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maniac's dust, read their doom in the sighs of the wind, and wished the dread accents untold.
The Forester departed, he roamed in other climes, the past appeared a dream, he thought not of his plighted vows, nor remembered the force of the spell. She dwelt in the forest glades, beside that limped stream, far from the haunts of men in deepest solitude. Now days and months had fled, but the Forester returned not; the fifth day of the week, when clouds enveloped the northern star, the wind was abroad in the oaks, and the mist and rain was eddying in the valley, the maiden bent her steps to that half-dreaded spot, beside the alders dank-She gazed upon the bright blue gem, the token of the spell; its colour was unchanged, for the wearer still was true—She longed to prove her lover's faith, and watched the heavens with dread; she uttered the words that wake the dead, and looked on the magic ring ; the blue stone turned to deadly white, and she knew her lover false. The spirits that heard the charm rejoiced in the echoes around, the midnight fogs fell damp and thick, but the chill was in her soul; consumption hovered in the mist and crept into her breast.
Her eye was bright, her cheek was fair, but the spell had numbered her days—She dropt like the flower of the field, and passed from the face of the earth-She sleeps beside the maniac's grave, beneath the northern star- The Forester returned— The abode of her he once loved was desolatethe thoughts of former days resumed their power, the secret spell still worked upon his mind; it haunted him in sleep, it haunted him by day, it was around, unseen, but every where—it stamped his features with a dire deceit, the eye that met avoided him, the hearts of all turned from him, he sought affection but he found it not, he lived unloved, unwept he died; no holy prayers e’er blessed his grave, or bid his troubled spirit rest-his ashes moulder in the wind, the pilgrim shuns the spot, for there the spirits of evil perform their unearthly rites, and frame the spells of death.
A PEEP INTO QUEEN ELIZABETH'S REIGN.
(Resumed from page 393, Vol. I.)
For great Eliza, cast in Henry's mould,
OBSERVATIONS. Every thing which passed in the two houses (1571,) was extremely respectful and submissive; yet did the queen think it incumbent on her, at the conclusion of the sessions, to check, and that with great severity, those feeble efforts for liberty, which had appeared in the motions and speeches of some of the members. The lord keeper told the Commons, in her majesty's name, that though the majority of the lower house, had shewed themselves in their proceedings, discreet and dutiful, yet a few of them had discovered a contrary character and had justly merited the reproach of audacious, arrogant, and presumptuous, contrary to their duty, both as subjects and parliament-men, nay, contrary to the express injunctions, given them from the throne, at the beginning of the sessions; injunctions, which it might well have become them to have better attended to: they had presumed to call in question her majesty's grants, and prerogatives ; but her majesty warns them, that, since they will thus wilfully forget themselves, they are otherwise to be admonished, some other species of correction must be found for them; since neither the commands of her majesty, nor the example of their wiser brethren, can reclaim their audacious, arrogant, and presumptuous fully, by which they are thus led to meddle with what no ways belong to them, and what lies not within the compass of their understanding.
A masque exhibited, so bold, so new,
OBSERVATIONS. (1) Nothing shews the romantic disposition of the queen, and, indeed, of her times, more evidently, than the triumph, as it was called, devised and performed with great solemnity, in honour of the French commissioners, in 1581. The contrivance was, for four of her principal courtiers, under the quaint appellation of four foster children of Desire, to besiege, and carry, by dint of arms, the fortress of Beauty ; intending, by this courtly ænigma, nothing less than the queen's majesty's own person. The actors in this famous triumph were, the Earl of Arundel, the Lord Windsor, Master Philip Sidney, and Master Fulk Grevil. And the whole was conducted so entirely in the spirit of knight errantry, that nothing in the Arcadia itself is more romantic. [See the account at large in Stowe's continuation of Hollingshead's Chronicle, p. 1316, 1321.]-Hurd.
Hollingshead also gives a description of the shew of Manhood and Desert, exhibited at Norwich, before Queen Elizabeth—" And to keep that shew companie (but yet furre off) stood the shew of Manhode and Desart, as first to be presented; and that shew was as well furnished as the other, men all saying, one boy called Beautie, for which, Manhode, Favour, and Desert did strive (or should have contended,) but Good-Fortune (as victor of all conquests) was to come and overthrow Manhood,” &c. Holl. Chron. vol. iii. p. 1297.
