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Not wandering poor, but trusting all his wealth | Divided, till his rescued gain their shore:
With God, who call'd him, in a land unknown. I Such wonderous power God to his saint will lend,
Canaan he now attains ; I see his tents (plain | Though present in his angel; who shall go
Pitch'd abont Sechem, and the neighbouring Before them in a cloud, and pillar of fire;
Of Moreh; there by promise he receives By day a cloud, by night a pillar of fire;
Gift to his progeny of all that land,

To guide them in their journey, and remove From Hamath northward to the desert south; Behind them, while the obdurate king pursues : (Things by their names I call, though yet un All night he will pursue ; but his approach nam'd ;)

Darkness defends between till morning watch; From Hermon east to the great western sea; Then through the fiery pillar, and the cloud, Mount Hermon, yonder sea; each place behold God looking forth will trouble all his host, In prospect, as I point them; on the shore And craze their chariot-wheels: when by comMount Carmel; here, the double-founted stream, Moses once more his potent rod extends (mand Jordan, true limit eastward; but his sons Over the sea; the sea his rod obeys; Shall dwell to Senir, that long ridge of hills. On their embattled ranks the waves return, This ponder, that all nations of the Earth

And overwhelm their war: the race elect Shall in his seed be blessed : by that seed Safe towards Canaan from the shore advance Is meant thy great Deliverer, who shall bruise Through the wild desert, not the readiest way; The serpent's head; whereof to thee anon Lest, entering on the Canaanite alarm'd, Plainlier shall be reveald. This patriarch blest, War terrify them inexpert, and fear Whom faithful Abraham due time sball call, Return them back to Egypt, choosing rather A son, and of his son a grand-child, leaves; Inglorious life with servitudes for life Like him in faith, in wisdom, and renown: To noble and ighoble is more sweet The grand-child, with twelve sons increas'd, Untraind in arms, where rashness leads not on. From Canaan, to a land hereafter call'd (departs This also shall they gain by their delay Egypt, divided by the river Nile;

In the wide wilderness; there they shall found See where it flows, disgorging at seven mouths

Their government, and their great senate choose Into the sea : to sojourn in that land

Through the twelve tribes, to rule by laws of. He comes, invited by a younger son

dain'd: In time of dearth; a son, whose worthy deeds God from the mount of Sinai, whose gray top Raise him to be the second in that realm

Shall tremble, he descending, will himself Of Pharaoh : there he dies, and leaves his race In thunder, lightning, and loud trumpets' sound, Growing into a nation; and, now grown,

Ordain them laws; part, such as appertain Suspected to a sequent king, who seeks

To civil justice; part, religious rites . To stop their overgrowth, as inmate guests Of sacrifice; informing them, by types Too numerous; whence of guests he makes them And shadows, of that destin'd Seed to bruise slaves

The serpent, by what means he shall achieve Inhospitably, and kills their infant males: Mankind's deliverance. But the voice of God Till by two brethren (these two brethren call To mortal ear is dreadful: they beseech Moses and Aaron) sent from God to claim That Moses might report to them his will, His people from enthralment, they return And terrour cease; he grants what they. beWith glory, and spoil, back to their promis'd Instructed that to God is no access, [sought, But first, the lawless tyrant, who denies [land. Without mediator, whose high office now To know their God, or message to regard, Moses in figure bears; to introduce Must be compellid by signs and judgments dire; One greater, of whose day he shall foretel, To blood unshed the rivers must be turn'd; And all the prophets in their age the times Frogs, lice, and Ajes, must all bis palace fill Of great Messiah shall sing. Thus, laws and With loath'd intrusion, and fill all the land; Establish'd, such delight hath God in men (rights His cattle must of rot and murren die ;

Obedient to his will, that he rouchsafes Botches and blains must all his flesh emboss, Among them to set up his tabernacle; And all his people; thunder mix'd with hail, The Holy One with mortal men to dwell : Hail mix'd with fire, must rend the Egyptian by his prescript a sanctuary is fram'd

