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do not pay the said sum to be paid by virtue of his conviction and this statute, in such manner and form as the same ought to be paid, within six weeks next after his said second conviction; that then every person so convicted, and not so paying the same, shall, for the same second offence, in the stead of the said sum, suffer imprisonment during twelve months, without bail or mainprize.

XIV. And that from and after the said feast of the Nativity of St. John Baptist next coming, all and every person and persons inhabiting within this realm, or any other the queen's majesty's dominions, shall diligently and faithfully, having no lawful or reasonable excuse to be absent, endeavour themselves to resort to their parish church or chapel accustomed, or upon reasonable let thereof, to some usual place where common prayer and such service of God shall be used in such time of let, upon every Sunday and other days ordained and used to be kept as holy days, and then and there to abide orderly and soberly during the time of the common prayer, preachings, or other service of God there to be used and ministered; upon pain of punishment by the censures of the Church, and also upon pain that every person so offending shall forfeit for every such offence twelve pence, to be levied by the churchwardens of the parish where such offence shall be done, to the use of the poor of the same parish, of the goods, lands, and tenements of such offender, by way of distress.

169. Act of Recognition of the Queen's Title

As

(1559. 1 Elizabeth, c. 3. Prothero, 21.)

S there is nothing under God, most dread Sovereign Lady, wherein we your most humble, faithful and obedient subjects, the Lords spiritual and temporal and Commons in this present Parliament assembled, have, may or ought to have more cause to rejoice than in this only, that it hath pleased God of his merciful providence and goodness towards us and this our realm not only to provide but also to preserve and keep for us and our wealths your royal Majesty our most rightful and lawful Sovereign Liege Lady and Queen, most happily to reign over us; for the which we do give and yield unto him from the bottoms of our hearts our humble thanks, lauds and praises; even so there is

nothing that we your said subjects for our parties can, may or ought towards your Highness more firmly, entirely and assuredly in the purity of our hearts think or with our mouths declare and confess to be true, than that your Majesty our said Sovereign Lady is, and in very deed and of most mere right ought to be, by the laws of God and the laws and statutes of this realm, our most rightful and lawful Sovereign Liege Lady and Queen; and that your Highness is rightly, lineally and lawfully descended and come of the blood royal of this realm of England, in and to whose princely person, and the heirs of your body lawfully to be begotten, after you, without all doubt, * the imperial and royal estate, place, crown, and dignity of this realm, with all honours *** and preeminences to the same now belonging and appertaining, are and shall be most fully invested and incorporated

fully and lawfully

* *

* as rightas the same were in the said late King Henry the Eighth or in the late King Edward the Sixth * or in the late Queen Mary * at any time since the act of parliament made in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of your said most noble father King Henry the Eighth, entitled An Act concerning the establishment of the King's Majesty's succession in the imperial crown of this realm.

IV. And that it may be enacted, That as well this our declaration as also the limitation and declaration of the succession contained in the said Act *** shall stand the law of this realm for ever.

170. The Treason Act

(1559. Elizabeth, c. 5. Prothero, 23–25.)

E it enacted

BE

* that if any person or persons after the first day of May next to come do maliciously, advisedly and directly compass or imagine to deprive the Queen's Majesty from the style, honour and kingly name of the imperial crown of this realm, or from any other the realms and dominions unto our said Sovereign Lady appertaining, or to destroy the Queen's Majesty or to levy war within this realm or within any the marches or dominions to the same belonging

*

* * 录

against the Queen's Majesty or to depose the Queen's Majesty * * from the imperial crown of the realms and dominions aforesaid; and the same compasses or imaginations or any of them, maliciously, advisedly and directly shall or do utter by open preaching express words or sayings; or if any person or persons after the said first day of May next coming, shall maliciously, advisedly and directly say or hold opinion, that the Queen's Majesty that now is, during her life, is not or ought not to be Queen of this realm, or after her death that the heirs of her Highness' body, being Kings or Queens of this realm, of right ought not to be Kings or Queens of this realm, or that any other person than the Queen's Highness that now is during her life ought to be King or Queen of this realm * ; that then every such offender being thereof duly convicted * their abettors and counsellors *** shall forfeit and lose to the Queen's Highness, her heirs and successors, all their goods and chattels, and the whole issues and profits of their lands, tenements and hereditaments, for term of the life of every such offender or offenders, and also shall suffer during their lives perpetual imprisonment. that every ecclesiastical person being convicted in form aforesaid *** shall be *** deprived from all his benefices and promotions spiritual or ecclesiastical. * III. And if any person being hereafter convicted of any the said offences * * * shall * eftsoons commit any of the said offences * that then every such second offence shall be deemed high treason and the offenders therein, their abettors [&c.] shall be deemed high traitors, and shall suffer pains of death and forfeit all their goods, chattels, lands and tenements to the Queen's Majesty, her heirs and successors.

