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ration, on the score of his anxiety to hear all he mine, and ask less. You shall submit the MS. to could of his friends in England; and I quitted him MrGifford, and any other two gentlemen to be named with a confirmed impression of the strong ardour and by you (Mr Frere, or Mr Croker, or whomever you sincerity of his attachment to those by whom he did please, except such fellows as your **s and **s), not fancy himself slighted or ill-treated.”

and if they pronounce this Canto to be inferior as a

whole to the preceding, I will not appeal from their LETTER CCXCV.

award, but burn the manuscript, and leave things as

they are. TO MR MURRAY.

“ Yours very truly. “Sept 4th, 1817.

“P.S. In answer to a former letter, I sent you a “ Your letter of the 15th has conveyed with its short statement of what I thought the state of our contents the impression of a seal, to which the .Sa- present copyright account, viz., six hundred pounds racen's Head' is a seraph, and the 'Bull and Mouth' still (or lately) due on Childe Harold, and six hundred a delicate device. I knew that calumny had suf- guineas, Manfred and Tasso, making a total of ficiently blackened me of later days, but not that it

iwelve hundred and thirty pounds. If we agree had given the features as well as complexion of a about the new poem, I shall take the liberty to renegro. Poor Augusta is not less, but rather more, serve the choice of the manner in which it should be shocked than myself, and says “people seem to have published, viz. a quarto, certes." lost their recollection strangely' when they engraved such a blackamoor.' Pray don't seal (at least to me) with such a caricature of the human numskull

LETTER CCXCVI. altogether; and if you don't break the seal-cutter's head, at least crack his libel (or likeness, if it should be a likeness) of mine.

"La Mira, Sept. 12th, 1817, “Mr. Kinnaird is not yet arrived, but expected.

“I set out yesterday morning with the intention of He has lost by the way all the tooth-powder, as a

paying my respects, and availing myself of your perletter from Spa informs me.

inission to walk over the premises.* On arriving at “By Mr Rose I received safely, though tardily, Padua, I found that the march of the Austrian troops magnesia and tooth-powder, and*

Why had engrossed so many horses,t that those I could do you send me such trash-worse than trash, the

procure were hardly able to crawl; and their weakSublime of Mediocrity ? Thanks for Lalla, however,

ness, together with the prospect of finding none at all which is good; and thanks for the Edinburgh and

at the post-house of Monselice, and consequently Quarterly, both very amusing and well-written. Paris

either not arriving that day at Este, or so late as to in 1815, &c.—good. Modern Greece-good for no

be unable to return home the same evening, induced thing; written by some one who has never been

me to turn aside in a second visit to Arqua, instead there, and not being able to manage the Spenser of proceeding onwards ; and even thus í hardly got stanza, has invented a thing of its own, consisting of

back in time. two elegiac stanzas, a heroic line, and an Alexan

“ Next week I shall be obliged to be in Venice to drine, twisted on a string. Besides, why 'modern?'

meet Lord Kinnaird and his brother, who are exYou may say modern Greeks, but surely Greece pected in a few days. And this interruption, together itself is rather more ancient than ever it was.-Now

with that occasioned by the continued march of the for business.

Austrians for the next few days, will not allow ine to “ You offer 1500 guineas for the new Canto: I

fix any precise period for availing myself of your kindwon't take it. I ask two thousand five hundred

ness, though I should wish to take the earliest opguineas for it, which you will either give or not, as

portunity. Perhaps, if absent, you will have the you think proper. It concludes the poem, and consists of 144 stanzas. The notes are numerous, and

goodness to permit one of your servants to show me

the grounds and house, or as much of either as may chiefly written by Mr Hobhouse, whơse researches

be convenient; at any rate, I shall take the first ochave been indefatigable, and who. I will venture to

casion possible to go over, and regret very much that say, has more real knowledge of Rome and its en

I was yesterday prevented. virons than any Englishman who has been there

“I have the honour to be your obliged, &c.” since Gibbon. By the way, to prevent any mistakes, I think it necessary to state the fact that he, Mr Hobhouse, has no interest whatever in the price or

