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parliament hftv«,with very much comfort and thankfulness, received that gracrbns message, Whereby youf majesty hath been pleased to declare Voiit resolution of staying your intended journey, at their humble, desire; which they hope will be no prejudice to the recovery of your health, but rather an advancement of it, by that contentment which you will receive from the continual expression of (heir affection and tea! to do you service. And they have commanded me, in their names, to declare, that both their prayers and endeavours shall Concur in all things tending to your majesty's welfare atid prosperity; w hich they shall esteem as a very great blessing, both to the kingdom and to themselves."
To which Address the Queen gave the following Answer:—u I am very glad that both bowses of porliamcnthave taken my resolution of slaying my journey in so good part. They Inay see by it, I have preferred their content before my own health. I shall still continue to do all that lies in my power to serve the king, far the good of the kingdom, and to please them, fts they have already teen."
A Conference on the King's Journei/ to Srofland.] The time of the king's going into Scotlmd approaching, the house of commons were apprehensive of an adjournment. On this subject a conference was held with the lords, and this day the earl of Bristol reported it to that house, to this purpose: "That, at this time, there being so many great and important causes depending in both houses of parliament, wherein both houses were equally interested for the jSuhlic good, and many emergent occasions may happen and be known to one house before the other; therefore the desire of the house of Commons is, that each house may acquaint the other, by conference, before any recess he resolved on." The lords considered of this proposal; and, after some debate, it was ordered, "That this house shall not resolve of any recess, unless there be two days warning given, and then they would acquaint the house Of commons w ith it."
Resolutions relating to the Army Plot.] July 26. The house of commons, this day, began fo resume the affair of the 1'iot, so long neglected; and several Resolutions of this honsc were made against Henry Percy, esq. fir John Sucklyn, Mr. Wm. Davcnanl, Henry jermyn, esq commissary Henry Wilmot, colonel Wm. Ashburnhnin, sir John Berkeley, colonel Hugh Pollard, and Daniel O'Neal, esq.; Who Were voted to be concerned in a conspiracy, to disaffect the army rowards the parliatnent, and to werk a belief in the said army, that the king and parliament would disagree; and so, under pretence of adhering to his maj. to incense the said army against the parliament, thereby the better to compass their wicked design; hnd further endeavoured to persuade the army, that nil the French about London would assist them; and, to tlie groat scandal of the kins; and his government, thaf the prihee and the carl of Newcastle were to
meet the said army at Nottingham, wfth 1000 horse, &c. But nothing furthe* Was done, than an older made to proceed m thh another rime.
The K. if EsuJ appirimied C.i'ptain-Gmervl, South of Trent."] July 28. The lord kcy-.cr told the house of lords, " That his trrnjeiMy had commanded him to acquaint fheoi, drar because he intended his Journey toward* ^entland, on Monday, Aognst7; and in regard fc hath heretofore left two commissions, the one directed to the lords of the privy-touncfl, 6*r the ordering of the affairs of state, »nd the issuing out of proclamations on emergent occasions; the other authorizing a perion of honour to be captain-general, tor the levyiiti of forces on this side Trent, if there should he any necessity, for the safety of the kingvitTm , his majesty now thinks fit to issne oat the like commission for the said public services, in fcn absence, with some variations and oliiissjorts, according to the occasion,; and hafh nainul the earl of Essen, lord chamberlain, to t-e captain-general on this side Trent; hot hi* majesty would execute nothing therein, til! h: had made the same known to both houses ot parliament, desirincto have their concurrence and assistance in all his great affairs."—A message was immediately sent to the house of commons to desire a conference on this occasion, and the king's nomination of the carl <-\ Essex was approved of by both houses.
