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sonable and equal conditions, his maj. had | vice, and the honour of his justice: and, he great cause to beliere that the contriyers of said, he the more wondered, that it should be chose Propositions had no intention of settling asked by them, since it appears by the 12th any fum accommodation; but to increase Demand, that theinselves counted it reasonthose jealousies, and widen that division, which, able, after the present turo was served, that not by bis majesty's fault, was now unhappily the judges and officers, who were then placed, fallen between him and both houses.--It was might hold their places, quamdiu se bene gesasked, " That all the lords and others of his serint: and he was resolved to be as careful of privy council, and such great officers and ini- those whom he had chosen, as they were of nisters of state, either at home or beyond the those they would chuse; and to remove none, seas, (for, he said, care was taken to leaye out till they appeared to him to have otherwise no person or place, that his dishonour might behaved themselves, or should be convicted, be sure not to be bounded within this king. by legal proceedings, to have done so.-But, dom) should be put from his privy council, and his majesty, said, that Demand, as unreasonfrom those offices and employments, unless able as it was, was but one link of a great they should be approved by both houses of chain, and but the first round of that ladder, parliament,' how faithful, soever his majesty by which bis majesty's just, antient, regal power bad found them to bim and to the public; and was endeavoured to be fetched down to the how far soever they had been from offending ground; for it appeared plainly, that it was not agaipst any law, the only rule they had, or any with the persons now chosen, but with his maothers ought to have, to walk by. His majesty, jesty's chusing, that they were displeased : for therefore to that part of that demand, returned they demanded · That the persous put into this Answer, “That he was willing to grant the places and employments of those who that they should take a larger Oath, than they should be removed, might be approred by both themselves desired in their 11th Demand, for houses;' wbich was su far from being less than maintaining (not of any part, but the whole the power of nomination, that of two things law. And, he said, he had and did assure tbein, of which he would never grant either, he would that he would be careful to make election of sooner be content, that they should nominate, such persons in those places of trust, as had and he approve: than they approve, and his given good testimonies of their abilities and in- majesty dominate; the mere pomination being tegrities, and against whom there could be no so far from being any thing, that if he could do just cause of exception, whereon, reasonably no more, he would never take the pains to di to ground a diffidence: That if he had or that; when he should only hazard whom he should be mistaken in his election, lie had esteemed to the scorn of a refusal, if thes bapand did assure them, that there was no man pened not to be agreeable not only to the judeso near to him, in place or affcction, whom he ment, but to the passion, interest, or humodt would not leave to the justice of the law, if they of the present major part of either house : not should bring a particular charge and sufficient to speak of the great laccions, aniinosities, and proof against him : that he had given them a divisions which that power would introduce ia Triennial Parliament, the best pledge of the both houses, and in the several counties, for efects of such a promise on his part, and the the choice of such persons to be sent to that best security for the performance of their duty place where that power was, and between the on theirs) the apprehension of whose justice persons that were so chosen. Neither was would, in all probability, make them wary how that strange potion prescribed to him only for they provoked it; and his maj. wary, bow he once, for the cure of a present, pressing despe. chose such as, by the discovery of their faults, rate disease; but for a diet to him and his pos might, in any degree, seem to discredit his elec- rerity. It was deinanded, “That his coultion : but that, without any shadaw of a fault selors, all chiet officers hoth of law and state, objected, only, perhaps, because they follow beoininanders of forts and castles, and all peers their consciences, and preserve the established hereafter made, he approi ed of,' that is chosen laws; and agree not in such l'otes, or as cut by them from time to tiine :' and rather than pot to such Bills, as some persons, who had ! it should be ever left to the crown, (to whom then too great an Influence even upon both it only did, and should, belong) if any place houses, judged, or seemed to judge, to be for fall void in the intermission of parliainent, the the public good; and as were agreeable to major part of the approved