« AnteriorContinuar »
TECHNICAL TERMS AND PHRASES
USED IN LAW.
Abatement. The defeat or overthrow of a writ. Also an entry
upon lands after the death of the person last seized, and before
the heir. Abet. To support another by encouragement or help. Abeyance. Intendment or consideration of law. Accedas ad curiam. A writ to remove a cause from a court ba
ron, to a superior court. Accessary. One who is not the chief agent in a crime, but con
tributes to it. Ac etiam. And also. Ina writ, on a complaint of trespass, this
clause is inserted; and also to a bill of debt. Administrator de bonis non. Administrator of the goods not ad
ministered, by a deceased executor or administrator. Ad quod damnum. To what damage. A writ to have dama
ges assessed in certain cases. Advowson.
right to present to a benefice. Affidavit. A voluntary oath. Aid. Assistance. Tenant for life, in a real action, may pray
aid of the person under whom he holds, as being better acquainted with the title, and more able to defend it. Alias. A second writ, when the first is not served. Alibi. Elsewhere. At another place. The absence of a per
son from the place where he is alleged to have committed an
offence. Alimony. The portion of the husband's estate, allowed to the
wife on decreeing a divorce. Allodial. Independent. Allodium. Lauds held independent of any lord. Assault. An attempt to commit violence on the person of another. Assumpsit. A voluntary promise to pay or do some thing for
another person Auter foits acquit. Acquitted on a former trial. Auter foits convict. A former conviction for the same offence. Avowry. The justification of one who has taken a distress, shewing for what cause he took it.
Ayle or besayle. Grandfather, or great grandfather. A writ where the demandant alleges an abatement in the time of his
grandfather or great grandfather. Baron and Feme. Husband and wife.
A true bill. Bona fide. In good faith. Bote. Necessary supplies of certain articles. Cupias ad respondendum. A writ commanding the officer to
take the body of the defendant, to answer to the action. Capias ad satisfaciendum. A writ commanding the officer to
take the body of the defendant in execution. Cepi corpus. I have taken the body. An officer's return. * Certiorari
. A writ to an inferior court, commanding that the proceedings in a cause be certified to a superior court. Cestui què trust. The person for whose benefit a trustee holds
an estate. Cestui
for whose use an estate is held. Chose in action. A thing claimed but not yet possessed, as mo
ney due, on note or bond. De bene esse. Conditionally. Dedimus potestatem. A writ authorizing some person to take
depositions. De medietate lingua. A jury of whom one half are foreigners. Demurrer. An issue in law. Denovo. Anew. A venire de novo is awarded, on giving new
trial after verdict. Devise. A bequest, or gift by will.. Distress. The act of making a legal seizure. The thing seized. Durante absentia. During absence. Durante minore altate. During minority. Emblements. The profits of sown lands. Estate per auter vie. An estate for the life of another. Estovers. Necessaries. Ex contractu. Out of or upon a contract. Ex delicto. Out of or on a wrong. Ex officio. By virtue of office. Exoneretur. A discharge from responsibility. Ex parte. On the part of one only. Ex post facto. After the act. Feme covert. "A married woman. Feme sole. A single woman. Fieri facias. A writ of execution commanding the officer to levy
and make the money of defendant's estate, Forma Pauperis.. As a pauper. Garnishee. The
in whose hands another's money is át tached,
Guardian ad litem. A guardian appointed for the purpose of
conducting a suit. Habeas corpus. A writ commanding a person who has the cus
tody of a prisoner, to bring him before the court or judge. Habere facias possessionem. A writ commanding the sheriff
o give possession of lands to him ho has recovered in ejectment. Heir loom. An article of furniture which descends with the in
heritance. Heriot. A fine paid to the lord on the death of a land-holder: Homicide. The killing of any human being. Homine replegiendo. A writ to deliver a prisoner from illegal
confinement. Injuria sua propria. Of his own wrong. Inuendo. Meaning. Insimul computasset. They accounted together. Instanter. Immediately. Levari facias. A writ of execution, commanding the sheriff to
levy the amount of defendant's real estate. Livery of Seizin. Delivery of corporal possession. Mal feasance. A corrupt execution of official duty. Malum in se. Wrong in itself. Malam prohibitum. Wrong by statutary prohibition. Maradamus. A writ from a superior court, commanding an in
ferior court or officer, to perform an official duty. Mesne process. Intermediate process, subsequent to the original
writ, and prior to the judgment. Minimum price. The smallest or lowest price. Misfeasance. An improper performance of official duty. Moiety. One half. Molliter Manus imposuit. He gently laid hands upon him. Ne exeat. A writ to restrain an individual from leaving the state. Ne unque executor. He never was executor. Nient culpabilis. Not guilty. Nihil. An officer's return, when there is nothing upon which
the writ can be executed. Nihil dicit. Nil dicit. Nihil debet. He owes nothing. The general issue, in debt on Nil debet.