A Confhenee relating to disbanding He Arm;/.'] July 29. The commons being willing to have both armies disbanded before the king's going into Scotland; ami having at lens,tli raised money for that purpose, i> eniifcrcnc? was held ; wherein it was proposed, 1. "That the 9th of Aueust next should be the day appointed for the marching away of the Scott army. 2. That the money due for the relief of the Northern counties being ready, if tin v shall desire any reasonable guard for the conveyance of it, they shall be assisted in t he best manner they call. 3. The house of commons desired that the English lords commissioners may move the Scots to put off the time for the payment of the 80,000/, part of the Brotherly Assistance Money, til! the 1st of Sept. next: but. notwithstanding, they would pay it sooner if they could. 4. That after the Scots had declared their assents for .disbanding, that then our army should be disbanded with all possible speed; the horse to be first disbanded." All which propositions were assented unto by the lords ; who did further order, "That the lords commissioners do resume the Treaty with the Scots, and prepare it for a conclusion; and that the select committee of both houses for the ten Heads, be desired to finish and clo!C up this Treaty.*
A Conference concerning the Appointment of a Custos Ttrgni.] July 3<\ Anothrr conference was held between the two houses, on the subject of his majesty's eoing to Scotbmd. The lord privy seal made the report of it r,i
i follows: "That the commons dceircd their 1 l
lordships to join with them in a petition to the iking, that be would be pleased to grunt a comluisaMu, to oat or more parson or persons, to have the power of a (Justus Kegni, or Locuruteueus, during his absence out of the king<lum; and, amongst other things, especially to (:iuut to such .persou, or persons, power to give the royal assent, in parliament, and to do uich other things as the king might do in parliament, was he present: and idso that his majesty may be petitioned for an act of parliament to pass to this effect, That such a coml.'iBsiun sliall not be determined until his maiesty's return from Scotland to the cities of J-ondoo and Westminster, or he present in lull parliame nt."—Ordered^ ' That the business of a (Justus Kegni shall be debated on (lie Sd of August; and a committee of lords were appointed to peruse some records, which Mr. £cldeu had quoted in the conference concerning this mutter.' The same day a bill ir >ui the commons, ' For the general taking of the late Protestation,' being read in the hnuse of lords, it was, by their lordships urged, That though they approved of the talcing of it by the members of each house, yet they did imt of the general raking of it throughout the kingdom. Upon this the bHI was dismissed; oi which the common* having notice, thev presently laid it upon the Bishops and Popish lords in the house, and came immediately to these voles- upon it: 1. "That this house doth conceive, that the Protestation, mnde by this huuse, is fit to be taken by every person that is well-affected in rch'gion, and to the good of tiie commonwealth; and therefore doth declare, that what person soever that shall not take the Protestation, is unfit to bear any office in the church or commonwealth. 2. That the knights, citizens, and burgesses, and die haronii of the Cinque Ports respectively, shall forthwith send down to the several places tor which thev serve, copies of this vote of the Iwuse concerning the Protestation.1 3. That these votes shall lie printed, and attested undur the clerk's hand."
Impeachment ordered aga'tntt the BishopsA It was also ordered, " That n committee shall prepare an Impeachment against the liishops, the makers of the New Canons and Oath, upon the votes that have passed both bouses concerning these canons aud oath; and that no Popish lords ought to liave vote in the house ol lords hi matters of religion."
^nwrr of the Scots Commissioners as to-disbanding their Army. July 31. The carl of Bristol reported the Answer from, the Scots *■ 'immissio'.iers, about the removal and disbanding of their Army, which wns rend in the house of lords, declaring, " That they had sent to ecquaiut the lord-general and the army's commissioners with it, from whom they exited very satisfactory answers. They dc•'red that the arrears might be sent to Newcastle, that they might finish their accounts and pay their debts in those counties, aud he tatter prepared for disbanding: but thev
ccived the non-timous delivery of the arrears would he the greatest impediment in their removal, &c."—However the F.nglisb parliaiscns having taken care to satisfy nil the demands the Scots could make, both armies were disbanded in the beginning of next month.