(rolls; Of cedar, overlaid with gold; therein And wheel on the Earth, devouring where it | An ark, and in the ark his testimouy, What it devours not, herb, or fruit, or grain, The records of his covenant; over these A darksome cloud of locusts swarming down A mercy-seat of gold, between the wings Must eat, and on the ground leave nothing green; Of two bright cherubim; before him burn Darkness must overshadow all his bounds, Seven lamps as in a zodiac representing Palpable darkness, and blot out three days; The heavenly fires; orer the tent a cloud Last, with one midnight-stroke, all the first-born Shall rest by day, a fiery gleam by night; Of Egypt must lie dead. Thus with ten wounds Save when they journey, and at length they The river-dragon tam'd at length submits Conducted by his angel, to the land [come, To let his sojourners depart, and oft

Promis'd to Abraham and his seed: the rest Humbles his stubborn heart; but still, as ice Were long to tell; how many battles fought;, More harden'd after thaw; till, in bis rage How many kings destroy'd; and kingdoms won; Pursuing whom he late dismiss'd, the sea | Or how the Sun shall in mid Heaven stand still Swallows him with his host; but them lets pass, A day entire, and night's due course adjourn, As on dry land, between two crystal walls; Man's voice commanding, Sun, in Gibeon Aw'd by the rod of Moses so to stand

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And thou, Moon, in the vale of Aialon,

And his next son, for wealth and wisdom fam'd, Tin Israel overcome! so call the third

The clouded ark of God, till then in tents From Abraham, son of Isaac; and from him Wandering, shall in a glorious temple enshrine. His whole descent, who thus shall Capaan win.” Such follow him, as shall be register'd

Here Adam interpos'd. “O sent from Heaven, | Part good, part bad; of bad the longer scroll; Enlightener of my darkness, gracious things Whose foul idolatries, and other faults Thou hast reveald; those chiefly, which con Heap'd to the popular sum, will so incense cern

God, as to leave them, and expose their land, Just Abraham and his seed: now first I find Their city, his temple, and his holy ark, Mine eyes true-opening, and my heart much With all his sacred things, a scorn and prey eas'd;

[become To that proud city, whose high walls thou saw'st Erewhile perplex'd with thonghts, what would Left in confusion; Babylon thence call'd. : Of me and all mankind : but now I see

There in captivity he lets them dwell [back, His day, in whom all nations shall be blest; The space of seventy years; then brings them Favour unmerited by me, who sought

Remembering mercy, and his covenant sworn Forbidden knowledge by forbidden means. To David, stablish'd as the days of Heaven. This yet I apprehend not, why to those

Return'd from Babylon by leave of kings [God Among whom God will deign to dwell on Earth Their lords, whom God dispos'd, the house of So many and so various laws are given;

They first re-edify; and for a while So many laws argue so many sins

In mean estate live moderate ; till grown Among them; how can God with such reside ?” In wealth and multitude, factious they grow:

To whom thus Michael. “ Doubt not but that But first among the priests dissention springs, Will reign among them, as of thee begot; [sin Men who attend the altar, and should most And therefore was law given them, to evince Endeavour peace: their strife pollution brings Their natural pravity, by stirring up

Upon the temple itself: at last they seize Sin against law to fight : that when they see The sceptre, and regard not David's sons; Law can discover sin, but not remove,

Then lose it to a stranger, that the true Save by those shadowy expiations weak,

Anointed king Messiah might be born The blood of bulls and goats, they may conclude Barrd of his right; yet at his birth a star, Some blood more precious must be paid for Unseen before in Heaven, proclaims him come: man;

And guides the eastern sages, who inquire Just for unjust; that in such righteousness His place, to offer incense, myrrh, and gold : To them by faith imputed, they may find His place of birth a solemn angel tells Justification towards God, and peace

To simple shepherds, keeping watch by night; Of conscience; which the law by ceremonies They gladly thither haste, and by a quire Cannot appease: nor man the moral part Of squadron'd angels hear his carol sung. Perform; and, not performing, cannot live. | A virgin is his mother, but his sire So law appears imperfect; and but given

The power of the Most High: he shall ascend With purpose to resign them, in full time, The throne hereditary, and bound his reign Up to a better covenant; disciplin'd [rit; / With Earth's wide bounds, his glory with the From shadowy types to truth ; from flesh to spi

Heavens." From imposition of strict laws to free

He ceas'd, discerning Adam with such joy Acceptance of large grace; from servile fear

