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MARY MILLS PATRICK, PH.D.
Principal of the American College for Girls at Constantinople. country cannot but contrast them to their bad marks and public mention; it elects disadvantage with the deference to their its own officers, executive committee, and teachers and consideration for each other proctors for the dormitories; and the varishown by these foreigners. Yet they ous nationalities are represented in the seem to lack none of the camaraderie of administration. The routine of college school-girl life.
life is much like that in this country, but The girls throw themselves with all the whereas in the United States the girls enthusiasm their nature will permit into always use their own language, in the their books in the class-room or study-hall, Eastern college they are obliged to speak and conscientiously refrain from speaking English, French, or German. What with their native tongues except in their dor- the general academic instruction being in mitories and on Sundays, when they may English, and that, upon leaving, the stuconverse in the vernacular with compa- dent must have a diploma of proficiency triots among their classmates. They gov. in her own tongue, she must perforce be ern themselves, their internal discipline an accomplished linguist. being as much in their hands as it would The students are more interesting outbe at Bryn Mawr or Vassar. The Self- doors than in, perhaps, affording in their Government Association fixes the penal- recreation better insight into their tastes ties for infraction of rules in the form of and characteristics than can be obtained
in the class-room. The College has a legend has it, the Iscariot hanged himself fine stable, and horsemanship is infinitely after he had betrayed his Master, causing more popular than pedestrianism, as may it to blush for shame its present scarlet be inferred from a peep into the empty glow. A daily canter is a part of the life stalls during the hours the girls are free of most of the girls. If otherwise unacto ride, while the incentive of an associa- companied, each must be attended by a tion has to be exerted to foster a taste for groom, whose services, together with the walking; witness the annals of the “Mile use of the horse, saddle, and so on, cost a Day" Club, with thirty members, who five piasters (about twenty-five cents) an have sworn a solemn vow indicated in hour. The regulation riding-habit is their name for themselves. Certainly the
Often when little parties go out roads that lead to and from the campus together the girls lead a merry chase over and along the Bosphorus are enticing the roadway, with a zest they seldom enough, despite their inferiority as high- show elsewhere. ways, skirted as they are by the fragrant Lawn-tennis is next in favor as an outalmond-tree and blazing with the flower- door sport, and the English, American, ing Judas, upon one of which variety, and Latin maidens may nearly always be
found in the courts during the recreation hours. The croquet grounds are rarely empty, and basket-ball has as much vogue as any active game can have. The Preparatory School holds a public field-day once a year, when feats in walking, jumping, and obstacleracing are performed and prizes awarded to the successful competitors. Bicycling is possible but hardly enjoyable on these roads. Boating will soon be added to the list of combined exercises and diversions.
Although the stage as we know it does not exist in the Levant, some of the most promising histrionic material in the world is to be found there, according to good judges who have seen the amateur theatricals in the American Woman's College, a feature occurring once or oftener each year. The Greek, Bulgarian, and Armenian girls display the most talent. The literary societies provide these entertainments, one of the last of which was Mr. Howells's farce " The Elevator." “Laila,” an operetta, was given by the Musical Society just before. Last year the French students gave
IN THE LIBRARY
Albanian A GROUP OF CONSTANTINOPLE SCHOOL-GIRLS one of Molière's comedies with admirable the rights of the institution are vested, is effect.
a legally organized body of women in the While caste lines are strictly drawn in United States, but the immediate control the Orient, the atmosphere of the College of collegiate affairs is in the hands of a is democratic to a degree which, with the Board of Trustees chosen from the Cornative politeness, makes the wheels of poration. An Advisory Board sitting in student life run very smoothly. There Constantinople is authorized to give all are eleven scholarships, all supported by needed aid to the College in the conduct Americans, for girls who are brainy but of its business. poor, none of whom, however, is known The College chiefly consists of Bowker by name to any other student. The Col- Building, the main structure, erected by lege is non-sectarian, and a broad religion the founders in 1876, and Barton Hall, is practiced, Orthodox Greek, Roman built in 1882 through the liberality of Mr. Catholic, Gregorian, Protestant, and He- W. C. Chapin, of Providence, R. I., who brew living together in harmony.
