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"These were tlie Names subscribed in one 1 sheet, there being many other sheets Hied together, all of them subscribed, and amongst them many gentlemen of note; but wu took notes only ot the lirst sheet, having no more time.
His Majesty's Answer returned by the
•* His majesty experts the like affection from you that he doth from the other gentlemen, and he hatli the same confidence in you that he hath in the others."
To the King's Most Excellent Majesty ; The Humble Petition of many Thousands of your Majesty's peaceably-affected SubJects of the County of York.
"Shewcth; That many of your Petitioners being, in their late desires of petitioning your majesty.diuied access,kept back with violence, and receiving great affronts fi oiu some that have dependency on your majesty, and others there assembled; yet no provocation could remove them from their patience and duty. These proceedings are taken more to heart, your petitioners conceiving it undeniable that they Lave an interest in the commonwealth, and are as dutiful and loyal subjects to your maj. as any whomsoever; though divers of them have been since uncivilly pressed by some, in your majesty's name, to subscribe a Paper, stikd, ' The Answer to your Majesty's Propositions,' and threatened thereto (upon which blows followed); and that, whc*i your majesty's army should he on foot, those should be first pillaged that refused such subscription ; which we humbly conceive is positively contrary to vour majesty's own expressions, and is to the nigh dishonour of your majesty, and the great alirightuieut and disturbance of your majesty's liege people.—Therefore your petitioners, having too just cause to fear your majesty's royal heart is still in danger to be possessed with some distaste of your petitioners, humbly supplicate your maj. to conceive better things of them, and to cast your eye upon the present state of this your kingdom; that, as your maj. bathoften declared your affection to this county, so your love might now be expressed in preserving the peace thereof; and that your maj. would admit of a right information of the clear intentions of your petitioners, who are confident that no so absolute and hearty observance to your majesty's just commands can be demonstrated, as what your niaj. in parliament shall declare; which if it be dhided, (as God forbid) our hearts even tremble to consider the diminution of the honour and safety of your majesty's posterity, and the dangers the kingdom' will unavoidably be put upon; since it is clear to evory understanding, that it is not a divided part of one, or several counties, that can afford that honour and safety to your maj. as the whole kingdom, which you may command; no ground or fear ofdanger remaining, if a good confidence were begot betwixt your maj. and the parliament, whose grave and
loyal couusels are, as we humbly conceive, the visible way, under God, to put a speedy end » the troubles of Ireland, and establish vmir throne in righteousness. And, lastly, jour petitioners do humbly supplicate, that «c msv represent our unfitness to become jad^e! betwixt your majesty and the parliament in any thing, or dispute the authority of either, which they humbly conceive do fortify each other; it being most unfit for them to act any tknf therein but by their prayers tor a right untifrstanditig between your maj. aud them, whan w e shall heartily do, as also for your najesv'f long and prosperous reign; and, as we ar? bound by our late Protestation, shall be rewh to maintain your majesty's just Rights, theftivileges and Power of Parliament, and the fewful Liberties of the Subject."
The Kino's Answer to the foregoing PetiTion of the County, by Mr. Secrefsy Nicholas.
"His majesty having with some care co> sidered this Petition, being the first of this nature that hath been presented to him, whetus any appearing well affected to bis senit* (though lie hath heard of many to the cootrarj have misdemuaned themselves, hath con manded ine to give you this Answer: That he doth, totally, disavow the proceedings cot* plained of in the Petition; and expects th* you, and all others his loyal subjects, shall res satisfied w ith his several gracious Declaratioa and constant peaceable practice towards Li people; and for further assurance, upon j<£ proof made against any man who hath coranited any violence in ivoids or actions, witbod just provocation, full reparation shall be to the parties injured.—As for the other psrt of this Petition, his majesty saith, That it Ho confused he does not well know whatpojitif Answer to give to it; and the rather beciat it is grounded upon misinformation both • his majesty's proceedings aud intention*; as, in particular, his maj. saith, He never atended to have you to be judges bctwiit hi* and his parliament. For the rest of thi? Pt* tion he refers to his Messages, Declaratios and Answers; whereby it will clearly trppes That his desire and intention is, only, the p* serving of the true Protestant profession, d* laws of the land, the liberty of his peopi<?.*^ peace of the kingdom in general, and the pod of this county in particular."