Surcharg'd, as had like grief been dew'd in tears, To filial; works of law to works of faith. Without the vent of words; which these he And therefore shall not Moses, though of God

breath'd. Highly belov'd, being but the minister

“O prophet of glad tidings, finisher Of law, his people into Canaan lead;

Of utmost hope ! now clear I understand (vain ; But Joshua, whom the Gentiles Jesus call, What oft my steadiest thoughts have searched in His name and office bearing, who shall quell Why our great Expectation should be callid The adversary-serpent, and bring back

The seed of woman: virgin mother, hail, Through the world's wilderness long-wander'd High in the love of Heaven ; yet from my loins Safe to eternal Paradise of rest.

(man Thou shalt proceed, and from thy womb the Mean while they, in their earthly Canaan plac'd,

Son Long time shall dwell and prosper, but when sins Of God Most High ; su God with man unites. National interrupt their public peace,

Needs must the serpent now his capital bruise Provoking God to raise them enemies;

Expect with mortal pain : say where and when From whom as oft he saves them penitent Their fight, what stroke shall bruise the victor's By judges first, then under kings; of whom

heel." The second, both for piety renown'd

To whom thus Michael. “Dream not of their And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive As of a duel, or the local wounds (fight, Irrevocable, that his regal throne

Of head or heel : not therefore joins the Son · For ever shall endure; the like shall sing Manhood to godhead, with more strength to All prophecy, that of the royal stock

Thy enemy; nor so is overcome

[foil Of David (so I name this king) shall rise Satan, whose fall from Heaven, a deadlier A son, the woman's seed to thee foretold,

bruise, i Foretold to Abraham, as in whom shall trust Disabled, not to give thee thy death's wound: All nations; and to kings foretold, of kings Which he, who comes thy Saviour, shall recure, The last; for of his reign shall be no end. | Not by destroying Satan, but his works Put first, a long succession must ensue; In thee, and in thy seed: nor can this be

But by fulfilling that which thou didst want, | When this world's dissolution shall be ride. Obedience to the law of God, impos'd

With glory and power to judge both quiek and On penalty of death, and suffering death;

dead; The penalty to thy transgression due,

To judge the unfaithful dead, but to reward And due to theirs which out of thine will grow: His faithful, and receive them into bliss, So only can high Justice rest appaid.

Whether in Heaven or Earth; for then the Earth The law of God exact he shall fulfil

Shall all be Paradise, far happier place Both by obedience and by love, though love Than this of Eden, and far happier days." Alone fulfil the law; thy punishment

So spake the arch-angel Michaël; then pausid, He shall endure, by coming in the flesh . As at the world's great period; and our sire, To a reproachful life, and cursed death; Replete with joy and wonder, thus replied. Proclaiming life to all who shall believe

“O Goodness infinite, Goodness immense! In his redemption; and that his obedience, That all this good of evil shall produce, Imputed, becomes theirs by faith; his merits And evil turn to good; more wonderful To save them, not their own, though legal, | Than that which by creation first brought forth works.

Light out of darkness! Full of doubt I stand, For this he shall live hated, be blasphemd, Whether I should repent me now of sin Seiz'd on by force, judg'd, and to death con. By me done, and occasion'd; or rejoice (spring: . demn'd

Much more, that mnch more good thereof shall A shameful and accurs'd, nail'd to the cross To God more glory, more good-will to men By his own nation ; slain for bringing life : From God, and over wrath grace shall abound. But to the cross he nails thy enemies,

Bat say, if our Deliverer up to Heaven The law that is against thee, and the sins Must re-ascend, what will betide the few Of all mankind with him there crucified,

His faithful, left among the unfaithful herd, Never to hurt them more who rightly trust The enemies of truth? Who then shall guide In this his satisfaction : so he dies,

| His people, who defend ? Will they not deal But soon revives; Death over him no power Worse with his followers than with him they Shall long usurp; ere the third dawning light

dealt?" Return, the stars of morn shall see him rise

“ Be sure they will," said the angel; “but Out of his grave, fresh as the dawning light,

from Heaven Thy ransom paid, which man from death re-He to his own a Comforter will send, deems,

