That it may be declared, by an act of parliament, that if any man shall presume to come to this kingdom, with instructions from the Pope or the court of Rome, that he shall he in the case of High Treason, and out of the protection of the king and the laws." "Concerning the Security and Peace of the Kingdom.
VIII. " 1. That men of honour and trust be placed lord lieutenants in every county; and that direction he given to these lieutenants, to be careful in the choice of their deputies. 2. That the Trained Hands be furnished with arms, powder, nnd bullet; and that they be exercised and made ready for service. Also that an oath be prepared to pass both houses of parliament, to be taken by the lord lieutenants, deputy lieutenants, and other officers of Trained Bands, to serin e their fidelity in these dangerous times. That the Cinque Ports, and other ports of the kingdom may be put into good hands; and a list of those who govern them now may be presented to parliament, and tliosn persons altered upon reason; and that special care be taken lor reparation and provision of the forts. 4. That the lord admiral * (that noble lord, in whose honour the house of commons stands secure) be desired to inform the parliament in »hat case the Navy is; that if there be any defect, it may be provided for out of the money which is to come upon the bill of Tonnage and Poundage; and that if any suspected person have any command in any of his majesty's ships, he may be removed."
IX. " Tliat his majesty would be pleased to give direction to his iearned counsel to draw a general Pardon, in such a large and beneficial manner, as may be for the security of his subjects."
X. "A select committee of the lords to join with a proportionable number of the commons, from time to time, to confer about these particular courses, as shall be most effectual for
* The earl of Northumberland.
reducing of these Propositions to effect the public good."
Orders relating to disbanding the Armies.] June 25. A committee of ten lords were sent to the king, to desire that his majesty would declare the disbanding of the five Regiments, txc. according to the tenor of the first of these 1'ropositions; and this day the king's Answer was reported back to the house, " That his majesty gave way to their lordships desires, and to the advice of both houses of parliament; but wished them to take such care therein, that the disbanding be both honourable and safe:" adding, " That the Pope's nuncio should be presently sent out of the kingdom."
The Answer w hich the Scots Commissioners made to the request of both houses, about causing their army to retire from the river Teese, at the same time the English regiments were disbanding, was also reported to the lords: "That they would presently dispatch a messenger to their general, and they are confident that he will do accordingly, when he understands ft: also that they agreed to a cessation of arms for 14 days longer; and, lastly, they desired that the Resolutions and votes of the house of commons, concerning an act of parliament of public faith, relating to the security of the money due to them, called ' Brotherly Assistance,' which was 220,000/. might pass with the consent of both houses.'
The earl of Holland, lord general of the English army, reported to the house, " That, notwithstanding the kinc had given his consent for the disbanding the j Regiments, he was of opinion the army could not well be disarmed, without some power to punish such as should mutiny, or refuse to be disbanded; therefore desired the house to take this into consideration." On this a Mutiny-Act, to punish such as should be refractory, was agreea to be. proposed to the commons, which was only to serve the present purpose, and die with it: hut the commons thought it better to desire the general to execute martial law on such persons: who answered, "That he would go down immediately, and take all the precautions possible; and though the disbanding armies might be irksome to some who delight in action, yet, for his part, he had rather see those armies turn their backs one to another than their facts, for the quiet of the kingdom."
June 2b'. Notwithstanding these precautions, the house of commons seemed to be uneasy about the disbanding of these forces; for this day it was resolved, " That this house holds it fit the lords be moved to desire his majesty, that a Proclamation may presently go down, to declare, That those that should disobey the lord general, or their officers, in disbanding the Army, shall be punished severely, as in contempt of the king and parliament." Likew ise it was resolved, " That a command shall be given to the high sherilTofevery county, the lord lieutenants, deputy lieutenants, and the justices of peace, to give aid and assistance to the safe conduct of such soldiers a<