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lops were called in agnin and told of this I many scandalous pamphlets to such purpose) er, which was all the satisfaction they had I of not beiiin sensible enough of that Rebellion,
liat time. The committee of the commons,
As his majesty hath expressed a great de-
so horrid and odious to all Christians; by which,
clared by their letters, which letters were not (disapproved of by the parliament here, that fhey were so far from owning a public Jealousy of all Papists there, tliat they had thought fit to put arms into the hands of divers noblemen vf the pale of tliat religion, who made profession lo his majesty's service, and desired the same: And since so great a trust reposed in jn some of tbc lords of that religion was not disapproved by the parliament here, his uiaj. could Dot imagine it unsafe or unlit for him to give licence* to some few to pass into that Kingdom, who, though Papists, professed due pllegiaiice and loyalty to his majesty.—And therefore, unless the first affirmation of the iiouse of commons can be made good by some particulars, his maj. doth not know that his ministers have failed in their diligence and faithfulness to his maj. in this point, or that his honour hath suffered so much by any act of his own, us that it needs be vindicated for the time past by any other way than such a Declaration, which he expects from this house, as in duty and justice due to his majesty."
The Ktng't JMter to the Earl of Berkthine fur his uttendunce in Parliament.^ Feb. 86. The earl of Dcikshire signified to the lords, That he had received an extraordinary Letter from the King, which was read in these words:
"C. R. Ri-Jit trusty, &c. w c greet you well: As we have been graciously pleased, at your request had for your private occasions, by our former letter, to dispense with your present attendance n> parliament; so now as there are likely to be treated there affairs much importing the public peace and good of our kingdom, wc have thought good, by these our letters, to desire you to repair forthwith to London, and not fail to give your personal attendance in pailiainent: For, as we know your own good good affections to the public, will incline you to be careful to prefer thot before your own private ease, so we assure you we shall take it as a testimony of your good affections to us, onwhom the care of the parliament doth immediately depend. Given at our Court at Dover, Feb. 2.% 1641."
Several lords affirming that they had received Letters from tlie king to the same effect, the house was put into a committee, to consider what ill counsels had been given to the king; who had gone about to extend the king's prerogative beyond its autient hounds; who were the authors and procurers of monopolies; find likewise wbo gave counsel for the btcach of the pacification with the Scots, which had cost the kingdom 5 millions; besides many other mischiefs and inconveniences thai happened thereupon. But nothing being resolved on, at this time, the house was resumed; and thus this matter ended.
Articles of Impeachment against lord Digit/.] Feb. 86. The commons, at a conference this day, exhibited the following Articles mainst lord Digby, which were seat up by sir Julia Evelyn.
I. " That the said lord Digby, in or ab«t the month of Jan. 1641, maliciously ami i: tenuis! y endeavoured to persuade the king ta levy forces against his liege subjects within tin kingdom; and actually did, in or about thf said month, levy forces within this Kalm,tatbf terror of his majesty's subjects. II. That said lord D. in or about the same mouth, m at other times, falsely, maliciously, and trailerously laboured to raise a jealousy and ivm> tion between the king and his people, and is possess his majesty that he could not live Ml safety of his person amongst them; ant) U thereupon, traiterouslv, endeavour to ptrsntt his majesty to betake himself' to some plan if strength for his defence. III. That the ai lord I*, about the time aforementioned,U maliciously and traitcxously etidearour to s up jealousies and distentions between thekaj and parliament; and, to that end and purpos, did wickedly advise the framing of certain lifet and scandalous Articles of High Treaa against the lord Kimbolton, Dcnzil Hollises| &c. and did persuade his majesty, accoiD|iaia with divers soldiers and others, in wattt manner, to come in person into the boost I commons, and demand the said member;1 the said house then sitting; to the appjtsl danger of his majesty's person, and in high lotion of the privileges and being of par.. All which matters were done by tbc -J George lord Digby traitcrously, &c. for the commons do impeach him of High Tra son, tec."—In support of this accusation.
