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T'whom Satan turning boldly, thus. Ye Powers
And Spirits of this nethermost abyss,
Chaos and ancient Night, I come no fpy, 970


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fies the use of the word against Mr. Addison seems to disapprove of Dr. Bentley by another passage in these fi&titious beings, thinking our author's Latin works, p. 340. · them I suppose (like Sin and Death Apud vetustissimos itaque mytholo- improper for an epic poem : but I giæ scriptores memoriæ datum re- see no reason why Milton may not perio Demogorgonem Deorum om- be allow'd to place such imaginary nium atavum (quem cundem et beings in the regions of Chaos, as Chaos ab antiquis nuncupatum ha- well as Virgil describe the like beriolor) inter alios liberos, quos suf- irgs, Grief, and Fear, and Want, tulerat plurimos, Terram genuiffe. and Sleep, and Death, and Dif065. - Rumor next and Chance,] of Hell; and why what is ac

cord likewise within the confines In Satan's voyage through the coun Chaos there are several imaginary deemed a fault in the other. See

ougn. the counted a beauty in one should be persons described, as residing in Æn. VI. 272. Ega that immense waste of matter." This may perhaps be conformable Vestibulum ante ipsum, primisque to the taste of those critics who in faucibus orci, : are pleased with nothing in a poet Luctus, et ultrices posuere cubilia which has not life and manners Curæ: afcribed to it; but for my own Pallentesque habitant Morbi, tripart, I am pleased most with those ftisque senectus, passages in this description which Et Metus, et malesuada fames, et carry in them a greater measure of turpis Egeftas, probability, and are such as might Terribiles visu formæ: Letumque, polibly have happen'd. Of this Laborque : kind is his first mounting in the Tum consanguineus Leti Sopor, smoke that rises from the infernal et mala mentis pit, his falling into a cloud of Gaudia, mortiferumque adverso nitre and the like combustible ma in limine Bellum, terials, that by their explosion Atill Ferreique Eumenidum thalami, et hurried him forward in his voyage; Discordia demens his springing upward like a pyra. Vipereum crinem vittis innexa -mid of fire, with his laborious par. cruentis. sage through that confusion of elc- :

Just in the gate, and in the jaws ments which the poet calls

of Hell, The womb of nature, and perhaps Revengeful Cares, and sullen Sorher grave. Addifon,

rows dwell; VOL. I.


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With purpose to explore or to disturbi ne
The secrets of your realm, but by constraint
Wand'ring this darksome desert, as my way...
Lies through your spacious empire up to light,
Alone, and without guide, half loft, I feek 975
What readiest path leads where your gloomy bounds
Confine with Heav'n; or if some other place,
From your dominion won, th'ethereal king
Poffelses lately, thither to arrive .'
I travel this profound; direct my course; .. 980
Directed no mcan recompense it brings


And pale Diseases, and repiming Virgil and Milton shat Age;

:' made the last of these imaginary Want, Fear, and Famin's unre. beings, but how much greater an

fifted rage; . . . : idea have we of Discord with a Here Toils,and Death,and Death's sbaufand various mouths than with half-brother Sleep,

fnaky hair, Forms terrible to yiew, their sen. Vipereum crinem vittis innexa cru

try keep; With anxious Pleasures of a guilty

. .

n entis ! mind,

We may farther observe in juftif. Deep Frauds before, and open cation of Milton, that the like Force behind ;'

fhadowy beings are introduc'd in The Furies iron beds, and Strife Seneca, Herc. Fur. 686. in Sta. that shakes

tius's deseription of the house of Her hilling treffes, and unfolds Mars. Theb. VII. 47. in Clage her fnakes. Dryden. dian In Rufin. I. 30. and in Spez

fer, Fairy Queen, B. 2. Cant. 7. Every reader, I believe, has been St. 21, &c. The passages at large pleased with this description; and would swell this note to too great it is impossible to be pleased with a length, and therefore the reader Virgil, and to be displeased with is only referred to the places." Milton. We may oblerve both in

972. The

To your behoof; if I that region loft, Deçavu diev
All ufurpation thenge expell?d, reduce za 249-2 T
To her original darkness and your sway quien tiene
(Which is my present journey) and once more 985
Erect the ftandard there of ancient Night;
Yours be th’advantage all, vmine the revenge. I

Thuş Satan; and-him thus the Anarch old. :-) With faltring speech and vifage incompos’d,.. Answer’d. I know theo ftranger, who thou art, 990 That mighty leading Angely (who of later?.., Made head agaihft Heavdrisking, though overthrown.