The promise of the Father, who shall dwell His death for man, as many as offer'd life His Spirit within them; and the law of faith, Neglect not, and the benefit embrace

Working through love, upon their hearts sball By faith not void of works: this God-like act 1 To guide them in all truth; and also arm[write, Annuls thy doom, the death thou should'st have With spiritual armour, able to resist In sin for ever lost from life; this act [died, Satan's assaults, and quench bis fiery darts; Shall bruise the head of Satan, crush bis What man can do against them, not afraid, strength,

Though to the death; against such cruelties Defeating Sin and Death, his two main arms; With inward consolations recompens'd, And fix far deeper in his head their stings And oft supported so as shall amaze Than temporal death shall brujse the victor's Their proudest persecators; for the Spirit, heel,

Pour'å first on his Apostles, whom he sends Or theirs whom he redeems; a death, like sleep, To evangelize the nations, then on all A gentle wafting to immortal life.

Baptiz'd, shall them with wonderons gifts endue Nor after resurrection shall he stay

To speak all'tongues, and do all iniracles, Longer on Earth, than certain times to appear As did their Lord before them. Thus they win To his disciples, men who in his life

Great numbers of each nation to receive Still follow'd him ; to them shall leave in charge With joy the tidings brought from Heaven: at To teach all nations what of him they learn'd

length And his salvation; them who shall believe 'Their ministry perform'd, and race well run, Baptizing in the profluent stream, the sign Their doctrine and their story written left, Of washing them from guilt of sin to life

They die; but in their room, as they forewarn, Pure, and in mind prepar'd, it so befall,

Wolves shall succeed for teachers, grievous For death, like that which the Redeeiner died.

wolves,
All nations they shall teach; for, from that day, Who all the sacred mysteries of Heaven
Not only to the sons of Abraham's loins

To their own vile advantages shall turn
Salvation shall be preach'd, but to the sons Of lucre and arnbition; and the truth
Of Abraham's faith wherever through the With superstitions and traditions taint,
So in his seed all nations shall be blest. [world ; Left only in those written records pure,
Theu to the Heaven of Heavens he shall ascend Though not but by the Spirit understood.
With victory triumphing through the air

Then shall they seek to avail themselves of Over his foes and thine ; there shall surprise

names, The serpent, prince of air, and drag in chains Places, and titles, and with these to join Through all his realm, and there confounded Secular power ; though feigning still to act Then enter into glory, and resume [leave; | By spiritual, to themselves appropriating His seat at God's right hand, exalted high The Spirit of God, promis'd alike, and gives Above all names in Heaven and thence shall To all believers; and, from that pretence, come,

Spiritual laws by carnal power shall foree

On every conscience; laws which none shall find | Let us descend now therefore from this top
Left them inroll'd, or what the spirit within Of speculation; for the hour precise
Shall on the heart engrave. What will they then Exacts our parting hence ; and see! the guards,
But force the Spirit of grace itself, and bind By me encamp'd on yonder hill, expect
His consort Liberty? what, but unbuild

Their motion; at whose front a flaming sword, His living temples, built by faith to stand, In signal of remove, waves fiercely round: Their own faith, not another's ? for, on Earth, We may no longer stay : go, waken Eve; Who against faith and conscience can be heard Her also I with gentle dreams have calm'd Infallible? yet many will presume:

Portending good, and all her spirits compos'd Whence heavy persecution shall arise

To meek submission: thou, at season fit, On all, who in the worship persevere

Let her with thee partake what thou bast heard Of spirit and truth; the rest, far greater part,

Chiefly, what may concern her faith to know, Will deem in outward rites and specious forms The great deliverance by her seed to come Religion satisfied ; Truth shall retire

(For by the woman's seed) on all mankind : Bestuck with slanderous darts, and works of faith | That ye may live, which will be many days, Rarely be found : so shall the world go on,

Both in one faith unanimous, though sad, To good malignant, to bad men benign;

With cause for evils past; yet much more , Under her own weight groaning ; till the day

cheerd Appear of respiration to the just,

With meditation on the happy end." And vengeance to the wicked, at return

He ended, and they both descend the hill; Of him so lately promis'd to thy aid,

Descended, Adam to the bower, where Eve The woman's Seed; obscurely then foretold,