II. Provided

* That if any person

*do affirm that the

IV. And be it further enacted * * by any writing, printing, overt deed or act Queen's Majesty that now is ought not to have the style, honour, and kingly name of this realm, or that any person other than the Queen's Majesty that now is, ought to have the style, honour, and kingly name of this realm, or that the Queen's Majesty that now is during her life is not or ought not to be Queen of this realm * that then every such offence shall be adjudged high treason, and the offender and offenders therein, their abettors [&c.] shall be deemed and adjudged high traitors and shall suffer pains of death and forfeit all their goods [&c.] to the Queen's Majesty. V. [Saving of titles of strangers.]

VI. Provided *that concealment of any high treasons be deemed only misprision of treason and the offenders therein to for

feit and suffer as in cases of misprision of treason hath heretofore been used. *

VII. [Peers to be tried by their peers.]

VIII. And be it further enacted * * that no person shall be impeached for any of the offences above-said committed only by open preaching or words, unless the offender be thereof indicted within six months. *

IX. [Punishment of accessories.]

X. Provided * * * that no person shall be hereafter indicted for any offence made treason or misprision of treason by this Act, unless the same offence * * be proved by the testimony and oath of two lawful and sufficient witnesses at the time of his indictment; which said witnesses also at the time of the arraignment of the party so indicted (if they be then living) shall be brought forth in person before the party so arraigned face to face, and there shall avow all they can say against the said party so indicted, unless the said party so indicted shall willingly without violence confess the same.

IN

171. Grant of Tonnage and Poundage

(1559. Elizabeth, c. 20. Prothero, 26, 27.)

N their most humble wise show unto your most excellent Majesty, your poor and obedient subjects and Commons in this your present Parliament assembled, That where as well your noble grandfather of worthy memory, King Henry the Seventh as other your right noble and famous progenitors, kings of this your realm of England, time out of mind, have had and enjoyed unto them by authority of Parliament, for the defence of the same now your realm, and the keeping and safeguard of the seas for the intercourse of merchandize, safely to come into and pass out of the same, certain sums of money, named subsidies, of all manner of goods and merchandize, coming in or going out of the same your realm; * * we your said poor Commons, by the advice and consent of the Lords spiritual and temporal in this your present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, to the intent aforesaid, give and grant to you our supreme Liege Lady and Sovereign, one subsidy called Tonnage, that is to say, of every ton of wine that shall or is come into this your realm, by way of merchandize, the sum of 35., and so after the rate, and of every ton of sweet wine as well malvesey as other,

*

*

*

that shall or is come into the same your realm by any merchantalien, * 35., and so after the rate, over and above the 35. afore granted; and of every awm of Rhenish wine coming into this your realm * * 12d. and also one other subsidy called Poundage, that is to say, of all manner of goods and merchandizes of every merchant, denizens, and alien, * carried out of this your said realm or brought into the same by way of merchandize, of the value of every 20s. of the same goods and merchandize, 12d., and so after the rate; and of every 20s. value of tin and pewter vessel carried out of this your realm by any and every merchant-alien, 12d. over and above the 12d. aforesaid.

E

172. Establishment of the Court of High Commission

(1559. Prothero, 227-231.)

LIZABETH by the grace of God [&c.]. To the reverend father in God Mathew Parker, nominated bishop of Canterbury, and Edmond Grindall, nominated bishop of London, and to our right trusted and right well-beloved councillors Francis Knowles our vice-chamberlain, and Ambrose Cave, knights, and to our trusty and well-beloved Anthony Cooke and Thomas Smyth, knights, William Bill our almoner, Walter Haddon and Thomas Sackford, masters of our requests, Rowland Hill and William Chester, knights, Randoll Cholmely and John Southcote, serjeants at the law, William May, doctor of law, Francis Cave, Richard Gooderick and Gilbert Gerrard, esquires, Robert Weston and Thomas Huick, doctors of law, greeting.

[II.] Where at our Parliament holden at Westminster the 25th day of January and there continued and kept until the eighth of May then next following, amongst other things, there was two Acts and Statutes made and established, the one entitled 'An Act for the uniformity of Common Prayer [&c.],' and the other entitled 'An Act restoring to the Crown the ancient jurisdiction [&c.],' as by the same several Acts more at large doth appear: and where divers seditious and slanderous persons do not cease daily to invent and set forth false rumours, tales, and seditious slanders, not only against us and the said good laws and statutes, but also have set forth divers seditious books within this our realm of England, meaning thereby to move and procure strife, division and

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