Imágenes de páginas
PDF

ship to him, which, he said, lie had ever I esteemed; and he could not more manifest the esteem he had of it and him, than by using that freedom again with him which he meant to do. Then he lamented his own condition; and that he had been preferred from the Common Plea<, where he knew both the business and the persons he had to deal with, to the o^hcr high oliice he now held; which obliged him to converse and transact with another sort of men, w ho w ere not known to hhn, and in affairs which he understood not, and had not one friend among.them with whom he could confer upon any doubt which occurred to him.'—lie spoke then of the unhappy state and condition of the kin:;'* business; how much he had been, and was still, betrayed by persons who were about him; and with all possible indignation against the proceedings of the parliament; and said, ' They would ne\er do this, if they were not resolved to do more: that he knew the kins; too well, and observed the carriage of particular men too much, and the whole run cut of puhbc transactions these last five or six months, not to foresee that it | could not he long before there would he n i war between the king and the two houses' > and of the importance, in that season, that the Crrat Seal should be with the king.' Then I he lell into many expressions of his duty and affection to the king's person, as well as to his high degree; and, That no man should be more ready to perish with,and for, his majesty, than he would be: that the prospect he had of this necessity had made him carry himself towards that party with so much compliance, that he might be gracious with them, at least that they might have no distrust of him, which he knew many had endeavoured to infuse into them; and that there had been a consultation, within few days, whether, in regard that he might be sent for by the king, or that the Seal might be taken from him, it would not be best to appoint the Seal to he kept in some such secure place, as that there might he no danger of losing it; and that the keeper should always receive it for the execution of his otiice, they having no purpose to di«oblige him. And the knowledge he had of this consultation, and fear he had of the execution, of it, had been the reason why, in the late debate npon the Militia, he had given his vote in such a manner as he knew would make very ill impressions with the king, and many others who did not know him very well; but that, if he had not in that point submitted to their opinion, | the Seal had been taken from him that ni^ht; | whereas, by his compliance in that vote, which could only prejudice himself, and not the king, be had gotten so much into their confidence, that he should he able to preserve the Seal in his own hands till the kitm required it, and then he would be as ready to attend his majesty with it.'—Mr. Hvde was very well pleased with this discourse, and asked him, '' Whether he would give him leave, when there should be a fit occasion, to assure the king, that he would

perform this service when the king should require it?' He desired 'That he would do », and pass his w ord for the performance of it, soon as his majesty pleased;' and so thej parted. The king, being informed of what had passed at this interview, was at first ren unw illing to rely upon the l>rd keepers promises, but being at length satisfied of Imgorti intentions towards him, re-olvcd. 'That bt would such a day of the week following, sed for the Keeper and the Seal;' and that it should be, a;> had been advised, upon a Saturday afternoon, as soon as the house of Wi should ri«e, because then no notice cnsMdt taken of it till Monday. Mr. Hyde, who bid continued to see the keeper frequently, aad was confirmed in his contidence of his inrtrity, went now to hiin; and finding him firm n his resolution, and of opinion, in reijard of rht high proceedings of the houses, that it sfcontf not be long deferred; he told him, 'Tin: b? might expect a messenger the next week. a.i that he should once more see him, when t* w ould tell him the day; and that ha would then go himself away before him to York.'Accordingly on the Saturday following,betwen 2 and 3 of the clock in the afternoon, Mr. Elliot, a groom of the bedchamber to the prinrt, came to the keeper, and found him atonf * the room where he used to sit; and delivrred him 9 letter from the kin'_', in his own haM, wherein be required him, with many expn* sions of kindness and esteem, 'to make l it! to him; and if his indisposition' (f«r lie «S often troubled with gravel and sharpness fli urine) • would not suffer him tt> make rtich haste upon the journey as the occasion icqiiird, that he should deliver the Senl to theptrsa who gave hiin the letter; who, being a stro»» young man, would make such haste as waso*cessary; and that he might make bis on journey by those degrees which bis health nquired.' The keeper was surprized with tts messenger, whom he did not like; and morf when he found that he knew the contents I the letter, which he hoped would not bit been communicated to any man who s!>o»ld be scut. He nnswered him w ith much rescrrttion; and when the other, with bluntness,'*'* was no polite man) demanded the Seal of hi* w hich he had not thought of putting oat of la own hands, he answered him, 'That k would not deliver it into any hands but the king's;' but presently recollecting him*!', and looking over his letter again, he qxicih considered, that it would be hazardous to cafr» the Seal himself such a journey; and thai' by any pursuit of him, which he could net bet suspect, he should be seized upon, the tint would be very unhappily disappointed of Ox Seal, which he bad reason so much to atpeti upon; and that his misfortune would be wWh imputed to his own fault and infidelity; ("kick, without doubt, he abhorred with his hear:} and the only way to prevent that mischief, °< to appear innocent under it, was to drlrrertfce Seal to the person trusted by the king hinue*