* A country-house on the Euganean hills, near Este,

which Mr Hoppner, who was then the English Consulprofit to be derived from the copyright of either poem General at Venice, had for some time occupied, and which or notes directly or indirectly; so that you are not to Lord Byron afterwards rented of him, but never resided suppose that it is by, for, or through him, that I re

in it. quire more for this Canto than the preceding.–No:

+ So great was the demand for horses, on the line of

march of the Austrians, that all those belonging to private but if Mr Eustace was to have had two thousand for individuals were put in requisition for their use, and Lord a poem on Education; if Mr Moore is to have three Byron himself received an order to send his for the same thousand for Lalla, &c.; if Mr Campbell is to have

purpose. This, however, he positively refused to do, adding,

that is an attempt were made to take them by force, he three thousand for his prose on poetry—I don't mean would shoot them through the head in the middle of the to disparage these gentlemen in their labours—but I road, rather than submit to such an act of tyranny upon a ask the aforesaid price for mine. You will tell me foreigner who was merely a temporary resident in the

country. Whether his answer was ever reported to the that their productions are considerably longer: very higher authorities I know not; but his horses were suffered true, and when they shorten them, I will lengthen to remain unmolested in his stables.


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the ineffable distance in point of sense, learning, LETTER CCXCVII.

effect, and even imagination, passion, and invention, between the little Queen Anne's man, and us of the Lower Empire. Depend upon it, it is all Horace

then, and Claudian now, among us; and if I had to

“ Sept. 15th, 1817. begin again, I would mould myself accordingly. 4 I enclose a sheet for correction, if ever you get to Crabbe's the man, but he has got a coarse and imanother edition. You will observe that the blunder praticable subject, and * * is retired upon halfin printing makes it appear as if the Chateau was pay, and has done enough, unless he were to do as over St Gingo, instead of being on the opposite shore he did forinerly." of the Lake, over Clarens. So, separate the paragraphs, otherwise my topography will seem as inac

LETTER CCXCVIII. curate as your typography on this occasion. “ The other day I wrote to convey my proposition

TO MR MURRAY. with regard to the fourth and concluding Canto. I have gone over and extended it to one hundred and

September 17th, 1817. fifty stanzas, which is almost as long as the two first were originally, and longer by itself than any of the smaller poems except the ‘Corsair.' Mr Hobhouse

“ Mr Hobhouse purposes being in England in Nohas made some very valuable and accurate notes of vember; he will bring the Fourth Canto with him, considerable length, and you may be sure that I will

notes and all; the text contains one hundred and do for the text all that I can to finish with decency. fifty stanzas, which is long for that measure. I look upon Childe Harold as my best; and as I be

“ With regard to the 'Ariosto of the North,'surely gun, I think of concluding with it. But I make no

their themes, chivalry, war, and love, were as like as resolutions on that head, as I broke my former inten

can be; and as to the compliment, if you knew what tion with regard to the · Corsair.' However, I fear the Italians think of Ariosto, you would not hesitate that I shall never do better ; and yet, not being thirty about that. But as to their ‘measures,' you forget years of age, for some moons to come, one ought to be that Ariosto's is an octave stanza, and Scott's any progressive as far as intellect goes for many a good thing but a stanza. If you think Scott will dislike it, year. But I have had a devilish deal of tear and wear

say so, and I will expunge. I do not call him the of mind and body in my time, besides having pub- Scotch Ariosto,' which would be sad provincial lished too often and much already. God grant me

eulogy, but the · Ariosto of the North,' meaning of some judgment to do what may be most fitting in that all countries that are not the South. and every thing else, for I doubt my own exceedingly. “I have read ‘Lalla Rookh,' but not with sufficient

“As I have recently troubled you rather frequently, attention yet, for I ride about, and lounge, and ponder, I will conclude, repeating that I am and-two or three other things; so that my reading is very desultory, and not so attentive as it used to be. I am very glad to hear of its popularity, for Moore is a very noble fellow in all respects, and will

