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Apole Point, 134 miles westward of Kailio Point, is low and is composed of black jagged rock.
Nuu Anchorage, about 274 miles westward of Kailio Point and immediately westward of Apole Point, is in the bight which lies northward of the first large lava flow westward of Kaupo Gap, and is marked by a white storehouse on the beach. Anchorage can be found in 8 fathoms, sandy bottom, with the white storehouse bearing 45° true (NE N mag.), distant about 400 yards. The local steamer calls at intervals of several months. Cattle is the principal export. From Nuu to Pohakueaea Point, 1142 miles to the westward, the coast is barren, with deep water close up. All dangers are close to the bluffs. At Pohakueaea Point the 20-fathom curve begins to trend offshore.
Danger.--A pinnacle rock with less than 12 feet over it is said to exist somewhere between Pohakueaea Point and Keoneoio Bay, within 72 mile of shore. It may be off Pohakueaea Point as an extension of the lava flow that forms the point.
Lualailua Mountains, 7 miles westward of Nuu Anchorage and 2 miles inland, are a group of red mounds about 2,000 feet high.
Hokukano Cone, i mile west-southwestward of Lualailua Mountains, is a conspicuous red cone with a lava flow which reaches the sea in a high black mass.
Pimoe Dome, 274 miles westward of Hokukano Cone, is red and irregular, with its easterly side broken; it is the crater from which the large fan-shaped lava flow in the vicinity of Pohakueaea Point had its origin.
Cape Hanamanioa, the southwesterly end of the island, is a black lava mass, marked by a group flashing white light.
Keoneoio (La Perouse) Bay, lies between Cape Hanamanioa and Cape Kinau. It is about Y2 mile wide and indents the coast about 42 mile and is marked on its northwest side, at the water's edge, by Kanaloa Crater, a low, yellowish-brown cone with its seaward side blown out. This crater is surrounded by a lava flow which has come down from Lapa Crater, a small black cone about 1 mile northward of the bay. There is a small settlement at the foot of Kanaloa Crater. There is a rock with 10 feet over it in the middle of the entrance to the bay, and the bottom is rocky; it is not recommended for strangers. There are no harbors or anchorages between Nuu Anchorage and Keoneoio Bay, and the country back of this section of the coast is bare, with practically no signs of habitation.
Cape Kinau is on the northerly side of Keoneoio Bay and is a broad, low, black lava point. A rock with 412 feet over it lies 400 yards offshore near the northerly end of the cape.
Olai Hill, 24 miles northward of Kanahena Point, is the most prominent landmark in this vicinity. It is brown in color, 356 feet high, and consists of three knolls.
Molokini, marked by a light, lies 242 miles 263o true (WSW 42 W mag.) of Olai Hill.
Makena Anchorage, 1 mile northward of Olai Hill, is exposed to kona weather, but affords good holding ground in 10 fathoms with the brownstone church bearing 123° true (ESE mag.) and the boat landing bearing 85o true (ENE 5/8 E mag.). The boat landing is 14 mile northward of the church, alongside of a shed on the southerly side of the most prominent point in the vicinity. There is a group of houses back of the landing, southeastward of which is a thick algaroba grove. The country back of Makena rises gently to the mountains; the lower slopes are covered with cactus, while higher up it is thickly wooded. From Makena to Kihei the coast has a general northerly trend; it is low and thickly covered with algaroba trees. The country back of this section of the coast is the same as that in the vicinity of Makena.
Keawakapu Anchorage, 4 miles north of Olai Hill, is marked by a large wharf extending offshore in a southwesterly direction.
Maalaea Bay is the large bight in the middle of the southwesterly coast of Maui; its shores are low and sandy and lined with algaroba trees. The isthmus and the slopes on either side are covered with sugar cane and other vegetation. On account of the fresh winds that sweep across the isthmus during the trade winds and the fresh southerly winds during the konas the bay is a poor anchorage. А reef fringes the shore for a distance of about 32 miles southward of Kihei. Off Kalepolepo, where the reef is widest, there is a 14-foot spot at its outer end, lying Y2 mile from shore. Strangers should pass well offshore. Broken ground, with a least depth of 3 fathoms, lies about 94 mile west-southwestward of Kihei wharf.
Kihei Anchorage, 9 miles northward of Olai Hill, is marked by a sugar mill and plantation settlement. There is a wharf near the mill. A white oil tank and a tall chimney are located north-northeastward from the wharf at a distance of 18 and 38 mile, respectively. Anchorage can be found in 5 fathoms near the mooring buoys about 2 mile off the wharf.
McGregor Point, marked by a concrete structure of a former light, is on the westerly side of Maalaea Bay. There is a boat landing here. The coast between McGregor Point and Olowalu is broken by low bluffs rising from the water's edge, behind which the country presents a barren appearance. The mountains are surmounted by sharp jagged peaks and cut up by deep gorges.
