Race and Time: American Women's Poetics from Antislavery to Racial Modernity
University of Iowa Press, 2004 - 324 páginas
Race and Time urges our attention to women’s poetry in considering the cultural history of race. Building on close readings of well known and less familiar poets—including Elizabeth Margaret Chandler, Sarah Louisa Forten, Hannah Flagg Gould, Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, Sarah Piatt, Mary Eliza Tucker Lambert, Sarah Josepha Hale, Eliza Follen, and Mary Mapes Dodge—Gray traces tensions in women’s literary culture from the era of abolitionism to the rise of the Plantation tradition. She devotes a chapter to children’s verse, arguing that racial stereotypes work as “nonsense” that masks conflicts in the construction of white childhood. A compilation of the poems cited, most of which are difficult to find elsewhere, is included as an appendix.
Gray clarifies the cultural roles women’s poetry played in the nineteenth-century United States and also reveals that these poems offer a fascinating, dynamic, and diverse field for students of social and cultural history. Gray’s readings provide a rich sense of the contexts in which this poetry is embedded and examine its aesthetic and political vitality in meticulous detail, linking careful explication of the texts with analysis of the history of poetry, canons, literacy, and literary authority.
Race and Time distinguishes itself from other critical studies not only through its searching, in-depth readings but also through its sustained attention to less known poets and its departure from a Dickinson-centered model. Most significantly, it offers a focus on race, demonstrating how changes in both the U.S. racial structure and women’s place in public culture set the terms for change in how women poets envisioned the relationship between poetry and social power.
Gray’s work makes contributions to several fields of study: poetry, U.S. literary history and American studies, women’s studies, African American studies and whiteness studies, children’s literature, and cultural studies. While placing the works of figures who have been treated elsewhere (e.g., Dickinson and Harper) into revealing new relationships, Race and Time does much to open interdisciplinary discussion of unfamiliar works.
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protects a space of imaginative autonomy . Piatt's solution , however , creates
new problems . Ridiculing a black male reader , Piatt marks the stakes in
defending the literary whiteness of children's poetry despite her acknowledgment
of its ...
Early in the century , in “ The Bucket " by Samuel Woodworth ( 1818 ) and “ The
Oak ” by George Pope Morris ( 1837 ) , childhood is a space of rugged , rural
instruction whose values poetry must help to protect and preserve . The prescient
... adaptation , it also outlines a specifically bourgeois space , drawing a line
between “ us ” and “ them , ” those who cannot afford the autonomous space of
childhood but whose otherness helps to support the enclosure around those who
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