gave twenty thousand dollars for the purThe College is a development of a high pose, reinforced by a ten-thousand-dollar school founded by the Christian women bequest from Mr. Charles Wilde, of of America in Constantinople in 1871. Wellesley, Mass. Bowker Building, on the As a result of steady internal growth, and right of the picture, is a substantial strucin response to an increasing demand for ture facing the west, it contains rooms higher education in the East, it was in- adapted to the family life of the members corporated in 1890 under an Act of the of the College, also the library and studyCommonwealth of Massachusetts. It is hall. The students' dining-room occupies also recognized by an irade of the Sultan a large part of the lower floor. Barton By the charter the members of the body Hall contains the audience-room for pub“ are empowered to grant such honorary lic exercises, used for religious services testimonials, and confer such honors, de- on Sundays; the president's office, the grees, and diplomas, as are granted or dean's registry, the students' sitting-room, conferred by any university, college, or the art-room, the recitation and music seminary of learning in this Common- rooms, the seniors' sitting-room, the gymwealth of Massachusetts." The Corpora- nasium, and the chemical laboratory. In tion of the College, in the name of which each of the buildings there are large, airy dormitories, with a total accommodation An Albanian of the class of '91 returned for about eighty students. The Prepara- to her country with her diploma, and tory School has a third building, also used established the first girls' school there for dormitories and teachers' quarters. taught in their own tongue. A Danish
The college year comprises thirty-eight graduate was appointed professional transweeks, and is divided into semesters, ex- lator of English, French, German, and aminations in studies of the first semester Italian in her native country—a position taking place in January, and those of the requiring a diploma from Denmark's desecond in June. There are ten-day vaca- partment of public instruction, and hers tions at Christmas and Easter, and monthly was of the highest grade ever awarded. holidays throughout the year from Friday Two graduates have adopted medicine as evenings to Monday evenings inclusive. a profession, one of whom is studying in Thanksgiving Day, the Day of Prayer for Boston, and the other, having finished her Colleges, and Charter Day are observed course in London, has returned to Turkey as college days. Monday is the weekly to practice. Two have become nurses, recreation day. The maximum of work one in the United States, the other first in allowed any student, including music and London and then in Constantinople. An painting, is seventeen hours a week. The Armenian alumna is an engraver in Genoa, curriculum embraces the English language and many are engaged in translation and and literature, Biblical history and litera- the like in one country or another. ture, rhetoric and elocution, French, Ger- Here is the enrollment by nationalities, man, Latin, ancient and modern Greek, exclusive of the Preparatory Department: ancient and modern Armenian, Bulgarian, Armenians, 44; Greeks, 23; Bulgarians, Sclavic, and Turkish, botany, zoology, 14; Hebrews, 7; Americans, 7; English, physiology, geology, mineralogy, physics, 10; Turkish, 1; Albanian, 1; French, 1; chemistry, astronomy, mathematics, his- Germans, 3; Italian, 1; Russian, 1; Huntory, history of art, pedagogics, sociology, garian, 1; Roumanian, 1. philosophy, music, drawing and painting, Mary Mills Patrick, Ph.D., who has physical culture, and domestic science. been President of the College since its
The standard of scholarship has con- organization as such ten years ago, restantly been raised to keep in line with cently returned to Constantinople from other American colleges as far as circum- this country, whither she had come to stances will permit. The diploma of the enlist the interest of Americans in the College has been accepted by two Euro- institution, and her trip was not barren of pean universities. The institution is results in the concrete shape of funds. regarded as the strongest for the education She is a woman of remarkable breadth of of women east of England and south of education, and her linguistic attainments Russia. Like all the women of the Levant, include the ability to speak, read, and the students have a remarkable talent for write Greek, Turkish, ancient and modern language, and it is interesting to note that Armenian, German, and French. She has more than half of the alumnæ—who now received degrees from the University at number one hundred and twenty-two—are Berne and other institutions, and among teachers of languages, classic or modern. her works is “Sextus Impericus and Greek As about a quarter of the graduates are Skepticism,” generally recognized as the married soon after leaving college, the best book of its kind in the English lanproportion of those who take to teaching guage. It is largely due to her personal is about three-fourths—a figure significant standing that the American Woman's of the means open to women who wish to College maintains its high position among earn a living in the Far East.
the educational institutions of the East.