Olowalu Anchorage, 5 miles west-northwestward of McGregor Point, is marked by a mill, which is close to the beach near a clump of trees on a low point planted in sugar cane. There is a small wharf, for lighters, near the mill. Vessels can anchor close inshore off the mill, near the mooring buoy.
Launiupoko Point is about 2 miles northwest from Olowalu. An extensive shoal with a least depth of 5 feet lies approximately 800 yards off the point.
Lahaina Anchorage, 5 miles northwestward of Olowalu, is marked by a flashing red light. It is a good anchorage and is generally calm except during kona weather. Lahaina village is scattered along the beach among the trees. It is the distributing center for this part of the island. The boat landing is alongside of a wharf with a warehouse on it and close to the light tower. There is frequent communication with Honolulu by boat.
PROMINENT OBJECTS. - Lahaina Light is prominent on the northerly side of the inshore end of the wharf. A short distance southeastward of the landing is a tall white flagpole in front of the courthouse. At the northwesterly end of the town, on Puunoa Point, is a tall black wireless-telegraph pole. Back of the town can be seen several tall stacks, which are on the sugar mills and pumping stations.
ANCHORAGE.-In-approaching Lahaina vessels should keep about 1 mile offshore until the wharf or light bears 55° true (NE mag.) and then head in on this course until up to Lahaina buoy, then anchor in 10 to 12 fathoms.
DANGERS.-A reef, over which the sea generally breaks, fringes the shore in front of the town and for several miles on each side. There is a boat passage through the reef in line with Lahaina buoy and the end of the wharf.
BREAKWATER.—There is a small breakwater parallel to the shore on the southeasterly side of the landing, which affords shelter for small boats during any kind of weather.
SUPPLIES.—Provisions, gasoline, and some ship chandlery can be obtained. Water can be obtained on the wharf.
The coast from Lahaina to Kekaa Point is low, back of which the country is planted in sugar cane.
Mala, about 1 mile northwest of Lahaina, is the location of a modern concrete wharf, 960 feet long. There is a depth of 32 feet at the end of the wharf. Along the north side, 300 feet from the end, this depth decreases to 24 feet, while on the south side, 250 feet from the end, there is a depth of 25 feet. Boats can not lie across the end of the wharf, as reinforcing rods are projecting several feet, to be used in a contemplated extension of the wharf. There is a tidal current that parallels the shore line at the end of the wharf with a force of 12 to 34 knots. At flood tide the current flows north, while ebb tide flows south. The principal freight handled at this wharf is that from the pineapple cannery at Mala. Anchorage can be had anywhere in the bay north of the wharf, 24 mile offshore, in 8 to 10 fathoms, or Y2 mile off in 5 fathoms, sandy bottom. Mala gas buoy is located about 300 yards from the end of the wharf and in line with the north side of wharf, in a depth of 7 fathoms.
Kekaa Point, 32 miles northward of Lahaina, is the extreme western point of the island, and is a prominent landmark in the vicinity. The point is a dark rock, 75 feet high and 300 yards long, and from a distance looks like a detached rock. The coast from Kekaa Point to Lipoa Point consists of a series of low bluffs and stretches of sand beaches, along which may be seen numerous clumps of algaroba trees. So far as known, this section of the coast has no outlying dangers. The country slopes gently, is more or less cut up by shallow gulches, presents a brownish appearance, and is covered with short grass.
Kaanapali Landing, on the northerly side of Kekaa Point, is marked by a warehouse and a black oil tank, which are just inside the sand beach.
Kaanapali is the terminus of a plantation railroad which handles most of the sugar from this district. The boat landing is alongside of a wharf which has derricks on it. Off the end of the wharf are several mooring buoys. Good anchorage can be found in 10 to 20 fathoms about 14 mile off the wharf in the vicinity of the mooring buoys. The local steamer calls here.
Napili Bay, 49 miles northward of Kekaa Point, is a small bight between two coral reefs, where an anchorage can be found about a mile offshore in 5 fathoms. It is seldom used. Small boats can land here in trade wind weather.
Hawea Point, 5 miles northward of Kekaa Point, is marked by Hawea Point Light (flashing white).
Honolua Bay, about 1 mile northward of Napili Bay, is the open bight lying between Hawea Point and Lipoa Point. A fair anchorage can be found for small vessels southward of Lipoa Point. The boat landing is at the head of the bay, and is well protected from the northeast trades. In the vicinity of Lipoa Point the bluffs along the northern shore of Maui become higher and more precipitous, and are more cut up by bights and headlands. The country is more rolling and cut by deeper gulches. The mountains are steeper and greener and near their tops are wooded in places. Patches of black rocks that show above water are found close inshore off several of the points in the vicinity. Vessels should give these rocks a berth of 1,2 mile.
Kanounou Point, about 2 miles east-northeastward of Lipoa Point, has several bare black rocks a short distance offshore.
Nakalele Point, about 3 miles east-northeastward of Lipoa Point, is marked by Nakalele Head Light (fixed white). There are several bare black rocks off the point.