Sir John Evelyn spoke to this effect:—" W this was a heavy accusation, and such a ost^ needed rather pity than aggravation i thai noble gentleman, as he was, should tall u#l foul a crime as to study the destruction ot I country. In tlic house of commons thej'j served him to appear much for his conntry.a he had dived into the secrets of that l»:*j soon after which he fell into ill discourses ■ hitter railings against that house; a! si speech of his, touching the carl of Strain wherein he involved the commons, your''* ships, and the king, in wilful murder. questioned for it, he fled from that house ( came to yours, where we found him the a way there. That the lord Digby had M 1 This was no free parliamentnot long m followed that high breach of parhami *, which time he was obscrrert to he a dfiw attendant on the courts uf the king ando«^ Alter that plot was discovered, ihe kit? * tired to 'Hampton Court, and there wt M him tampering with the soldiers, sayint, 'fl king went out of town only to save then b* being trampled in the dirt,' and by cf&i money to the soldiers for doing the ».--'vice that ever was done to the k:ni. tW this he endeavoured to-'list.men, gcttiesB**1 offering himself and all he could for that fBpose; the particulars whereof the? *4 fjjf appear to your lordships by proof. (That ness and honour that hath promoted ships to stand so long in the gap, aortic p* jealousies will be hereafter continued only with reference lo his majesty's rights and honour.
The King's Jinal Amaier concerning the Militia.] The same day the lord keeper delivered the King's Answer concerning the Ordinance about the Militia, which was read in these words:
"His majesty having, with his best care and understanding, perused and considered that which was sent him from bofch bouses, for the ordering of the Militia, presented unto him to be made an Ordinance of Parliament, by the giving of his royal assent; as he can by no means do it, for the reasons hereafter mentioned, so he doth not conceive himself obliged, by any promise made in his Answer of the 2nd.. of this month, to the Petition of both houses, to yield to the same.—His majesty finds great cause to except against the preface or introduction to that Order, which avoweth a most dangerous and desperate design upon the bouse of commons of late, supposed to be an effect of the bloody counsels of Papists, and other ill-affected persons; by which many may un» derstand (looking upon other printed papers to that purpose) his coming in person to the house of commons on the 4th of Jan. which begot so unhappy a misunderstanding between die king and his people: and for that, though be believes it, upon the information .since given him, to be an apparent Breach of their Privilege; and hath ottered, and is ready, to repair the same for the future, by any act that shall be desired of his maj.; yet he must declare and require to be believed, that be had no other design upon that house, or any member of it, than to require, as be did, the | ersons of those 5 gentlemen bis ma;, had the day before accused of high treason; and to declare that he meant to proceed against them legally and speedily, upon which he believed that house would have delivered them up: and his maj. calls the Almighty God to witness, that he was so far from any intention or thought of force or violence, although that house had not delivered tlieni according to his demand, or in any ive whatsoever, that he gave those his servants, and others, who then waited on bin maj. express charge and command that they should give no offence to any man; nay they received any provocation or injurv, that they should bear it without return. And his majesty neither saw or knew that any person of his train had any other weapons, but his pensioners and guards those with which they usually attend his person to parliament, and the other gentlemen swords: and therefore his maj. doubts not but his pari anient will be so regardful of his honour herein, that be shall not undergo any imputation by the rash or indiscreet expressions of any you p men then iit his train; or by any despcrat: words uttcp-d by others, who mi^lit mingle w h them, without his consent or approbation.—For the persons nominated to be Lieutenants of the several Counties of England and W lee, his maj. is contented to allow that r;co. roendation, pojy 4 B
f the state, will easily suggest what he de:rveth that would destroy it. He that will ot omit to sow jealousies between the king id people, deserveth ill; but he that will ster and nourish them, the state will spue m out, they cannot digest him. He colluded with saying, they would, by proof, make wd the Articles now exhibited to their lordips."