A Recollection of the Siege of Paris
From the French of Nora Iasagi WENT one morning to Mont Valé- “Wait there,” said the sertry; “I will rien to see my friend B the have him called."
artist, a lieutenant in the "mobile" Very happily, with a sigh of relief, she of the Seine. He happened to be on looked at her husband, and together they duty-no way of getting out of it. We turned aside and sat on the edge of the fort. had to stay there walking back and forth They waited there a long time. Mont in front of the postern of the fort, like Valérien is so large, such a complication sailors on watch, talking of Paris, of the of courts, of fortifications, of bastions, of war, and of the dear ones far away. All barracks, of bomb-proof vaults! Just try at once the lieutenant interrupted him to find a "mobile" of the Sixth, in that self, stopped, and, taking me by the arm, inextricable city, hanging between the said softly, "Oh, what a picture!" And earth and the sky, and floating among out of the corner of his little gray eye, the clouds like the island of Laputa. At which lit up suddenly as the eye of a that hour, too, the fort was full of drumpointer might, he looked at two venerable mers, trumpeters, and hurrying soldiers. silhouettes which had just made their The guard was being changed ; fatigue appearance on the plateau of Mont duty was being done. A spy, all bleedValérien.
ing, was being brought in by the sharpA beautiful picture, in truth! The man shooters. Blows fell on him from the in a long frock coat, with a green velvet butt-ends of their muskets. Peasants collar which had the appearance of being were coming to make their complaints to made of old moss; thin, short, ruddy, the the General; a courier arrived at full forehead flattened, the eyes round, the gallop, chilled through, his animal steamnose like the beak of a screech-owl. As a ing Mules with two seats on their backs finishing touch, he carried under one arm were returning from the outposts with the a bag of flowered tapestry out of which wounded, who balanced themselves on there appeared the neck of a bottle, and the Aanks of the animals and moaned under the other a box of preserves—the like sick lambs. Sailors were hauling a eternal tin box which Parisians cannot see new field-piece to the sound of the fife without thinking of their five months' and to “ Haul away, ho!” The flock of siege. Of the woman, one could at first the fort was being driven by a shepherd, see only a huge poke-bonnet and an old in red trousers, switch in hand and rifle shawl, which was tightly wrapped round on shoulder. All these came and went, her from top to toe, as if to accentuate her crossed one another in the courts, and poverty, and now and then there appeared were engulfed under the postern as under from among the faded ruffles of the bonnet the low gate of an Oriental caravansary. the end of a pointed nose and a few gray “ If only they won't forget my boy !" hairs. Arrived on the plateau, the man the eyes of the poor mother seemed constopped to get his breath and wipe his stantly to say, and every five minutes she forehead. It was not hot up there in the got up and, cautiously approaching the fogs of late November, but they had hur- gate, she looked furtively into the foreried terribly. The woman, though, did court, squeezing herself against the wall; not stop. Walking straight up to the but she did not dare ask any more quespostern, she looked at us for a moment tions, for fear of making her child seem hesitatingly, as if she wished to speak to ridiculous in the others' eyes.
The man, us; but, apparently frightened at the still more timid than she, did not move stripes on the officer's uniform, she pre- from his corner, and each time, as she ferred to address herself to the sentry, and came back heavy-hearted and sat down I heard her asking timidly to see her son, with a discouraged look, one could see a "mobile" of Paris of the Sixth Division that he scolded her for her impatience,