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Both of her beauty and submissive charms
Smild with superior love, as Jupiter
On Juno smiles, when he impregns the clouds 500
That shed May flow'rs; and press’d her matron lip
With kisses pure: aside the Devil turn'd
For envy, yet with jealous leer malign
Ey'd them askance, and to himself thus plain'd.

Sight hateful, fight tormenting ! thus these two 505 Imparadis'd in one another's arms,

· The

fimile, and describes the earth put- like that fine one in the Psalms of ting forth her fairest flowers as the the clouds dropping fatness, Psal. immediate effect of them. And LXXV. 12. and it is said May fioze'r; Virgil likewise in describing the to signify that this is done in the spring employs the same kind of spring, as Virgil describes it. And images, and represents Jupiter ope- then follows and pressd her matron rating upon his spouse for the lip, where the construction is Adam production of all things, Georg. smild with superior love, and press'd II. 325.

her matron lip, the simile being to be Tum pater omnipotens fæcundis

batis understood as included in a paren

thesis. Her matron lip evidently imbribus æther Conjugis in gremium lætæ descen

em fignifies her married lip, in distinc

" tion from a maiden or a virgin lip, dit, et omnes

... as Ovid Fast. II. $28. speaking of Magnus alit, magno commixtus

Lucretia then married, says matron corpore, fætus.

cheeks, For then almighty Jove descends, and pours

Et matronales erubuere genz. Into his buxom bride his fruitful It implies that she was married ta Thow'rs;

him, and that therefore their kisses And mixing his large limbs with

were lawful and innocent. It was hers, he feeds

the innocence of their loves that Her births with kindly juice, and

made the Devil turn aside for envy, fosters teeming seeds. Dryden. 506. Imparadis'd in one another's That expression of the clouds fwedding arms] Imparadis d has been flow'rs is very poctical, and not un- remark'd as a word first coin'd by VOL. I.



The happier Eden, shall enjoy their fill
Of bliss on bliss; while I to Hell am thrust,
Where neither joy nor love, but fierce desire,
Among our other torments not the least,

Still unfulfilld with pain of longing pines.
Yet let me not forget what I have gain'd
From their own mouths: all is not theirs it seems;
One fatal tree there stands of knowledge callid,
Forbidden them to taste: Knowledge forbidden? 515
Suspicious, reasonless. Why should their Lord
Envy them that? can it be fin to know?
Can it be death? and do they only stand
By ignorance? is that their happy state,
The proof of their obedience and their faith? 520
O fair foundation laid whereon to build
Their ruin! Hence I will excite their minds

With Milton. But Sir Philip Sidney has Where's neither joy nor love, it in Arcadia, p. 109. So this imparadis'd neighbourhood made Zel- Where's contracted for where is. mane's foul cleave unto her. And the

Bentley. Italians had prior possession Impa. But Milton often leaves out the radifato. Bentley.

word is, as in VIII. 621, and with.

out love no happiness. Pearce. 509. Where neither joy nor love,] This sentence has no exit, unless 515. — Knowledge forbidden ?] you'll say without sense, where nei. This is artfully perverted by Satan, ther joy nor love pines. He gave as if some useful and necessary it therefore

knowledge was forbidden: where

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With more desire to know, and to reject
Envious commands, invented with design
To keep them low whom knowledge might exalt
Equal with Gods: aspiring to be such, 526
They taste and die: what likelier can ensue?
But first with narrow search I must walk round
This garden, and no corner leave unspy’d; 529
A chance but chance may lead where I may meet
Some wand'ring Spirit of Heav'n by fountain fide,
Or in thick shade retir’d, from him to draw
What further would be learn’d. Live while ye may,
Yet happy pair; enjoy, till I return,
Short pleasures, for long woes are to succeed. 535

So saying, his proud step he scornful turn’d,
But with fly circumspection, and began Croam.
Through wood, through waste, o'er hill, o'er dale, his


as our first parents were created Pearce says that without any al. with perfect understanding, and the teration or any pun we may only knowledge that was forbidden read was the knowledge of evil by the A chance (but chance) may lead &c commission of it.

that is a chance, and it can be only 530. A chance but chance may lead a chance, may lead &c. But this Dr. Bentley censures this jingle, sort of jingle is but too common and thinks it unbecoming Satan at with Milton. This here is not so serious a juncture to catch at much unlike the forte fortuna of the puns; therefore proposes to read Latins. fome lucky chance may lead &c. Dr.