972. The secret of your réalin] word disturb will be proper enough This paffage has been objected to as in I. 167. without any reason. - He means

in and disturb probably secret places, as in ver. His inmoft counsels from their 89r. Secrets is ufed here as fecreta o destin'd aim;".. e fometimes in Virgil: todos modos. and the word explore will be very La secreta senis ducam: ' proper, as in VİP 95. . iT Georg. IV.403, What we, not to explore the le

' crets ak Horrendæque procut fecreta of his eternal empire..

Sibyllæ, Antrum immane, petit: . j 981. Directed no mean recompense

it brings, &c.) My course .... Æn. VI. ro. :

Æn. VI. ro. directed may bring no litile recomAnd likewise in Spenfer;" Fairy pense and advantage to you, if I Queen, B. 6. Cant. 12. St. 24120

a reduce that loft region, all usurpa

tion being thence expelld, to her And Searched all their cells and original darkness and your sway '. fecrets near ... ; (which is the purport of my pre

9. I sugrier'n steineri fent journey) and once more Or if we onderstand by fecrets se, erect the standard there of ancient cret counsels and transactions, the Night. SILK

** 999. - if



I law and heard, for such a numerous host
Fled not in silence through the frighted deep
With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout,

Confusion worse confourded; and Heav'n gates
Pour'd out by millions her victorious bands
Pursuing. I upon my frontiers here
Keep residence; if all I can will serve


999, if all I can will serve any broils in Chaos's realm, but of That little which is left so to de- the broils in Heaven between God

fend, &c.) Dr. Bentley makes and Satan, the good Angels and great alterations here, and would the bad, called inteftin war and have us read

broils in VI. 259, 277. So that - if all I can will serve,

the passage as it stands seems to be That little which is left us to de

de faulty; but without so great an al

teration as Dr. Bentley makes, we fend Encroach'd on by creations old and

may clear it of all difficulty. We

must remember that it is Satan, to new Straitning the bounds of ancient

whom Chaos here speaks, and Night :

therefore we may suppose that

Milton gave it through your inteftin For so in the second verse he reads broils. In the first editions there is us: but fo is right, and signifies by no comma after broils; and there keeping residence on my frontiers and should be none, because broils is doing all I can. Again, he finds the substantive with which the fault with our intestin broils, and participle weakning agrees: It was says that Chaos's or Night's scepter their broils which weaken'd Night's is not weaken'd, but is strengthen'd scepter, because the consequences and subsists by them. So far he is of them lessen'd her kingdom. right, and therefore Milton, if he

Pearce. wrote our inteftin broils, could never This change of our into your is fo mean the broils within the realm just and necessary, that we thought of Chaos. It appears from the it best to admit it into the text. following verses, that the encroach- 1005. _ link'd in a golden cbain ments which Chaos means were There is mention made in Homer the creation of Hell first, and then of Jupiter's golden chain, by which of the new world, the creation of he can draw up the Gods and the both which was the effect not of earth and sea and the whole uni

That little which is left so to defend,

1000 Encroach'd on still through your intestin broils Weakning the scepter of old Night: first Hell Your dungeon stretching far and wide beneath; Now lately Heav'n and Earth, another world, Hung o'er my realm, link'd in a golden chain 1005 To that fide Heav'n from whence your legions fell:



verse, but they cannot draw him Let down our golden, everlasting down. You may see the passage

chain, at large in the beginning of the 8th Whose strong embrace holds book of the Iliad.

Heav'n, and earth and main : Eld age, epurade 9001, inch Strive all of mortal or immortal adete marles,

To drag by this the Thund'rer Sosple Xpurtlu s E xegvolev xpe. down to earth : Hararles

Ye strive in vain! If I but stretch G retchese Scon cucou this hand, te tegura.

I heave the Gods, the ocean, and Αλλ' εκ αν ερυσωτ' εξ egνοθεν

the land, I fix the chain to great Olympus'

, Ted 100 de

height, ' Zlw'Úratov knswp, tell a Medel And the vast world hangs trembcondo rajon74

ling in my sight. Pope, · Ana' ote din xai egw weoopwy go - Detosuo sguasa,

It is most probably and ingeniously AUTY xev yain epuo alle', WTA TI conjectur'd, that by this golden Sancayo

chain may be understood the suΣαρω μεν κεν επιτα σερι διου perior attractive force of the fun, Ουλυμποιο

whereby he continues unmoy'd,

and draws all the rest of the plaΔησαιμω τα δε κ' αυτε μετηο

nets toward him. But whatever · pe carle geroito.

is meant by it, it is certain that League all your forces then. ve our poet took from hence the Pow'rs above,

thought of hanging the world by a Join all, and try th' omnipotence 304 of Jove:

100g. Havci,


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