A Conference uluiU printing the late Protestatioa by Order of the Commons.] August 'I. The commons received a message from the lords, 4i That they desired a souference, h« committee of both bouses, in the PaintedChamber, presently, if it might stand with their convenience.1' The messengers wero inlil, " That this bouse had taken their lordships message into consideration, and would return an answer by messengers of their own.' Attcrwnrds Air. Pym was sent up to the lord* with this message:
"W hcreas this house hath received a message from your lordships for a present conference, without any expression of the subject, or matter of that conference, which is contrary to the constant course of either house; therefore I lust house cannot yield to a present conference."— Another message wns soon sent from the lords, declaring the subject of the conference; ou whicb it was agreed to by the commons. The business of it was about a printed paper, published in the name of the bouse of commom, enforcing the taking of the late Protestation, which the lords desired to- know whether it was by their order or not.—The commons taking time to consider of it, at another conference, the next day,
Mr. Holtis made the following speech * in justification of the votes of the commons, concerning the general taking of the Protestation: —' My Lords; I am commanded by tho knights, citizens, and burgesses to present unto your lordships their Answer to what was proposed yesterday. They take notice of your lordships desire, that a true intelligence may he kept between the two houses, for so your lordships did express it. In this they do, with all chearfulness, concur with your lordships; as knowing this conjunction, between your lord ships and them, is the golden chain which hinds up, in one Gordian knot, the strength, the beauty, the happiness of this kingdom ; wlfich, so knit together, is not to be broken in sunder by the fiercest violence. Therefore, he U-ik> desires to unlink this chain, aud dissolve this knot, or fails of his part to the preserving aiui continuing it fast, firm, and entire, let the siii of it lye at his door; nay, let it come into tho. midst of his Iwnsc and consume it; let him perish, and his posterity inherit only his shame. So careful will the house of commons be to cherish and maintain this good correspondency with your lordships in all things. Next, for the business about which your lordships werethen pleased to confer with them; which was a printed Paper you had met withal, as you *aid, in your house, setting forth some Resolutions of the bouse of commons, concerning
*■ Printed for L. Blaikoiockf, i«4j.
which you have put unto us these two interrogatories, viz. 1. Whether those printed papers were the votes of the house of commons? S. Whether they were printed hy their command? They answer, That not finding this paper attested by their clerk's hand, they could not judge of it: they had resorted to his book, wherein their orders and votes are entered, and where they found their votes concerning their late Protestation, taken both by your lordships and them; and they found the contents of this paper to agree in termini* with what is entered in their clerk's book. Then they called to mind what had passed in the bouse upon that occasion, when those Resolutions of theirs were voted; how they had considered of that Protestation, that it bound all men to defend the religion here established, &c. This they conceived to be a true test of every good subject, a Shibboleth to distinguish the, Ephraimitcs from the Gileadites; that whosoever was well-affected in religion and to the good of the commonwealth, would niahe this Protestation; and, on the other side, who would not make it, was not well-affected. They held it their duties, in discharge of the trust reposed in them by the whole body of the kingdom, all the commons of England; who have scut tlrcm out as so many sentinels to watch for them, to give them notice of the good or the evil, friends or enemies, coming towards them. They held it, I say, their duties to declare their opinions, that such a man was not their friend, was unlit to bear office either in church or state; and therefore they passed this vote, ' That it was a thing fit aud necessary to be done by them, and for such they do avow it.'—And besides, they thought it fit to give an account to those whu had employed them, the several counties and burroughs that had sent them, to give them a mark, by which they might know who were good men, lovers of their country, fit to be entrusted with offices, or with the oversight of any part of church or state; and therefore they gave order this vote should be sent down unto all the parts of this kingdom. And lastly, That it might be done speedily, and not stay the writing out of so many copies, they gave order it should tie printed, and be attested under their clerk's hand. The .copies of which three Orders your lordships have in this printed paper, which the commons have commanded tne to signify unto your lordships ; and that the passing of these votes they do own, they do avow, they do justify.'—With these reasons, after some debate, the lords seemed satisfied.