simple contract. Nolle prosequi. A declaration by the state's counsel that he
will prosecute the indictment no farther. Non assumpsit. He did not assume. The general issue in the
action of assumpsit. Non compos mentis. Of an unsound mind. Non est factum. It is not his deed. The general issue, in debt
No defence is made by defendant.
Non est inventus. He is not found.
further matter to plead.
bond or other instrument. Pais. The country. Parol evidence. Evidence spoken, not written. Parricide. The murder of a father. Plene administravit. He has fully administered. Pluries. Often. A writ issued after the first and second have
been returned, not executed Posse comitatus. The power of the county. Prima facie. On the first appearance. Privilegium clericale. The benefit of clergy. Pro confesso. For confessed. Profert. Production of a writing in court. Quantum meruit. As much as he deserves. Quantum valebat. As much as it was worth.. Quare clausum fregit. Wherefore he broke into his enclosure.
A writ in trespass. Quare impedit. Wherefore does he hinder. ' A writ where a
person is kept out of his office or business. Quietus. A discharge from responsibility. Qui tam. An action where one sues as well on behalf of the
state as for himself. Quo warranto. A writ requiring the defendant to shew by what
authority he supports his claim.. Respondeat ouster. 'That he answer over. Retorno habendo. A writ in favour of the defendant in replevin.
That he have return of the goods.. Sane Sound, healthy. Scire facias. A writ commanding the officer to give notice to a
party to appear in court on certain occasions. Scire feoi. I have made known. The return of an officer to a
scire facias. Se defendendo. In his own defence. Seizin. Corporal possession. Son assault. His own assault. Subpoena. A writ to summon persons, generally witnesses to
appear in court. Suicide. Self-murder. Supersedeas. A writ to stay proceedings in an inferior court,
until an appellate court shall affirm or reverse the judgment:
Talesmen. Jurors taken from the by-standers, to supply a defi
ciency in the regular panel. Tenant at will. One who holds at the will of the land lord. Tenant by courtesy. One who holds a life estate in the lands of
a deceased wife. Tenant by sufferunce. One whose term has expired, and who
still holds possession by the indulgence of the lord Tenant for life. One who holds an estate during his own life,
or the life of another person. Tenant for years. One who holds an estate in lands for a term
of years. Tenant in dower. One who holds a widow's right during her
life, in the lands of which her husband died seized. Terre tenant. Tenant of the lands by any claim. Testatum, fi. fa. or Ca. sa. A writ issued to another county, in
which writ it is suggested, that the defendant is not found, or has no property in the county whence the writ issues. Tort. Wrong Vadium mortuum. A dead pledge; a mortgage. Vadium Vivum. A living pledge. Venditioni
exponas. A writ commanding the officer to expose to sale, property levied on by virtue of a former writ. Venire facias. A writ commanding the officer to summon a jury. Venire. Vicinage; neighborhood; the county or place where an
action is laid. Vi et armis. With force and arms. Viva voce.
With the living voice: spoken, not written. Voir dire. To speak truth. An oath administered to a witness,
relative to his interest in the cause.