Lay sleeping, ran before: but found her wak'd; Now amplier known thy Saviour and thy Lord;

And thus with words not sad she him receiv'd. Last, in the clouds, from Heaven to be reveal'd

“Whence thou return'st, and whither went'st, In glory of the Father, to dissolve

I know; Satan with his perverted world; then raise

For God is also in sleep; and dreams advise, From the conflagrant mass, purg'd and refin'd,

Which he hath sent propitious, some great good New Heavens, new Earth, ages of endless date,

Presaging, since with sorrow and heart's distrese Founded in righteousness, and peace, and love;

Wearied I fell asleep: but now lead on; To bring forth fruits, joy and eternal bliss.”

In me is no delay; with thee to go, He ended ; and thus Adam last replied.

Is to stay here; without thee here to stay, “ How soon bath thy prediction, seer blest,

Is to go hence unwilling; tbou to me Measur'd this transient world, the race of time,

Art all things under Heaven, all places thou, Till time stand fix'd ? Beyond is all abyss,

Who for my wilful crime art banish'd bence. Eternity, whose end no eye can reach.

This further consolation yet secure Greatly instructed I shall hence depart;

I carry hence ; though all by me is lost, Greatly in peace of thought; and have my fill

Such favour I unworthy am vouchsaf'd, Of knowledge what this vessel can contain ;

By me the promis'd Seed shall all restore." Beyond which was my folly to aspire.

So spake our mother Eve; and Adam heard , Henceforth I learn, that to obey is best,

Well pleas'd, but answer'd not : for now, too And love with fear the only God; to walk

nigh As in his presence; ever to observe

The arch-angel stood ; and from the other hill His providence; and on him sole depend,

To their fix'd station, all in bright array Merciful over all his works, with good

Thre cherubim descended ; on the ground : Still orercoming evil, and by small weak | Gliding meteorous, as evening-mist Accomplishing great things, by things deem'd | Ris'n from a river o'er the marish glides, Subverting worldly strong, and worldly wise And gathers ground fast at the labourer's heel By simply meek: that suffering for truth's sake

Homeward returning. High in front advanc'd, Is fortitude to highest victory,

The brandish'd sword of God before them blaz'd, And, to the faithful, death, the gate of life; Fierce as a comet; which with torrid heat, Taught this by his example, whom I now And vapour as the Libyan air adust, Acknowledge my Redeemer ever blest.”

Began to parch that temperate clime; whereat, To whom thus also the angel last replied. In either hand the hastening angel caught “This having learn'd, thou hast attain'd the

Our lingering parents, and to the eastern gate sum

Led them direct, and down the cliff as fast Of wisdom ; hope no higher, though all the stars To the subjected plain; then disappeard. Thuu knew'st by name, and all the ethereal They, looking back, all the eastern side beheld powers,

Of Paradise, so late their happy seat, All secrets of the deep, all Nature's works, Wav'd over by that flaming brand ; the gate Or works of God in Heaven, air, earth, or sea,

| With dreadful faces throng'd, and fiery arms : And all the riches of this world enjoy’dst, Some natural tears they dropt, but wip'd thens And all the rule, one empire; only add

soon; Deeds to thy knowledge answerable; add faith, The world was all before them, where to choose Add virtuve, patience, temperance; add love,

Their place of rest, and Providence their guide: By name to come call'd charity, the soul

They, hand in hand, with wandering steps and Of all the rest : then wilt thou not be loth

slow, To leave this Paradise, but shalt possess

Through Eden took their solitary way. i A paradise within thee, happier far,

VOL. VII.

APPENDIX

poetical works; as have such, which relate to

the respective pieces, and which have been more TO

minutely investigated, in Mr. Warton's two edi. PARADISE LOST.

tions of Milton's smaller poems. Upon a careful

examination of this manuscript, I have discoverCONTAINING PLANS OF SIMILAR SUBJECTS, INTEND

ed a few peculiarities, or variations of expression, ED FOR TRAGEDIES BY MILTON : FROM HIS OWN which have escaped the notice of those who have

preceded me in describing this literary curiosity; MS, IN TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.

and which will be found in their proper places.

