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Her bearded grove of ears, which way the wind
Sways them; the careful plowman doubting stands,
Lest on the threshing floor his hopeful sheaves
Prove chaff. On th' other side Satan alarm’d 985
Collecting all his might dilated stood,
Like Teneriff or Atlas unremov'd:


an eager and undaunted combatant, Quantus Athos, aut quantus Eryx, where fury not only seems to erect aut ipse coruscis and inlarge his stature, but ex Cum fremit ilicibus quantus, gaupands as it were his whole frame, detque nivali and extends every limb. I don't Vertice se attollens pater Apenni. remember to have ever before met nus ad auras. with the word dilated applied in the same manner in our language.

Like Eryx, or like Athos great he

fhows, Like Teneriff or Atlas unre. Or father's

Or father Apennine, when white mov'd:

with snows, Șo Satan in Țasso, Cant. 4. St. 6. His head divine obscure in clouds

he hides, Ne pur Calpe s’inalza, ò 'l magno And shakes the founding forest on Atlante,

his sidęs. Dryden. Ch' anzi lui non paresse un pic. ciol colle.

Mr. Hume says that the Peak of

Teneriff is 15 miles high, and The use of the word unremovd for

Mr. Richardson asserts that it is 45 immoveable is very poetical, and

miles perpendicular, if that be not justify'd by Milton's conjugal at

a false print 45 for 15: but the uttraction unreprov'd, and Spenser's

most that we can suppose is that it unreproved truth. See the note on

is 15 miles from the very first 492. Thyer,

ascent of the hill till you come 987. Like Teneriff or Atlas un- thro' the various turnings and wind

remov'd:] Well may Satan ings to the top of all; for I have be likend to the greatest moun- been assur'd from a gentleman who tains, and be said to stand as firm measur'd it, that the perpendicular and immoveable as they, when highth of it is no more than one Virgil has applied the same compa. mile and three quarters. sison to his hero, Æn. XII. 701..

988. His

His stature reach'd the sky, and on his crest
Sat horror plum’d; nor wanted in his grasp
What seem'd both spear and shield: now dreadful

Might have ensued, nor only Paradise
In this commotion, but the starry cope



988. His ftature reach'd the sky,] Suftinet, Ætnæos efflantem fauci. It is probable that besides Homer's bus ignes. Discord, Iliad. IV. 443.

A triple pile of plumes his crest

adorn'd, Ovegves esneige kapn, xol &TO

On which with belching Alames χθονι βαινει,

Chimæra burn'd! Dryden. and Virgils Fame, Æn. IV. 177.

989.-nor wanted in his grap&c.] Ingrediturque solo, et caput inter This is said to signify that he wants nubila condit,

ed not arms, tho he was but juft

raised out of the form of a toad. mention'd in a note above by Mr. He was represented as in arms, Addison, he alluded likewise to II. 812. when he was upon the that noble description in the book point of engaging with Death; and of Wisdom, XVIII. 16. It touched we must suppose that his power, as the Heaven, but it food upon the an Angel, was such, that he could Earth.

assume them upon occasion when

ever he pleased. 989. Sat horror plum'd;] Horror is personify'd, and is made the 991. nor only Paradise &c.] plume of his helmet; and how This representation of what muti much nobler an idea is this than have happen'd, if Gabriel and Sathe horses tails and fphinxes and tan had encounter'd, is imaged in dragons and other terrible animals these few lines with a nobleness on the helmets of the ancient he- suitable to the occasion, and is an roes, or even than the Chimæra improvement upon a thought in vomiting flames on the creft of Homer, where he represents the Turnus, Æn. VII. 7850

terrors which must have attended

the conflict of two such powers as Cui triplici crinita jubà galea alta Jupiter and Neptune, Niad. XV. Chimæram


- Made

Of Heav'n perhaps, or all the elements
At least had gone to wrack, disturb'd and torn .
With violence of this conflict, had not soon 995
Th’Eternal to prevent such horrid fray
Hung forth in Heav'n his golden scales, yet seen
Betwixt Astrea and the Scorpion fign,


pande wap xs hay 115 ETU- rying on of his fable, and for the θονο και αλλοι,

breaking off the combat between

the two warriors, who were upon Oinep vepteegi EOI JEOs, Kegvoy audis sorleso

the point of engaging. To this

we may further add, that Milton is And all the Gods that round old the more justify'd in this passage, Saturn dwell,

as we find the same noble allegory Had heard the thunders to the in holy Writ, where a wicked deeps of Hell. Pope. prince, some few hours before he

was assaulted and llain, is said to

have been weighed in the scales, and 996. Th' Eternal to prevent fuch

to have been found wanting. horrid fray] The breaking

Addison. off the combat between Gabriel and Satan, by the hanging out of 997. — his golden feales,] So the golden scales in Heaven, is a they are in Homer xpused Tee refinement upon Homer's thought, daile, both where he weighs the who tells us that before the battel destinies of the Greeks and Tro. between Hector and Achilles, Ju- jans in book the 8th, and the fates diter weighed the event of it in a of Hector and Achilles in hoole pair of scales. The reader may the 22d. And this figure of weighsee the whole passage in the 22d ing the destinies of men appear'd Iliad. Virgil before the last deci- fo beautiful to succeeding poets. five combat describes Jupiter in the that Æschylus (as we are inform'd same manner, as weighing the fates by Plutarch in his treatise of Hearof Turnus and Æneas. Milton, ing the poets) writ a tragedy upon tho' he fetch'd this beautiful cir- this foundation, which he intitled cumstance from the liad and Æneid, fuxos aold or the weighing of does not only insert it as a poeti- et cal embellishment, like the authors above mention'd; but makes an 998. Betwixt Aftrea and the Score artful use of it for the proper car. pion fign,] Libra or the Scales