had been gone to Cranford, to hi* country house, whither he frequently went on Saturday nights, and was early enough at the parli* ainent on Monday mornings; and so the lords the more willingly consented to the later adjournments for those days."

The Lords appoint a Committee to consider of on Accommodation sith the King.] The lord-keeper's unexpected conduct occasioned, as lord Clarendon adds, " so great a dejection in the house of lords, that, upon the news thereof, the carl of Northumberland, who had been of another temper, moved, That a Committee might be appointed, to consider howr there might be an Accommodation between the king and his people, for the good, happiness «nd safety of both king and kingdom.1* A Committee was appointed accordingly; and^ upon that occasion,

The Ji. of Bristol'* Speech thereupon.'] The earl of Bristol made the following speech: * "My lords; I have spoken so often upon the subject of Accommodation, with so little acceptance, and with so ill.success, that it was in my intention not to have made any further essay in this kind; but my zeal to the peace and happiness of this kingdom, and my appschensions of tlte near approach of unspeakable miseries and calamities, suffer me not to he master of mine own resolution. —Certainly this kingdom hath, at all times, many advantages over the other monarchies of Kurope; as, of situation, of plenty, of rich commodities; of power both by sea and land; but more particularly at this time, when all our neighbouring states are, by their several interests, so involved in war, and with such equality of power that there is not much likelihood of their mastering one another, nor of

0 receive it; and so, without telling him my thing of his own purpose, he delivered lie Seal into his hands; who forthwith put limself on his horse, and, with wonderful ixpedition, presented the Great Seal into lis majesty's own hands, who was infinitely tolled both with it and the messenger.* The ord keeper, that evening, pretended to be ndiiposed, and that he would take hit rest arlv, and therefore ordered, that nobody hould he admitted to speak with him; he lieu called *erjeant Lec'to him, who was the erjeiuit that waited upon the Seal, and in 'hum he had great confidence, and told him tely, 'That he was resolved, the next niorn»g, to go to the kini:, who had sent for him; bat he liiiew well how much malice he should ontract by it from the parliament, which rould use all the means they could to appreend bin; mid he himself knew nut ho» he \mo\d perform the journey, therefore he put imsclf intirely into his hands; that he should luse his horses to be ready against the next lorning, and only his own groom to attend tan, and he to guide the best way; and that e would not impart it to any uther person.' lie honest serjoant was very glad of the re)iulion, and cheerfully undertook all things ir the journey; and so sending the horses out

1 town, the keeper put himself in his coach cry early the next morning; and as soon as ley were out of the town, lie and the serjeant, ftu one groom, took their horses, and made )<;reat a journey that day, it being about the egiiining of Juuc,f that, before the end of ■e third day, he kissed the king's hand at 'ork. He had purposely procured the house f peers to be adjourned to a later hour, in the lorning for Monday, than it used to be.

unrlay passed without any man's taking no- having their differences easily compounded;

ce of the keeper's being absent; and many, lioknew he was not at hii house, thought he