(2.) The Lady of the Lake was introduced to make part of Queen Elizabeth's entertainment at Kenelworth ; as an evidence of which, I shall produce a passage from an ancient book, entitled “ A Letter, wherein part of the entertainment untoo the queen's majesty, at Killinworth castle, in Warwicksheer, in this soomer's progress, 1575, is signified.” The passage is this —" Her highness all along the tilt yard rode unto the inner gate, next the baze court of the castle, whear the Lady of the Lake (famous in King Arthur's book) with too nymphes wayting upon her, arrayed all in silkes, attended her highnes cooming, from the midst of the pool, whear, upon a moveable island, bright blazing with torches, she floting to land, met her Majesty with a well penned meter, and matter, after this sorte; first, of aunciente of the castle; who had been owners of the same e'en till this day, most allways in the hands of the earles of Leycester ; how she had kept this lake syns King Arthur's dayes, and now understanding of her Highnes hither coming, thought it both offis and duety, to discover, in humble wise, her, and her estate, offring up the same, hir lake, and power thearin, with promis of repair to the court. It pleased her Highness to thank this lady, &c.” [Written by one Lenchorn, an attendant on the court.]
Killingworth castle was early made the theatre of romantic gallantries, and was the place where tilts and tour. naments, after a long disuse, were re-established in their original splendour, by Roger Earl of Mortimer, in the reign of Edward I. Thus Earl Mortimer his grandson, to Queen Isabel, in Drayton's Heroic Epistles :
“ My grandson was the first, since Arthur's reign,
That the round table rectified again;
The peerless knighthood of all Christendom.”-v. 53, Gascoyne, in a little narrative called the Princely Pleasures of Kenelworth castle, gives us some of the metre written by Ferrers, one of the contributors to the Mirror of Magistrates, of which these may serve as a specimen.
“ I am the lady of this pleasant lake,
As forth of this my people I ne'er durst looke, &c. She is afterwards introduced complaining to the queen, that Sir Bruse had insulted her, for doing an injury to Merlin, an incident related in Morte Arthur ; * and that he would have put her to death, had not Neptune delivered
* Morte Arthur ; The Lyfe of King Arthur, of the noble knyghtes of the round table, and in thende, the dolorous death of them all. This was translated into English from the French, by one Sir Thomas Maleory, knight, and printed by W. Caxton, 1484.
her, by concealing her in that lake, from which confinement the queen is supposed to deliver her, &c.
Without expatiating upon the nature of such a royal entertainment as this, I shall observe from it, that as the Lady of the Lake was a very popular character in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, so consequently, the romance which supplied this fiction, was, at the same time, no less popular.
Warton. (To be Resumed.)
LONDON STREETS, THEIR NAMES AND ORIGIN. (Resumed from page 373. Vol. I.)
The etymology of the word Tyburn, according to many, proceeds from the words tye and burn, in allusion to the old method of executing traitors at that place. It can be traced to the year 1529; before that time the place of public execution was in Rotton Row, Old Street. Others contend that it derived its name from a small river or brook once running near it, and called by the Roman Tyburnia ; the latter we are disposed to consider the more correct. · Shooter's Hill takes its name from the archers that formerly frequented it to exercise themselves in their favourite diversion. King Henry the VIIIth, and his Queen Catherine, came hither from Greenwich on May-day, and were received by two hundred archers clad in green, one of them personating Robin Hood as their captain, and all of them displaying before their majesties their several feats of activity.
Charing Cross was so called, from a cross set up by Edward the First, in memory of his Queen, on the spot where King Charles's Statue now stands ; Charing was then a village.
Cripplegate was built before the Conquest, and took its name from the cripples who used to beg there.
Gracechurch Street, formerly Grass Church Street, derived its appellation from the grasses or herbs which where once sold there.
Bread Street took its name from the ancient bread-market which was held there, the bakers being obliged to sell their bread only in the open market, and not in shops.
Who would have imagined that Piccadilly, the residence of many of our nobility, and one of the proudest streets of