Message to the King about removing the rince.] Feb. 20. The king, on his return 3m seeing the queen embarked for'Holland, iving sent to command the prince of Wales
meet him at Greenwich on the 26th; his ivernor, the marquis of Hertford, being then :k, could not attend him thither, but sent to quaint the two bouses with it: upon which ey dispatched the following Message to the ug; and the Answer to it was read in the wse of lords on this day. The Message was follows:
"The lords and commons, in parliament, mbly desire his majesty, that the Prince H not be removed from Hampton-Court; d that for these ensuing reasons: 1. They nceive that his majesty had resolved, that I Prince should stay at Hampton-Court until i majesty's retarn. a. That the lord maris of Hertford, appointed by his majesty to governor of the prince, and approved of and mmauded by the parliament to give bis peraal attendance upon his highness, is now so lisposed in his health, that he is not able to tend the prince in any other place. 3. That e prince's removal, at tins time, from llampn-Court, may be a cause to promote jcaloua and fears in the hearts of bis majesty's od subjects, which they conceive very necesry to avoid."
Tlie King's AnsKer."] The King's Answer u ns follows: " 1. That his majesty incend, at his remove from Hampton-Court with s royal consort, the queen, towards Dover, at the Prince his son should slay at Humpion )Urt till his majesty returned to some ot bis mses; and thereupon, as soon as his majesty solved upon a certain day lo be at Greentb, he commanded that his sou should acini him there, which was no way contrary to s former intention. 2. I hat his maj. was rr sorry to hear of the indisposition of the arquis of Hertford, being the person upon lioin he principally relies lor the care of bis arest son: bur, if that indisposition should ivc lasted, his majesty could no way think fit at his want of health should have hindered ■e prince from wailing upon his maj. accordgto his command; and therefore would have :en much offended if the prince bad failed meeting his majesty, according to his ap Hntmeiu. 3. To the fears and jealousies, 3 naj. Ttnows not what Answer to give, not ting able to imagine from what grounds they foceedj but if any information hath been fcn to that purpose, his maj. much desires at the tame may be examined to the bot>m; and then he hopes that their fears and Vol. II,
concerning the city of London, and such other i of Portland, sir Tho. Keale, and sir wm. S* corporations as, by BDtient charters, have , vile, That, in some places, some persons be>a granted unto them the power of the Militia, his maj. doth not conceive that it can stand w ith justice or policy to alter their government in that particular. And his iimj. is willing;, forthwith, to grant every of them (that of London and those other corporations excepted) such commissions as he hath done, this parliament, to some lord lieutenant.-, by your advice: hut if that power be not thought enough, hat that more shall be thought fit to be granted to these persons named, than by the law is in the crown itself; his maj. holds it reasonable that the same be, by some law, first vested in him, with power to transfer it to these persons, which he will willingly do; and whatever that power shall he, to avoid all future doubts and questions, his maj. desires it may lie digested into an act of parliament rather than an Ordinance; so that all his loving subjects may thereby particularly know, both what they are to do, and what they are to suffer for their neglect, that there be not the least latitude for his good subjects to sutler under any arbitrary power whatsoever.—As to the time desired for the continuance of the powers to be granted, his maj. giveth this Answer, That lie cannot consent to divest himself of the just power which God and the law s of this kingdom hav e placed in him for the defence pf fail people, and to put into the hands of others for any indefinite time. And since the ground of this request, from his parliament, was to secure their present fears and jealousies, that they might, with safety, apply themselves to the matter of his Message of the 80th of Jan.; his majesty hopeth that his grace to them since that time, in yielding to so many of their desires, mid in agreeing to the persons now recommended to bim by his parliament, and the power before 'expressed to he placid in them, will wholly dispel those fears ynd jealousies; and nssurrlh them, that as his maj. hath now applied this unusual remedy to their doubts, so, it' there shall be cause, he will continue the same to such time as shall be agreeable to the same care he now expressed] towards them.—.And, in this Answer, his majesty is so far from receding from any thing he promised, or intended to grant, in his Answer to the former Petition,-tlinthismajcstv hath hereby crmwntciI to all which was then asked of him by that Petition concerning the Militia of the kingdom, (except that of London and those other corporations) which was to put the same into the hands of such persons as should be recommended unto him by both houses of parliament: And his majesty doubts not but the parliament, upon well weighing the particulars of this his Answer, w ill find the same more satisfactory to their ends, and the peace and welfare of all his good subjects, than the way proposed by this intended Ordinance; to which, for these
already to intermeddle of themselves with tie Militia; his majesty expected) that his parlotnent should examine the particulars tbertd, it being a matter of high concernment oi very great consequence. And his majesty nquireth, that if it shall appear to his partiamtE, that any persons w liatsoever h ive presumes [j command the .Militia, without lawful authors, they may be proceeded against according » law."