Puu Koae (Sugarloaf), 3 miles east-southeastward of Nakalele Head Light, is a dark, bare, conical mound, 634 feet high, marking the seaward end of one of the numerous ridges that end abruptly at the
Close to Puu Koae and just eastward, on the end of the same ridge, is a low and more rounded dome. There is deep water close to Puu Koae. A rock awash lies in the cove between Puu Koae and Mokechia.
Mokeehia Island, 142 miles southeastward of Puu Koae, is a large bare rock on the outer end of Hakuhee Point, and from a distance it looks like an island. Large caverns can be seen in the face of the cliffs on both sides of the rock. About 3 miles southeastward of Mokeehia Island is a reef that extends about 34 mile offshore and is marked by Waihee Reef gas buoy, which is moored in a depth of 18 fathoms about 1 mile offshore. The country between Mokeehia Island and Pauwela Point, about 9 miles east-northeastward of Kahului, is covered with sugar cane.
Waihee Valley, 272 miles southeastward of Mokeehia Rock, is deep and has precipitous sides. It is covered with verdure and is quite prominent.
Iao Valley is deep, with steep sides, and is also covered with verdure and some of the finest scenery in the islands is to be found here. The town of Wailuku lies in the mouth of the valley. Wailuku is connected with Kahului by railroad.
Kahului Harbor, about 6/4 miles southeastward of Mokeehia Rock, is an indentation between two coral reefs, and is about Y2 mile wide at its entrance, contracting to about 14 mile at the anchorage, and is 14 mile long. It is the leading commercial port of the island, and is frequented by both steam and sailing vessels. The harbor affords good anchorage at all times, except when the wind is from north to northwest, at which times a heavy swell sets in. The shores of the harbor are low and sandy. On the northeasterly side the harbor is protected by a breakwater which extends in a west-northwesterly direction out to American Girl Rock and has deep water near its end. There is a light on the breakwater at its outer end. A breakwater is under construction on the west side of the harbor.
Kahului is situated on the southeasterly shore of the bay, and is the distributing port for this section of the island.
WHARVES.-There is a depth of 21 feet alongside the railroad wharf. A new wharf is being constructed alongside the breakwater, and it is planned to have a depth dredged to 35 feet alongside both wharves.
PROMINENT FEATURES.- Three large white oil tanks on the easterly side of the harbor near the beach are conspicuous. Puunene milì, about 142 miles southeastward of Kahului, is conspicuous.
RANGE.-Kahului Harbor range lights are the guide to the anchorage on a 162° 30' true (SSE 42 E mag.) course.
PILOTAGE is not compulsory, but vessels without a coasting license are required to pay half fee when a pilot is not taken. (See appendix.)
TOWBOATS.---There is a small towboat in the harbor. The regular mail steamers from Honolulu will also do towing.
COMMUNICATION.—There is frequent communication with Honolulu by steamer.
HARBOR MASTER.—The harbor master designates the moorings and anchorages for the various vessels.
DANGERS.—A shoal, over which the sea usually breaks, extends about 700 yards from the western shore.
SUPPLIES.- Provisions, fresh water, and some ship chandlers' stores, as well as fuel-oil gasoline and distillate can be obtained.
REPAIRS.--There is a machine shop where minor repairs can be made.
WINDS.-The prevailing winds are the northeast trades, and they frequently blow with great force across the isthmus.
REEF. -A reef about 34 mile wide begins at the easterly entrance to Kahului Harbor and fringes the coast in an east-northeasterly direction until almost up to Pauwela Point, which is marked by a light. It is marked at its widest point by Spartan Reef can buoy (black, No. 1), which lies about 3/4 miles northeastward of the breakwater at Kahului and 1/4 miles from shore. The coast between Kahului Harbor and Pauwela Point light is low, and the country back of it is covered with sugar cane.
Paia, 5 miles east of Kahului, is a plantation settlement, marked by several stacks on the sugar mills. There is an opening in the reef off Paia that is used by launches to enter an anchorage behind the reef. Local knowledge is necessary.
Maliko Cove, about 2 miles northeast of Paia, is a narrow opening with steep rocky sides. It is, a good anchorage for small boats and launches when the trade winds are blowing, as the rocks off the east side of the entrance form a natural breakwater. Anchor in 4 fathoms, rocky bottom.
Pauwela Point, 9 miles northeast of Kahului, is marked by a group flashing white light, and the lightkeeper's dwelling. From Pauwela Point to Nahiku, a distance of about 15 miles, the bluffs become higher, in many places reaching heights of between 300 and 400 feet. ”Eastward of Nahiku the bluffs become gradually lower, and when Kauiki Head is reached they are low. Sugar cane ceases to be a characteristic feature of the coast after passing Pauwela Point until within about 5 miles of Kauiki Head." The country is green, and the higher slopes are heavily wooded. It is cut up by numerous gulches, and on account of the heavy rains numerous waterfalls empty into the sea. Pineapples are grown along the slopes