For I have added, at the end of each particular In the library of Trinity College, Cambridge. I poem, as of Lycidas, Arcades, and Comus; and is a thin folio manuscript, marked, in the year

| at the end of each series of poems, as of Sonnets, 1799, when I was obligingly permitted by the | Odes, and Miscellanies; the several various read. master and fellows of that society to examine it, ings respectively belonging to them. In this arMiscell. R. iii. 4. It is handsomely bound; and rangement I hope to gratify the reader: who, to the inside of one of the covers is pasted a paper

after reading the finished poem, may then trace with this inscription : Membra hæc eruditis

without interruption, (to use the language of Dr. simi et pænè divine Poetæ olim miserè disjecta et

Johnson respecting the imperfect rudiments of passim. sparsa, postea verò fortuitò inventa, et

Paradise Lost,) the gradual growth and expansion in unum denuo collecta à Carolo Mason ejusdem

of great works in their seminal state; and observe Collegii Socio, et inter Miscellanea reposita, de

how they are sometimes suddenly advanced by inceps eâ quâ decuit religione servari voluit |

accidental hints, and sometimes slowly improved Thomas CLARKE', nuperrimme hujusce Collegii,

| by steady meditation. For this reason also I have nunc verò Medii Templi Londini. Socius, 1736. I placed the dramatic plans of Paradise Lost at the These papers were found by Dr. Mason, above

conclusion of the poet's sublimer“ heroic song;" mentioned, who was also Woodwardian professor

and have subjoined, to the tragedy of Samson at Cambridge, among other old and neglected | Agonistes, the plans of Milton's other intended manuscripts belonging to sir Henry

o sir Henry Newton dramas. Puckering', a considerable benefactor to the library. They contain two draughts of a letter to of the tragedy or mystery there are two plans. a friend, who had importuned Milton to take orders; the following plans of Paradise Lost in

THE PERSONS.

THE PERSONS. the form of a tragedy, or mystery ; the plans or | Michael,

Moses, subjects of several other intended tragedies, all | Heavenly Love, Divine Justice, Mercie, in the poet's own hand; and entire copies of Chorus of Angels. Wisdom, Heavenly many of his smaller poems, in the same hand,

Love, excepţ, in a few instances, exhibiting his first | Adam, 7 with the ser- Michael. thoughts and subsequent corrections. All these | Eve, s . pent. Hesperus, the evening variations, Mr. Warton has observed, have been

starre. imperfectly and incorrectly printed by Dr. Birch, | Death.

Lucifer. Various readings of this MS, have been also ad- Labour,

Adam. mitted into Dr. Newton's edition of all Milton's Sicknesse,

Eve.

Discontent, > Mutes. Conscience. ? Afterwards master of the Rolls, and knight.

Ignorance,

Labour, a Mr. Warton says that sir Henry “had so

with others;

Sicknesse, great an affection for this college, in which he

Faith.

Discontent, had been educated, that in his eightieth year he

Hope.

Ignorance, [ Mates, desired to be readmitted : and, residing there a

Fear, whole summer, presented to the new library,

Death; just then finished, his own collection of books,

Faith. amounting to near four thousand volumes. He

Hope. was son of 'sir Adam Newton, tutor to prince

Charity. Henry ; and many papers written by that prince, or relating to him, are involved in the collection. Sir Henry took the name of Puckering in remembrance of his uncle sir Thomas Puckering of War.

Paradise Lost. wickshire, a learned and accomplished man, brother in law to sir Adam Newton, son of lord

THE PERSONS. keeper Puckering, a companion of the studies of prince Henry. Many of the books were presents | Moses wpologist, recounting how he assume to the prince from authors or editors. In Dr. his true bodie; that it corrupts not, because of Duport's Hore subseciva, a poem is addressed to his [abode with God in the mount: declares the this preserver of Milton's manuscripts, Ad D. like of Enoch and Eliah ; besides the puritie of Henrici Puckeringum, alias Newtonum, Equitum | the place, that certain pure winds, dews, and baronettum. Cantabr. 1676. 8vo. pp. 222, 223. | clouds, præserve it from corruption; whence exThis sir Henry had a son, pupil to Dr. Duport at horts to the sight of God; tells they cannot see Trinity College, but who died before his father.” Adam in the state of innocence by reason of thire

TODD. sin,

Charity,

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