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jects of the same in their own personages and otherwise have done to His Grace, and thereby sustained manifold costs and charges to his great honour and pleasure, and also to the common weal of this his realm, of his mere motion and abundant grace, and for the tender zeal and love that His Highness beareth to his said nobles and subjects, hath remitted, pardoned and released, and by this present act doth remit, pardon and release unto his said nobles and all his said subjects in any wise chargeable or contributory to the said aids or either of them or any part of them, and to their heirs, executors and successors, all his right, title and interest which His Grace hath or in any wise may or ought to have by reason of the said two aids or either of them; and also His Grace holdeth him right well pleased with the said loving offer and grant of his subjects by them so made for his great and inestimable costs and charges by His Highness borne and sustained as is above said; and over this of his more ample grace and pity, that the poor people of his commons of this his land should not in any wise be contributory or chargeable to any part of the said sum of xl M' li. but to be thereof discharged, hath pardoned, remitted and released the sum of x M. li., parcel of the said sum of xl M. li., and is content to accept and take of them the sum of xxx M. li. only in full recompense and satisfaction of and for all the premises; which sum of xxx M. li. it is enacted, ordained and established by the authority of this present parliament to be ordered, assessed, levied, paid, and had after the manner and form ensuing that is to say that every shire within this realm shall bear and pay such sums of money assessed upon every of the said shires as here under in this act particularly it doth appear; and that the cities and boroughs, towns and places, being within every shire, not by themselves accountable in the king's exchequer for xv mes and x me, be chargeable with the said shires to the satisfaction and payment of the said sum of xxx M' li.; and all cities, boroughs and towns, not contributory nor chargeable with shires and accountable by themselves in the said exchequer for any xv me and xme, shall be charged toward the contenting and satisfaction of the said sum of xxx M' li. with like and such sums of money as also hereunder in this act particularly it doth appear; and that to the payment of the said sum of xxx M' li; every person or persons having lands or tenements or other hereditaments or possessions, in lands or tenements in fee simple, fee tail, freehold at will after the custom of the manor, ward, execution or ancient demesne, within any of the said cities, shires, towns or boroughs to the yearly value of xxti s. of free charter land or of

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xxvi s. viii d. of land holden at will above all charges, whereof they or any of them be seised or possessed or any other person or persons to the use of them or any of them, and not therewith chargeable with spiritual dismes, or any person or persons having goods or chattels to their proper use to the value of x marcs and above, not accounting their cattle for their plough nor their necessary stuff and implements of household, shall for the same be chargeable for the payment of the said sum of xxx M' li.; and none other persons of less substance in lands and goods; and that such x marcs of goods shall be seised and chargeable with like and equal sums rateable at xx s. of freehold or xxvi s. viii d. of copyhold in every shire, city and borough and in no other form which sum of xxx M' li. to be levied in the said shires shall be ordered and assessed by the discretion of the commissioners in this act named, before the feast of Saint Michael the Archangel next coming, or four of them at the least, calling to them other discreet persons dwelling within the said shires such as they shall think necessary which shall give unto them their advice and assistance for the execution of the premises; and in every of the said cities, boroughs and towns which are accountable by themselves in the exchequer as is aforesaid for the levying of such sums as they shall be chargeable with for the said sum of xxx M' li. to be ordered and assessed by the mayors, justices of peace, sheriffs, bailiffs and other head officers of the same cities, boroughs or towns or four of them at the least, calling to them other discreet persons dwelling within the said cities, boroughs and towns as they shall think necessary which shall give to them their advice and assistance for execution of the premises; and that all persons be charged and bound by the said ordering and assessing according to the effect of the same, the said sum of xxx M' li. to be paid to our said sovereign lord the king in this exchequer by the collectors to be assigned for the gathering and collection of the same at the feast of Saint Andrew next coming; and the said sums of the said xxx M'li. in form afore rehearsed or ordered and assessed, as well the said commissioners in the said shires or four of them at the least, as in the said cities and boroughs or four of them at the least, shall name collectors for the levy of the same, and certify under their seals the names of the said collectors into the king's exchequer before the feast of All Saints next coming; and that the collectors to be named and assigned to gather and levy the said sum of xxx M1 li. shall have full authority and power, after eight days next ensuing the said assessing, to levy and gather the same and for non payment thereof to distrain, take, apprise

indifferently and sell as much of the goods and chattels of every person within the shires, cities or boroughs where they shall be collectors as shall serve for the payment of such sum or sums of money which every of them shall be ordered and assessed to pay, not charging any person but only for the sum upon him assessed; and for non payment of any sum of money ordered and assessed in form aforesaid on every person that it shall be lawful to the said collectors to distrain, take and apprise indifferently and sell as much of the said goods and chattels of the farmers and tenants of any of the same persons so assessed not paying as shall serve for the payment of such sums of money as shall upon the said persons not making payment be ordered or assessed; and that no person or persons be distrained or his goods or chattels taken for any sum upon him ordered or assessed, but after such rate and in such towns, cities, boroughs and places where his lands or his goods be for the which he is assessed; also that the said commissioners in every shire or four of them at the least, shall by writing indented under their seals deliver to the collectors of the said sum of xxx M' li. within eight days next after the said assessing, the names and sums of every person which they shall be appointed and limited to gather by the said writing.

