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Over mount Sion, and, though that were large, 530
Over the Promis'd Land to God so dear,
By which, to visit oft those happy tribes,
On high behests his Angels to and fro
Pass’d frequent, and his eye with choice regard
From Paneas the fount of Jordan's flood :-*, 535
To Beërsaba, where the Holy Land
Borders on Egypt and th’ Arabian shore;
So wide the opening seem'd, where bounds were set
To darkness, such as bound the ocean wave. ·
Satan from hence, now on the lower stair 540
That scald by steps of gold to Heaven gate,
Looks down with wonder at the sudden view


erecting such an Academy to the sheba, that is the whole extent of Lord Treasurer Oxford at the lata the Promis'd Land from Paneas in ter end of the reign of Queen the north to Beersaba in the south, Anne; and it is a pity they were where the Holy Land is bounded never carried into execution. by Egypt and Arabia. The limits 534. -- and his eye with choice of the Holy Land are thus ex

regard] Dr. Pearce thinks press d in Scripture, from Dan even that after regard a verse seems to unto Bierfheba, Dan at the northern be wanting to describe what his eye and Beersheba at the southern exdid with choice regard: but it may tremity; and the city that was calbe understood thus, his eye pass'd led Dan was afterwards named Pafrequent, as well as his Angels to neas. So wide the opening seemd, and fro on high behests or com- that is so wide as I have repremands, and survey'd from Paneas, fented it, wider than the patiage a city at the foot of a mountain over mount Sion and the Promis'd of the same name, part of mount Land ; So wide the opening seem'd, Libanus where the river Jordan where the same divine power fixed has its source, to Beërsaba or Beer- the limits of darkness, that said to


Of all this world at once. As when a scout
Through dark and desert ways with peril gone
All night, at last by break of chearful dawn - 545
Obtains the brow of some high-climbing hill,
Which to his eye discovers unaware.
The goodly prospect of some foreign land :
First seen, or fome renown'd metropolis
With glist’ring spires and pinnacles adorn'd, 550
Which now the rising sun gilds with his beams: ..
Such wonder seis’d, though after Heaven seen, .
The Spirit malign, but much more envy seis’d,
At fight of all this world beheld so fair. 554
Round he surveys (and well might, where he stood

. So

the proud ocean, Hitberto'shalt thou glorious an idea as any that arises come and no farther.

. in the whole poem. He looks 540. Satan from bence, &c.] Sa- down into that valt hollow of the tan, after having long wander'd universe, with the eye, or (as Milupon the surface, or outmost wall ton calls it). with the ken of an of the universe, discovers at last a Angel. He surveys all the wonwide gap in it, which led into the ders in this immense amphitheatre creation, and is described as the that lie between both the poles of opening through which the Angels Heaven, and takes in at one view pass to and fro into the lower world the whole round of the creation. upon their errands to mankind. :*

Addison. His fitting upon the brink of this $55. Round he surveys &c.) Satan passage, and taking a survey of the is here represented as taking a view whole face of natare that appeared of the whole creation from east to to him new and fresh in all its beau. west, and then from north to south; ties, with the fimile illustrating but poetry delights to say the most this circumstance, fills the mind of common things in an uncommon the reader with as surprising and manner. Round he furveys, as well he VOL. I.



So high above the circling canopy

opony Of night's extended shade) from eastern point Of Libra to the fleecy star that bears Andromeda far off Atlantic seas Beyond th' horizon; then from pole to pole 560 He views in breadth, and without longer pause Down right into the world's first region throws


