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MEDICAL BOTANY, TOPOGRAPHY, AND CLIMATE OF THE SOUTHWESTERN STATES AND TERRITORIES.
By J. M. Bigelow, M. D., Detroit.
BESIDE the species here enumerated found in the West, we have in the Eastern and Northern States Vitis Labrusca, the Northern Fox grape, and in the Southern States W. vulpina, the Southern Fox grape, making in all eleven species indigenous in the United States. V. aestivalis, the Summer grape, and V. cordifolia, the Winter or Frost grape, are widely diffused over the Northern, Middle and Western States. W. Californica, V. rupestris, and W. candicans, the Mustang grape of Texas, are exclusively Western grapes, never having been found east of the Mississippi.
In 1838, Drs. Torrey and Gray considered V. riparia a distinct species, but in the 1857 edition of the Manual of Botany, Dr. Gray leaves it out, or rather gives it as a variety of the V. cordifolia. With regard to the W. candicans of Dr. Engelmann, I regret having been unable to preserve specimens of it when I passed through Texas and saw this grape. It seems very different from W. estivalis, to which Dr. Gray appears to refer it. This accomplished botanist, in a note on page 32, Part I, Plant: Wright: remarks: “W. candicans, Engel ined. (which is also the