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539. - in

Mean while in utmost longitude, where Heaven
With earth and ocean meets, the setting fun 540
Slowly descended, and with right aspect
Against the eastern gate of Paradise
Leveld his evening rays: it was a rock
Of alabaster, pild up to the clouds,
Conspicuous far, winding with one ascent 545
Accessible from earth, one entrance high;
The rest was craggy cliff, that overhung


$30. in utmost longitude,] At and to reconcile them I think we the utmost length, at the farthest must read Had low descended or perdistance. Longitude is length, as haps Lowly descended, or understand in V. 754.

it as Dr. Pearce explains it, that - from one entire globose

the sun descended fiowly at this Stretch'd into longitude,

time, because Uriel its Angel came

on a sun-beam to Paradise, and and it is particularly apply'd to the was to return on the same beam; distance from east to weit. See the which he could not well have done, notes upon III. 555. 574.

if the sun had mov'd on with its

usual rapidity of course. 541. Slowly descended,] Dr. Bent

549. - Gabriel] One of the ley objects to this verse" for a fri- A

. Arch-Angels, sent to show Daniel volous reason, and reads Had low

ad low


the vision of the four monarchies descended, because the sun pafles

nes and the seventy weeks, Dan. VII. equal spaces in equal times. This

and IX. and to the Virgin Mary is true (as Dr. Pearce replies) in to reveal the incarnation of our philosophy, but in poctry it is usual

Saviour, Luke 1. His name in the to represent it otherwise. But I Her

Hebrew signifies the man of God, or have a stronger objection to this

this the firength and power of God; well

way verse, which is that it seems to bu

by our author posted as chief of contradiä what is said before, ver. th

ore, ver. the angelic guards placed about Pa353.

radise. Hume. The sun – was hafling now with 551, heroic games] They prone carreer

were not now upon the watch, To ih ocean iles,

They awaited night; but their arms


Still as it rose, impossible to climb.
Betwixt these rocky pillars Gabriel fat,
Chief of th’angelic guards, awaiting night; 550
About him exercis'd heroic games
Th’unarmed youth of Heav'n, but nigh at hand
Celestial armoury, fields, helms, and spears,
Hung high with diamond flaming, and with gold.
Thither came Uriel, gliding through the even 555
On a sun beam, swift as a shooting star

were ready. The Angels would Nare per æstatem liquidam funot be idle, but employ'd them fpexeris agmen. Richardson. selves in these noble exercises. So the soldiers of Achilles during his 556. On a fun beam, ] Uriel's quarrel with Agamemnon, and so gliding down to the earth upon a the infernal Spirits, when their sun-beam, with the poet's device chief was gone in search of the to make him descend, as well in his new creation, II. 528. Richardson. return to the sun, as in his coming

555. — gliding through the even] from it, is a prettiness that might That is thro' that part of the he have been admired in a little fanmisphere, where it was then even- ciful poet, but seems below the geing. Evening (says Dr. Bentley) nius of Milton. The description is no place of space to glide thro': of the host of armed Angels walkno more is day or night, and yet ing their nightly round in Paradise, in the sense, which I have given is of another spirit, to even, Milton says in the next So saying, on he led his radiant verse but one thwarts the night, files o and elsewhere speaks of the confines Dazling the moon: of day.

Pearce. In ver. 792. Uriel is said to be ar- as that account of the hymns riv'd from the sun's decline, which which our first parents used to hear is no more a place than the even- them fing in these their midnight ing, but beautifully poetical; and walks, is altogether divine, and inja itify'd by Virgil, Georg. IV. 59. expreisibly amusing to the imaginawhere a swarm of bees Tails thro' tion.

Adeifin. the glowing summer :

As Uriel was coming from the fun

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