· might in his present situation, fo bigb much greater journey one way than

above the circling canopy of night's the other, one was called length extended fade. Dr. Bentley objects or longitude, the other breadth or to the expression of circling canopy, latitude. It is fine, as it is natural, when the shade of night muft needs to represent Satan as taking a view be a cone : but as Dr. Pearće re- of the world before he threw himplies, to Satan who look'd down self into it. upon it from such an highth, it ap- 562. Downright into the world's pear'd not a cone as it really was, &c.] Satan after having survey'a but a circle. In this situation then the whole creation, immediately be furveys from eastern point of Libra, without longer pause throws himself one of the twelve signs exactly op- into it, and is describ'd as making posit to Aries, to the fleecy flar, two different motions. At firft he Aries or the Ram, that is from eaft drops down perpendicularly some to weft, for when Libra rises in the way into it,downright into the world's east, Aries fets full weft; and Aries forft region throws bis fight precipia is said to bear Andromeda, because tant, and aftewards winds bis oblique that conftellation represented as a way, turns and winds this way and woman is placed just over Aries, that, if he might any where elpy and therefore when Aries fets he the seat of Man; for tho' in ver. seems to bear Andromeda far of 527 it is said that the passage was Atlantic seas, the great western just over Paradise, yet it is evident ocean, beyond th' horizon; then from that Satan did not know it, and pole to pole he views in breadth, that therefore as it was natural for kim is from north to fouth, and that is to do, winds about in search of it said to be in breadth, because the through the pure marble air. The Ancients knowing more of the first epithet pure determins the lense earth from east to weft than from of the second, and shows why the north to fouth, and so having a air is compared to marble, namely


His flight precipitant, and winds with ease
Through the pure marble air his oblique way
Amongst innumerable stars, that shone 563
Stars distant, but nigh hand seem'd other worlds;
Or other worlds they seem’d, or happy iles, ,
Like those Hesperian gardens fam'd of old;:
Fortunate fields, and groves, and flow'ry vales,


for its clearness and whiteness, (Waller) has faid in his verses upon without any regard to its hardness: his mistresses palling through a and the word marmor, marble, is croud of people ; derived from a Greek word deep- The yielding marble of a snowy Jeanpw that fignifies to shine and **

breast. glifter. And as Milton uses the expression of the marble air, so Virgil And what is nearer to our purpose, does likewise of the marble fea, Othello in Shakespear is representGeorg. I. 254

ed as fwearing A. III. Et quando infidum remis impellere - Now by yond marble Heaven. marmor

It is common with the Ancients, Conveniat :

and those who write in the spiric And An. VI. 729.

and manner of the Ancients, in

their metaphors and fimiles, if they Et quz marmoreo fert monstra sub agree in the main circumstance, æquore pontus :

to have no regard to lesser partia

culars. And elsewhere he calls Orpheus's

565. that soone neck marble, Georg. IV.523. Śtars diftant,1 They appeared by Tum quoque marmorea caput a their shining to be stars. "Tis a cervice revullum.

Greek expreslion, as Plato in an

epigram on his friend Stella preAnd Ovid in like manner speaks served by Diogenes Laertius. You of Narcissus his marble hands, Met. tone whilf living a morning flar, UII. 481.

but dead you now shine Hefperus among Nudaque marmoreis percussit pec

pec. the shades. Richardson. tora palmis.

568. Like those Hesperian gardens)

So call'd of Hesperus, Vesper, beAnd a famous poes of our own cause placed in the west under the

A a 2


Thrice happy iles, but who dwelt happy there · 570
He stay'd not to inquire: above them all.
The golden sun in splendor likest Heaven
Allur'd his eye: thither his course he bends
Through the calm firmament, (but up or down,
By center, or eccentric, hard to tell,

Or longitude,) where the great luminary
Aloof the vulgar constellations thick,
That from his lordly eye keep distance due, :
Dispenses light from far; they as they move
Their starry dance in numbers that compute 580

Days evening star. Those famous gar- trived, and the more adjusted to a dens were the iles about Cape Verd poetical probability, as it was a rein Africa, whose most western ceived doctrin among the most fapoint is still callid Hefperium cornu. mous philosophers, that every orb Others will have 'em the Canaries. had its Intelligence, and as an

Hume. Apostle in sacred Writ is said to 573. - thither his course he bends have seen such an Angel in the fun. &c.j His Aight between the feve.

Addison. ral worlds that shined on every side of him, with the particular de 574. (but up or down, scription of the sun, are set forth By center, or eccentric, bard to tell, in all the wantonness of a luxuriant Or longitude,)] These words (as imagination. His shape, speech, Dr. Pearce observes) should be inand behaviour upon his transform- cluded in a parenthesis, and then ing himself into an Angel of light, the construction of the rest will be are touch'd with exquisite beauty. plain and easy. Satan had now The poet's thought of directing passed the fix'd stars, and was djSatan to the sun, which in the recting his course towards the sun; vulgar opinion of mankind is the but it is hard to tell (says the poet) molt conspicuous part of the crea. whether his course was up or dowi, tion, and the placing in it an that is north or south, for so up Angel, is a circumstance finely con- and down signifies in IX. 78. and

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