* Mr. Rushworth adds this remarkable cirmistance relating to the carrying olF the >re« Seal: " In Mr. Elliott's passage towards ork, the Author of the Collections met him tVVitham, a post stage between Grantham nd Stamford, who, with n fall off his horse, ad hurt his shoulder; and seeing the Author, is old acquaintance, demanded, What News? thinking he bad been sent after him by the arliament to recover the Great Seal) To

and thereby, we alone being admitted to trade to all places, wealth and plenty, which ever follow where trade flourisheth, are in a manner cast upon us.—I shall not trouble your lordships by putting you in mind of the great and noble undertakings of our ancestors; nor shall I -pass higher than the times within mine own remembrance. Queen Elizabeth was a princess disadvantaged by her sex, by her age, and chiefly by her want of issue; yet if we shall consider the great effects wrought upon most of the states of Christendom by this nation, under her prudent government (the growth of

i •_ i i n i _ \: »

'hich he replied to Mr. Elliott, (not imagining j the monarchy of Spain chiefly by her impeach e had then with him the Great Seal) 'That i ed; the United Provinces by li

e came from York; that the king -was wefl; nd that he was going with letters from the owniittee of parliament at York, to both ouses, wherein some Answers from the king 'ere inclosed to the parliament.' To which ir. Elliot, replied, ' It was fit the author hould make haste; and therefore,' said he, take my horses which are ready saddled,' earing lest the Author should raise the county against him; so we parted at that time.'' t Bv the Lords Journals it must have been he 22d of May.

ler protected;

the French in their greatest miseries relieved; most of the princes of Germany kept in high respect and reverence towards her and this kingdom; and the peace and tranquillity wherein this kingdom flourished, and which hath been continued down unto us by the peaceable government of kiug James, of blessed memory, and of his now majesty, until these late unhappy interruptions) we cannot

* From the original edition, printed by I. Smith and A. Co*.

but judge this nation equally capable, with any other, of honour, happiness, and plenty. .—Now if, instead of this happy condition, in which we have been, and might he, upon a sober and impartial inquiry we shall find our

sons, which we have received from our tacrators, or which himself hath granted unto us; and as to what shall yet remain for the goo; and comfort of his subjects, he is b illing to hearken to ail our just and reasonable propa

selves to have been, for some few- years last j sitions; and for the establishing the true Prepast, involved in so many troubles and distractions, and at the present to be reduced to the very brink of miseries and calamities; it is high time for us to consider by what means we have been brought into them, and by what meaus it is most probable we may be brought out of them.—This kingdom never enjoyed so universal a peace, neither bath it any visible enemy in the whole world, cither infidel or Christian; our enemies are only of our own house, such as our own dissentions, jealousies,

and certainly

testant religion, he wooes us to it: and tf* wisdom and industry of the parliament ta-i now put it in a hopeful way. The rule ot'ka government, he professeth, shall be tkeUma the kingdom; and, for the comforting :uid securing of us, he onereth a much inure Urjt and more general pardon than hath U<j granted by any of his predecessors. Andtruli, my lords, this is all thai ever was, or can I pretended unto by us. We, on the others mike profession, That we intend to mate), majesty a glorious king; to endeavour to I

duty and obedience, which, by our aik^UM several oaths, and late Protests!ions, we n» unto him, and to maintain all his just regalias which I conceive to he I expect from us.—1

Olid distractions have raised up

where they are found, especially betwixt a king ; port his dignity; and to pay unto him t

and his people, no other cause of the unhappi

ness and misery of a state need to be sought

after; for civil discord is a plentiful source,

from whence all miseries and mischiefs flow. | and prerogatives;

The scripture tclleth us of the strength of a

little city united, and of the instability of a

kingdom divided within itself: so that, upon a

prudent enquiry, we may assign our own jealousies and discords for the chief cause of our

