« AnteriorContinuar »
of the popular party; or, whilst adopting in the main the same view of each, the spirit in which the two are regarded has been reversed. The royalists have been treated as the gay licentious followers of a despotic King, drawn together by the feudal feeling that taught them to serve the Sovereign as their liege lord, and to join with him in maintaining their own power by oppressing the people as mere vassals of the land, and forming a striking contrast to the sober, reasoning, thoughtful, pious, and decorous advocates of the just privileges to which they were entitled.
But such views, though popular, have but little more than a bare foundation of truth. The half dramatic, half crusading character with which the court of Charles has been invested, that mixture of gay cavaliers and honourable knights, of waving plumes and flowing locks, that speak powerfully to the fancy, and those humorous descriptions of crop-eared orators, sly hypocrites, and nasal preachers, give but a very false and superficial view of those grave and honest men on either side who argued great constitutional questions, who upheld the Protestant Church against innovations that were leading to Popery, who fought for the safety of the Crown, or maintained the rights and privileges of Parliament.
1 The following extract from the Chancellor (Clarendon's) speech on the 13th of September, 1660, on a clause introduced in the Act of Indemnity, to abolish the use of words or names of reproach, showed how strongly he felt the injurious effect of misrepresentations on each side :
« But, my Lords and Gentlemen, whilst we conspire together to execute “ faithfully this part of the bill, to put all old names and terms of distinc~ tion into utter oblivion, let us not find new names and terms to keep up “ the same or a worse distinction. If the old reproaches of cavalier, and “ roundhead, and malignant, be committed to the grave, let us not find
There were men of high honour, of high birth, of sincere piety, of great learning, of cultivated minds and polished manners, on both sides—on each were often displayed the vices and follies that are incident to human nature, and which will equally appear whatever may be the standard that is chosen to be followed; but the combatants on each side were Englishmen—there was no national distinction of character to be opposed and contrasted—and if on the royalist side there is found less to captivate the imagination in the picture of a King poor and in distress, surrounded with grave counsellors, learned divines, sound lawyers, or veteran commanders, than in the more popular view, his court must gain in dignity, his cause in respect, his person in regard, and his misfortunes in sympathy, when men like Lord Falkland, Lord Capell, Sir Edward Hyde, Sir Edward Nicholas, Lord Culpepper, Lord Hopton, Lord Lindsay, Lord Southampton, and the Marquis of Hertford, are found to have ranged themselves on his side and been faithful to the end.
Lord Hertford had a numerous family by his second wife; one son only out of five survived his father. It was a touching tribute to the recollection of the ill-fated Lady Arabella that he called his eldest daughter by
“ more significant and better words to signify worse things. Let not “ piety and godliness grow into terms of reproach, and distinguish between “ the Court and the city and the country; and let not piety and godli“ ness be measured by a morosity in manners, an affectation of gesture, a “ new mode and tone of speaking ; at least, let not our constitutions and “ complexions make us be thought of a contrary party, and, because we “ have not an affected austerity in our looks, that we may have not piety " in our hearts."
her name. Lord Hertford was buried at Great Bedwin, but no monument has been erected to his memory. Lady Hertford outlived him many years.
Arabella ..... b. ... eldest daughter. Died unmarried. Frances ..... b. ... 2nd daughter. Married first to Richard
Molineux, of the kingdom of Ireland, by whom she had no issue; secondly, to Wriothesley Earl of Southampton, Lord Treasurer of England, by whom she had no child; and thirdly, to Conyers Darcy Earl of Holderness, to whom she was 3rd wife, and had no
issue by him. Mary ...... b. ... 3rd daughter. Married Heneage Finch,
Earl of Winchelsea.
Clifford, son and heir apparent of
Cork. 1. William ...b. ... ob. s. p. 2. Robert .... b. ... ob. s. p. 3. Henry .... b. 1628 ... married Mary Capell—issue, one son and
three daughters :—William, died 12th of December, 1671, in the 20th year of his age, buried at Great Bedwin; Frances and Mary, ob. infants; Elizabeth, married Thomas Lord Bruce, Earl of Ailesbury, died 12th January,
1696-7. 4. Edward .... b. ... died in infancy. 5. John ..... b. ... succeeded to the titles of his father on
the death of his nephew William. Married Sarah, daughter of Sir Edward Alston, Knt., M.D., the relict of George Grimston, Esq.-John Duke of Somerset died, s. p., 29th April, 1675, buried in Salisbury Cathedral.
On the 15th of August, 1657, Lord Hertford, being then in the 70th year of his age, made his will in order
to provide for the future fortunes of his family, and more especially for those of his daughters and granddaughter.
Between his three daughters, Frances, Mary, and Jane, and his granddaughter Elizabeth Seymour, he bequeaths the manors of Barbage, three in number, and known by the names of Savage, Derell, and Estumey. His other estates were also so left that they devolved in time upon his granddaughter Elizabeth Countess of Ailesbury.
PORTRAITS OF WILLIAM MARQUIS OF HERTFORD.
Painters. Engravers. 1. Oval half-length, in armour, looking I
W. HOLLAR. to the left. Small 12mo. . . .S 2. Copy of the preceding reversed, pub
lished by W. Richardson. Small
(The five following are from the picture at the Grove.) 3. Three-quarter length, in armour, )
standing, in Lord Clarendon's His- } Van Dyck. M. Van Gucht.
tory. . . . . . . . . 4. From the same, in Lodge's • Portraits.' i
:} Van Dyck. R. Cooper, 1815. Folio . . . . . . . . 5. From the same. 4to. . . . . .
Do. Do. 1825. 6. From the same. 8vo. . . . . Do, H. ROBINSON,
1833. 7. From the same (little more than the head, without background, in the
Do. Cabinet Edition of Lodge's ‘Por
traits '). 12mo. . . . . . 8. Whole-length, in armour, mezzotint.
No names of painter or engraver.
( A. ) James, fc., to the Treasurers and Chamberlains of our Ex
chequer, greeting. Forasmuch as we have not as yet fully resolved upon such means and provision as we are minded to bestow upon our cousin the Lady Arbella, for her better maintenance, as shall be fit, and that we consider she cannot in the mean time be without occasions of charges and expenses, by reason whereof she shall stand in need of some present aid, which we are willing to supply, we do hereby will and require you that out of our treasury in the Exchequer ye deliver and pay, or cause to be delivered and paid, unto the said Lady Arbella, or to such person whom she shall authorise under her hand, in writing, the sum of one thousand marks, to be taken unto her for her present relief, of our free gift, without any imprest account or other charge to be laid upon her or her assigns, for the same sum, or any part thereof; and these our letters shall be your sufficient warrant and discharge in this behalf. Given under our Privy Seal at our Castle of Windsor, the six-andtwentieth day of June, in the first year of our reign of England, France, Ireland, and of Scotland the six-and-thirtieth.- Privy Seals, 1 James I., fol. 16, Rolls House.
Order for the regular payment of 8001. a year to Lady Arbella,
in quarterly sums. For the proximity of blood that is between us and the Lady Arbella Stewart, our cousin, we think it meet to make her such allowance for her maintenance as appertaineth to our · honour, until we shall otherwise dispose of her.— Ibid., fol. 26, 17th Sept. 1 James I.