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acts of justice and favour they have received from him this parliament, by their hopes of future happiness in his majesty, and in one another, by their love of religion and the peace of this kingdom, in which that of Ireland cannot be forgotten, that they will not be transported, by jealousies and apprehensions of possible dangers, to put themselves or his maj. into real and present inconveniences; but that they will speedily pursue the way proposed by his majesty's former Message, which, in human reason, is the only way to compose the distractions of the kingdom, and, with God's blessing, will restore a great measure of felicity to king and people."
Both Houses declare the Advisers of the said Answer to be. Enemies to the Kingdom, and petition the King again.} This Answer being read, the lords took it into consideration, and then resolved, first to join with the commons in voting, That whosoever advised the king to give this Answer, is of the malignant party, and an enemy to the public peace and safety of the kingdom. Likewise to join with them in the Petition, as desired; and these votes being communicated to the other house, they returned for Answer, That they received them with a great deal of joy, and that they hope it would be for the good of the king and of the whole kingdom.
Feb. 2. A draught of the above-mentioned Petition was read in the house of lords, agreed to, and presented Iq the king this day by 2 lords and 4 commoners, and was in liaec verba:
"To the King's Most Excellent Majesty. The Humble Petition of the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament.
"Most Gracious Sovereign, The present evils and calamities wherewith your kingdoms are most miserably intangled, the imminent dangers which threaten your royal person and all'your people, havecaused us your most faithful and obedient subjects, the lords and commons in this present parliament,, with thankfulness to entertain, and with all earnestness of affection and endeavour to pursue, the gracious proposition and direction which,, not Jong since, we have received from your majesty: and we have thereupon taken into our most serious consideration the ways and means of securing the safety of your royal person; preserving the honour and authority of your crown ; removing all jealousies betwixt your majesty and your people; suppressing the rebellion in Ireland; preventing the fears and dangers in this kingdom; and the mischievous designs of those who are enemies to the peace of it. And that we may, with more comfort and security, accomplish our duties hcrcip, we most humbly beseech your majesty, That you will be pleased forthwith to put the Tower of London, and all other Forts, and the whole Militia of the kingdom, into the hands of such .persons as shall be recommended unto your majesty by both houses of parliament; which, they- assure themselves, will be a hopeful en
trance into those courses, which, through G<*> blessing, shall be effectual for the remora^ti1 diffidence and misapprehension betmussr majesty and your people, and &r cutbtatbt and enlarging the honour,greatness, and p*m of your majesty and royal posterity, udlarii restoring and confirming the pcaac and baff* ness of your loyal subjects in all your c*» ions. And to this our most neecssarc Pa> tion, we, in all humility, expect your BijttA speedy and gracious Answer, the great dsn* tions and distempers of the kingdom not ads> ting any delay."
Sir E. Dering expelled, icc.for prittat I Speeches.! This day the house of commoestt into a debate and consideration of a iW composed and printed by sir Edward Desf. and observed unto him divers passages < ■'< it, which were laid to his charge: and a&fl made his several and respective Answer? J these Charges, he was commanded to «l draw: then it was resolved, 1. u That a boat Sir Edward Dering's, intituled, 'A Colisa of Speeches marie by sir Edward Bail knight and baronet, in Matter of Relipes,1 against the honour and privilege of this Ijm and scandalous to this house; and std burned, by the hands of the common hasps in Westminster, Cheapside, and SmitbifH. That the said sir E. Dering shall be rfis»cl to sit as a member of this house, during i parliament; and that a new writ shall M for electing a knight to serve for tbe couair Kent, in the room and place of sir E. M thus disabled; and that he be sent ■ I Tower, there to remain during the plefeissi the house *."—Sir Edward being called b,< kneeling nt the bar, Mr. Speaker pronooS this sentence, against his book and hie. ■ cordingly.
The Trial of the 12 Bishops was, once si put off to the 8th instant; after which houses adjourned to the 4th, and onW in the mean time, that committees ^ sit on Irish AO'airs at Merchant li<<> Hall.
