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valley, and the minerals which I collected froń the rocks. But that inquiry is now grown tasteless and irksome. I have been for some time unsettled and distracted: my mind is disturbed with a thousand perplexities of doubt and vanities of imagination, which hourly prevail upon me, because I have no opportunities of relaxation or diversion. I am sometimes ashamed to think that I could not secure myself from vice, but by retiring from the exercise of virtue, and begin to suspect that I was rather impelled by resentment, than led by devotion, into golitude. My fancy riots in scenes of folly, and I lament that I have lost so much, and have gained so little. In solitude, if I escape the example of bad men, I want, likewise, the counsel and conversation of the good. I have been long comparing the evils with the advantages of society, and resolve to return into the world to-morrow. The life of a solitary man will be certainly miserable, but not certainly dev.out.'
7. They heard his resolution with surprise, but, after a short pause, offered to conduct him to Cairo.
He dug up a considerable treasure which he had hid among the rocks, and accompanied them to the city, on which, as he approached it, he gazed with rapture.
Improvement of Time. 1. To make a proper use of that short and uncertain portion of time allotted us for our mortal pilgrimage, is a proof of wisdom; to use it with economy, and dispose of it with care, discovere prudence and discretion. Let, therefore, no part of your time escape without making it subservient to the wise purposes for which it was given you : 'tis the most inestimable of treasures. 2 You will find a constant employment
time conducive to health and happiness; and not only a sure guard against the encroachments of vice, but the besť recipe for contentment. Seek employment; langour and ennui shall be unknown ; avoid idleness, banish sloth ; vigour and cheerfulness will be your enlivening companions : admit not guilt to your hearts, and térrour shall not interrupt your slumbers. Follow the footsteps of virtue ; walk steadily in ber paths : she will conduct you through pleasant and flowery paths to the temple of peace; she will guard you from the wily snares of-vice, and heal the wounds of sorrow and disappointment which time may inflict.
3. By being constantly and usefully employed, the destroyer of mortal happiness will have but few opportunities of making his attacks ; and by regularly filling up your precious moments,
you will be less exposed to dangers : venture not then to waste an hour, lest the next should not be yours to squander; hazard not a single day in guilty or improper pursuits, lest the day which follows should be ordained to bring you an awful summons to the tomb; a summons to which youth and age are equally liable.
4. • Reading improves the mind;' and you cannot better employ a portion of your leisure time than in the pursuit of knowledge. By observing a regular habit of reading, a love of it will soon be acquired. It will prove an unceasing amusement, and a pleasant resource in the hours of sorrow and discontent; an unfailing antidote against languor and indolence. Much caution is, however, necessary in the choice of books ; it is among them, as among human characters; many would prove dangerous and pernicious advisers ; they tend to mislead the imagination, and give rise to a thousand erroneous opinions, and ridiculous expectations.
5. I would not, however, wish to depriye you of the pleasures of society, or of rational amusement, but let your companions be select ; let them be such as you can love for their good qua. lities; and whose virtues you are desirous to emulate : let your amusements be such as will tend not to corrupt and vitiate, but to correct and amend the heart.
6. Finally, I would earnestly request you never to neglect employing a portion of your time in addressing your heavenly Father; in paying him that tribute of prayer and praise which is so justly his due, 'as the Author of every good and perfect gift ; as our Creator, Preserver, and Redeemer, in whom we live, and move, and have our being ;' and without whose blessing none of our undertakings will prosper.
-7. Thus, by employing the time given you in the service of virtue, you will pass your days with comfort to yourself and those around you ; and by persevering to the end, shall at length obtain a crown of glory, which fadeth not away.'
The Hill of Science. 1. In that season of the year, when the serenity of the sky, the various fruits which cover the ground, the discoloured foliage of the trees, and all the sweet, but fading, graces of inspiring autumn, open the mind to benevolence, and dispose it for contemplation, I was wandering in a beautiful and romantic country, till curiosity began to give way to weariness; and I sat me down on the fragment of a rock overgrown with moss, where the rustling of the falling leaves, the dashing of waters,
and the hum of the distant city, soothed my mind into the most perfect tranquillity, and sleep insensibly stole upon me, as I was indulging the agreeable reveries which the objects around me naturally inspired.
2. I immediately found myself in a vast extended plain, in the middle of which arose a mountain higher than I had before any conception of. It was covered with a multitude of people, chiefly youth; many of whom pressed forwards with the liveliest expression of ardour in their countenances, though the way was, in many places, steep and difficult. I observed, that those who had but just begun to climb the bill thought themselves not far from the top ; but as they proceeded, new hills were continually rising to their view, and the summit of the highest they could before discern seemed but the foot of another, till the mountain at length appeared to lose itself in the clouds. As I was gazing on these things with astonishment, my good genius suddenly appeared: The mountain before thee,'said he, is the Hill of Science. On the top is the temple of Truth, whose head is above the clouds, and a veil of pure light covers her face. Observe the progress of her votaries ; be silent and attentive.'