Serjeant Wyldc't Speech at presenting the Impeachment against the Bishops.] August 3. The commons received a report from their committee appointed to prepare an Impeachment against the Bishops concerned in making the new canons, by Serjeant Wylde, one of the knights of the shire for Worcestershire; and, next day, the said gentleman was sent with it to the Lords. Upon' delivering the said Impeachment at the bar, he spoke as follows:
My lords; The knights, citizens, and burjeHci of the commons house of parliament being sensible of the great infelicities and troubles «M the common-wealth hach sustained by the eiorbitaut courses of the Bishops; and kuo« . well what the Wise Man saitb, Becausesestewt I against an evil work is not executed spcedili, l therefore the heart of the sons of men is hjllt I set in them to do evil,' (the timely reared I whereof doth better become the wisdom of': parliament than a too late woful repentance have commanded me to represent unto yoc lordships, That Walter, bishop of Wincbe-tei, Robert, bp. of Coventry and Litchfield, Goi frey, bp. of Gloucester, Joseph, bp. of ~~ John, bp. of St Asaph, William, bp. of and Wells, George, bp. of Hereford," bp. of Ely, William, hp. of Bangor, Rober, bp. of Bristol, John, bp. of Rochester, John, bp. of Peterborough, Morgan, bp of Lniidaff, tope ther with William, archbishop of Canterbury', and others of the clergy of that province, tt i Convocation or Synod for the same province, begun at London, in the year 1640, did contme, make, and promulge several Constitutions ai Canons Ecclesiastical, containing in i hem dries matters contrary to the king's prerogative, a the fundamental laws and statutes of the retfe. to the rights of parliament, to the property »n< liberty of the subjects, and matters tcndiu't" sedition and of dangerous consequence. Aos, to add more weight and efficacy to this tic? monstrous designs, they did, at the same synod, under a specious and fair title, grant a ficwvolence, or contribution, to his majesty, tot* paid by the clergy of thnt province, conmn to law. It rested not there; for though tk» had been enough to have affrighted and terracd the king's people with strange apprcbcnsKK* and tears; yet, that these might not sccra to te contrivances of the bruin or fancy only, they were put in execution, and were executed uyon divers with animosity and rigour, to thegrea oppression of the clergy of this realm andottw his majesty's subjects, and in contempt of tw king and of the law. Whether those pew. my lords, tliat are culpable of these odeaee*. shall be thought fit to have an interest in ti* legislative power, your lordships wisdom »^ justice is able to judge. But, for these miters and tilings, the knights, citizens, and be* gesses of the commons house in parliament,3 the name of themselves and of all the comBof of England, do impeach the said Bishop* before-named, of the crimes and roisdeinej'^ before expressed; and do therefore pray,Ts* they may be forthwith put to their Ans»f I the presence of the commons, and that *cS further proceedings may be had against tlr* as to law aud justice shall appertain.
Conference concerning tthe appoint***! >/' Custos Rrgni.'] August 5. A message from *
>rds to desire a conference on a former mesige from the commons, concerning a Custos •egni, or Vice-Roy, in the king's absence: Mr. \in reported it back to the house, "Time ie lord privy seal told them, that commissionrs were to be appointed in the kind's absence i pass the following bills: 1. The act of reaty. 2. Any bill for raising Money, as there ■all be occasion. 3. For raising of forces for .-vice at sea and land, and to resist foreign inisions and seditions at home; with all things rcessarily incident thereunto. 4. Any hill r Tonnage and Poundage, or other Duties urn the Exportation or Importation of Comodities. 5. For the preservation of the Saltetre Mines, and making of Gunpowder for the :fence of the kingdom. 6. A power to pass e bill concerning the 8 Subsidies from the lergy. A short act to be drawn to authorize c passing of these bills. Mr. Pym added, at the lord Say said, "The lords intended >t to conclude for this house; but that thev ight add what they should think necessary to
expedited in the king's absence." A commitc <vas immediately ordered to consider of this air, and meet this afternoon about it. The Impeached Judges forbidden to go the rcuit.] A conference was also held this day tweeo the two houses, about commissions inc granted to the impeached Judges to go ecircuits; which the commons urged would