Petition to the Commons Jtxm lie Trsi men's Wives, c\c. for Redress of Criryrm February 4. A very singular Petition «*4 day presented to the commons from MB gentlewomen, and tradesmen's wives, its city. On the last day of sitting these M*1 zealots had been observed to crowd about the door of the commons, f and serje* major Skippon, the commander of the cwH had applied to the bouse, to know what tea1 with them; they telling him, 'That BB there was one now there would be JOG*
* Upon this last question tbe house (fin*** Yeas 85, Noes 61. But he was ritschacj few days after.—Commons Journals.
f Butler alludes, most probably, to ts* c cumstance, in the following couplet: 'The Oyster-women lock'd their fish sr. 'And trudg'd away to cry 'No BishopHudibras, Put I. CaaWl
ext day; and that it was as good for them to 10 here, as Iu home.' The house advited him ) speech them tiiir, and scud them home again: ut tins day they were as good their words: ley came down in great numbers uud preutccl a Petition to the commons, which was iceiveel and read. This Petitiun is mentioned their Journals: and as it is preserved in our oJIectHins, we thiiik it proper to give it here, itli tlie Answer to it, us it was printed in ese times: *
To the Honourahle Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of the House of Commons assembled in Parliament: '1 ho Humble PeTition of the Gentlewomen, Tr.A DesIgns' Wive*, and many others of the Female Sex, all Inhabitants of the City of London, and the Suburbs thereof. With the lowest submission shew
"Thnt wf, with all thankful humility, aclonlcd^iiig the unwearied pains, care, and rat charge, besides hazard of health and life, lich you the noble worthies of this honourable d renowned assembly, have undergone, for e safety both of churcfi and common-wealth, r a long time already past; for which not ilv we, your humble petitioners, and till wcll"ecte«i in this kingdom, hut also all other good irisftans are bound now, and at all times, to knowledge; yet notwithstanding that many irthv deeds have been done hy you, great ngcr and fear do sti'l attend us, and will, as ig a_s Popish Lords, and superstitious Bishops e suffered to have their voice in the house of icr»; that accursed and abominable Idol of c mass suffered in the kingdom; and that archic!ii v of our prosjicrit v and reforma ion, (abp. ijid) licth in the Tower, yet not receiving his scr» ed punishment. All these, under correc>n, tiies us great cause to suspect that God angry with us, and to be the chief causes liv your pious endeavours for a further reformion procecdetli not with that success as iu rle-sire, and is most curr.csth prayed for, all that wish well to true religion, an.I the mrisbmg estate both of king and kingdom: he insoU-uciesof the Papists and their abettors iseth a just fear aod suspicio.i of sowing scdijn, and breaking out into bloody persecution tiiis kingduin, as they have done in Ireland; ic thoughts of which sad and barharutis cuts makethour tender hearts to melt within i, forcing us humbly to petition this bon. aslably, to make safe provision for yourselves, id us, before it be too late.—And whereas e, whose hearts have joined chearfully with 1 .those Petitions which have been exhibited nto you, in the behalf of the purity of religion, jd the liberty of our husbands persons and .!aie=; recounting ourselves to have an invest in the common privileges with theni, do, ilh the same confidence, assure ourselves to
• Printed by John Weight, at the King's Head l the Old Ba'iiev. Vol. II.
find the same gracious acceptance with you, for easing of those Gricvauces,which,in regard ol our frail condition, do more nearly concern us, and do deeply terrify our souls; our domestic dangers, with which this kingdom is so much distracted, especially growing on us from those treacherous and wicked attempts which, already, are such as we find ourselves to have as deep a share in as any others.—We cannot but tremble at the very thoughts of the horrid and hideous facts, which modesty forbids us now to name, occasioned by the bloody wars in Germany and by his majesty's late Northern army. How often did it affright our hearts, whilst their violence began to break out so furiously upon the persons of those whose Irjshands or parents were not able to rescuo them: We wish we had no cause to speak of those insolencics, savage usage and unheard-or rapes, exercised upon our sex in Ireland: And have we not just cause to fear they will prove the fore-runners of our ruin, except Almighty God, by the wisdom and care of this parliament, be pleased to succour us, our husbands and children, which arc as dear and tender to us as the lives and blood of our hearts; to see them murdered and mangled and cut in pieces before our eyes; to see our children dashed against the stones, and the mother's milk, mingled with the infant's blood, running down the streets; to see our houses on flai ling tire over our heads: Oh, how dreadful would this he!—We thought it misery enough, though nothing to that we have just cause to fear, but few years since, for some of our sex, by unjust divisions from their bosom comforts, to be rendered, in a manner, widows, and their children fatherless; husbands were imprisoned from the society of their wives, even against the laws of God and nature; and little infants suffered in their fathers' banishments: thousands of our dearest friends have been compelled lo ilv, from episcopal persecutions, into desert places amongst w ild beasts, there finding more favour than in their native soil: and, iu the midst of all their sorrows, such hath the pity of the Prelates been, that our cries could never enter into their ears or hearts; nor yet, through multitude of their obstructions, could ever have access or come nigh to those royal mercies of our most gracious sovereign, which we confidently hope would have relieved us.