3. I saw that the only regular approach to the mountain was by a gate, called the gate of Languages It was kept by a woman of a pensive and thoughtful appearance, whose lips were continually moving, as though she repeated something to herself. Her name was Memory: On entering the first enclosure, I was stunned with a confused murmur of jarring voices, and dissonant sounds ; which increased upon me to such a degree, that I was utterly confounded, and could compare the noise to nothing but the confusion of tongues at Babel,
4. After contemplating these things, I turned my eyes towards the top of the mountain, where the air was always pure and exhilarating, the path shaded with laurels and other evergreens, and the effulgence wbich beamed from the face of the goddess seemed to shed a glory round her votaries. Happy, said I, are they who are permitted to ascend the mountain ! But while I was pronouncing this exclamation, with uncommon ardour, I saw standing beside me a form of diviner features and a more benign radiance. · Happier,' said she, are those whom Virtue conducts to the mansion of Content! "What,' said I, 'does Virtue then reside in the vale ? "I am found,' said she, 'in the vale, and I iNuminate the mountain : I cheer the cottager at his toil, and inspire the sage at his meditation.' 5. I mingle in the crowd of cities, and bless the hermit in bis
cell. I have a temple in every heart that owns my influence and to him that wishes for me, I am already present. Science may
raise you to eminence, but I alone can guide you to felicity! While the goddess was thus speaking, 1 stretched out my arms towards her with a vehemence which broke my slumbers. The chill dews were falling around me, and the shades of evening stretched over the landscape. I hastened homeward, and resigned the night to silence and meditation.
Fourth of July.
• Let it be marked for triumph and rejoicing.' 1. This day commemorates the glorious epoch in our national history, when indignant Americans burst the thraldom of British tyranny, and asserted the rights with which God and Nature invested them, and decreed their just inheritance : when the voice of the American nation, by the mouth of their delegated sages and patriots, declared, that these United States are, and of right ought to be free, sovereign, and independent. More than thirty years have elapsed, since our fathers pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honour,' to support that declaration. Still do their sons retrace with proud delight the record of their noble deeds ; still are millions ready to renew the pledge. Still do their bosoms glow with indignation at the story of their oppressions, exult in their successes, and weep over their misfortunes ; and contemplate with admiration their unshaken constancy, and more than Roman virtue, in that gloomy period when scarce a ray of hope gilded the dreariness of the prospect--when a licentious soldiery wasted our fields, pillaged our villages, conflagrated our towns, butchered our citizens, violated the temples of our God-carrying terrour and dismay, fire and sword, through every section of our country.
2. Are any so base as to sacrifice Liberty and Independence, to foreign ambition ? Are any panting for the splendour of royalty, the gewgaws of nobility? Would any exchange liberty and equal laws, for despotism and oppression ? If any such there are, let them be marked for the detestation of freemen, the curse of heaven.
3. The enthusiasm with which the return of this day is hailed, is a pledge that the spirit of seventy-six is not extinct; that, although most of the sages and heroes of the revolution have yielded to the law of nature, and launched that gulph whence none return, their mantles rest on their sons : that Liberty yet has defenders, who will live free or die.
Monitions to America. 1. AMERICANS! place constantly before your sight the deplorable scenes of your servitude, and the enchanting picture of your deliverance ! Begin with the infant in his cradle. Let the first word he lisps be WASHINGTON. Let his first lessons of history be the wrongs which you suffered, and the courage which set you
free. 2. Let his daily prayers be expressions of gratitude to God for raising you up accomplished chiefs ; for leading on your armies ; and for strengthening the arm of your peasants, against ibe discipline and the tyranny of Europe. Let the youth, the hope of his country, grow up amidst annual festivals, commemorative of the events of war, and sacred to the memory of your heroes. Let him learn from his father to weep over the tombs of those heroes, and to bless their virtues. Let his first study be your Declaration of Independence, and the code of your Constitution, which were sketched out amidst the clashing of
3. Let him stop at the end of the field which he ploughs, and while the tears start into his eyes, let him read, engraven upon the rude stones; here savages in the pay of despotism, cast an infirm old man into the flames : here, they dashed against the trees, children snatched away from the breasts of their dying mothers, there the satellites of oppression bent the knee, demanded their lives, and became captives.?.
1. Should the return of peace, and the pride of independence, lean the Americans to security and dissipation—should they lose those virtues and simple manners, by which alone republics can long subsist--should false refinement, luxury, and impiety, spread amongst them--excesses, jealousy distract their governments and clashing interests, subject to no controul, break their Federal union the consequence will be, that the fairest experiment ever tried in human affairs, will miscarry; and a revolution which had revived the hopes of good men, and promised an opening to better times, will become a discouragement to all future efforts in favour of Liberty, and prove only, an opening to a new scene of human degeneracy and misery
1. PEOPLE of America! let the example of all the nations which have preceded you, and especially that of the mother country, instruct you! Be afraid of the affluence of gold, which brings with luxury the corruption of manners and contempt of laws! Be afraid of too unequal a distribution of riches, which