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LOST. Book I. New courage and revive, though now they lie Groveling and proftrate on yon lake of fire, 286 As we ere while, astounded and amaz’d, No wonder, fall’n such a pernicious highth.

He scarce had ceas’d when the superior Fiend Was moving tow’ard the shore; his pond'rous shield, Ethereal temper, maffy, large and round, 285 Behind him caft; the broad circumference Hung on his shoulders like the moon, whose orb Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views

At

Or after all may not the edge of bat- 287. like the moon, whose tel be express’d from the Latin acies, orb &c.] Homer compares which signifies both the edge of a the splendor of Achilles fhield to weapon, and also an army in battel the moon, Iliad. XIX. 323. array? The author himself would incline one to think so by his use - αυταρ επάτα σας μεγά of this metaphor in another place,

TE, S16degv , VI. 108.

Ειλετο, τεσ' απανευθε σελας γε: On the rough edge of battel ere it

ver', nüte unvasi join'd. 282. — falln such a pernicious but the lh

... but the shield of Satan was large as bigbub] Dr. Bentley reads the moon leen through a telescope, falln from such prodigious highth: an

bichihan instrument first applied to celebut the epithet pernicious is much ital

c ftial observations by Galileo, a nastronger, and as for the want of a tive of Tuscany, whom he means præpofition, that is common in this here by the Tuftan artist, and afterpoem; for thus in I. 723.

wards mentions by name in V. 262.

a testimony of his honor for fo Stood fix'd her stately highth,

great a man, whom he had known And in II. 409.

and visited in Italy, as himself in o ere he arrive

forms us in his Arcopagitica. The happy ile ? ile? Pearcea

289. Fifilé

At evening from the top of Fesolé,
Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands,
Rivers or mountains in her spotty globe. ..
His spear, to equal which the tallest pine
Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast
Of some great ammiral, were but a wand,
He walk’d with to fupport uneasy steps .295
Over the burning marle, not like those steps
On Heaven's azure, and the torrid clime
Smote on him fore besides, vaulted with fire:

Nath

289. Fesolé,] Is a city in Tur- These sons of Mavors bore (incany; Valdarno, or the valley of stead of spears) Arno, a valley there. Richardson. Two knotty mafts which none but

they could lift. Fairfax. 292. His spear, to equal which the tallest pine &c.] He walk'd with

Called with well might Milton afsign a spear so his spear, in comparison of which

which much larger to so superior a being, the tallest pine was but a wand. For

293. Norwegian hills] The hills when Homer Odyff.IX. 322. makes of Norway, barren and rocky, but the club of Polyphemus as big as abounding in vaft - woods, from the maft of a ship,

whence are brought masts of the Osnog al' isoy vo

largest size. Hume. and Virgil gives him a pine to walk 294. - ammiral] According to with, Æn. III. 659.

its German extraction amiral or Trunca manu pinus regit et vesti. amirael, says Hume; from the Itagia firmat.

lian ammiraglio, says Richardson and Tasso arms Tancred and Ar

more probably. Our author made

choice of this, as thinking it of a gantes with two spears as big as he

wo ipears as big as better found than admiral: and in maits, Cant. 6. St. 40.

Latin he writes ammiralatús curiq, Posero in resta, e dirizzaro in alto the court of admiralty. I duo guerrier le poderose antenne,

299. Natba

Nathless he so indur’d, till on the beach
Of that inflamed sea he stood, and callid

300
His legions, Angel forms, who lay intranc'd
Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks
In Vallombrosa, where th’Etrurian shades
High over-arch'd imbow'r; or scatter'd sedge
Aflote, when with fierce winds Orion arm’d 305

Hath

299. Nathless] Nevertheless, of named of Vallis and Umbra, rewhich it seems to be a contracted markable for the continual cool diminutive.

Hume, shades, which the vast number of This word is frequently used by trees that overspread it afford. Spenser, and the old poets.

Hume. 302. Thick as autumnal leaves ] 305. when with fierce winds Virg. Æn. VI. 309.

