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usually mentioned as one of the strongest motives to affection and esteem; but the pasfionate veneration I have for your Lordship, I
* CHARLES MONTAGUE, grandson to an Earl of ManCHESTER, was taken much notice of at Cambridge, for his « City and Country Mouse," a satire on DRYDEN. Being brought to Court at the Revolution, he was constituted one of the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, March-2, 1691-2; Chancellor of the Exchequer, in May 1694. The coin being exceedingly debased and diminished, he formed the design of calling in the money, and re-coining it, in 1695; . which was effected in two years : to supply the immediate want of cash, he projected the issuing of Exchequer bills. For this service, he had the thanks of the house of Commons in 1697. He was next year appointed First Lord Commissioner of the Treasury; and, refigning that poft in June 1700, obtained a grant of the office of Auditor of the receipt of the Exchequer; and the same year, Dec. 13, was created Baron Halifax. On the accession of GEORGE I. he was a member of the regency; was appointed First Lord Commissioner of the Treafury, Oct. 5, 1714; created Vifcount SUNBURY and Earl of Halifax, O&t. 15; and died May 15, 1715.-"ADDISON has celebrated this Lord in “his Account of the greatest English, Poets. STEELE has « drawn his character in the second volume of the Spectator, « and in the fourth of the Tatler ; but Pope, in the pora « trait of Bufo, in the Epiftle to Arbuthnot, has returned « the ridicule which his Lordship, in conjunction with Prior, “ had heaped on Dryden's Hind and Panther.” Walpole's Catalogue, vol. II. p. 116. Vol. II.
think, flows from an admiration of qualities in you, of which, in the whole course of these Papers, I have acknowledged myself incapable. While I busy myself as a stranger upon earth, and can pretend to no other than being a looker-on, you are conspicuous in the busy and polite world, both in the world of men, and that of letters. While I am silent and unobserved in public meetings, you are admired by all that approach you as the life and genius of the conversation. What an happy conjunction of different talents meets in him whose whole discourse is at once animated by the strength and force of reason, and adorned with all the graces and embellithinents of wit! When learning irradiates common life, it is then in its highest use and perfection; and it is to such as your Lordship, that the Sciences owe the esteem which they have with the active part of mankind. Knowledge of books in recluse men, is like that sort of lantern, which hides him who carries it, and serves only to pass through secret and gloomy paths of his own; but, in the pofseflion of a man of business, it is, as a torch in the hand of one who is willing and able to thew those who were bewildered, the way which leads to their prosperity and welfare. A generous concern for your country, and a pasfion for every thing which is truly great and
To JOHN, LORD SOMERS,
BARON OF EVESHAM.
SHOULD not act the part of an impartial
Spectator, if I dedicated the following Papers to one who is not of the most consummate and most acknowledged merit.
None but a person of a finished character can be the proper patron of a work, which endeavours to cultivate and polish human life, by promoting virtue and knowledge, and by recommending whatsoever may be either useful or ornamental to society.
I know that the homage I now pay you, offering a kind of violence to one who is as 10licitous to fhun applause, as he is assiduous to deserve it. But, my Lord, this is perhaps the only particular in which your prudence will be always disappointed.
While justice, candour, equanimity, a zeal for the good of your country, and the most persuasive eloquence in bringing over others to it,
• This distinguished Lawyer was born at Worcester in 1652. He was first taken notice of at the trial of the Seven Bithops, for whom he was one of the countel. See p. ii. VOL. I.