very disagreeable to the several counties, have persons sent down to them, as Judges men's lives and estates, who are themselves peached. The lords considered of this, and lered the lord keeper to take care. That ese Judges, so impeached, should have no mniissions to go the circuits; and, if any re granted already, to recal them. The next day Mr. Glynn reported from the ove committee, "That this house shall dee the lords to joiil with them to pray his ijesty to appoint a Custos Kegni, in his ablce, according to their former proposition, at ancient and constant course, from and in
times, lias been always to have a locumiens,.in the king's absence, the parliament ;n sitting, not limited to any particular mat
The Commons Reasons for desiring the King dtlay his Journey.] August 7. The commons re still very anxious about the king's Journey, : time assigned for it now drawing nigh ; and ually desired the lords to join with them, tin, to petition for the king's stay 14 days ger; the Reasons lor which Mr. Denzil His delivered in a speech to the lords at a it'ercnce :—' My Lords, I am commanded to t your lordships in mind of what hath passed in this occasion before, concerning the king's to Scotland, That both houses did to petition his majesty not to begin journey till the 10th of August, and to acunt the Scots commissioners therewith; who < rivards desired this house to express their olutions in the affirmative: upon which tbe rse of commons passed a resolution, 'That Vol, II,
then, if his majesty pleased to go, they would submit unto it. I am commanded to declare unto your lordships, that the house of commons is desirous to submit unto his majesty's good pleasure in nil things; but such is the present condition of this business, as it now standeth, that they are enforced to present some further considerations unto your lordships: 1. That, when they gave this assent, they were in hopes both armies would have been disbanded by that time; but though there hath been all possible means used to that end, yet it could not be fully effected: so the same inconvenience doth still continue. 2. The treaty cannot in so short a time, be finished, being returned from Scotland but 3 days since; but since it is ready to be finished, and monies arc provided, the armies will be disbanded by the time we desire his majesty to take his Journey. 3. The distempers and jealousies of the kingdom are such, that they cannot be composed by passing some acts, unless his majesty stay the desired time. 4. No course is yet taken for the government of the kingdom in his majesty's absence, there being so many weighty things to be taken into consideration. Upon these Reasons the house of commons have thought fit to move your lordships to join with us in a petition, to his majesty, to stay his Journey for 14 days longer; and we make no doubt but our brethren in Scotland will consider the strait we are in, and, for our safety, condescend to our desires: and if his majesty yield thereunto, then we shall desire your lordships to join with us in sending an express messenger to the parliament in Scotland, for the king's stay for that time; which we hope will give them satisfaction.'
The Royal Assent given to several Bills.] lint, to put nu end to any more petitions of this kind, in the afternoon of this day, the king came to the house of lords; and sending for the commons, his majesty gave the royal assent to the following public bills: 1. An act against divers Encroachments and Oppressions in the Stannary Courts. 2. An act tor the securing of such monies as are or shall be due to the inhabitants of the counties of York, and those adjoining, wherein his majesty's Army is or hath been billeted, for the billet of the soldiers there; as also to certain officers of that army, who do forbear part of their pay, Sec. 3. An act for leclaring unlawful and void the late Proceedtigs about Ship-Moncy, and for vacating of all records and processes concerning the same. 4. Ao act for ascertaining the limits and bounds of Forests. Aud to 7 private acts.—After this the lord keeper made a short speech, and then the king bid the parliament farewell, and so departed.
The Reasons of both Houses for sitting on a Sunday.] When the commons returned to their house, it was first resolved, "That this house should sit to-morrow, being Sunday, at 8o'clock; and ordered Mr. Strode to go up to the lords, and acquaint them with it," and to iesire their lordships to do the same; which the lords consented to. 3 W
Ordered, "That all the members of this house, in regard ot' the great and weighty affairs that import the safety of the kingdom, do repair hither, to attend the service of the commonwealth, with all possible speed, upon pain of incurring the displeasure ot the bouse for their neglect." This order was printed, and sent to all the returning officers in the kingdom. A Call of the House was peremptorily ordered for the 17th instant.