}'<itlt Houses rote the King's Antner a ira. Denial.] The lords, taking the King's A> swertobc a matter of the greatest concernmta, sent it down immediately to the comraca and withal ordered, That they would arljoas till 2 that afternoon, to wait the Resolution! that house upon it. Accordingly a mesa was sent from the commons to desire ■ craS*,| c-nce, the report of which was made to tin lords to this effect:
"Some Votes of the house of comic were read, upon the king's last Answer: 'Resolved, uiion the question, by the hoc«e< commons, That this Answer from hismaie^ is a direct Denial to the desires of both h concerning the Militia. 2. That those advised his majesty to give this Answer, t enemies to the state, and mischievous projects ugaiust the safety of the kins and peace ottfi kingdom. 8. That this Denial is of that at gcroui consequence, that if his majesty persist in it, it will hazard the pence andiii of all his kingdoms; unless some speedy reins he applied, by the wisdon. and authors'' both houses of parliament. 4. That sue ti prt of lb s kingdom, as have put themselves uitw posture of defence agaiust the common 'tt-gs. have done nothing bat wha' is justifiablei veil rif by this house. 5. That ifljl shall remove into any remote psfl parliament, it will be a great MM
reasons, his majesty cannot
is appro majesty from Into the kingdom, and a great prejudice tu proceedings of parliament. 0. That this holds it necessary that his majesty shi desired, that the Prince may ci>me James's, or to some other convenient [!** near about London, and there to continue. That the lords be desired to join with ^ house, in an humble address unto his ma/*>i that he wiH be pleased to reside near hup* j flument, that both houses may have a can* niency of access unto him on all occasions. * j 1 hat the lords he moved to join with them. ■ I a full course <jf examination, to find out | persons who gave his majesty this advice, & I (hey may'be removed from him, and broaffe to condign punishment. !>. That no cta^can be granted by the king, to create s f*"1' in any corporation overthe Militia of that pfl without consent of parliament. 10. Tbitd* lords shall be desired to appoint a select £*• mittee, that they may join with another*' proportionable number of the common!, I prepare what is fit further to be done if* these voles, or upon any thing die tint C'
■ise upon these Answers of tlie kind's con>ruinj» the .Militia or the Prince." The lords ;rccd with the commons in nil these votes; ul appointed a select committee of their house ccordingly.