The Protestation of the Yorkshire. "Whereas his majesty was pleased to summons to the gentry of this count* to sue* him at his court at York, the IStb of ^ instant, to advise with him in some partx-uV concerning the honour and safety of to iW jestys person, and the we4l-be*ri£» and p«« this our coonty; and in the sa«t sumMoM r ploased to omit the freeholders of this w oat of a tender respect of putting then to rf extraordinary charge; yet we, sincere loyalty ta his maj.
eign, and concerting ourselves, according to' he proportions of our estates, equally intcr■sted in the common pood of the county, did ake the boldness to come in person to York, md were ready to attend liis majesty's pleasure here: And whereas his majesty being pleased hen to propound several tilings to the purpose foresaid, at the meeting of the county, to collider a tit Answer to return to his majesty bereupon, the doors of the meeting-house were Imt against us, and we utterly excluded; and, i our absence, a referree of knights and genlemen chosen, without our knowledge or conrat, to draw up the said Answer: we the eeholders who petitioned his majesty the day bmesaid, conceiving ourselves abundantly ijured in I he election of the said referree, not nowing any warrant, by writ, or otherwise, ir the same; and that we ought not, however, ) be concluded by any resolution of theirs ithout our assent in their election, do, absoitely, protest and declare Against the said lection; and, as far as concerns us, disavow halsoever shall be the result of their consultant! thereupon; and do desire a new and fair lection of a referree may be made, we admit!d to our free votes in the same, and some one rmorc, to be nominated by us, allowed to deter our sense for us at another meeting: and lat we shall not make good, in the least resect, any tiling whatsoever which shall otherbe be concluded upon." "Sir, his majesty had declared himself yesxdny, that lie would raise that regiment hich was sir Hob. Strickland's, for his footJard; but he hath now laid aside that resoluou. The freeholders of the county are now E«lv summoned to attend his majesty about »cck hence, the tiitcc Ridings upon three ••vend days: but for what service we know M. You have here a large Narrative of the images at this meeting. What dangers this nor country lies under, we humbly refer to mi to judge, not taking upon us to deliver any pinion. The business lasted so long, that it j indercd us from given a more speedy account, j ir, this is what, at this time, is sent from Your ssured friends and servants, Feb, Fairfax. [ Ir. Choi.mlf.v, Phil. Siapylton, III.>J Holmlev.—York, May 13. 1G12."
.May IT. A conference was held this day in ;lation to the foregoing affairs; the report i which was, "That the commons desired to ecp a good correspondency between both ouses, to prevent the mischiefs that were cjse kely to ensue. They, likewise, observed with hat care, wisdom, and diligence, the comlittee do proceed; and desired that notice light be taken of it, and thanks returned to »cm and the high sheriff, also to those gentry nd freeholders who, in all these proceedings, ave expressed their affection and loyalty to he king and parliament, for their good service erein." Ordered, That the Letter and Pa*rs from York should be forthwith printed and '"Wished in one book. *
The intended Removal of the Term to York Vol. II.