August 8. This day, being Sunday, the commons went down, bv 6 o'clock in the morning, to St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, and heard prayers and a sermon, and returned to the house about nine. Ordered, " That this house shall enter into consideration of no business whatsoever upon this day, but such as shall immediately concern the good and advancement of religion, and the safety of the kingdom." And, accordingly, both houses agreed in a Declaration, which was printed and published in these words:
"Whereas both houses of parliament found it fit to sit in parliament upon the 8th day of August, being the Lord's Day, for many urgent and unexpected occasions, concerning the safety of the kingdom; they being so straitened in time, by reason of his majesty's resolution to begin his Journey towards Scotland on Monday following, early in the morning, that it was not otherwise possible fur to settle and order the affairs of the kingdom, either for the government, thereof in the king's absence, or for the present safety, as was requisite upon these present necessities: though the houses thought it necessary to sit, yet the lords and commons, now assembled in parliament, think it meet to declare, that they would not have done this, but upon inevitable necessity, the peace and safety both of church and stato being so deeply concerned; which they do hereby declare, to the end that neither any other inferior court or council, or any other person, may draw this into example, or make use of it for their encouragement, in neglecting the due observation of the Lord's Day."
Beth Houte$ petition the King to delay hit Journey.] The lords sent a deputation of their body to the king, to know his pleasure when the two houses should wait upon his majesty with their petition, .who appointed 4 o'clock that afternoon for the purpose. Several reasons were also agreed upon to be given to the commissioners for Scotland, for staying the bing's journey. At the time appointed a committee of lords waited on the king at Whitehall, with the joint Petition of both houses, to which bis majesty returned ibe following Answer:
"That the importance of your desires would require some time of deliberation, if the urgent necessity of the business did not press the contrary; the same necessity teacheth me what to answer, which is two-fold. First, and chiefest, Is my public faith given to my kingdom of Scotland, to be present at the parliament; and never any pruicc was so strictly bound in honour as I am to do this. Secondly, the urgency
of my affairs there, which indeed are very grwTo comply with both which, 1 can stay so longer than Tuesday: and so long I think fit u stay, that the gentlemen of the house of onmons may so hasten the Treaty with Scotlud, that I may give the royal assent thereto, *>« time to-morrow; for, otherwise, I sh»U be forced to pass it by commission which I leave behind me; but the earnest desire I have U> pis this important bill, personally, makes me 5!n thus long, which I know will be very incooiinientteme. To conclude: I desire your lordships to remember, tl»at, upon your requesL-,1 have already stayed one month, and tint > A by public promise, engaged not to urge on or longer than to-morrow; therefore, remenib» ing all engagements, I expect that ye pre* at no more in this; and for the government «: the kingdom, 1 hope I shall leave behind u such commissions as will serve, especially wi»< the parliament is sitting."
The Scots commissioners also returned a Answer to the parliamentVlast proposal,obtain they inforced the reasons for his msjesin going; and concluded, That the attain ot' tha kingdom were so pressing, as could not, wiihs danger of irreparable loss, suffer anj lonpi delay.
August 10. The king came to the homes lords in the morning, aud sending Sir tbecusmons, his majesty gave the royal assent » 1. An act for the confirmation of the treat? * jmcification, between the two kingdomsoi L .land and Scotland. 2. An act for securins,'<; public faith, the remainder of the Friendly Assistance and relief, promised to our brethm of Scotland. 3. An act for bringing in of Gopowder and Salt-petre from foreign parti. l.As act for prevention of vexatious proceeds* touching the order of knighthood. 5. An for the better ordering and regulating the Ofe< of Clerk of the Market, and for the Reformtion of false Weights aud Measures. Then at king took his leave a second time of the pavamcnt telling them, " That he hoped to e* good expedition in disbauding of both ann/k and would make all haste he could to rftio before Michaelmas." About two of the cW in the afternoon the king set out for ScotlaA accompanied with the elector Palatine, and to duke of Lenox, who, the day before, was ina* duced into the house of peers as duke ot Kidmond.
The first thing the commons did, after rtw return to their house, was to take into consideration the Way of putting the kingdom rnto" posture of defence, and to settle soraeordt;< government both in church and state; hat nothing particular was done in the business * this time. They likewise sent up a bill to <" lords, intitled, 'A Subsidy to be graated tetsi king of Tonnage and Poundage, and other sat' of money payable upon Merchandizes imp*''' ami exported,' which they desired might p* by commission; and that the same aught h issued before Ids majesty be out of tnu «*f dotn.