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devoted to activity, to usefulness, and beneficence. Hitherto Mr. James Tobin has been mentioned only in connection with the poet, of whom he was uniformly the adviser, the patron, and the friend; but he possessed individual claims to distinction, in honourable singularity of character, and undeviating uprightness of conduct. With a heart naturally susceptible of the most ardent feelings, he had early acquired that selfcommand which fits its possessor for the important and austere duties of human life; and with sympathies and affections never to be systematised to indifference, he submitted without a murmur to privation and disappointment. Much as he despised luxury, and severely as hecondemned convivial indulgence, he had an exquisite relish for the pleasures of conversation, and the endearments of domestic society ; nor was he ever known to renounce a friend, although by his sin. cerity, he often hazarded the forfeiture of a friendship. From the candour which
dwelt in his own breast, he naturally expected to recognize the same quality in others; the love of truth was his preyailing passion; and it was remarked by one who had from childhood known him, that Imagination could not conceive the situation in which he would have been tempted to renounce his self-respect, or sacrifice his principles. Of his capacities for the tender affections, none could doubt who knew with what almost unexampled constancy he had been devoted to the interests of a brother, whose early death he continued to deplore, to the latest moment of his existence. Not even the in. fluence of time prevailed over his regrets; nor, till he formed a nearer and more endearing connexion, did he resume his native cheerfulness. It is remarkable that the qualities of his mind and heart were more fully developed, under circumstances which should seem calculated to stifle moral feeling,--in a situation, abstractedly
considered, the most uncongenial to his habits and sympathies,-in a spot exhibiting the utmost misery and degradation, the polluted soil of slavery, divided between the oppressed and the oppressor. It is unne. cessary to enter into the disgraceful details of those illegal, though unpunished cruelties, which, during his superintendance of his father's plantation at Nevis, brought his conduct more immediately before the public. It will be more pleasing to contemplate the example of energy and be nevolence which he constantly offered to imitation.
Amongst other plans of usefulness, Mr. Tobin was preparing materials for a work on colonial policy, in which he hoped to demonstrate the necessity of correcting the abuses incident to the administration of British justice in the West Indies. *
* Experience proves, that the benefits of the British constitution cannot be communicated to a land of
An avowed enemy to cruelty and oppression, he contemplated with delight those prospects of emancipation, of which the progressive improvement of society held out the most sacred assurance. To prepare the slave for future freedom and independence, was the object to which he constantly directed his exertions. Accustomed to devote himself to the welfare of others, he watched with almost paternal solicitude, over the welfare of those committed to his direction; nor was it more strenuously his aim to lessen the hardships of this numerous community, than by calling forth their faculties and affections, to elevate them in the scale of human beings. The opinion of the world had no
slavery. In vain are juries impannelled for the cogniz. ance of crimes committed by the planter against the negro:; a verdict of acquittal is almost the necessary con.sequence of the corrupt state of society. The trials of Huggins at Nevis corroborate this fact.
influence on his upright mind; and never was his own domestic happiness alloyed, but by the conviction that there existed misery, which he wanted the power to alleviate. When this reflection was suspended, he enjoyed, in his busy, yet peaceful home, a felicity rarely allotted to human existence. The deprivation of sight, so generally considered as one of the most afflictive of human calamities, scarcely threw one shade over his habitual cheerfulness; and by cre. ating a new and endearing interest in the ordinary relations of life, it even seemed to exalt his capacities for mental gratification : with the eyes of his wife, or of his children, he continued his scientific researches, and still delighted to hold communication with nature: every hour brought its allotted duty_its appropriate enjoyment; and, in receiving assistance, he dispensed instruc. tion and happiness.
At no period
of existence had he