voted illegal.] This day the lords were in" formed of a rumour, That a command was come tor removing the next Term to York, which woujd be very prejudicial to the kingdom; therefore they sent the earl of Essex and lord Kimboltoll to the lord keeper, to know if hehad heard any thing of it. After some other business done, the two lords returned from the lord keeper, and said, "That his lordship confessed he bad received a Letter from the king, the last night, importing the adjournment of the next Term to York, and to order a proclamation and writs out for that purpose: that he was to advise with the Judges concerning the manner of them; and, accordingly, he had acquainted them with it, but nobody else; though nothing, as yet, was done in it."—The lords, taking this mniter into consideration, were of opinion, That it was illegal to remove the Term, in regard of the late act of parliament for the continuance of it: that it was contrary to the practice, and inconsistent with tlw sitting, of parliament, and to the express writs which call assistants to that house. Then the question was put, Whether the king's removing the Term to York, from Westminster, the parliament sitting, was not illegal? It passed in the affirmative. They further ordered, That the lord keeper should not issue out any writs, or seal any proclamation lo that purpose. This vote, &c. to be communicated to the commons, at a conference, and then to be forthwith printed and published, i
Resolutions, against the King'tdtiHanding the Altendance of any Suljict.] At this conference the commons acquainted ihe lords with another letter from the king, directed to captain Philip Skippon, captain of the military garden, in St. Martin's in the Fields, London, commanding the said captain's immediate personal attendance on his majesty at York, on pain of his highest displeasure. On w hich the commons had passed I be following Votes: Resolved, 1. "That for his majesty, at his pleasure, to command any free-born subject to attend his person, not bound thereunto by special service, is against the law of the land. It. That this command of his majesty, to call captain Philip Skippon, seijeaiit-mnjur-general of the Ibices of London, to attend his majesty's person a". York, is against the law of the land and (he liberty of the subject. 0. That his majesty's commanding captain I'. Skippon, to attend his majesty's person, being em] toyed by both houses to attend their service, without their consent, is against the privilege of parliament. 4. That captain P. Skippon shall continue to attend the service of both bouses, according to their former commands."
An Order of the said house was also read, importing, That it be referred to the committee of lords and commons, appointed to con
* This was done accordingly: and from the original edition thereof, printed by A. Norton, for John Frank, in Fleet-street, the foregoing Letter and Papers are copied.
sider of his majesty's last Messages, to make a Remonstrance t6 him, and shew how much against law, and the liberty of tlie Subject, commands of this nature are; to represent to liiin the interruption that they cause to the proceedings of parliament, and the affairs or' Ireland, with the inconveniences that are like to ensue upon tlietn; and to desire they may be forborne 'hereafter.
Declaration of both Houses against talcing Arms bu his Majesty's Command.'] A Letter, directed to Edw. lord Howard and the Committee at York, was read, with a Declaration of Parliament; the Ixttcr was to no other purpose, than thanking them for their good services, &c. and to order them to deliver the inclosed to the high sheriff, and press the execution of it there, as was intended to be done in the other counties of England. Which Instrument w as in these words:
"The lords and commons in parliament do declare, That it is against the laws and liberties of the kingdom, that any of the subjects thereof should be commanded by the king to attend him at his pleasure, but such as are bound thereunto by special service: and that whosoever, upon pretence of his majesty's command, shall take arms, and gather together with others, in a warlike manner, to the terror Of the king's people, shall bc-estccmed disturbers of the public peace; and to do that which may introduce a precedent of very dangerous consc.'|ueuce for the future, and may produce most mischievous effects for the present; considering the great distempers of the kingdom, and what pernicious counsellors and incendiaries are now about the king; and how desperate and ill-affected divers persons, attending upon bis uinjesy, have shewed themselves to the parliament and to his other good subjects, threatening and reproaching them pulilickly, even in his majesty's presence. For preventing and avoiding such great mischiefs as may thereupon ensue, it is Ordered and Ordained hy both bouses of parliament, That if the Trained-Bands, or any other his majesty's subjects, shall, upon pretence of any such command, be drawn together and put into a posture of war, the sheriff of that county where there shall be such raising or drawing together of armed men, do forthwith raise the power of the county to suppress the same, and to keep bis majesty's peace according to law. And that the lord lieutenants, deputy lieutenants, justices of the peace, and all other bis majesty's subjects, be aiding and assisting to the several and respective sheriffs in performance hereof, as they will answ er the contrary at their peril."'