LETTER CCXCIX. enjoy it without any of the bad feelings which success

TO MR MURRAY. -good or evil-sometimes engenders in the men of rhyme. Of tbe Poem itself, I will tell you my opinion

« October 12th, 1817. when I have mastered it: I say of the Poem, for I “Mr Kinnaird and his brother, Lord Kinnaird, don't like the prose at all, at all; and in the mean- have been here, and are now gone again. All your time, the “Fire-worshippers' is the best, and the missives came, except the tooth-powder, of which I • Veiled Prophet' the worst, of the volume.

request further supplies, at all convenient opportuni“ With regard to poetry in general, * I am convin- ties; as also of magnesia and soda-powders, both great ced, the more I think of it, that he and all of us

luxuries here, and neither to be had good, or indeed Scott, Southey, Wordsworth, Moore, Campbell, I, hardly at all of the natives. -are all in the wrong, one as much as another; that we are upon a wrong revolutionary poetical system,

“In * *'s Life, I perceive an attack upon the then or systems, not worth a damn in itself, and from which Committee of D. L. Theatre for acting Bertram, and none but Rogers and Crabbe are free ; and that the

an attack upon Maturin's Bertram for being acted. present and next generations will finally be of this considering all things, this is not very grateful nor opinion. I am the more confirmed in this by having graceful on the part of the worthy autobiographer; lately gone over some of our classics, particularly and I would answer, if I had not obliged him. PutPope whoin I tried in this way:-1 took Moore's ting my own pains to forward the views of ** out poems and my own and some others, and went over

of the question, I know that there was every dispothem side by side with Pope's, and I was really asto sition, on the part of the Sub-Committee, to bring nished (I ought not to have been so) and mortified at forward any production of his, were it feasible. The

play he offered, though poetical, did not appear at * On this paragraph, in the MS. copy of the above letter, all practicable, and Bertram did;—and hence this I find the following note, in the handwriting of Mr Gifford : long tirade, which is the last chapter of his vagabond “ There is more good sense, and feeling, and judgment in

than in any other I ever read, or Lord Byron this passage,

life. wrote.”

“As for Bertram, Maturin may defend his own


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begotten, if he likes it well enough; I leave the Irish written;—but I deny Marlow and his progeny, and clergyman and the new orator Henley to battle it beg that you will do the same. out between them, satisfied to have done the best I “If you can send me the paper in question, * which could for both. I may say this to you, who know it. the Edinburgh Review mentions, do. The review

in the magazine you say was written by Wilson ? it “Mr * * may console himself with the fervour,--the had all the air of being a poet's, and was a very good

The Edinburgh Review I take to be Jeffrey's almost religious fervour of his and W * *'s disci

own by its friendliness. I wonder they thought it ples, as he calls it. If he means that as any proof of

worth while to do so, so soon after the former; but it their merits, I will find him as much ' fervour'in

was evidently with a good motive. behalf of Richard Brothers and Joanna Southcote as

“ I saw Hoppner the other day, whose countryever gathered over his pages or round his fireside.

house at Este I have taken for two years. If you

come out next summer, let me know in time, Love My answer to your proposition about the Fourtlı to Gifford. Canto you will have received, and I await yours ;

“ Yours ever truly, perhaps we may not agree. I have since written a Poem (of 84 octave stanzas), humorous, in or after

« Crabbe, Malcolm, Hamilton, and Chantrey,

Are all partakers of my pantry. the excellent manner of Mr Whistlecraft (whom I take to be Frere), on a Venitian anecdote which

These two lines are omitted in your letter to the docamused me :—but till I have your answer, I can say

tor, after nothing more about it. “Mr Hobhouse does not return to England in No

“All clever men who make their way.” veniber, as he intended, but will winter here; and as he is to convey the poem, or poems,- for there may

LETTER CCC. perhaps be more than the two mentioned (which, by the way, I shall not perhaps include in the same publication or agreement), 1 shall not be able to pub

« Venice, October 23d, 1817. lish so soon as expected; but I suppose there is no 66 Your two letters are before me, and our barharm in the delay.