— After all these pressures ended, we humbly signify that our present fears arc, that unless the blood-thirsty faction of the Papists and Prelate s he hindered in their designs, ourselves in England, as well as they in Ireland, shall be exposed to that misery which is more intolerable than that which is already past; a«» namely, to the rage, not of men alone, but of devils incarnate, as we may so say, besides- the thraldom of our souls and consciences concerning God, which, of all things, are most dear unto us.—Now the remembrance ol all these fearfull accidents aforementioned, do strongly move us, from the example of the Woman of Tekoab, to fall submissivel: at the feef of his 9 Z
majesty, our dread sovereign, and cry, 'Help,
0 King!' Help ye tlie noble worthies now sitting in parliament! And we humbly beseech you, that you will be a menus to ti.s majesty and the house of peers, that they w ill be plc.ised to take our heart-breaking Grievances into timely consideration, and add strength and encouragement to your noble endeavour*; and further, that you would move his mausiy uilii our humble requests, that he would be gruc.oiisly pleased, according to the example ot' the «ood king Asa, to purge both the court and kingdom of that groat idolatrous service of the Mass, which is tolerated in the Queen's Court: this sin, as we conceive, is able to draw down a greater curse upon the whole kingdom, than ali your noble and pious endeavours can prevent: the good and pious king Asa would not stiller Idolatry in his own mother, whose example it it shall please his majesty's gracious goodness to follow, in putting down Popeiy and Idolatry both in great and small, in die court and in the kingdom throughout; to subdue the Papists and their abettors; and by taking away the power of the prelates; (whose government, by long and woftil experience, we have found to be against the liberty of our conscience, the freedom of the gospel, and the sincere profession and practice thereof) then shall our fears be removed: and v*e may expect that God v»iil poor down his blessings, in abundance, both upon his majesty and upon this honourable assembly, and upon the whole land: for which your new Petitioners shall pray affectionately, &c" \
The Reasons of this Petition follow: "It may be thought strange, and unbeseeming our sex, to shew ourselves by way of Petition to this honourable assembly: but the matter being rightly considered of, the right and interest we have in the common and public cause of the church, it will, as wc conceive, under correction, be found a duty commanded and required: 1. Because Christ hath purchased us at as dear a rate as he hath done men, and therefore required] the like obedience' for the same mercy, as of men. 2. Because in (he free enjoying of Christ in his own laws, and a flouiisliing estate of the church and commonwealth, cousisteth the happiness of women as well as men. 3. Because women arc sharers in flic common calamities, that accompany both church and common-wealth, when oppression is exercised over the church or kingdom wherein they live; and unlimited power given to the Prelates, to exeicise authority over the consciences of women as well as men; witness Newgate, Smithficld, and other places of persecution, wherein women as well us men have felt the smart of their fury. Neither are we left without example in Scripture; for when
1 he state of the church, in the time of king Ahasucrus, was, by the bloody enemies thereof, sought to be utterly destroyed, we rind that Hester the queen and her maids fasted and praved ; and that Hester petitioned to the king, in the behalf of the Church; and though she cnlerprueU tins, duty with the hazard of her
own life, beim contrary to the law to appear
before the king before she were sent for; t: her line of the church carried her throughaL difficulties, to the performance of that dtrty. On which grounds wc are emboldened to prescnt our humble Petition unto this hououruUe a-semblv, not regarding the rcpror.chcs «hirt may and are-, by many, cast upon us; who do, not well weighing the premises, scoff and itride our nooit Intent. We do it not out ofasi sell-conci it, or pride of heart, as stekirtf to equal ourselves with men, either iu ajuWav or wisdom: But according to our place?, a discharge that duty wc owe to God, and tU cause of the church, as far as lyeth in in; follow ing he rein the example of those £inU women, which have gone, iu this duty, before us."
^Ir. Pi/m's Ansurr to them in the i\«<? the l1ouM .~\ The editor of this Petitiou ttttus, "That it was presented by Mrs. Adk Mttiri;, a gentlewoman, and brewer's wife. many others with her of like rank and quairj; and that, after some lime spent in readmjol if, the house sent them an answer by Mr. Ptia, which was performed in tins manner:
Mr }'pm came to the commons door, iP. called for the Women, and spake urito the* iu these words:—* Good Women; Your Peti" lion, with ti c Reasons, hath been read iu rdM house, and is thankfully accepted of, and a come iu a seasonable tune. You shall, God willing, receive from us all il.c sati-fwrin which «e can possibly give to your just and lawful d sires. We iutreut you, therefore.!! re pair to your houses, ami turn your Pernios, which you have delivered here, mrci praver-K home for us; for wc hu\e heen, arc, and st> be, to our utmost power, ready to relieve J'j-, your husbands, and e liildri n; nuel to perwia the trust committed unto us, towards God,ua king and country, as hr Cometh faithful Con-* tians ui.il loyal subject-."