Further Orders for the Security of Hull.'] May 18. The lord admiral acquainted the lords, That he had received a Letter from Hull, from some captains, sent with their ships there, by order of pari, to bring away the Magazine, afledgingj that they had received a command from the kiue, dated at York, the 10th of May, upon their allegiance, not to put on hoard any
part of that Magazine, etc. they therefore desired their lordships to take some course Sir their indemnity in obeying the commands of this house.—Then the lord admiral's Letitt and the king's Warrant for stoppage were read; and a conference being held upon it, some more hints were communicated by the commons, concerning the safety of Hull; w, That sir J. Hotham complained he wanted s committee, of reputation, to assist him: tbat he found the townsmen false: that he wanted mills to grind corn: and that the OuumttW sent thither, some time since, were conn^ away. To remedy all which, the conimFc had prepared the Form of a Letter to be wr: down to Hull, with an Order; also they bad appointed another committee to go toner, and desired to know if their lordships raM appoint any of their house for tbat purpose.— The lords agreed to this in every parlicui-, and the lord Willoughby of Parham was natn.1 as a commissioner from that house.
The Speaker's Letter to Sir J. Hothtm then»;«».] The Letter to sir J. Hotham, with ta Order of parliament, was then read, as :. lows:
"Sir; Your letter of the 16th of May I tt ccived this morning, and forthwith commui cated it to the house; who do very much if. prove your diligent and prudent carriigt s discharge of the great trust reposed in yon s much concerning the peace and safety of tb whole kingdom; and thank you for the sa'ai.] If the house had sooner known of tbe Co:ejc away of the committee, and of the great re cessity that some such assistance should fee there, they would sooner have proved » have had their absence forthwith supplied others; for which purpose they have now resolved of seven more of this house to heid&d 1 to the former committee, as you may percct | hy the Order inclosed, whereof tbc» iitwl 'tbat four shall always be resident with mi there.—According to your desire, you recent an Order of both houses for the Eucours: meat and Indemnity of the captains and in tcrs of tbe ships, of w hose obedience tl.cn* wc are assuied, by their profession in tiieiro»« letters to the lord admiral, That whit bta houses of parliament shall order, they ste.', I with their utmost endeavours perform, for is | majesty's safety and tbe good of ibis state; which, being an expression of so good affec to the service of the parliament, this !. takes especial notice; and desires you to 0" them thanks in their name, as also totbcuis'ners, of whose forwardness in this serviced*! are also informed.—The house doth also * quire, That the Magazine, that is already.'l;ped, may be sent with all convenient speti with perfect inventories of what is in ere? ship; and what you have kept behind, to remain there, for the defence of the pbff.:' there be occasion; two of the ships of war ire designed for the convoy of the Magazine; t& other two shall be appointed to attend in dot harbour, for the better security of that row.
U there shall be further order.—We underand the proceedings in Yorkshire; and, lough there be some disaffected, yet there ap:ars so great a part of the county to be well to the peace of the kingdom, that it hoped they wdl so over-awe the other party, to keep them quiet. I send you inclosed a py of the Order of both houses, which was sterday sent to the committees at York, ro be livercd to the sheriff; who hath carried nsclf so worthily and faithfully, that there □o doubt whatsoever of hiin. Mr. Hilliard's Mtt is, That he will do his duty in obeying
I authority and directions of parliament, for Serving this kingdom from the miseries and amities of a civil war; which is earnest!v icavoured to be kindled by some evil counlors about the king, who can find no way to ape the punishment of their own wick ed is, but by the confusion of the whole state. It is much wondered that there should be ■ in that tow n so blind, as not to discern the ichief intended to the common-wealth, if
II had not, by the wisdom of the pailiament, :n secured from the Malignant Party; or so iffected as not to concur in the furtherance hat which is necessary for the public good, erein the safety of that town and their own ;rests are involved : but. as their perversencss I make you more watchful, so your watchless will make them less hurtful; and it is led the proceedings in Yorkshire will every 'more open their eyes to see the dangers I miseries like to overwhelm those parts, if lest, well-affected people do not join with
parliament to prevent the same.—The ise means to send away two of the coinmit
forthwith; and, when they have been 'e fully informed, by sir Christ. Wray, of se matters which you write they shall uudrrid by him, it is resolved to send to you in. And I am commanded to tell you, that
may rest assured, as you have the authori»f parliament, and the strength of thegrcatand best part of the kingdom; so you shall c the prayers of all that truly all'ect the sperity and peace of this church and state curring with you, to which I add the good )cct and best wishes of Your most ready ud and humble servant, \Y. Lent Hall."