gain is so far concluded. How sorry I am to hear that I have signed and sent your former copyrights by Gifford is unwell! Pray tell me he is better : I hope it Mr Kinnaird, but not the receipt, because the is nothing but cold. As you say his illness originates in mouey is not yet paid. Mr. Kinnaird has a power of cold, I trust it will get no further. attorney to sign for me, and will, when necessary. “ Mr Whistlecraft has no greater admirer than my

“Many thanks for the Edinburgh Review, which self: I have written a story in 89 stanzas, in imitation is very kind about Manfred, and defends its origina- of him, called Beppo (the short name for Giuseppe, lity, which I did not know that any body had attack- that is, the Joe of the Italian Joseph), which I shall ed. I never read, and do not know that I ever saw, throw you into the balance of the Fourth Canto, to help the ‘Faustus of Marlow,' and had, and have, no you round to your money; but you perhaps had better dramatic works by me in English, except the recent publish it anonymously; but this we will see to by things you sent me; but I heard Mr Lewis translate and by. verbally some scenes of Goethe's Faust (which were, “ In the Notes to Canto Fourth, Mr Hobhouse has some good, and some bad) last summer ;—which is pointed out several errors of Gibbon. You may all I know of the history of that magical personage; depend upon H.'s research and accuracy. You may and as to the germs of Manfred, they may be found print it in what shape you please. in the Journal which I sent to Mrs Leigh (part of 6 With regard to a future large Edition, you may which you saw) when I went over first the Dent de print all, or any thing, except English Bards,' to the Jaman, and then the Wengen or Wengeberg Alp republication of which at no time will I consent. I and Sheideck, and made the giro of the Jungfrau, would not reprint them on any consideration. I don't Shreckhorn, &c. &c. shortly before I left Switzerland. think them good for much, even in point of poetry; and, Jaman, the whole scene of Manfred before me as if as to other things, you are to recollect that I gave up it was but yesterday, and could point it out, spot by the publication on account of the Hollands, and I do spot, torrent and all.

not think that any time or circumstances can neutralize “Of the Prometheus of Æschylus I was passionate- the suppression. Add to which, that, after being on ly fond as a boy (it was one of the Greek plays we terms with almost all the bards and critics of the day, read thrice a year at Harrow);-indeed that and the it would be savage at any time, but worst of all now,

Medea' were the only ones, except the Seven to revive this foolish Lampoon. before Thebes,' which ever much pleased me. As to the · Faustus of Marlow,' I never read, never saw, nor heard of it—at least, thought of it, except that The review of Manfred came very safely, and I I think Mr Gifford mentioned, in a note of his which am much pleased with it. It is odd that they should you sent me, something about the catastrophe ; but say (that is, somebody in a magazine whom the Edinnot as having any thing to do with mine, which may or may not resemble it, for any thing I know.

* A paper in the Edinburgh Magazine, in which it was “ The Prometheus, if not exactly in my plan, has suggested that the general conception of Manfred, and

much of what is excellent in the manner of its execution, always been so much in my head, that I can easily

had been borrowed froin “the Tragical History of Dr conceive its influence over all or any thing that I have Faustus,” of Marlow.

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burgh controverts) that it was taken from Marlow's | Admiralty, and its bookseller. I used to think that Faust, which I never read nor saw. An American, I was a good deal of an author in amour propre and who came the other day from Germany, told M. Hob- noli me tangere; but these prose fellows are worst, house that Manfred was taken from Goëthe's Faust. after all, about their little comforts. The devil may take both the Faustuses, German and • Do you remember my mentioning, some months English–I have taken neither.

ago, the Marquis Moncada-a Spaniard of distinction “Will you send to Hanson, and say that he has and fourscore years, my summer neighbour at La not written since 9th September?—at least I have had Mira ? Well, about six weeks ago, he fell in love no letter since, to my great surprise.