Wherein all things created first he weigh’d,
The pendulous round earth with balanc'd air 1000
In counterpoise, now ponders all events,


is one of the twelve signs of the kingdom, and finish'd it, thou art zodiac, as Astrea (or Virgo the weighed in the balances. So finely Virgin) and Scorpio also are. This hath Milton improv'd upon the does as it were realize the fiction, fictions of the poets by the eternal and gives consequently a greater truths of holy Scripture. force to it.

Richardson. This allusion to the sign Libra in 1003. The sequel each of parting the Heavens is a beauty that is not and of fight;] Dr. Bentley reads in Homer or Virgil, and gives this The signal each &c. To understand passage a manifest advantage over which of these two readings suits both their descriptions.

the place best, let us congder the

poet's thought, which was this: 999. Wherein all things created God put in the golden scales two

first he weighd, &c.] This weights : in the one scale he pat of weighing the creation at first the weight, which was the sequel and of all events since gives us a (that is represented the consesublime idea of providence, and is quence) of Satan's parting from conformable to the stile of Scrip- them; in the other scale he put ture, Job XXVIII. 25. To make the the weight, which was the sequel weight for the windi, and he weigh- of Satan's fighting : neither of the eth the waters by measure. Chap. scales had any thing in it immeXXXVII. 16. Dost thou know the diately relating to Gabriel : and balancings of the clouds ? Isaiah XL. therefore Dr. Bentley mistakes (I 12. Who weighed the mountains in think) when he says, that the scales, and the hills in a balance ? ascending weight, Satan's, was the And then for weighing particular signal to him of defeat; the deevents since see i Sam. II. 3. By scending, Gabriel's, the signal to him oftions are weighd. Prov. XVI. him of victory: they were both 2. The Lord weigheth the spirits. I signals (if signals) to Satan only, do not recollect an instance of for he only was weigb'd, ver. 101:; weighing battels particularly, but or rather they fhow'd him what there is foundation enough for that would be the consequence both of in Homes and Virgil as we have his fighting and of his retreating. feen; and then for weighing king. The scale, in which lay the weighi, dims we fee an instance in Belfhaž- that was the fequcl of his fighting, zar, and it is said expressly, Dan. by ascending show'd him that he V. 26, 27. God batb number'd thy was light in arms, and could not

Bartels and realms : in these he put two weights
The sequel each of parting and of fight;
The latter quick up flew, and kick'd the beam;


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obcain victory ;. whereas the other poet's 'meaning.

Pearce. scale, in which was the fequel of It may be proper, before we conhis parting or retreating, having de- clude, to produce the passages out scended, it was a sign that his go- of Homer and Virgil, whereof so ing off quietly would be his wiseft much has been said, that the reader and weightiest attempt. The reader may have the satisfaction of comwill excuse my having been so long paring them with our author, Iliad. in this note, when he considers that VIII. 69. Dr. Bentley and probably many others have misunderstood Milton's Kol TOTE 92 xpuasa WAT90 €TIthought about the scales, judging

TAIVE Tadana of it by what they read of Jupiter's Εν” ετιθει δυο κηρε τανηλεγες scales in Homer and Virgil ; the account of which is very different

from this of Milton; for in them Towwy 9' 17 Todaplar, xar Ayele
the fates of the two combatants wy gan noxatwiavo
are weigh'd one against the other, Enxe de MEGOU daCwv, sented
and the descent of one of the scales

αισιμον ήμαρ Αχαιων.
foreshow'd the death of him whose
fate lay in that scale, quo vergat

να Αι μεν Αχαιων κηρες επι χθονε

A pondere lethum: whereas in Milton WAUGOTEON nothing is weigh'd but what relates Εζεθην: Τρωων δε σε3ς εegroν to Satan only, and in the two scales CUPUV asper. are weigh'd the two different events of his retreating and his fighting.

The Sire of Gods his golden scales From what has been said it may suspends, appear pretty plainly, that Milton With equal hand: in these exby sequel meant the consequence or plor'd the fate event, as it is express'd in ver. Of Greece and Troy, and pois d 1001. and then there will be no the mighty weight. occafion for Dr. Bentley's fignal; Press’d with its load the Grecian both because it is a very improper balance lies word in this place, and because a Low funk on earth, the Trojan signal of parting and of fight, can strikes the skies. Pope. be nothing else than a signal when to part and when to fight; which The same lines, mutatis mutandis, he will not pretend to be the are apply'd to Hector and Achilles

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