council was to ap. that new Utopia of Religion and Government, prove them. Neither was it only demanded into which they endeavoured to transform this that his majesty should quit the power and kingdom, (for, he said, he remembered what right his predecessors had of appointing persons pames, and for wbat reasons, they left out of in those places ;' but for counsellors, he was to the bill offered him concerning the Militia, be restrained as well in the number is in the those which themselves bad recommended ju persons;' and a power must be annexed to the Ordinance) he would never consent to the those places which their predecessors had not. displacing of any, whom, for their former me- And, indeed, if that power were passed to them rits, and their affection to his maj. and the it would not be fit be should be trusted to chuse public, he had entrusted; since, he conceived, those who were to be trusted as much as himthat to do so would take away both from the self-Ile told them, to grant their Demands in affection of his sergants, and care of his ser- | the manner they proposed them, That al matters that concerned the public, &c. should I promise to them for a very punctual and strict be resolved and trausacted only in parliament: Observation of the known laws established; to and such other matters of state, &c. by the which purpose he was willing an oath should priry council so chosen,' was, in effect, at once be framed by them, and taken by all his privy to depose himself and his posterity. He said, counsellors. And for any alteration in the nany expressions in their demands, had a government of the church, that a National zrealer latitude of signification than they seem- Synod should be called, to propose what should ed to have; and that it concerned his maj. be found necessary or convenient: and that, therefore the more that they should speak out: for the advancement of the Protestant religion hat both he and the people might either know against the Papists, they had not proposed so the bottoin of their demands, or know them to much to his majesty as he was willing to grant, be bottomless. Nothing more concerned the or as he had himself offered before. He conpublic, and was indeed more proper for the cluded with conjuring them, and all men, to high court of parliament, than the making of rest satisfied with the truth of his professions, aws; which not only ought there to be trans- and the reality of bis intentions, and not to icted, but could be transacted no where else. ask such things as they denied themselves : But then they must adınit his maj. to be a part that they would declare against Tumults, and of the parliament; they must not (as the sense punish the authors : that they would allow his vas of that part of that demand, if it had any majesty property in his towns, arms, and leny the freedom of bis Answer, when he had goods, and his share in the legislative power; is much right to reject what he thought unrea- which would be counted in him, not only onable, as they had to propose what they breach of privilege but tyranny, and subversion hought convenient or necessary. Nor was it of parliaments, to deny to themi : and, when possible his Answers, either to Bills or any they should have given him satisfaction upon ther Propositions, should be wholly free, if those persons who had taken away the one, le might not use the liberty that every one and recalled those Declarations (particularly of them, and every subject, took, to receive that of the 26th of May, and those in the point dvice (without their danger who should give of the Militia, bis just rights wherein he would 1) from any person, known or unknown, do more part with than with his crown, lest he worn or unsworn, in those matters in which the enable others, by them, to take that from him) nanage of his vote is trusted, by the law, to wbich would take away the other; and dea his own judgment and conscience; which how clined the beginnings of a war against his masest to inform was, and ever should be, left jesty, under pretence of his intention of making ikewise to him. He said, he would always, one against them : as he had never opposed with due consideration, weigh the advices both the first part of the 13th Demand, so he would of his Great, and Privy Council; yet he should be ready to concur with them in the latter ; ikewise look on their advices as advices, not and being then confident that the credit of those is commands or impositions; upon them, as men, why desire a general combustion, would bis counsellors, not as his tutors or guardians; be so weakened with them, that they would and upon himself, as their king, not as their not be able to do this kingdom any more hurt, pupil or ward : for, he said, whatsoever of re- he would be willing to grant his General Para ality was, by the modesty of interpretation, don, with such exceptions as should be thought eft in his inajesty in the first part of the se-fit; and should receive much more joy in the cond Demand, as to the parliament, was taken hope of a full and