with a Venetian girl of family, and no fortune or cha“Will you desire Messrs Morland to send out what-racter; took her into bis mansion ; quarrelled with all ever additional sums have or may be paid in credit his former friends for giving him advice (except me immediately, and always, to their Venice correspon- who gave him none), and installed her present concudents? It is two months ago that they sent me out an bine and future wife and mistress of himself and furadditional credit for one thousand pounds. I was niture. At the end of a month, in which she demeaned very glad of it, but I don't know how the devil it came; herself as ill as possible, he found out a correspondence for I can only make out 500 of Hanson’s payment, and between her and some former keeper, and after nearly I had thought the other 500 came from you; but it did strangling, turned her out of the house, to the great not, it seems, as, by yours of the 7th instant, you have scandal of the keeping part of the town, and with a only just paid the £1230 balance.

prodigious éclat, which has occupied all the canals “ Mr Kinnaird is on his way home with the assign and coffee-houses in Venice. He said she wanted to ments. I can fix no time for the arrival of Canto poison him; and she says–God knows what; but Fourth, which depends on the journey of Mr Hobhouse between them they have made a great deal of noise. home; and I do not think that this will be immediate. I know a little of both the parties : Moncada seemed “ Yours in great haste and very truly, a very sensible old man, a character which he has not

quite kept up on this occasion; and the woman is “P.S. Morlands have not yet written lo my bankers rather showy than pretty. For the honour of religion, apprizing the payment of your balances : pray desire she was bred in a convent, and for the credit of Great them to do so.

Britain, taught by an Englishwoman. “Ask them about the previous thousand- of which

“ Yours, &c." I know 500 came from Hanson's - and make out the other 500—that is, whence it came.”


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“ Venice, December 3d, 1817. “Venice, November 15th, 1817. “ A Venetian lady, learned and somewhat stricken “Mr Kinnaird has probably returned to England by in years, having, in her intervals of love and devotion, this time, and will have conveyed to you any tidings taken upon her to translate the Letters and write the you may wish to have of us and ours. I have come Life of Lady Mary Wortley Montague,—to which back to Venice for the winter. Mr Hobhouse will undertaking there are two obstacles, firstly, ignorance probably set off in December, but what day or week, of English, and, secondly, a total dearth of information I know not. He is my opposite neighbour at present. on the subject of her projected biography,-has applied

“I wrote yesterday in some perplexity, and no very to me for facts or falsities upon this promising project. good humour, to Mr Kinnaird, to inform me about Lady Montague lived the last twenty or more years of Newstead and the Hansons, of which and whom I hear her life in or near Venice, I believe; but here they nothing since his departure from this place, except in know nothing, and remember nothing, for the story of a few unintelligible words from an unintelligible woman. to-day is succeeded by the scandal of to-morrow; and

“ I am as sorry to hear of Dr Polidori's accident as the wit, and beauty, and gallantry, which might renone can be for a person for whom one has a dislike, der your countrywoman notorious in her own country, and something of contempt. When he gets well, tell must have been here no great distinction—because me, and how he gets on in the sick line. Poor fellow.! the first is in no request, and the two latter are common how came he to fix there?

to all women, or at least the last of them. If you can

therefore tell me any thing, or get any thing told, of « I fear the Doctor's skill at Norwich Will hardly salt the Doctor's porridge.

Lady Wortley Montague, I shall take it as a favour,

and will transfer and translate it to the Dama' in Methought he was going to the Brazils to give the question. And I pray you besides to send me, by Portuguese physic (of which they are fond to despera- some quick and safe voyager, the edition of her Lettion) with the Danish consul.

ters, and the stupid Life, by Dr Dallaway, published

by her proud and foolish family. “ Your new Canto has expanded to one hundred 66 The death of the Princess Charlotte has been a and sixty-seven stanzas. It will be long, you see; and shock even here, and must have been an earthquake as for the notes by Hobhouse, I suspect they will be at home. The Courier's list of some three hundred heirs of the heroic size. You must keep Mr ** in good to the crown (including the house of Wirtemberg, with humour, for he is devilish touchy yet about your Re- that ***, P-, of disreputable memory, whom I review and all which it inherits, including the editor, the member seeing at various balls during the visit of the




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Muscovites, &c. in 1814) must be very consolatory to all true lieges, as well as foreigners, except Signor

LETTER CCCIV. Travis, a rich Jew merchant of this city, who complains grievously of the length of British mourning,

TO MR MURRAY. which has countermanded all the silks which he was on the point of transmitting, for a year to come. The

“Venice, January 8th, 1818. death of this poor girl is melancholy in every respect, * My dear Mr Murray, dying at twenty or so, in childbed—of a boy too, a pre

You 're in a damn'd hurry

To set up this ultimate Canto; sent princess and future queen, and just as she began

But (if they don't rob us) to be happy, and to enjoy herself and the hopes which

You'll see Mr Hobhouse she inspired.

