Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution

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Página 7 - I mean stock to remain in this country, to the United States of America, to found at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.
Página 9 - Transactions of literary and scientific societies, and copies to be given to all the colleges, and principal libraries, in this country. One part of the remaining copies may be offered for sale ; and the other carefully preserved, to form complete sets of the work, to supply the demand from new institutions.
Página 8 - It is proposed — 1. To stimulate men of talent to make original researches, by offering suitable rewards for memoirs containing new truths ; and, 2. To appropriate annually a portion of the income for particular researches, under the direction of suitable persons. To DIFFUSE KNOWLEDGE. It is proposed — 1. To publish a series of periodical reports on the progress of the different branches of knowledge ; and, 2. To publish occasionally separate treatises on subjects of general interest.
Página 465 - Act, it shall be lawful throughout the United States of America to employ the Weights and Measures of the Metric System...
Página 9 - Each memoir presented to the Institution to be submitted for examination to a commission of persons of reputation for learning in the branch to which the memoir pertains, and to be accepted for publication only in case the report of this commission is favorable.
Página 465 - Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to furnish to each State, to be delivered to the governor thereof, one set of the standard weights and measures of the metric system for the use of the States, respectively.
Página 466 - Postmaster-General be, and he is hereby authorized and directed to furnish to the post-offices exchanging mails with, foreign countries, and to such other offices as he shall think expedient, postal balances denominated in grams of the Metric System ; and until otherwise provided by law, one-half ounce avoirdupois shall be deemed and taken for postal purposes as the equivalent of fifteen grams of the metric weights, and so adopted in progression ; and the rates of postage shall be applied accordingly.
Página 466 - It is intended to be, and is very nearly, one ten-millionth part of the distance from the equator to the pole, measured on the earth's surface.
Página 146 - ... distance scarcely less than that which the enemy must traverse in passing from his coast to ours. Must the Gulf of Mexico be swept as well as the Atlantic ; or shall we give up the Gulf to the enemy ? Shall we cover the southern cities, or give them up also? We must unquestionably do one of two things : either relinquish a great extent of coast, confining our cruisers to a small portion only, or include so much that the chances of intercepting an enemy would seem to be out of the question.
Página 148 - The application of steam to vessels of war acts upon the question of sea-coast defence both beneficially and injuriously. It acts injuriously in several ways ; but chiefly, first, by the suddenness and surprise with which vessels may fall upon their object, and pass from one object to another, in spite of distance, climate, and season ; and, secondly, by their ability to navigate shallow waters. "The first property, by which squadrons may run into our harbors, outstripping all warnings of their approach,...

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