past and present troubles, and of our future tears. It must be confessed, that, by the counsel and conduct of evil ministers, the subjects had cause to think their just liberties invaded; and from thence have our former distempers grown: for it is in the body politic of a monarchy, as in the natural body, the health whereof is defined to be, 'Partium corporis atquu temperies,' an equal temper of the parts: so likewise a state is well in health and well disposed, when sovereign power nnd common right are equally balanced, and kept in even temper, by just and equitable rules.—And truly, my lords, by the goodness of his majesty, and by the prudent endeavour of the parliament, this stale is almost reduced to that equal and even temper; and our sickness is rather continued out of fancy and conceit, (I mean fears and jealousies) than out of any real distempers. I well remember, that, before the beginning o' this parliament, some noble lords presented a Petition unto the king; and in that petition did set down all or most of the Grievances and distempers of the kingdom which then occurred to them. To these, as I conceive, the parliament have procured, from his majesty, such redresses as are to their good satisfaction. Many other things for the ease, security, and comfort of the' subject, have been, by their great industry, found and propounded; and, by his majesty's goodness, condescended unto. And now we are come so near the happiness of being the most free and most settled nation in the Christian world, our dangers and miseries will grow, every day, greater and nearer, if nqt speedily prevented. The king, on his part, offereth to concur with us in the settling all the libeties and immunities, cither for the property of our goods or liberty of our per

much as his majesty will
that, my lords, we being both, thus rcc
callv, agreed of that which in general *
make both king and people happy, ska!
most unfortunate, if we shall not bring 1
inclinations and endeavours so to pro]
and settle particulars, as both king and
may know what will give them mutual til
faction; which certainly must be the first
towards the settling of a right understand
betwixt them. And in this I sliould Dot tsl
ceive any great difficulty, if it were once
into a way of pivpnr.it!'in. But the greats
difficulty may seem to be, How that *M
may be settled and agreed upon may bed
cured? This is commonly the last poml
treaties betwixt princes, and of the gresaj
nicencss; but much more betwixt a ting ■
his subjects, where that confidence and M
which should be betwixt them is occe afl
and, to speak clearly, I fear that thisnuH
onr case, nnd herein may consist the chietaj
difficulty of accommodation ? for it is a*
easier to compose differences arising fror m
son, yea, even from wrongs, ihan it istoat*
jealousies; which, arising out of diffidence >
distrust, grow and are varied upon evento
sion.—But, my lords, if there be no endear*
to allay and remove them, they will ete?^
increase and gather strength; nay, theJ»
already grown to that height, and the
replies to those direct terms of opposition, ta
if we make notapresentstop.it is to be ft**'
will speedily pass further than verbal cor"*
tntions. I observe, in some of his majpstj * ■
swers, a Civil War spoken of: I conies it 11
word of horror to me, who have been an f
witness of those inexpressible calamines ^
in a short time, the most plentiful and '*!
risbing countries of Europe have been bmsF
into by nn intestine war. I further ob»*"-
'That his majesty protestcth against the if
ries that may ensue by a war, »nd its' ■] I
clear of them.' It is true that» uroteu-*

[graphic]

)f that kind is no actual denouncing of war, bat it is the very next degree to it; ultima ndnionitin, as the civilians term it, the last admonition : so that we are upon the very hrink of our miseries. It is Letter keeping out of them thnn getting out of them; and, ii. a slate, the wisdom of prevention is infinitely beyond the wisdom of remedies. If, for the lins of' this nation, these misunderstandings should produce the least net of hostility, it is not almost to be believed how impossible it »ere to put anv stay to our miseries: for :i rivil. war admits of none of those conditions )f quarter, by which cruelty and blood are, Liiojigstother enemies, keptfrum extremities: lay, if it should but so happen, which God of lii goodness avert, that, mutually, forces and urnies should he raised, jealousies and fears rould he so much increased thereby, that any iccommudatiuii would be rendered full of liliiculty and length ; and the very charge of naiutaining them (whilst first n cessation of Inns, and then a general accommodation were n treating) would consume the wealth of the linrdom.— And of this we had lately a costly isumple: for in those unhappy times, betwixt ts and Scotland, after there was a stop made o any further acti of hostility, and a desire of idee expressed on both sides; commissioners laminated, and all the articles propounded; 'et the keeping of the armies together for our evcral securities, whilst the cessation at Ripion and tl.e pexcent London were in treating, :ust this kingdom not much less than a million if pounds. And if two armies be once on fuot lore in England, either a su'dden encounter oust destroy ons of them, or the keeping of hem both on foot must destroy the kingdom. —I hope, therefore, we shall make it our enIcavour, bv moderntioii-and calmness, yet to Hit a stay to our so near approaching miseries; mdthat we shall hearken to the wise advice of iur brethren of Scotland, in their late Answer o the king and parliament, (p. 1217); wherein hey earnestly intreat us, ' That all means may >e forborne which may make the breach wider, ind the wound deeper; and that no place he hen to the evil spirit of division, which at urh times worketh incessantly, and resteth lot; but the fairest, the most Christian, and MinpcndiouS way may be taken by so wise a ling and parliament,as may, against all malice md opposition, make his niaj. and posterity nore glorious, and his kingdoms mere happy ban ever.' And, in another place they say, That since this parliament hath thought meet o draw the practice of the parliament of Scotand into example, in the point of their Dec'aation, they are confident that the affection of his parliament will lead them, also, to the iractice of that kingdom in composing the uniappy differences betwixt his majesty and hem; and (so far as may consist with their tligion, liberties, and laws) in giving his maj. ill satisfaction, especially in their tender care if his royal person, of his princely greatness md authority, aud the prosperity of the king