constant happiness of his from him in the second part of the same, and | people in the true religion, and under the proplaced in that new-fangled kind of counsel. tection of the law by a blessed union between lors; whose power was such, and so expressed his majesty and his parliament, than in any by it, that in all public acts coucerning the such increase of his own revenue, how much affairs of the nation, which are proper for the soever beyond former grants, as, when his sube Prisy Council (for whose advice all public jects were wealthiest, his parliament could have Acts are sometimes proper, though never neces- settled upon his majesty." sary) they were desired to be admitted joint- The Farliament's Petition to the King, in fapatentees with his maj. in the regality; and it vour of the Yorkshire Petition, which he had rem was not plainly expressed, whether they meant fused.] June 25. The King's Answer to the bis majesty so much as a single Vote in those parliament's Petition, presented to him on the affairs; but it was plain they meant him no 17th of this month, in favour of the Yorkshire Inore, at most, than a single Vote in them, Petition, which the king bad refused to receive and no more power than every one of the rest from the hands of sir Thomas Fairfax, ac of his fellow-counsellors.And so, after a sharp Ileworth-Moor, was read. The said Answer, discourse and explanation of the unreasona- with the Petition that occasioited it, were as bleness of the several Demands, or the greatest follows: part of them; and the confusion that, by consenting thereunto, would redound to the

To the King's most excellent majesty; The subject in general, as well as the dishonour

Humble Petition of the Lords and Comto his majesty, be told them, “To all those Mons in Parliament assembled. unreasonable Demands, his Answer was, · No- “ Your majesty's most humble and faithful lumnus Leges Angliæ nutari:' but renewed his subjects, the lords and coinmons assembled in VOL. II,

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parliament, have lately received a Petition, lords and great officers, whose attendance is froin a great number of the Gentry, Freehold necessary thereunto : and that your majesty ers, and other Inhabitants of the county of having expressed your confidence in the affecYork, assembled there by your majesty's com- tions of that county would please to dismiss mand, the 3rd of June ; wherein they declare your extraordinary Guards, and the Caraliers unto us, “ That, having taken a resolution to aud otha's of that quality, who seem to have address themselves unto your majesty in the little interest or affection to the public good; humble way of a Petition, for the redress of their language and behaviour speaking nothing those Grievances which they now lie under, but division and war, and their advantage cos they were violently interrupted and affronted sisting in that which is most destructive to

therein by the earl of Lindsey, the lord Saville, others :' And, lastly, • That in such Consulta· and others; and notwithstanding all the means tions and Propositions as your majesty maketh they could use to present their just desires to to that county such may not be thrust upon them your maj. yet they could not prevail with your as men of that county, that neither by the maj to accept of their Petition ;' the copy furtune or residence are any part of it.' Al whereof they have sent to us, with an hum wbich their humble and most just desires beug ble desire, that we would take such course according to law, which your majesty hath so therein as may tend to the preservation of often dcclared should be the measure and role their liberties, and the peace of the kingdonı ; of vour government and actions: and we, your and that we would address ourselves to your majesty's most faithful subjects, the lords and maj. in their behalf, that, by our means, their courmons, fully concurring with the gentlemen desires may find better acceptation with your and others of the county of York, in their assurmajesty.-- Whereupon having serionsly weighed ance That those desires of theirs will abundantly and considered the particulars of those their reduund to the glory of God, the honour and Complaints and Desires, as they are laid down safety of your majesty, the good of your poste in their Petition; and Guding that the Grier- rity, and the peace and prosperity of this kingances, they complain of, are the Increase of the dum, do humbly beseech your maj. gracions Miseries formerly sustained by that county, to bearken unto them, and to grant them; (which hath, well nigh for 3 years last past, and that you would join with your parliament been the tragical stage of armies and war) by in a speedy and effectual course, for the prereason of your majesty's distance in residence, scrvation of their liberties, and the peace of the and difference in counsels, from your Great i kiugrlom; whichi duty, as we are now called Council the Parliament, begetting great dis- upon by that county to discharge, so do we teinpers