Declaration thai both Houses it ill dispose of if Militia without the Kin/;.] March 1. tisilay the said committee brought iu a draught a Declaratiun to the King, on the foregoing nswer concerning the Militia; which was read h*c verba:
"Most Gracious Sovereign; Your majesty's ost loyal and obedient subjects, the lords and minons in parliament, do find their just apehensions of sorrow and fear, in respect of c public dangers and miseries like to fall upon ur majesty and the kingdom, to be much creased, upon the receipt of your unexpected nial of their most humble and necessary Pelon, concerning the Militia of the kingdom; pecially grieving, that wicked and mischicv- counsellors should still have thnt power tli your majesty, as, in this time of imminent <i approaching ruin, rather to incline your solutions to that which is apt to further the loaiplishment of the desires of the most mapant enemies of God's true reli-ion, anil of e peace and safety of yourself and your kingm, than to the dutiful anil faithful counsel of ur parliament.—Wherefore they are infnrced, all humility, to protest. That if your niaj. all persist in that denial, the daubers ami itcuipcrs of the kingdom are such as "ill (lure no lunger delay: but unless you shrill igraciously phased to assure then), by thrsc !*scngers, that yon will speedily apply your nil assent to the satisfaction of their former aires, they shall be enforced, for the sa'ei v of lurinaj. anil your kingdoms, to dispose of the ilitia by iho authority of b"tli house-, in -tn-li armor as hath been propounded to your niaj.; id tliey resolve to do it lu cuiilin'.lv.—They itnisc must humblv beseech your niaj. to
or any oilier of your houses near London; whereby the designs which the enemies of the religion and peace of this kingdom may have upon Iiis person, ami the jealousies and fears of your people, may be prevented.—-And they beseech your ma), to be informed by thcin, That, by the laws of the kingdom, the power of raising, ordering, and disposing the Militia, within any city, town, or other place, cannot he granted to any corporation - by charter, or otherwise, w ithout the authority and consent of parliament; and that those parts of the kingdom,which have put themselves inaposture of defence against the common danger, have therein done nothing, but according to the declaration and direction of both houses, and what is justidblc by all the laws of this kingdom.—All which their most humble counsel and desires they pray your maj. to accept, as the eifect of that duty and allegiance which they owe unto you, and which will not sufler them to admit of any thoughts, intentions, or endeavours, but such as are necessary and advantageous for your majesty's greatness and honour, and the safety and prosperity of the kingdom, according to that trust and power which the laws have reposed in them."
The King's Reply, resolving to abide by hit las! Aitsuer.'] Ma.ch 2. The aforesaid declaration having been presented to the king, at Theobalds, his majesty returned the following Answer:
"I am so much amazed at this Message, that I know not what to answer. You speak of jealousies and fears: lay your hands to your hearts, and ask yourselves, whether I may not likewise be disturbed with fears and jealousies: and if so, 1 assure you this Message hath nothing lessened them. For tlie Militia; I thoiicht so much of it before I sent that Ansu er, and am so much assured that the Answer is agreeable to what, in justice or reason, you ran a-k, or I in honour grant, that I shall not
■lieve, That the danaerous and dcspeiatc | alter it ia any point. For my residence near ^ign upon the house of commons mentioned I you; I wish it mi.'lit be so safe and honouratlieir preamble, was not inserted with any ■ hie, that I had no cause to absent myself from leution to cast the le ist aspersion upon your j Whitehall; ask yourselves whether I have not. njesty; but therein they reflected upon that ' 1'or my Son; I shall take that care of him.
alignant party, of noose bloody ai.il mulious practices they have had so often expellee, and from which they can never be scire, unless your maj. will be pleased to put no you those wicked and unfaithful counselrs, who interpose their ow n corrupt and niu:tous designs betw ixt your majesty's goodness id wiidum, and the prosperity and contentent of yourself and of your jieople: and that t the dispatch of the great alfairsof the king»n, the safety of your person, the protection ul comfort ofyour subjects, you will be pleased > continue your abode near to London and le parliament, and not to withdraw yourself i any other remoter parts; which if your maj. lould do, must needs be a cause of great dan;r and distraction.—That your maj. will likei.-c be graciously pleased to continue the mice's highness in these parts, at St. James's
« hieh shall justify me to God as a father, and to my dominions as a king. To conclude: I assure you, upon my honour, that 1 have no thought but of pence andju-tice to my people, which I shall, by all fair means, seek to preserve and maintain; relying upon the goodness and protideuee of God, for the preservation of myself and rights."
Tie PurliaiM nt insist upon their Declaration, and resolve to put the Kingdom into a Posture of Defence, 4r.l This Answer being made known to both nouses, the commons suit up to desire a conference about it; the report of which was, That the commons had considered much of it, and did still think it lit that their Message to the king should be insisted on. They offered, also, the following Resolutions which their house had made, and desired their lordsnips concurrence: " Resolved,