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“ out most unalterable fidelity, loyalty and sin

“ cerity.”

3. Another address, composed by sir John Arundell, afterwards created baron Arundell of Wardour, was presented by him in the name of himself and the general body of the English catholics :--a noble appeal to justice and humanity !It is expressed in the following terms:

“ Most mighty Soveraigne, “ Your roman-catholique subjects,-considering “ in how miraculous a manner God hath preserved “ and now sent your majestie to this desolate na

tion, to redresse the aggrievances of your people, “ and repaire the breaches made by the late unhappy “ distempers both in the state and lawes, --have “ thought this a convenient and seasonable tyme to

cast themselves at the feete of your mercy for a re

peale of those penal statutes, under which they and “ their forefathers have long groaned ;-in order to

obteyning which signal favour from your most “ bounteous hand, wee here present you some “ equitable motives, nor are we diffident of

your acceptance thereof, especially at a tyme, when you are pleased to afford a gratious hearing to many sects and professors of new opinions under

à notion of tender consciences, promising a free “ and full pardon of all such,-(some few excepted, “ whose hands were deepest in your royal father's “ innocent blood),--as should submit themselves “ to your clemencie, which we here doe in a most “ humble manner, and therefore want not cause to

hope that the effects of your mercie and goodness “ will not be shortened or denied to us alone.

Our first motive,mis, by proving to your majestie, that all the causes of your predecessor's penal lawes are now ceased, and therefore in rea

son, mercie, and justice, the lawes themselves “ ought likewise to cease.- We come to the par66 ticulars.

Henry the eighth's penall statutes were made “ to remove the pope's authoritie, which stood in “ his way, an insuperable impediment, to the enjoy

ment of his beloved mistris Anne of Bullen, till “ such time as he had removed it, by changing the

religion of his ancestors, and assuming to himself “ the head-shipp of the church, that so, he might “ dispence with himselfe in the case,-a thing the

pope declared he could not doe),--and make all “ lawful to himselfe which hee listed. Hence he “ enacted a lawe, that, whoever would not acknow

ledge him supreame head of the church and “ renounce the pope's authoritie,--(which was

acknowledged by all his royal ancestors from England's conversion to that tyme) should loose his

estate and be putt to death for an heretick. This “reason reacheth not at all to your majestie, who

are no way concerned in any such abominable

case, nor swayed by sinfull passion as he was; " but of just and equall christian

temper, and there“ fore neede not the defence or cloake of such a law.

“ Queen Elizabeth's penall statutes were made " to strengthen and secure her title to the crowne,


--(which was knowne to be but weake, Marie's “ mother being alive two yeares after she was

borne),--against the true and lawful title of “ Mary queen of Scots, your great-grandmother, “ of blessed memory, of whom she alwaies had “much jealousie, as well by reason of her alliance “ with France, and right declared by the sentence “ of the church against the devorce of her father “ from his lawfull wife, as also by reason of her own “ illegitimation declared by her father in parlia

ment, and the excommunications denounced against her. These were the reasons of her

penall statutes, which can be no reasons to your “majestie to continue, but rather to annull and re"peal them, seeing the causes of her feares are just “confirmation of your confidence in us, as plainly

giving testimony to your rightfull succession and “ most legitimate possession of the crowne, which “ wee have all endeavoured to defend during those “ late commotions, not onely to a sale and seques“tration of our estates, but deprivation also of our « lives.

“The penall statutes of king James your royall grandfather, of happy memory, were occasioned by that horrid and blackest of plotts,-(wee ex

cept none but this of fresher memory against your “ royall fatherand yourselfe),—thegunpowder plot, “—which was construed and carried on by a few “ wretched men of broken and desperate fortunes,“the generalitie of roman-catholiques knowing “nothing of it, and all protesting against it even “ to this day, as a most damnable designe; con


trary to their faith and religion. And here, “ we humbly appeale to your gratious majestie, " whether itbe consistent'either with reason, mercie, “ or justice, that a multitude of innocent persons “ should suffer so long under so many penall lawes “ for the fault and wickedness of an inconsiderable

number, whom they have ever disclaymed and “ had nothing to doe with at all ;-may we not,

now,' at least, with much modestie petition your royall highness for a repeale thereof? We hope “ we may, and doe it at your feete; humbly be

seeching you that, whilst you offer pardon to

desperate rebells, even such as have been stained “ with your father's blood,-(a demonstration of

your matchless clemencie);--it may not be denied “ to innocent subjects, whose blood hath often “ beene a sacrifice to his and your defence and “safetie; which may, we hope, preponderate to that designe of a few impious plotters, seeing it is not


your clemencie to punish a multitude “ for the sinns of a few, but rather a few for a mulStude;' witness your overture of a general pardon. “Let not, therefore, the crime of a few catholiques “ be made the fault of all!

By what hath hitherto been said, it cannot but appear to your majestie, that all those penall lawes " of your ancestors were merely particular, and “ related onely to the tymes they were made in;

not being applicable to the present, and therefore “ the cause or reason of them ceasing, we humbly “begg that the effects may likewise cease.

" the way

A second motive for repealing them, is, --from “ that expression of Mary queene of Scots,-your “ great-grandmother of blessed memory,-made “ at the tyme of her arraignment and execution “ before the lords there assembled, viz. 'Woe is mee “ for the poore catholiques, and the miseries I fore“ see they are like to suffer for their irremoveable “ affection to me and mine; if I were free as mye “ stile and innocencie requireth, I would gladly “ redeeme their vexations with my dearest blood!' “ &c.-Let then your gratious mercie and autho“ ritie effect what she dying so earnestly designed, “ and lett not those be sufferers by and from you, “ whose chiefest sufferings have beene heretofore “ for you and yours, not to say any thing of those “ sequestrations and degradations layd upon them “ of late tymes, for meare performance of their “ dutie and allegiance to your royal father and yourself. Wee shall add onely to this motive, " that gratious saying of king James, made in par“ liament, viz. that he would have no blood for “ religion, nor no soule-money contrary to the word

of God,' &c. humbly beseeching God, in whose “ hands the hearts of kings are, that his so pious a “ resolution towards his catholique loyal subjects, , may make a deep impression on your heart. “ A third motive,—is from our religion, which strictly teacheth and commaundeth us, under

pain of eternal damnation, to render as to God “the things that are God's, so to Cæsar the things " that are Cæsar's, and to obey our temporall

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