141. Benefit of Clergy denied to Murderers

WHE

(1512. 4 Henry VIII. c. 2. 3 S. R. 49.)

HEREAS robberies, murders and felonies daily increase more and more, and are committed and done in more heinous, open and detestable wise than hath been often seen in times past, and the persons so offending little regard the punishment thereof by the course of the common law nor by reason of any statute heretofore made, but bear them bold of their clergy and imagining and pleading of feigned and untrue foreign pleas triable in foreign counties to the intent to be removed from place to place by colourable and untrue suggestions, and for to be untruely acquit by favor, might and corruption so that they live in manner without fear or dread; for reformation whereof and for the common wealth of this realm and for to put the said murderers, felons and offenders in more fear and dread so to offend; be it ordained, established and enacted by the king our sovereign lord, the lords

spiritual and temporal and the commons in this present parliament assembled and by the authority of the same, that all person or persons hereafter committing murder or felony in any church, chapel or hallowed place, or of and upon malice prepense rob or murder any person or persons in the king's highway, or else rob or murder any person in his house the owner or dweller of the house, his wife, child or servant then being therein and put in fear or dread by the same, that such person or persons so offending be not from henceforth admitted to his or their clergy, such as are within holy orders only except.

142. Act in Strode's Case

(1512. 4 Henry VIII. c. 8. 3 S. R. 53.)

II. AND over that be it enacted by the said authority that all suits, accusations, condemnations, executions, fines, amerciaments, punishments, corrections, grievances, charges and impositions put or had or hereafter to be put or had unto or upon the said Richard [Strode] and to every other of the person or persons afore specified, that now be of this present parliament or that of any parliament hereafter shall be, for any bill speaking, reasoning or declaring of any matter or matters concerning the parliament to be convened and treated of, be utterly void and of none effect. And over that be it enacted by the said authority that if the said Richard Strode or any of all the said other person or persons hereafter be vexed, troubled or otherwise charged for any causes as is afore said, that then he or they and every of them so vexed or troubled of and for the same to have action upon the case against every such person or persons so vexing or troubling any contrary to this ordinance and provision, in the which action the party grieved shall recover treble damages and costs, and that no protection, essoin, nor wager of law in the said action in any wise be admitted nor received.

143. Resumption of Royal Grants

(151. 6 Henry VIII. c. 25. 3 S. R. 153.)

To the king our sovereign lord,

Pray and in the most humble wise beseech your Highness your humble subjects the commons in this present parliament by your high commandment assembled, that where the most noble and Christian princes king Henry the VIth, king Edward the IIIrd and the most famous and renowned prince of most worthy memory king Henry the VIIth your father, whom God pardon, and other your noble progenitors have kept as honourable estates, as well in their own persons as in their households and other their charges, as well in defence of this your realm as in defence of the towns of Calais, Guyenne, Hammes, Berwick and the marches of the same, and other charges of this your realm of the only revenues thereof, as hath done any king or Christian prince in any other Christian region, not only to the great honour of the same but also to the great ease, rest and quietness of the people of the same, which caused all other lands and realms to have this your realm in great renown, dread and fear and your said progenitors to be dreaded of all outward nations; and so it is most dread sovereign lord that the revenues of your lands and other things being in your hands and possession are so greatly minished, by reason of the manifold gifts, grants and releases passed from your Highness since the beginning of your most noble reign hitherto, that the residue thereof now remaining in your hands and possession in no wise sufficeth nor can suffice to bear and sustain your great charges, which daily increase as well by reason of your wars now being in hand against your ancient enemies the Scots as of your great charges in keeping and defence of your city of Tournay late by your Grace victoriously conquered, and which of very necessity must be maintained and borne as accordeth to your princely estate and honour of your Highness and surety of your humble subjects and of your realm: in consideration whereof may it please your Highness by the advice and assent of the lords spiritual and temporal in this present parliament assembled and by authority of the same, for the conservation and maintaining of your most royal estate and other charges above rehearsed, to the pleasure of God and for your own honour and surety and also for the universal weal, ease, rest and surety of this your realm and land, and for the minishing and lessening of the charges and burden of your said poor

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