About this time, also, a Petition from t'l Youiil' Men, Apprentices, and Seamen; s.ath r from the poor Tradesmen ami Mauulaiturers; and a third from the very portend London, to the same effect, were prt-senttfJ >" the house of common-, who received them very graciously.*
* " It is fresh iu memory,*' say"! the antlwc of a tract, entitled, ' Lex Talioui*,' " bow ds» city sent forth its spurious scum iu multitudes to cry down Bishops, root and branch; »!»', like shoals of herrings, or swarms of homer-, lay hovering about the court with lying pamphlets and scandalous pasquils, until they forces the king from his throne, and banished ttf queen from his bed, and afterwards out of tin kingdom." "Good Lord!" says the • Tra Informer,' Oxford, 1643, p. 12, "what a deal of dirt was thrown in tbc Bishops' facts! wra: infamous ballads were sang! what a duck cloud of epidemical hatred bung suddenly or« them! so far, that a dog with a black aid white face was called a Bishop !"—See Grey ■ Hudibras, Loudon,. 1799. Vol. I. p. 149.
Tlx Ijuds pass the Bill for taking atetiu the
Feb. 7. Tlie pa--ing this I ill being enm-
the Militia in the several counties; a il
The King'i Answer concerning the. accused Mtmbcrs.] To the other Petition, concerning he accused Members of cither bouse, bis niaesty returns this Answer:
"That as he once conceived that be had ;tnund enough to accuse them, so now bis inaiesty finds as good cause w holly to desert any further prostitution ofthcra: and, for a further
testimony of.his majesty's real intention to
waids all his loving subjects, some of whom h iplv may be involved in some unknown or I unwilling errors; for tlie better composing and 1 settling of fears' and jealousies, of w hat kind I soever; his majesty is ready to grant as free 1 anil general n pardon, for the full contentment | of nil bis loving subjects as shall, by the upl probation of both houses of parliament, be t thought convenient for that purpose." I His majesty added, "That being very much pressed bv the States Ambassador, to send the princess bis daughter immediately into Hol[ land; and being likewise earnestly desired by | his royal consort, the queen, to give her maI jestv feme to accompany her daughter thither; be hath thought fit to consent to both desires; and to make this his majesty's consent, and her majesty's resolutions, known to his parliament."
Feb. 7. p. m. The commons desired a conference with the lords, about the aforesaid Answers; tlie report of which was, "That they presented to their lordships an Ordinance of parliament, concerning the Militia, with some Resolutions of their house, about the continuance of power to be put to it; which was voted to continue until it was altered by the advice and desires of both houses i and that, the [lower of recommending or altering such persons, as shall be trusted with the Militia, be on the samo footing as iu the former."
Dthttte in the. Commons concerning the Mi~ fit in.] There had been many debates in the commons concerning the Militia:' in which some me nhirs declared their opinions, That the power of the Militia was solely in the king, and ought to be left to him, and that the parliament never did, nor ought to meddle with Hie same. Others were of opinion, that tho king had not this power iu him, but. that it w as solely in the parliament; and that if the king refused to order the same according to the advice of tlie parliament, that then they, by the law, might do it without him. In one of these days debate,
Mr. Whillocke spoke as follows:* ' Mr. Speaker; I have often heard it said ill former debates, in other matters, in this house, that such and such a thing was of us great concernment as ever came within these wails. I am sure it inav be said so of the matter of your present debate: it is truly of the greatest concernment that ever came within these walls. It highly concerns us all, and our posterity after us, whee this power of the Militia -hall be placed. This great power, which indeed commands all men, and all things, cannot In" too warily lodged, nor too seriously considered ^ and I do heartily wish that this great word, this new word, this hard word, the Militia, might never have come within these wal's; but that this house may he, as the Temple of Janus, ever shut against it. 1 take the meaning of those gentlemen who introduced this . . 1
* Memorials, p. yj.
