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Part 9.-Report of the Philippine Commission from December 1, 1900, to
October 15, 1901—Continued.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
LIEUTENANT-GENERAL COMMANDING THE ARMY.
HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
Washington, October 1, 1901. Sir: I have the honor to submit herewith the annual reports of the following officers:
The Adjutant-General of the Army.
Maj. Gen. Samuel B. M. Young, U. S. A., commanding Department of the Columbia.
Maj. Gen. Arthur MacArthur, commanding Division of the Philippines, including the annual reports of the department commanders therein. Brig. Gen. Henry C. Merriam, U. S. A., commanding Department of the Colorado. Brig. Gen. Henry C. Merriam, U. S. A., commanding Department of the Missouri. Brig. Gen. Leonard Wood, U. S. A., commanding Department of Cuba. Brig. Gen. George M. Randall, U. S. A., commanding Department of Alaska. Col. James N. Wheelan, Twelfth U. S. Cavalry, commanding Department of Texas. The Commandant of the U. S. Cavalry and Field Artillery School. The Commandant of the U. S. Artillery School. And also:
Special report of Maj. Gen. Adna R. Chaffee, U. S. A., commanding China Relief Expedition.
Final report of Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, U. S. A., commanding Department of Western Cuba.
The reports above referred to show in detail the condition of the troops in the various departments and describe the military operations of the Army during the past year.
The act of Congress, approved February 2, 1901, authorized an increase in the enlisted strength of the line of the Army to 100,000 men, but owing to the cessation, to a great extent, of hostilities in the Philippines it was found that that number would not be required, and by an order of the President dated May 8, 1901, the enlisted strength
of the line was fixed at 74,504 men, with the addition of 2,783 men in the staff departments, etc. This aggregate does not include the Hospital Corps, which now comprises 4,300 men, or the Porto Rico Provisional Regiment, whose present strength is 800.
The Army is now recruited to very nearly its full strength, and the following statement shows approximately the disposition of the force, including officers, at the present time:
The above total includes 4,678 noncombatants, comprising chaplains, officers in the Medical Department, and the men in the Hospital Corps.
In addition to the figures above given, there are 4,973 native scouts, with 73 officers, employed in the Philippines, but their work is not strictly of a military character.
It is expected that the force in Cuba will be very much reduced in the near future and it is hoped that the force in the Philippines can also be very much reduced. It will, however, be necessary to occupy with military and naval forces for an indefinite time certain strategic positions in that archipelago.
The condition of the Indians in the past year has remained practically the same as during the preceding few years, and has been very satisfactory, no disturbances of any importance requiring the use of the troops having occurred. Still, there is no doubt that the presence of military stations within a reasonable distance of their reservations has had a restraining influence upon them. These stations will have to be maintained for some years to come or during the time that they are in a state of transition from a nomadic, uncivilized condition to that of a peaceful, industrious life.
Adequate military garrisons have been maintained adjacent to the Mexican and Canadian boundaries and have been available for assisting our civil authorities in maintaining law and order, thus contributing to the preservation of friendly relations between the governments of these countries and our own.
In my annual report for the year 1897 I made the following recommendation:
In my opinion it would be wise and judicious for Congress to establish a standard limiting the recruiting of the Army for all future time, unless the condition of the country should be other than what can now be anticipated. The nation is developing in most unusual and extraordinary proportions-in wealth and population-and as