and distractions throughout the king stand engaged to God and man for the per dom, and especially in that county; the drawing formance thereof, by the trust reposed in a to those parts great nuinbers of discontented and by our solemn Vow and Protestation; and persons, that may, too justly, be feared do your majesty, together with us, stands engaret affect the public ruin for their private advan). by the like obligation of trust, and of an Oath, tage; the drawing together of inany compa: besides the many and earnest professions and nics of Trained Bands, and others, both of Protestations which your qaj. hath made to horse and foot, of that county, and retaining this purpose, to your whole kingdom in general, multitudes of commanders and cavaliers from and in that county in particular; the peace other parts; the daily resort of Recusants to and quiet of this kingdom, (as is well observed your majesty's court at York; the great prepa- , by those gentlemen and free-holders of Yeri. rations of arms and other warlike provisions, to shire in their Perition) being the only visible the great terror and amazement of your ma- means, under God, wherein consists the prejesty's peaceable subjects, and causing a great scrvation of the Protestant religion, the te decay of trade and commcrcc amongst them: demption of our brethren in Ireland, and the all and every of which particulars are against happiness and prosperity of your majesty, and the law, which your inajesty hath made so I of all your dominions." inany and so frequent professions to uphold and The King's Answer.] The King's Answer to maintain :-The lords and commons tinding, the foregoing Petition of both houses, was as on the other side, their humble desires to be, follows: • That your majesty would hearken to your “ His majesty hath carefully weighed the parliament, and, declining all other counsels matter of this Petition, presented to him at whatsoever, unite your confidence to your par York, on Friday the 17th of June, by the lord liainent; and that your majesty would not di- | Howard, sir Hugh Cholinley, and sir Philip vide your subjects joint duty to your majesty, Stapylton : and though he might refer the pe the parliament and kingdom ; nor destroy the titioners to his two last Declarations, wherein essence of your Great Council and Highest most of the particulars in this Petition are fully Court, by subjecting the determinations and answered, or might refuse to give any Answer counsels thereof to the counsels and opinions at all, till he had received satisfaction in those of any private person whatsoever; that your high indignities he hath so often complained majesty having passed an act that this parlia- of, and demanded justice for ; vet, that all ment shall not be dissolved but by act of par- the world may see how desirous his maj. is 10 liament, your maj. would not do any thing leave no act, which seems to carry the reputatending thereunto, by cominanding away the tion of both his houses of parliament, and a

the least degree to reflect upon his majesty's | wishes that both his houses of parliament ustice and honour, unanswered, is graciously would have examined that information, and pleased to return this Answer :- That if the the credit of the informers, with that gravity Petition, mentioned to be presented to both and deliberation, as in cases which concern the houses of parliament, had been annexed to innocence and honour of persons of such qualihis now delivered to him, bis majesty might ty hath heen accustomed; before they had jave discerned the number and the quality of proscribed two peers of the realm, and exposed he petitioners, which his inaj. hath great rea-them (as much as in them lay) to the rage and op to believe, was not in truth so considerable fury of the people, under the character of is is pretended; for his maj. assures von, That being eneinies to the common-wealth; a brand le hath never retused any Petition so attested newly found out (and of no legal signification) is that would be thought to be : but bis naj. to incense the people by, and with which vell remembers, That on the 3rd of June, the simplicity of former times was not acshen there was, upon his majesty's Summons, quainted: and then bis maj. hath some reahe greatest and most chcarful concourse of son to believe they would have found themjeople that ever was beheld of one county, selves as much abused in the report concerning ppearing before him at York, a gentleman those lords, as he is sure they are in those which one sir Thomas Fairfax) offered, in that great tell them of the Resort of great numbers of disonfluence, a Petition to his majesty; which contented persons to him,' and of the other paris majesty seeing to be avowed by no man ticulars, mentioned to be in that Petition : ut himself, and the general and universal ac- Whereas they who observe what resort is here to lamations of the people seeming to disclaim it, bis majesty, well know it to be of the prime lid not receive ; conceiving it not to 'be of so gentlemen of all the