Orion arm'd &c.] Orion is a Quam multa in fylvis autumni fri- conltellation represented in the fi

gure of an armed man, and fupgore primo

posed to be attended with stormy Lapsa cadunt folia.

weather, afurgens fluctu nimbojus Thick as the leaves in autumn Orion. Virg. Æn. I. 539. And the

ftrow the woods. · Dryden. Red-Sea abounds so much with But Milton's comparison is by far sedge, that in the Hebrew Scripthe exacteft ; for it not only ex- ture it is called the Sedgy Sea. And presses a multitude, but also the he says hath vex'd the Red-Sea posture and fituation of the Angels. coast particularly, because the wind Their lying confusedly in heaps, usually drives the fedge in great covering the lake, is finely repre- quantities towards the Thore. sented by this image of the leaves 306. — whose waves oerthrew in the brooks. And besides the Busiris and his Memphianchivalry,] propriety of the application, if we Dr. Bentley throws out fix lines compare the fimiles themselves, here, as the Editor's, not Milton's: Milton's is by far superior to the His chief reason is, That that fingle other, as it exhibits a real land- event of Moses's pafling the Redkip. See An Esay upon Milton's Sea has no relation to a constant imitations of the Ancients, p. 23. quality of it, that in stormy wea

303. Vallombrosa, ] A famous ther it is ftrow'd with fedge. But valley in Etruria or Tuscany, so it is very usual with Homer and

Hath vex'd the Red-Sea coast, whose waves o'erthrew
Busiris and his Memphian chivalry,
While with perfidious hatred they pursued i
The sojourners of Gothen, who beheld
From the safe shore their floting carcafes 310
And broken chariot wheels: so thick bestrown
Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood, ..

Under

Virgil (and therefore may be al- In the sense of riding and fighting low'd to Milton) in a comparison, on horseback this word chivalry is. after they have nown the resem- used in ver. 765. and in many blance, to go off from the main places of Fairfax's Talso, as in purpose and finish with some other Cant. 5. St 9. Cant 8. St. 67. Cant. image, which was occafion'd by 20. St. 61. In the sense of riding the comparison, but is itself very and fighting in chariots drawn by different from it. Milton has done horses, Milton uses the word chithus in almost all his fimilitudes; valry in Parad. Reg. III. ver. 343. and therefore what he does so fre- compar'd with ver. 328. Pearce. quently, cannot be allow'd to be 308. - per fidious hatred] Because an objection to the genuinness of Pharaoh, after leave given to the this paffage before us. As to Mil. Israelites to depart, follow'd after ton's making Pharaoh to be Bufris them like fugitives. Hume. (which is another of the Doctor's 310. From the safe foore their objections to the passage) there is floting carcafes &c.] Much authority enough for to justify a has been said of the long fimilipoet in doing so, tho' not an hi- tudes of Homer, Virgil, and our storian : It has been suppos'd by author, wherein they fetch a comfome, and therefore Milton might pass as it were to draw in new follow that opinion. Chivalry for images, besides those in which the cavalry, and cavalry (says Dr. Bent- direct point of likeness confifts. I ley) for chariotry, is twice wrong. think they have been sufficiently But it is rather twice right: for chic justify'd in the general: but in this valry (from the French chevalerie) before us, while the poet is digresfignifies not only knighthood, but fing, he raises a new. fimilitude those who use horses in fight, both from the floting carcases of the such as ride on horses and such as Egyptians. Heylin. ride in chariots drawn by them :

328. - with

Under amazement of their hideous change. ..
He calld so loud, that all the hollow deepz .
Of Hell resounded. Princes, Potentates, - - 315
Warriors, the flow'r of Heav'n, once yours, now loft,
If such astonishment as this can seife inic
Eternal Spi'rits; or have ye chos’n this place.i.
After the toil of battel to repose". .
Your wearied virtue, for the ease you find 320
To slumber here, as in the yales of Heaven?
Or in this abject posture have ye sworn
To'adore the conqueror? who now beholds ..,.
Cherub and Seraph rolling in the food
With scatter'd arms and enligns, till anon,'-325
His swift pursuers from Heav'n gates discern :
Th’advantage, and defcending tread us down ..I
Thus drooping, of with linked thunderbolts..?
Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf. - 1. do .
Awake, arise, or be for ever fall’n. 94 -330
They heard, and were abash'd, and up they sprung

Upon 328. — with linked thunderbolts, Turbine corripuit, scopuloque in. Transfix us to the bottom of this fixit acuto.

gulf.] This alludes to the . Virg. Æn. I. 44, 45. fate of Ajax Oileus, , ,

: Who pleaseth to read the Devil's Illum expirantem transfixo pectore speech to his damned assembly in Aammas no son

Tallo, Cant. 4. from Stanza 9 10.

Stanza

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