The Order inclosed was as follows:
Whereas the lords and commons in paraent thought fit and necessary, for the safeif the king and kingdom, That the Magal of Arms and Ammunition, at Kingston n Hull, should be removed from thence to Tower of London, and did order the same ordingly; and have appointed several ships
the transporting and wafting thereof, ch arc ready at Hull, for that service: It is ered, hy both houses of parliament, That said Magazine and Arms shall be forthh removed, and brought away from Hull to
Tower of London; and the captains, 'tenants, masters and other officers and upaiiies of the said ships are hereby requir
cd and enjoined, forthwith, to perform the same, notwithstanding any command to them directed to the contrary. And for the indemnity of captains Driver, Swar.lv, Moyers, and Piggot, and such other captains, lieutenants, masters, officer*.), mariners, and nil other persons, which have done nr shall do any thing according to the said Ordinance of both houses of pailiament, or in execution thereof, touching the removing, shipping or transporting the said Magazine, or any part thereof from Hull, to the Tower of London as aforesaid: It is declared and ordered, by both houses of parliament, That they, and every of them, shall have the assistance of both the said houses I against any iuoonveniency which may happen to them, or any of them, by or for obeying the said commands in this so necessary and important service.''
Lord Savile't letter upon refusing to utltnd the Parliament.y May 19. The earl of Holland acquainted the lords that he had received a Letter from the lord Savile, at Y ork, which was read as followcth :—
"My Lord; Yesterday there came hither a mean base fellow, with an order, process, or warrant, for I know not what to call it, to attach divers of the peers and some others, and amongst the rest myself; for coining away without leave, as I imagine, for I know no other guilt that I can pretend lo; though there was no cause, so much as in general, expressed in the warrant, according as, by the law of the land, and Petition of Right, is required. When he delivered nie his warrant I was going with your brother Newport to Gultres Park, to take the air; and, at my return, found the messenger committed for some offence, which, it I seems, they did lay to his charge; and the I king, calling all the company about him, | charged me, upon my allegiance, not to depart : the town without his consent. 1 saw great joy i in many to see me herein so used in the face 'of my country ; to be arrested by such a fellow, for a crime so small, as for the safety of my I life, after so long an attendance, to go to my ! own house; and at a time when all cursed me for the good offices I did contrary to their designs; as 1 shall report to your commissioners here, who know much of my ways. So, my lord, I am, as you imagine, in a great distinction; but of this I am certain that no private spleen shall debar mc from doing my poor endeavours for the public, so far as it is now fit for me to appear. I pray God that tilings be not so curried as suddenly to endanger the peace of us all. Mv lord, I am, &c. York, May 14, 1642. "Savii.e."
Another Ijetter from the Committer at 1 ork, relating to the King's raising a Ovurd.] Next was read a Letter from the lord Howard, one of the Committee at York, to the lord keeper, containing a further account of the king's proceedings in that city, which was in these words: "My lord; Yesternight, somewhat late, there came to our hand this printed Paper enclosed: 'Bv the King: C. H. Whereas, upon summons from us, divers gentlemen of this our county of York did attend us on Thursday the lath day of this instant .May, when we declared our Rcsolutiuti, for the reason then delivered by us, to have a Guard to secure and defend our person; and desired therein the concurrence and assistance of the gentry of this county: and whereas divers gentlemen of this county, for many reasons and occasions, could not then appear to receive our pleasure on that behalf, "hereunto divers ha»e subscribed: we have therefore thought good hereby to give notice, as well to those gentlemen who were not then present, as to those who did then attend us, tliaf our command is, That as well those gentlemen who arc charged with horse, as others, appear at York upon Friday the 12th day of this month, in such manner and equipage as will he convenient for tl* Guard of our person: and we require and command, That, in the interim, no other warrant, order, orcimmand whatsoever, shall distract or hinder this our service: and we further will and command, That this our Or lor be forthw ith published by the sheriff of this our county, for which this shall he his sufficerit warrant. Given at our Court at York, May !4, 161?.'