counties in England; ublic a nature, as to be fit to be presented or whom nothing but the love of Religion, the care eceived in that place. And his inaj. is most of the laws and liberties of the kingdom, beonfident (and in that must appeal to those sides their affection to his person, could en.. sho were then present) that whatever the sub- gage in so great journies, trouble, and ex. tance of that Petition was, it was not con- pence: Men of as precious reputation, and as ented to by any considerable number of gen exemplary lives as this nation hath any; whose ry, or freeholders of this county; but solicited assistance his maj. knows he must not expect, y a few mean inconsiderable persons, and if he should have the lcast design against isliked and visibly discountenanced by the honour and justice; and such witnesses his Teat body of the known gentry, clergy, and maj. deires to have of all his actions. For bhabitants of this whole county. And if the the declining all other Counsels, and the unitbatter of that Petition were such as is sug- / ing of his confidence to his parliament;' his ested in this, his inajesty bath great reason majesty desires both houses of parliament seri

believe it was framed and contrived (as ously and sadly to consider, That it is not the hany others of such mature have been) in naine of a Great or Little Council that makes ondon, not in Yorkshire. For sure no gen. the results of that council just or unjust; lemnan of quality and understanding, of this i neither can the imputation upon his majesty, ounty, would talk of his great prepara- 1 of not being advised by his parliament,' (esions of Arins, and other warhke provisions, to pocially since all their actions, and all their he great terror and amazeinent of his peace orders are exposed to the public view) long ble subjects, when they are witnesses of the mislead bis yood subjects, except in truth they solent taking bis arms from him, and stopping see some particular sound advice, necessary to ill ways for bringing more to biin : and if there the peace and happiness of the common-wealth, vere no greater terror and anazement of his disesteemed by his majesty; and such an innajesty's peaceable subjects, jo other places, by stance, he is most assured, neither can nor uch preparations and provisions, there would shall be given: and that they will think it le no more cause to complain of a great Decay merit in his majesty, from the common-wealth, of Trade and Commerce there, than is in this to reject such counsel as would persuade him Hace : But his inaj, hath so great an assurance to make bimself none of the Three Estates; and of the fidelity and general atfections of his good giving up his negative voice, to allow them a ubjects of this county, (which lie hopes will power superior to that which the law hath rove exemplary over his whole kingilom) given him, whensoever it pleaseth the major hat he bath great cause to believe, That they part, present, of both houses to say, “That he lo rather complain of his inajesty's confidence, doth not discharge his trust, as he ought;' and ind of his slowness; that whilst there is such to subject his, and his subjects, unquestionable Endeavour abroad to raise Horse, and to pro- right and property to their Votes, without, and ride Arms against his piajesty, and that endea- against law, upon the mere pretence of necesfour put in execution, his maj. trusts so inuch sity. And his majesty must appeal to all the o the justice of his cause and the affections of world who it is, that endeavours to divide the dis people; and neglects to provide strength joint duty of bis subjects;' his majesty, who reo assist that justice, and to protect those affec- quires nothing but their own duty, guided by the ions. For any affronts offered, by the earl of | infallible rule of the law, leads them to do; or Lindsey and the lord Saville, to those who they, who, by Orders and Votes (opposite and intended to petition bis majesty, bis maj. contradictory to latv, custom, precedent, and

reason) so confound the affections and under-curred with them in their happy Votes, might standings of his good subjects, that they know be earnestly desired to join with that honooranot how to bebare themselves, with honesty ble house, and to sit and vote as one intire and safety; whilst their conscience will not body; professing, That unless soine speedy surfer them to submit to the one, or their Remedy were taken for the removal of all security to apply themselves to the other.