word to be, the power of the sword, potestas gladii, which is a great and necessary power, and property belonging to the magistrate; potestas gladii in facinerosos, witbout which our peace and property cannot be maintained. But potestas gladii in mauilnis facincroSorum, in the hands of soldiers, is that w hereof you now debate: and it is best out of their hands; I hope it will never come there. Some worthy gentlemen have declared their opinions, that this power of the Militia if, by right and law, in the king only: others affirm it to he in the parliament only. I crave leave to differ from both these opinions. I humbly apprehend that this power of the Militia, is neither in the king only, nor in the parliament only; and if the law hath placed it any w here, it is both in the ting and parliament, when they join together. And it is a wise institution of our law, not to settle this power any where; but rather to. leave it in dubio, or in nubibus, that the people might be kept in ignorance thereof, as a thing not fit to be known, nor to be pried into. It is the great arcanum imperii, ami the loss it is meddled with, the less acquaintance we have with it, the better it will be for all sorts of persons, both for king and people.—That this power of the Militia is not in the king only, appears in this, that the power of money is not in the king; but it will be granted here, that the power of money is solely in this house; and without the power of money to pay the soldiers, the power of the Militia will he of little force. But if the power of the Militia should be in the king, yet the power of money being in the parliament, they must both agree, or else keep the sword in the scabbard, which is the best place for it. It is true that the king, by his tenures, may require the service, in war, of those that hold of him; but if they stay above 40 days with him, unless he give them pay, they will stay no longer. And it is also true, that our law looks upon the kins, as the Jewish law did upon theirs, that, by his kingly office, 'he is to go in and out before the people,' and to lead them in battle against their enemies; but, by the laws of the Jews, their king could not undertake a war abroad without the consent of the great Sanhedrim. And, hy our law, as is declared by the statute 1 EuV. 3. and by divers subsequent statutes, the king can compel no man to go out of his country, but upon the sudden coming of strange enemies into the realm; and how many of our parliament rolls do record that the king advjsed with bis parliament about his foreign wars, and could not undertake them without the advice and supplies of the parliament? All the power of the Militia is exercised either in offence or defence; defence is either against the invasion of enemies from abroad, or against insurrections at home. Against insurrections at home, the sheriff of every county hath the power of the Militia in him, and if he be negligent to suppress them with the Posse Comipatus, he is iiueablc for it. Against invasions from abroad, every mau will be forward to give
his assistance; there will he little need to nisi forces, when every man will be ready tod*5ead himself, and to tight pro aris & foci*. Astt) offensive war against a foreign enemy, if tfcr king w ill make it of himself, be must of humeS' pay his army; which his ow n rerer.se i«3 hardly afford, no* can he compel aiwota> subjects to serve him in those war*; i.oueas, by law, be pressed to scn c in that «sr b»t t» act of parliament. Hut not to wa>te more ■ your time, sir, [ shall conclude, thai, in rt humble opinion, the power of the Milims neither in the king alone, nor in the parli»n«; but if any where, in the eye of the law, Si R 's the king and parliament both consenting > gether. And I think it best that it should fe there >till. I cannot join in that advice tu to settle the Militia of ourselves withott tfe king; but rather with those worthy gcntlwn who have moied, that we, yet again, petition bis majesty that the Militia matte settled in such hands as both he and yon sal) agree upon whom you may trust; ami «bo,l hope, will be more careful to keep the Ml sheathed than to draw it.'
'i'Ar King delays his Assent to the Bill ojj-idl the Bishops Votes.] Feb. 8. This day the lord! agreed to the Resolutions of the common about the Militia. The earl of Moninobifc re ported what the king said concerning the sage of both houses, to him, for passitu: S* bill to take away the Bishops Votes, "Thiti was a matter of weight, which bis mat*** would take into consideration, aud seed a Answer in convenient time."
The Commons' Reasons tor hastening i'.] H the afternoon, the common* desired annci* conference with thp lords, which was rcpsrtfl back to that house, That the commons 9& they could not receive the king's Ait"* about the Bishops bill, but with great sorto», little hope aiising that ir would pass. Tk* say, they hold a delay to he as bad as > nial; and seeing the passing of this bit M matter «f that great importance, tin* vote si the whole kingdom being for it, as may apf<* by daily petitions from several parts, tWCM* inons desu e the lords to join w ith them in bfing the three following Reasons for it bttof the king: "1. The great and general snfcings of the kingdom, by the clergy's exercis* of secular jurisdictions, and the Bishops BtU| ing a party in the house of lords, us lias be' of late expressed froth several parts; Bath opinion of parliament that there canno" M satisfaction given, either to the people*' js5 desires, or the heavy grievances they suffer cider, without the speedy passing of this bill. 1 The great content which the hill's passim = both houses, hath given to all sorts of pecpK. the delay whereof Cty his Majesty will eiceeiingly lessen that satisfaction, and turn it i<6 great discouragement. 8, The speedV psssx of this bill, of such importance, would b*, •» the lords and commons, a comfortable ptefe* of his majesty's gracious intentions to coM"" witlflhem in their'subsequCiwrdtarW*^^