dom.'—Certainly, my lords, this i* wise and brotherly advice, and I doubt not but wo arc all desirous to follow it. We must not then still dwell upon generals, for generals produce nothing; but we must put this business into a certain way, whereby particulars may be descended unto; and the way that I shall offer, with all humility, is, That there may be a select Committee of choice persons of both houses, w ho may, in the first place, truly state and set down all things in difference betwixt thy king and the subject, with the most probable ways of reconciling them. Secondly, To descend unto the particulars which may be expected by each from other, either in point of our supporting of him, or his relieving of us. And, lastly, How all these conditions, being agreed upon, may be so secured as may stand with the honour of his majesty and the satisfaction of the subject.—When such a committee shall have drawn up the heads of the Propositions, and the w ay of securing them, they may be presented unto the houses; and so offered unto his majesty, by such away as the parliament shall judge most probable to produce an Accommodation.—My lords, what I have yet said unto you, hath been chiefly grounded upon the Hpprehensions arid fears of our future dangers. I shall say somethingof the unhnppiuess of our present state, which certainly standeth in as much need of relief und remedy, as our fears do of prevention; for although the king and people were fully united, and that all men who now draw several ways, should unanimously set their hand to the work, yet they would find it no easy task to restore this kingdom to a prosperous and comfortable condition: rf we take into our consideration the deplorable state of Ireland, likely to drain this kingdom of men and treasure; if wc consider the debts and necessity of the crown, the engagements of the kingdom, and the great and unusual contributions of the people; which last, although they may not be so much to their discontent, for that they have been legally raised, yet the burden hath not heeXi much cased. v Let us likewise consider the distractions (I may almost call them confusions) in point of religion; which, of all other distempers, are the most dangerous and destructive to the peace of a state.—Besides these public calamities, let every particular man consider the distracted and uncomfortable state of his own condition; for mine own part, I must ingeniously confess untoyour lordships, that I cannot find out, under the different commands of the king and the parliament, any such course of caution and wariness, by which I can promise to myself security or safety. 1 could give your lordships many instances of the inconsistency and impossibility of obeying these commands; but 1 shall trouble you only with one or two. The Ordinance of parliament, now in so great agitation, coinmandeth all persons in authority to put it in execution, and all others to obey it according to the fundamental laws of the land: the king dedarcth it to be contrary to tbc fundamental lairs, against the liberty of the subject and rights uf parliament; and coiiimandeth all bis subjects, of what degree soever, upon their allegiance, not to obey the said Ordinance, as they will answer the contrary at their perils.—So likewise, in point ot the king's commanding the attendance of divers of us upon his person, whereuuto we are obliged by several relations of our services and oaths: in case we comply not with his commands, we are liable to his displeasure, and the loss of those places of honour and trust wbich we hold under him : if we obey bis commands without the leave of the parliament, which bath not been always granted, we ere liable to the censure of parliament: and of both these we want not fresh examples; so that, certainly, this cannot but be acknow

tions of parliament from the committee, sod see them circulated through their seterai tiicts. Likewise, That the said lord awe, &c. should publish in all market towns,thitiu Trained Bands ought not to rise, or bt cillri together, by any personal command of the nej; hut that, as affairs then stood, such cuinraaist were against law, tending to the great disrsrff ance and danger of the kingdom, iJecirs; an amue«ty to such as should not obey,as1 punishment to those that did, iSx. WlicJili!dinance was agreed to by the lords.