-It such obstructions as hindered the happy prois got the bare saying, “That his majesty's ac- gress of their great endeavours, their petitiontions are against the law,' (with which he is re- ers should not rest in quietness; but should be proached in this Petition, as if he departed from inforced to lay hold of the nest Remedy which his often Protestations to that pupose) must was at hand, to remove the disturbers of their conclude him; there being no one such par- peace; and (want and necessity breaking the ticular in that Petition alledged, of which his ma bounds of inodesty) not to leave any means jesty is in the least degree guilty. Whether the unessayed for their relief: adding, that the same reverence and esteem be paid by you to cry of the Poor and Needy was, Thảt such the law,(except your own Votes be judges) need persons who were the obstacles of their peace, no other evidence than those many, very many, and binderers of the bappy proceedings of this Orders, published in print, both concerning parliament, might be forthwith publickly dethe church and state; those long imprisonments clared; whose removal, they conceived, would of several persons, without hearing them, upon put a period to these distractions. Upon general information; the great unlimited fees which, a great number of lords departing, the to your officers, worse than the imprisonment, Vote, in order to the Ordinance concerning and the arbitrary cepsure upon them when the Militia, was immediately passed; though they are admitted to be heard: let the law be it had been twice before put to the question, judge by whom it is violated. For that part and rejected by the votes of much the major of the Petition which seems to accuse his ma-part of that house. And whoever considers jesty of a Purpose to dissolve this parliament,' | the strange Orders, Votes, and Declaration (contrary to the act for the continuance') by which have since passed, to which wboserer commanding away the lords and great officers, would not consent, that is, with freedom and wbose attendance is necessary:'This his majesty liberty of language protest against, was in datwell knows to be a new calumny, by which the ger of censure and imprisonment, will grand contrivers of ruin for the state hope to se- blame our care in sending for them, or their duce the minds of the people from their affection in coming, or absenting themselves from being to,orintojealousy of, bis majesty; as if he ineant, involved in such conclusions. Neither will st this way, to bring this parliament (which may be be any objection, "That they stayed there the case of all parliaments) to nothing. It is long after any Tumults were, and therefore not possible for his majesty more to express his that the Tuinults drove them not away. If affection to, and his resolution for, the free- ' every day produced Orders and Resolutious ** dom, liberty, and frequency of parliaments, illegal as, and indeed but the effects of the than he hath done : and whoever considers Tumults, there was no cause to doubt the how visible it must be to his majesty, That it saine power would be ready to prevent any is impossible for him to subsist without the opposition to those Orders after they were affections of his people, and that those affec- made, which had made way and preparato tions cannot possibly he preserved, or made for the proposition of them; and so whosoetfi use of, but by parlianients, cannot give the conceived himself in danger of future Tumais least credit, or have the least suspicion, that (against which there is not the least provision liis maj. would chuse any other way to the was driven away by those which were paer. happiness he desires for himself and his pos- Aod bis majesty hath more reason to wonder terity, but by parliaments. But for his call-, at those who stay behind, after all his legut ing the lords hither, or any others absenting power is voted from him, and all the people themselves who have not been called, whoever told, “That he might he, with modesty as considers the Tumults (which no Votes or De-l duty enough, deposed,' than any man hath claration can make to be no Tumults) by those who have been willing to withdraw iberk which his maj. was driven away, and many selves from the place where such desperate an meinbers of either house in danger of their dangerous positions are avowed. This bis . | lives; the demanding of the names of those doth not mention, with the least thought of lords, who would not consent to their Propo- lessening the power or validity of any act to sitions, by a Message from the house of com- which he hath given his assent this parliament; mons delivered at the bar hy Mr. Hollis; with all and every of which he shall as inviolabis that most tumultuous Petition in the name of observe, as he looks to have his own right: many thousands, (among many others of the preserved; but to shew by what means same kind) directed to the house of commons, many strange Orders have of late been made: and sent up by them to the house of lords, and to shew how earnestly his maj. desires to taking notice of the prevalency of a Malignant be present with, and receive advice froun, bota faction which made abortive all their good houses of parliament, (agaiost whom it shall motions that tended to the peace and tran never be in the power of a Malignant party to quillity of the kingdom; desiring that those incense him) his maj. again offers his consent noble worthies of the house of peers, who con. | That both houses may be adjourned to any

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