"My lord; We conceii ing the above Paper to be illegal, waited on ti c king in the morning, telling him, ' We thought it our duty to represent to his majesty, of what dangerous consequence it was to command the whole county to bring in their horse, which would he occasion of groat jealousies, and might breed great distractions.' His majesty's Answer was, 'That howsoever it was expressed, vet lie never intended to have any come in hut voluntarily.' We replied, 'That this bore another sense, and that it would be our duty to give notice of it to the pari anient.' When we were gone, the marquis of Hertford, the lord Savile, and lord chief justice Bankes, repaired to tl.e king, and soon after brought us the following Paper in Answer to what we had said to his majesty; with a command to write up the substance of it to your lordship: but thinking it not (it to take upon us to write bis majesty's sense, li st we should be mistaken, I have here sent you the very Paper itself, as we had it from the lords before-mentioned.
'My Lord; We waited, this day, upon his majesty, concerning a printed Summons published the 14th of this instant May, humbly to know his majesty's meaning therein; at which tune he was graciously pleased to signify his intention unto us, That his meaning was, thereby, to accept of the voluntary offers of those gentlemen, who had, or should, tender their services unto him for the Guard of his person: and, out of that number that should appear before him, at the lime prefixed, he would chuse such a competent number as might serve for the safeguard of his royal person; likewise telling us, That he had declared to those gentlemen, who did attend him at the last meeting, that he no ways intended hereby to increase the number of the Trailed Bands.
"My lord, these lords do, every one o) them, protest, That they never knew any thin; of this printed Paper till we shew ed it to them I acquainted your lordship, in my last letter. That his majesty had laid aside the rcsolulinn of raising that regiment which was sir Robert .Strickland's; but, this afternoon, we understand it is to meet to-mnrmw by warrants Iran his majesty; a copy of one of them 1 seuJ your lordship here inclosed; as al*o a berttr from his majesty to the gentry of Yorkshire. The Warrant : To the Constables of Nentoo and Benuiiigbomiigh. 'By virtue of a Warrant from his rnajesu, to mc directed, his w ill and command is » give order to all the several petty constahlfr,
! w ithin this division or hundred, to cause alitie Trained hands and .Soldiers of sir Hob. Sir;ciland's regiment, with their officers and ana, to meet at Sutton in the Forest, ou Tuesday next, the l?lh of this instant May, by 8 in (It morning; where they shall receive further
i commands and directions by the colonel serjeaiit-major of the said regiment. Fail not at your peril.'—T. Gro-venob. May 15, Jb-i-.' The King's Letter. 'To our trusty and wcll-beluvcd the geotrr of Yorkshire, and others of this our county * York, whom it doth or may concern; Wt| have, with great contentment, considered yo* dutiful and affectionate Answer to our Prop* sition concerning the unsufferable affront ntiA we received at Hull. We have not been ceived in that confidence we had in your fection, w here fore we desire you to assure th rest of your countrymen, who, thronsh nf£bgenrc, were omitted to be summoned, thai shall never abuse your love, by any po»" wherewith God shall enable us, to the lost violation of the least of your liberties, or d* diminution of (hose immunities, which wc lot granted you this parliament; (though llwy I* beyond the acts of most, if not of all, our predecessors'! being resolved, with a constant at"! firm resolution, to have the law ot Uiis hr^ duly observed; and shall endeavour only SOU preserve our just royal rights, as may enabk ■ to protect our kingdom and people, arconiii^ to the ftntient honours of the kings of Enflas'i and according to the trust which, by tbe l«» ot God and this land, is put into thecro""; being sufficiently warned, by the late affronts: Hull, not to transfer the same out of our power; concerning which affront we will take sometime to advise which way we may usefully in*ploy your affections: in the menu time we ski* take it well from all such as shall personal!; attend us, so followed and provided as they shall think fit, for the better safety of our person; because we know not what sudden ra> lence or affront may be offered unto us, hana£ lately received such an actual testimony ol rebellions intentions from sir J. Hotbam at Hull. Being thus secured by your affections and «-sistance, we promise you our protection «g»m>: any contrary power whatsoever; and thatyw