Will bring it safe in his portmanteau. “ I think, as far as I can recollect, she is the first

2. royal defunct in childbed upon record in our history.

« For the Journal you hint of, I feel sorry in every respect-for the loss of a female

As ready to print off, reign, and a woman hitherto harmless; and all the

No doubt you do right to commend it; lost rejoicings, and addresses, and drunkenness, and

But as yet I have writ off

The devil a bit of disbursements, of John Bull on the occasion. *

Our ‘Beppo;'-when copied, I'll send it, “ The Prince will inarry again, after divorcing his wife, and Mr Southey will write an elegy now, and an ode then; the Quarterly will have an article

4, against the press, and the Edinburgh an article, half “ Then you've * * *'s Tour,and half, about reform and right of divorce;

No great things, to be sure,

You could hardly begin with a less work; the British will give you Dr Chalmers's funeral ser

For the pompous rascallion, mon much commended, with a place in the stars for

Who don't speak Italian deceased royalty; and the Morning Post will have

Nor French, must have scribbled by guess-work. already yelled forth its syllables of dolour.' 'Woe, woe, Nealliny !-the young Nealliny !'


“ You can make any loss up 6 It is some time since I have heard from you: are

With 'Spence' and his gossip,

A work which must surely succeed; you in bad humour? I suppose so. I have been so

Then Queen Mary's Epistle-craft, myself, and it is your turn now, and by and by mine

With the new 'Fytte' of 'Whistlecraft,' will come round again.

Must make people purchase and read. “ Yours truly,

8. “B.

« Then you 've General Gordon, “P.S. Countess Albrizzi, come back from Paris,

Who girded his sword on, has brought me a medal of Denon, a present from

To serve with a Muscovite master, himself to me, and a likeness of Mr Rogers (belonging

And help him to polish

A nation so owlish, to her), by Denon also.”

They thought shaving their beards a disaster,


« For the man, 'poor and shrewd,"

With whom you 'd conclude

A compact without more delay,

Perhaps some such pen is “ Venice, December 15th, 1817.

Still extant in Venice; “I should have thanked you before, for your favour

But please, sir, to mention your pay" a few days ago, had I not been in the intention of paying my respects, personally, this evening, froin which I am deterred by the recollection that you will probably be at the Count Goess's this evening, which

LETTER CCCV. has made me postpone my intrusion. “I think your Elegy a remarkably good one, not

TO MR MURRAY, only as a composition, but both the politics and poetry contain a far greater portion of truth and generosity

« Venice, January 19th, 1818. than belongs to the times, or to the professors of “I send you the Storyt in three other separate these opposite pursuits, which usually agree only in covers. It won't do for your Journal, being full of one point, as extremes meet. I do not know whether political allusions. Print alone, without name; you wished me to retain the copy, but I shall retain alter nothing; get a scholar to see that the Italian it till you tell me otherwise; and am very much phrases are correctly published (your printing, by obliged by the perusal.

the way, always makes me ill with its eternal blun“My own sentiments on Venice, &c. such as they ders, which are incessant), and God speed you. are, I had already thrown into verse last summer, in Hobhouse left Venice a fortnight ago, saving two the Fourth Canto of Childe Harold, now in prepara- days. I have heard nothing of or from him. tion for the press; and I think much more highly of

“ Yours, &c. them, for being in coincidence with yours.

“ He has the whole of the MSS.; so put up prayers “ Believe me yours, &c." in your back shop, or in the printer's Chapel."

* “ Vide your letter."

+ Beppo.

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