The Commons appoint Coinmitsioneri te a sist sir J. Hot ham at Hull, and consider if Wnv la raise Money.] At the same time sir Ws Strickland, Mr. Alured, Mr Wharton, sir Wa Airmyn, Mr. John Hotham, Mr. H. I)»rlet,ul Mr. Peregrine Pelhani, all members of the boa

killed to be an unhappy and uncomfortable j of commons, were appointed cotnmissio

condition.—I am sure I bring with me a read and obedient heart, to pay unto tho king all those duties of loyalty, allegiance, and obedience which I owe unto him: and I shall never be wanting towards the parliament, to pay unto it all those due rights and that obedience which we all owe uuto it; but, in contrary commands, a conformity of obedieuice to both is hardly to be lighted on. The reconciliation must be in the commanders and the commands, and not in the obedience or the person that is to obey, aud therefore, until it shall please God to bless us with a right understanding )>etwLxt the king and parliament, and a conformity in their commands, neither the kingdom in public, nor particular men in private, can be reduced to a safe or comfortable condition.— I have said thus much to give occasion to others to offer likewise their opinions; for if we shall sit still, and nothing tending to the stay of the unhappy misunderstanding betwixt the king and his people, be propounded, it is to be feared that our miseries -will hasten so fast upon us, that the season and opportunity of applying remedies may be past. I liave herein' discharged my conscience suitable to that duty | "which I owe to the king my sovereign and master, and suitable to that zeal and affection which I shall ever pay to the happiness arid prosperity of the kingdom; towards which I shall ever faithfully contribute my humble prayers and honest endeavours; and I shall no way doubt, whatsoever success this my proposition may have, it will be accompanied with the good wishes of your lordships, and of ull peaceable and well-minded men."

But we find no report entered in tbe Lords' Journals from the before-mentioned committee, notwithstanding this speech for an Accommodation.

Order of both Houses for dispersing their Votes, ifC.1] May 24. The commons sent up air Ordinance, to which they desired the lords concurrence, for giving power to their com

mittee at York to command the lord mayor | aud so fair and satisfactory Answers t»

o down to Hull, to be assistants to the nor thereof, upon such orders and direcuos as they should receive from both bouses. A* sir Edw. Ayscough, sir John Wray, sirfuj Airmyn, Mr. Hatcher, and Mr. Bro\holm, »a sent into Lincolnshire, to preserve the pe»ai that county.

For several days last past the commons i* been busy in raising Mouey, and this d»tJ committee of their house was appointed f their vote, That the king, seduced by ev:l cm sel, did intend to levy war upon his fxi ment, to consider how a stock of MoneM any other means, may be provided for the» ter defence of his majesty's person, the ridel ment, and the public peace of tlie kjiifiaa; against any such force.

This extraordinary diligence of the ment seems to have been ow ing to the desertions from that body; for, lord ~ informs us, That the number of both houses, that resorted to the iat York about this time, increased dailr; i particularly those of the lords: Tliatbi>» called all the peers to council, conunmnj ing to them all such Declarations as he tk*^ fit to publish in Answer to those uf tbc f*4t ment; and all Messages and whatevereist necessary to be done for the improvinaS his condition: and, having now the Gresi with him, issued such Proclamations seasonable for the preservation of the _

The King's Answer to the Partiumeai' duration of the 19th of A/ny.J And ra published the following Answer to tbc liament's Declaration of the 19th cf month:

"If we could be weary of taking aa< for the satisfaction of our people, and tc ceive them of those specious mischierou sious, which are deily instilled into 'J?"^ shake and corrupt their loyalty and efrr-] to us and our government; after so feC *r ample Declaration ofourself and our inters I

sH*4

[graphic]

and sheriff* of that city, and .all sorts of head constables and petty constables under them, to take all Orders, Votes and Dcclara

matters as have been objected to us, bye1 part present of both houses of parharcxo' might well jjivei over this labour ot otu" j

« AnteriorContinuar »