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Dramatis Per forge.
DUNCAN, King of Scotland.
Sons to the King.
Generals of the King's Army
Noblemen of Scotland..
Lords, Gentlemen, Officers, Soldiers and Attendants.
The Ghost of Banquo, and several other Apparitions.
SCENE, in the End of the fourth Act, lyes in Eng
land; through the rest of the Play, in Scotland; and chiefly at Macbeth's Caftle.
M AC B E
C Β Ε Τ Η.
HEN shall we three meet again?
2 Wiích. When the hurly-burly's done, When the battle's lost and won. 3
Witch. That will be ere set of fun.
All. Fair is foul, and foul is fair,
[They rise from the stage, and fly away, SCENE changes to the Palace at Forris. Enter King, MALCOLM, DONALBAIN, LENOX, with
Attendants, meeting a bleeding Captain.
Mal. This is the Serjeant,
'Gainst my captivity. Hail, hail, brave friend!
Cap. Doubtful long it stood:
King. Oh, valiant cousin! worthy gentleman !
(1) As whence the sun 'gins his reficflion, Shipwrecking florms and direful thanders break;] Mr Pope has degraded this word 'gins, against the general authority of the copies, without any reaton alligned for fo doing; aod substituted gives in the room of it. But it will soon be obvious how far our Author's good observation and knowIedge of nature' goes to establish his own reading, 'gins. For the sense is this ;“ As fron the place from whence the “ fun begins his course, (viz. the east) thipwrecking furnis « proceed ; &c."--And it is fo in fact, that fornis generally come from the east. And it must be so in rcalon, bee cause the natural and conflant motion of the ocean is from cast to weft: and hecause the motion of the wind has the fame general direction. Præcipua et generalis (ventorum] Cauja eft ipfe Sol, qui igneo fuo jubare serem rarefacit et attenuat.
So from that spring whence comfort seemed to (2) Discomfort swelld, Mark,King of Scotland, mark; No sooner justice had, with valour arm’d, Compelled these skipping Kernes to trust their heels; But the Norweyan Lord, surveying vantage,
imprimis illum, in quem perperdiculares radios mittit, sive supre quem hæret. Acr enim rarefaftus multo majorem locum posluluto fude fit, ui aer u fole impulfios alium viinuri aerem magno impe111 protrudat; cumque Sol ab oriente in occidentem circiemrotetur, præcipuus ab eo aeris impulsus fiet verfus occidentem..-Quia plerumque ab aeris per solem rarefactione oritur, qui cum Euntinue feraiur ab oriente in occidentem, majori quogue impetu protruditur acr ab oriente in occidentem. Varenii geograpit. 1. i. c. 14. &c. 20, prop. 10. and 15.- - This being so, it is no wonder that forms should come most frequently, froin that quarter; or that they should be most violent, because here is a concurrence of the natural motions of wind and wave. This proves clearly, that the true reading is 'gins, i. e. begins : for the other reading does not fix it to that quarter : for the fun may give its reflection in any part of its course above the horizon; but it can begin it only in
Mr Warburtola (2) So from thot Spring, whence comfort seemed to come, Discomfort Swelled.] I have not disturbed the text here, as the fešte does not abfolutely require it; though Dr Thirlby prescribes a very ingenious and easy correction :
So from that spring, whence comfort feemed to come,
Discomforts welled. i. e. ftreamed, flowed forth : a word that peculiarly agrees with the metaphor of a spring. The original is Anglo-saxon, wenllian, scaturire ; which very well expresses the diffusion and scattering of water from its head. Chaucer has used the word in these acceptations:
For whiché might flie nò lengir. restrain
Truil. et Creff. 1. iv. V709. I can no more, but here out cast of all welfare abide the daie of my deth, or els to se the fight that might all my well ; age forrowes voide, and of the flode make an ebbe.
Tefiament of Lover
With furbish'd arms and new supplies of men
King. Dismay'd not this
King. So well thy words become thee, as thy
Enter ROSSE and ANGUS. But who comes here?
Mal. The worthy Thane of Rosse.
Len. What haste looks through his eyes ?.
Rose. God save the King !
Roje. From Fife, great King,
I must report they were
(4) Norway himself, with mimbers terrible,
Alified by that, &c.] Norway himself aflisted, &c. is a reade ing we owe to the editors, not to the Poct. That energy